Individuals in WordNet 1.7



#Regency (^(England) the Regency was the period from 1811-1820 when the Prince of Wales was regent during George III's periods of insanity^)
   ^  #rule.duration;


#Neolithic_Age (^latest part of the Stone Age beginning about 10,000 BC in the middle east (but later elsewhere)^)
   ^  #time_period,
   P  #Stone_Age;


#Mesolithic_Age (^middle part of the Stone Age beginning about 15,000 years ago^)
   ^  #time_period,
   P  #Stone_Age;


#Paleolithic_Age (^second part of the Stone Age beginning about 750,000 years ago^)
   ^  #time_period,
   P  #Stone_Age;


#Eolithic_Age (^the earliest part of the Stone Age marked by the earliest signs of human culture^)
   ^  #time_period,
   P  #Stone_Age;


#Stone_Age (^(archeology) the earliest known period of human culture, characterized by the use of stone implements^)
   ^  #time_period,
   p  #Eolithic_Age  #Paleolithic_Age  #Mesolithic_Age  #Neolithic_Age,
   P  #prehistory;


#Iron_Age (^(archeology) the period following the Bronze Age; characterized by rapid spread of iron tools and weapons^)
   ^  #time_period,
   P  #prehistory;


#Bronze_Age (^(archeology) a period between the Stone and Iron ages, characterized by the manufacture and use of bronze tools and weapons^)
   ^  #time_period,
   P  #prehistory;


#Roman_calendar (^the lunar calender in use in ancient Rome; replaced by the Julian calendar in 46 BC^)
   ^  #lunar_calendar;


#Judgment_Day__Judgement_Day__Day_of_Judgment__Day_of_Judgement__Doomsday__Last_Judgment__Last_Judgement__Last_Day (^(New Testament) day of the Last Judgment when God will decree the fates of all men according to the good and evil of their earthly lives^)
   ^  #particular_day;


#V-J_Day__15August_1945 (^the date of Allied victory over Japan, World War II^)
   ^  #V-day;


#V-E_Day__8_May_1945 (^the date of Allied victory in Europe, World War II^)
   ^  #V-day;


#D-day__6_June_1944 (^day of the allied landing in France, World War II^)
   ^  #day_of_the_month;


#1790s (^the decade from 1790 to 1799^)
   ^  #decade;


#nineties__1890s (^the decade from 1890 to 1899^)
   ^  #decade;


#1990s__nineties (^the decade from 1990 to 1999^)
   ^  #decade;


#1780s (^the decade from 1780 to 1789^)
   ^  #decade;


#eighties__1880s (^the decade from 1880 to 1979^)
   ^  #decade;


#1980s__eighties (^the decade from 1980 to 1989^)
   ^  #decade;


#1770s (^the decade from 1770 to 1779^)
   ^  #decade;


#1870s (^the decade from 1870 to 1879^)
   ^  #decade;


#seventies__1970s (^the decade from 1970 to 1979^)
   ^  #decade;


#1760s (^the decade from 1760 to 1769^)
   ^  #decade;


#1860s (^the decade from 1860 to 1869^)
   ^  #decade;


#sixties__1960s (^the decade from 1960 to 1969^)
   ^  #decade;


#1750s (^the decade from 1750 to 1759^)
   ^  #decade;


#1850s (^the decade from 1850 to 1859^)
   ^  #decade;


#fifties__1950s (^the decade from 1950 to 1959^)
   ^  #decade;


#1840s (^the decade from 1840 to 1849^)
   ^  #decade;


#forties__1940s (^the decade from 1940 to 1949^)
   ^  #decade;


#1830s (^the decade from 1830 to 1839^)
   ^  #decade;


#thirties__1930s (^the decade from 1930 to 1939^)
   ^  #decade;


#1820s (^the decade from 1820 to 1829^)
   ^  #decade;


#twenties__1920s (^the decade from 1920 to 1929^)
   ^  #decade;


#1530s (^the decade from 1530 to 1539^)
   ^  #decade;


#1900s (^the decade from 1900 to 1909^)
   ^  #decade;


#Archean_era__Archean__Archeozoic__Archaeozoic__Archeozoic_era__Archaeozoic_era (^the time prior to 2,500 million years ago; earth's crust formed; unicellular organisms are earliest forms of life^)
   ^  #geological_era,
   P  #Precambrian_period;


#Proterozoic__Preoterozoic_era (^from 2,500 to 544 million years ago; bacteria and fungi; primitive multicellular organisms^)
   ^  #geological_era,
   P  #Precambrian_period;


#Precambrian_period__Precambrian (^the geological era before about 544 million years ago^)
   ^  #geological_era,
   p  #Proterozoic  #Archean_era;


#Missippian_period__Mississippian__Lower_Carboniferous__Lower_Carboniferous_period (^from 310 million to 345 million years ago; increase of land areas; primitive ammonites; winged insects^)
   ^  #geological_period,
   P  #Carboniferous_period;


#Pennsylvanian_period__Pennsylvanian__Upper_Carboniferous__Upper_Carboniferous_period (^from 280 million to 310 million years ago; warm climate; swampy land^)
   ^  #geological_period,
   P  #Carboniferous_period;


#Cambrian_period__Cambrian (^from 500 million to about 544 million years ago; marine invertebrates^)
   ^  #geological_period,
   P  #Paleozoic_era;


#Ordovician_period__Ordovician (^from 425 million to 500 million years ago; conodonts and ostracods and algae and seaweeds^)
   ^  #geological_period,
   P  #Paleozoic_era;


#Silurian_period__Silurian (^from 405 million to 425 million years ago; first air-breathing animals^)
   ^  #geological_period,
   P  #Paleozoic_era;


#Devonian_period__Devonian__Age_of_Fishes (^from 345 million to 405 million years ago; dominance of fishes and appearance of amphibians and ammonites^)
   ^  #geological_period,
   P  #Paleozoic_era;


#Carboniferous_period__Carboniferous (^from 280 million to 345 million years ago^)
   ^  #geological_period,
   p  #Pennsylvanian_period  #Missippian_period,
   P  #Paleozoic_era;


#Permian_period__Permian (^from 230 million to 280 million years ago; reptiles^)
   ^  #geological_period,
   P  #Paleozoic_era;


#Paleozoic_era__Paleozoic (^from 230 million to about 544 million years ago^)
   ^  #geological_era,
   p  #Permian_period  #Carboniferous_period  #Devonian_period  #Silurian_period  #Ordovician_period  #Cambrian_period;


#Triassic_period__Triassic (^from 190 million to 230 million years ago; dinosaurs, marine reptiles; volcanic activity^)
   ^  #geological_period,
   P  #Mesozoic_era;


#Jurassic_period__Jurassic (^from 135 million to 190 million years ago; dinosaurs; conifers^)
   ^  #geological_period,
   P  #Mesozoic_era;


#Cretaceous_period__Cretaceous (^from 63 million to 135 million years ago; end of the age of reptiles; appearance of modern insects and flowering plants^)
   ^  #geological_period,
   P  #Mesozoic_era;


#Mesozoic_era__Mesozoic__Age_of_Reptiles (^from 63 million to 230 million years ago^)
   ^  #geological_era,
   p  #Cretaceous_period  #Jurassic_period  #Triassic_period;


#Paleocene_epoch__Paleocene (^from 58 million to 63 million years ago; appearance of birds and earliest mammals^)
   ^  #epoch,
   P  #Tertiary_period;


#Eocene_epoch__Eocene (^from 40 million to 58 million years ago; presence of modern mammals^)
   ^  #epoch,
   P  #Tertiary_period;


#Oligocene_epoch__Oligocene (^from 25 million to 40 million years ago; appearance of sabertoothed cats^)
   ^  #epoch,
   P  #Tertiary_period;


#Miocene_epoch__Miocene (^from 13 million to 25 million years ago; appearance of grazing mammals^)
   ^  #epoch,
   P  #Tertiary_period;


#Pliocene_epoch__Pliocene (^from 2 million to 13 million years ago; growth of mountains; cooling of climate; more and larger mammals^)
   ^  #epoch,
   P  #Tertiary_period;


#Pleistocene_epoch__Pleistocene__Glacial_epoch (^from 11 thousand to 2 millions years ago; extensive glaciation of N hemisphere; time of human evolution^)
   ^  #epoch,
   P  #Quaternary_period;


#Holocene_epoch__Holocene__Recent_epoch (^approximately the last 10,000 years^)
   ^  #epoch,
   P  #Quaternary_period;


#Tertiary_period__Tertiary (^from 2 million to 63 million years ago^)
   ^  #geological_period,
   p  #Pliocene_epoch  #Miocene_epoch  #Oligocene_epoch  #Eocene_epoch  #Paleocene_epoch,
   P  #Cenozoic_era;


#Quaternary_period__Quaternary__Age_of_Man (^last 2 million years^)
   ^  #geological_period,
   p  #Holocene_epoch  #Pleistocene_epoch,
   P  #Cenozoic_era;


#Cenozoic_era__Cenozoic__Age_of_Mammals (^approximately the last 63 million years^)
   ^  #geological_era,
   p  #Quaternary_period  #Tertiary_period;


#Victorian_age (^a period in British history during the reign of Queen Victoria in the 19th century; her character and moral standards restored the prestige of the British monarchy but gave the era a prudish reputation^)
   ^  #age.era;


#Elizabethan_age (^a period in British history during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I in the 16th century; an age marked by literary achievement and domestic prosperity^)
   ^  #age.era;


#Vladimir_Kosma_Zworykin__Zworykin (^United States physicist who invented the iconoscope (1889-1982)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Huldreich_Zwingli__Zwingli__Ulrich_Zwingli (^Swiss theologian whose sermons began the Reformation in Switzerland (1484-1531)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Stefan_Zweig__Zweig (^Austrian writer (1881-1942)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Pinchas_Zukerman__Zukerman (^Israeli violinist (born in 1948)^)
   ^  #violinist;


#Richard_Adolph_Zsigmondy__Zsigmondy (^German chemist (born in Austria) honored for his research on colloidal solutions (1865-1929)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Zoroaster__Zarathustra (^Persian prophet who founded Zoroastrianism (circa 628-551 BC)^)
   ^  #prophet;


#Emile_Zola__Zola (^French novelist and critic; defender of Dreyfus (1840-1902)^)
   ^  #novelist;


#Count_Nikolaus_Ludwig_von_Zinzendorf__Zinzendorf (^German theologian (1700-1760)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Hans_Zinsser__Zinsser (^United States bacteriologist who helped develop immunization against typhus fever (1878-1940)^)
   ^  #bacteriologist;


#Fred_Zinnemann__Zinnemann (^United States filmmaker (born in Austria) (1907-1997)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Efrem_Zimbalist__Zimbalist (^United States violinist (born in Russia) (1889-1985)^)
   ^  #violinist;


#Karl_Waldemar_Ziegler__Ziegler (^German chemist honored for his research on polymers (1898-1973)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Florenz_Ziegfeld__Ziegfeld__Flo_Ziegfeld (^United States theatrical producer noted for a series of extravagant revues known as the Ziegfeld Follies (1869-1932)^)
   ^  #theatrical_producer;


#Georgi_Konstantinovich_Zhukov__Zhukov (^Soviet general who during World War II directed the counteroffensive at Stalingrad and relieved Leningrad and captured Berlin (1896-1974)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Zhou_En-lai__Chou_En-lai (^Chinese revolutionary and communist leader (1898-1976)^)
   ^  #revolutionist  #communist;


#Count_Ferdinand_von_Zeppelin__Zeppelin (^German inventor who designed and built the first rigid motorized dirigible (1838-1917)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Zeno_of_Elea__Zeno (^ancient Greek philosopher who formulated paradoxes that defended the belief that motion and change are illusory (circa 495-430 BC)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Zeno_of_Citium__Zeno (^ancient Greek philosopher who found the Stoic school (circa 335-263 BC)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Pieter_Zeeman__Zeeman (^Dutch physicist honored for his research on the influence of magnetism on radiation which showed that light is radiated by the motion of charged particles in an atom (1865-1943)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Emiliano_Zapata__Zapata (^Mexican revolutionary who led a revolt for agrarian reforms (1879-1919)^)
   ^  #revolutionist;


#Darryl_Francis_Zanuck__Zanuck__Darryl_Zanuck (^United States filmmaker whose works include the first feature-length film with sound sequences (1902-1979)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Israel_Zangwill__Zangwill (^English writer (1864-1926)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Mildred_Ella_Didrikson_Zaharias__Zaharias__Babe_Zaharias__Didrikson__Babe_Didrikson__Mildred_Ella_Didrikson (^outstanding United States athlete (1914-1956)^)
   ^  #athlete;


#Hideki_Yukawa__Yukawa (^Japanese mathematical physicist who proposed that nuclear forces are mediated by massive particles called mesons which are analogous to the photon in mediating electromagnetic forces (1907-1981)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Loretta_Young__Young (^United States film and television actress (1913-2000)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Whitney_Moore_Young_Jr.__Young__Whitney_Young (^United States civil rights leader (1921-1971)^)
   ^  #civil_rights_leader;


#Thomas_Young__Young (^British physicist and Egyptologist; he revived the wave theory of light and proposed a three-component theory of color vision; he also played an important role in deciphering the hieroglyphics on the Rosetta Stone (1773-1829)^)
   ^  #physicist  #Egyptologist;


#Lester_Willis_Young__Young__Pres_Young (^United States jazz tenor saxophonist (1909-1959)^)
   ^  #saxophonist;


#Edward_Young__Young (^English poet (1683-1765)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Danton_True_Young__Young__Cy_Young (^United States baseball player and famous pitcher (1867-1955)^)
   ^  #ballplayer;


#Brigham_Young__Young (^United States religious leader of the Mormon Church after the assassination of Joseph Smith; he led the Mormon exodus from Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah (1801-1877)^)
   ^  #religious_leader;


#Yevgeni_Aleksandrovich_Yevtushenko__Yevtushenko__Yevgeni_Yevtushenko (^Russian poet who expressed the feelings of the a post-Stalinist generation (born in 1933)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Robert_Mearns_Yerkes__Yerkes__Robert_M._Yerkes (^United States psychologist who studied the intelligence of primates (1876-1956)^)
   ^  #psychologist;


#William_Butler_Yeats__Yeats__W._B._Yeats (^Irish poet and dramatist (1865-1939)^)
   ^  #poet  #dramatist;


#Carl_Yastrzemski__Yastrzemski (^United States baseball player (born in 1939)^)
   ^  #ballplayer;


#Yang_Chen_Ning__Chen_N._Yang (^United States physicist (born in China) who collaborated with Tsung Dao Lee in disproving the principle of conservation of parity (born in 1922)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Ahmed_Zoki_Yamani__Yamani (^Saudi Arabian minister of petroleum who was a central figure in the creation of OPEC (born in 1930)^)
   ^  #government_minister;


#Isoroku_Yamamoto__Yamamoto (^Japanese admiral who planned the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 (1884-1943)^)
   ^  #full_admiral;


#Elihu_Yale__Yale (^English philanthropist who made contributions to a college in Connecticut that was renamed in his honor (1649-1721)^)
   ^  #philanthropist;


#Xerxes_I__Xerxes_the_Great (^king of Persia who led a vast army against Greece and won the battle of Thermopylae but was eventually defeated (519-465 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Xenophon (^Greek general and historian; student of Socrates (430-355 BC)^)
   ^  #full_general  #historian;


#Xenophanes (^Greek philosopher (560-478 BC)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Saint_Francis_Xavier__Xavier (^Spanish Jesuit missionary who establish missionaries in Japan and Ceylon and the East Indies (1506-1552)^)
   ^  #missionary;


#Stefan_Wyszynski__Wyszynski (^Polish prelate who persuaded the Soviet to allow greater religious freedom in Poland (1901-1981)^)
   ^  #archpriest;


#Tammy_Wynette__Wynette__Tammy_Wynetter_Pugh (^United States country singer (1942-1998)^)
   ^  #singer;


#Elinor_Morton_Hoyt_Wylie__Wylie (^United States poet (1885-1928)^)
   ^  #poet;


#William_Wyler__Wyler (^United States filmmaker (1902-1981)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#William_of_Wykeham__Wykeham (^English prelate and statesman; founded New College at Oxford and Winchester College in Winchester; served as Chancellor of England and bishop of Winchester (1324-1404)^)
   ^  #archpriest  #statesman;


#Andrew_Wyeth__Wyeth (^United States painter (born in 1917)^)
   ^  #painter;


#John_Wycliffe__Wycliffe__Wickliffe__John_Wickliffe__Wyclif__John_Wyclif__Wiclif__John_Wiclif (^English theologian whose objections to Roman Catholic doctrine anticipated the Protestant Reformation (1328-1384)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#William_Wycherley__Wycherley (^English playwright noted for his humorous and satirical plays (1640-1716)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#James_Wyatt__Wyatt (^English architect (1746-1813)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Sir_Thomas_Wyatt__Wyatt__Wyat__Sir_Thomas_Wyat (^English poet who introduced the sonnet form to English literature (1503-1542)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Rudolf_Wurlitzer__Wurlitzer (^United States businessman (born in German) who founded a company to make pipe organs (1831-1914)^)
   ^  #businessman;


#Willard_Huntington_Wright__Wright__S._S._Van_Dine (^United States writer of detective novels (1888-1939)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Richard_Wright__Wright (^United States writer whose work is concerned with the oppression of Black Americans (1908-1960)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Wilbur_Wright__Wright (^United States aviation pioneer who (with his brother Orville Wright) invented the airplane (1867-1912)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Orville_Wright__Wright (^United States aviation pioneer who (with his brother Wilbur Wright) invented the airplane (1871-1948)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Frank_Lloyd_Wright__Wright (^influential United States architect (1869-1959)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Frances_Wright__Wright__Fanny_Wright (^United States early feminist (born in Scotland) (1795-1852)^)
   ^  #feminist;


#Sir_Christopher_Wren__Wren (^English architect who designed more than fifty London churches (1632-1723)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Herman_Wouk__Wouk (^United States writer (born in 1915)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Charles_Frederick_Worth__Worth (^French couturier (born in England) regarded as the founder of Parisian haute couture; noted for introducing the bustle (1825-1895)^)
   ^  #couturier;


#Joseph_Emerson_Worcester__Worcester (^United States lexicographer who was accused of plagiarism by Noah Webster (1784-1865)^)
   ^  #lexicographer;


#Frank_Winfield_Woolworth__Woolworth (^United States businessman who opened a shop in 1879 selling low-priced goods and built it into a national chain of stores (1852-1919)^)
   ^  #businessman;


#Sir_Charles_Leonard_Woolley__Woolley__Sir_Leonard_Woolley (^English archaeologist who supervised the excavations at Ur (1880-1960)^)
   ^  #archeologist;


#Alexander_Woollcott__Woollcott (^United States drama critic and journalist (1887-1943)^)
   ^  #drama_critic  #journalist;


#Comer_Vann_Woodward__Woodward__C._Vann_Woodward (^United States historian (born in 1908)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Robert_Burns_Woodward__Woodward (^United States chemist honored for synthesizing complex organic compounds (1917-1979)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Victoria_Clafin_Woodhull__Woodhull (^United States advocate of women's suffrage; in 1872 she was the first woman to run for the United States presidency (1838-1927)^)
   ^  #suffragist;


#Helen_Laura_Sumner_Woodbury__Woodbury (^United States social economist (1876-1933)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Natalie_Wood__Wood (^United States film actress (1938-1981)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Sir_Henry_Joseph_Wood__Wood__Sir_Henry_Wood (^English conductor (1869-1944)^)
   ^  #music_director;


#Ellen_Price_Wood__Wood__Mrs._Henry_Wood (^English writer of novels about murders and thefts and forgeries (1814-1887)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Grant_Wood__Wood (^United States painter noted for works based on life in the Midwest (1892-1942)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Mary_Wollstonecraft_Godwin__Wollstonecraft__Mary_Wollstonecraft (^English writer and early feminist who denied male supremacy and advocated equal education for women; mother of Mary Shelley (1759-1797)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #feminist;


#William_Hyde_Wollaston__Wollaston (^English chemist and physicist who discovered palladium and rhodium and demonstrated that static and current electricity are the same (1766-1828)^)
   ^  #chemist  #physicist;


#Kaspar_Friedrich_Wolff__Wolff (^German anatomist (1733-1794)^)
   ^  #anatomist;


#Thomas_Kennerly_Wolfe_Jr.__Wolfe__Tom_Wolfe__Thomas_Wolfe (^United States writer who has written extensively on American culture (born in 1931)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Thomas_Clayton_Wolfe__Wolfe__Thomas_Wolfe (^United States writer best known for his autobiographical novels (1900-1938)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Hugo_Wolf__Wolf (^Austrian composer (1860-1903)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Friedrich_August_Wolf__Wolf (^German classical scholar who claimed that the Iliad and Odyssey were composed by several authors (1759-1824)^)
   ^  #classical_scholar;


#Pelham_Grenville_Wodehouse__Wodehouse__P._G._Wodehouse (^English writer known for his humorous novels and stories (1881-1975)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Ludwig_Josef_Johan_Wittgenstein__Wittgenstein__Ludwig_Wittgenstein (^British philosopher born in Austria; a major influence on logic and logical positivism (1889-1951)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#John_Witherspoon__Witherspoon (^American Revolutionary leader and educator (born in Scotland) who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and president of the college that became Princeton University (1723-1794)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader  #educator;


#Owen_Wister__Wister (^United States writer (1860-1938)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Stephen_Samuel_Wise__Wise (^United States Jewish leader (born in Hungary) (1874-1949)^)
   ^  #religious_leader;


#Isaac_Mayer_Wise__Wise (^United States religious leader (born in Bohemia) who united reform Jewish organizations in the United States (1819-1900)^)
   ^  #religious_leader;


#Edward_Winslow__Winslow (^English colonial administrator who traveled to America on the Mayflower and served as the first governor of the Plymouth Colony (1595-1655)^)
   ^  #colonist;


#Adolf_Windaus__Windaus (^German chemist who studied steroids and cholesterol and discovered histamine (1876-1959)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Johann_Joachim_Winckelmann__Winckelmann__Johann_Winckelmann (^German archaeologist and art historian said to be the father of archaeology (1717-1768)^)
   ^  #archeologist  #art_historian;


#Angus_Frank_Johnstone_Wilson__Wilson__Sir_Angus_Wilson (^English writer of novels and short stories (1913-1991)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Alexander_Wilson__Wilson (^Scottish ornithologist in the United States (1766-1813)^)
   ^  #ornithologist;


#Robert_Woodrow_Wilson__Wilson (^United States physicist honored for his work on cosmic microwave radiation (born in 1918)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#John_Tuzo_Wilson__Wilson (^Canadian geophysicist who was a pioneer in the study of plate tectonics (1908-1993)^)
   ^  #geologist;


#James_Wilson__Wilson (^American Revolutionary leader who was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence (1742-1798)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#Edward_Osborne_Wilson__Wilson__E._O._Wilson (^United States entomologist who has generalized from social insects to other animals including humans (born in 1929)^)
   ^  #entomologist;


#Charles_Thomson_Rees_Wilson__Wilson (^Scottish physicist who invented the cloud chamber (1869-1959)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Edmund_Wilson__Wilson (^United States literary critic (1895-1972)^)
   ^  #literary_critic;


#Thomas_Woodrow_Wilson__Wilson__Woodrow_Wilson__President_Wilson (^28th President of the United States; led the United States in World War I and secured the formation of the League of Nations (1856-1924)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#William_Carlos_Williams__Williams (^United States poet (1883-1963)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Theodore_Samuel_Williams__Williams__Ted_Williams (^United States baseball player noted as a hitter (born in 1918)^)
   ^  #ballplayer;


#Roger_Williams__Williams (^English clergyman and colonist who was expelled from Massachusetts for criticizing Puritanism; he founded Providence in 1636 and obtained a royal charter for Rhode Island in 1663 (1603-1683)^)
   ^  #clergyman  #colonist;


#Thomas_Lanier_Williams__Williams__Tennessee_Williams (^United States playwright (1911-1983)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#William_IV__The_Sailor_King (^King of England and Ireland; son of George III who ascended the throne after a long naval career (1765-1837)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#William_III__William_of_Orange (^King of England and Scotland and Ireland; he married the daughter of James II and was invited by opponents of James II to invade England; when James fled, William III and Mary II were declared joint monarchs (1650-1702)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#William_II__William_Rufus (^the second son of William the Conqueror who succeeded him as King of England (1056-1100)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#William_I__William_the_Conqueror (^duke of Normandy who led the Norman invasion of England and became King of England; he defeated Harold II at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 (1027-1087)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Erik_Adolf_von_Willebrand__Willebrand__von_Willebrand__E._A._von_Willebrand (^Finnish physician who first described vascular hemophilia (1870-1949)^)
   ^  #doc;


#Frances_Elizabeth_Caroline_Willard__Willard (^United States advocate of temperance and women's suffrage (1839-1898)^)
   ^  #suffragist  #dry;


#Emma_Hart_Willard__Willard (^United States educator who was an early campaigner for higher education for women (1787-1870)^)
   ^  #educator;


#Sir_Geoffrey_Wilkinson__Wilkinson (^English chemist honored for his research on pollutants in car exhausts (born in 1921)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Roy_Wilkins__Wilkins (^United States civil rights leader (1901-1981)^)
   ^  #civil_rights_leader;


#George_Hubert_Wilkins__Wilkins (^Australian who was the first to explore the Arctic by airplane (1888-1958)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Maurice_Hugh_Frederick_Wilkins__Wilkins__Maurice_Wilkins (^English biochemist who helped discover the structure of DNA (born in 1916)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#John_Wilkes__Wilkes (^English reformer who published attacks on George III and supported the rights of the American colonists (1727-1797)^)
   ^  #reformist;


#Charles_Wilkes__Wilkes (^United States explorer of Antarctica (1798-1877)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Wilhelm_II__Kaiser_Wilhelm (^grandson of Queen Victoria and Kaiser of Germany from 1888 to 1918 who was vilified as causing World War I (1859-1941)^)
   ^  #Kaiser;


#Thornton_Niven_Wilder__Wilder__Thornton_Wilder (^United States writer and dramatist (1897-1975)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #dramatist;


#Samuel_Wilder__Wilder__Billy_Wilder (^United States filmmaker (born in Austria in 1906)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Oscar_Fingal_O'Flahertie_Wills_Wilde__Wilde__Oscar_Wilde (^Irish writer and wit (1854-1900)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Eugene_Paul_Wigner__Wigner__Eugene_Wigner (^United States physicist (born in Hungary) noted for his work on the structure of the atom and its nucleus (born in 1902)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Samuel_Wiesenthal__Wiesenthal (^Austrian investigator of Nazi war crimes (born in 1908)^)
   ^  #investigator;


#Eliezer_Wiesel__Wiesel__Elie_Wiesel (^United States writer who survived Nazi concentration camps and is dedicated to keeping alive the memory of the Holocaust (born in 1928)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #historian;


#Norbert_Wiener__Wiener (^United States mathematician and founder of cybernetics (1894-1964)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#John_Greenleaf_Whittier__Whittier (^United States poet best known for his nostalgic poems about New England (1807-1892)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Eli_Whitney__Whitney (^United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825)^)
   ^  #inventor  #manufacturer;


#Walt_Whitman__Whitman (^United States poet who celebrated the greatness of America (1819-1892)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Marcus_Whitman__Whitman (^United States frontier missionary who established a post in Oregon where Christianity and schooling and medicine were available to Native Americans (1802=1847)^)
   ^  #missionary;


#Alfred_North_Whitehead__Whitehead (^English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Bertrand Russell (1861-1947)^)
   ^  #philosopher  #mathematician;


#Patrick_Victor_Martindale_White__White__Patrick_White (^Australian writer (1912-1990)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Theodore_Harold_White__White__T._H._White (^United States political journalist (1915-1986)^)
   ^  #journalist;


#Stanford_White__White (^United States architect (1853-1906)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Elwyn_Brooks_White__White__E._B._White (^United States writer noted for his humorous essays (1899-1985)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Andrew_Dickson_White__White__Andrew_D._White (^United States educator who in 1865 (with Ezra Cornell) founded Cornell University and served as its first president (1832-1918)^)
   ^  #educator;


#James_Abbott_McNeill_Whistler__Whistler (^United States painter (1834-1903)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Sir_Robert_Eric_Mortimer_Wheeler__Wheeler__Sir_Mortimer_Wheeler (^Scottish archaeologist (1890-1976)^)
   ^  #archeologist;


#Sir_Charles_Wheatstone__Wheatstone (^English physicist and inventor who devised the Wheatstone bridge (1802-1875)^)
   ^  #physicist  #inventor;


#Phillis_Wheatley__Wheatley (^American poet (born in Africa) who was the first recognized Black writer in America (1753-1784)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Edward_Weston__Weston (^United States photographer(1886-1958)^)
   ^  #photographer;


#George_Westinghouse__Westinghouse (^United States inventor and manufacturer (1846-1914)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Dame_Rebecca_West__West__Rebecca_West__Cicily_Isabel_Fairfield (^British writer (born in Ireland) (1892-1983)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Mae_West__West (^United States film actress (1892-1980)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Benjamin_West__West (^English painter (born in America) who became the second president of the Royal Academy (1738-1820)^)
   ^  #painter;


#John_Wesley__Wesley (^English clergyman and founder of Methodism (1703-1791)^)
   ^  #clergyman;


#Karl_Wernicke__Wernicke (^German neurologist best known for his studies of aphasia (1848-1905)^)
   ^  #neurologist;


#Franz_Werfel__Werfel (^United States writer (1890-1945)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Eudora_Welty__Welty (^United States writer about rural Southern life (born in 1909)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Herbert_George_Wells__Wells__H._G._Wells (^prolific English writer best known for his science-fiction novels; he also wrote on contemporary social problems and wrote popular accounts of history and science (1866-1946)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#First_Duke_of_Wellington__Wellington__Duke_of_Wellington__Arthur_Wellesley__the_Iron_Duke (^British general and statesman; he defeated Napoleon at Waterloo; subsequently served as Prime Minister (1769-1852)^)
   ^  #full_general  #statesman;


#George_Orson_Welles__Welles__Orson_Welles (^United States actor and filmmaker (1915-1985)^)
   ^  #histrion  #film_maker;


#Theodore_Dwight_Weld__Weld (^United States abolitionist (1803-1895)^)
   ^  #abolitionist;


#Chaim_Azriel_Weizmann__Weizmann__Chaim_Weizmann (^Israeli statesman who persuaded the United States to recognize the new state of Israel and became its first president (1874-1952)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#August_Friedrich_Leopold_Weismann__Weismann (^German biologist who was one of the founders of modern genetics; his theory of genetic transmission ruled out the possibility of transmitting acquired characteristics (1834-1914)^)
   ^  #geneticist;


#Steven_Weinberg__Weinberg (^United States theoretical physicist (born in 1933)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Kurt_Weill__Weill (^German composer; collaborated with Bertolt Brecht (1900-1950)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Simone_Weil__Weil (^French philosopher (1909-1943)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Andre_Weil__Weil (^United States mathematician (born in France) (1906-1998)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Alfred_Lothar_Wegener__Wegener (^German geophysicist who proposed the theory of continental drift (1880-1930)^)
   ^  #geologist;


#Josiah_Wedgwood__Wedgwood (^English potter (1730-1795)^)
   ^  #potter;


#Daniel_Webster__Webster (^United States politician and orator (1782-1817)^)
   ^  #politico;


#Noah_Webster__Webster (^American lexicographer (1758-1843)^)
   ^  #lexicographer;


#Wilhelm_Eduard_Weber__Weber (^German physicist and brother of E. H. Weber; noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1804-1891)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Weber__Max_Weber (^United States abstract painter (born in Russia) (1881-1961)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Max_Weber__Weber (^German sociologist and pioneer of the analytic method in sociology (1864-1920)^)
   ^  #sociologist;


#Baron_Karl_Maria_Friedrich_Ernst_von_Weber__Weber (^German composer of romantic operas (1786-1826)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Ernst_Heinrich_Weber__Weber__E._H._Weber (^German physiologist who studied sensory responses to stimuli and is considered the father of psychophysics (1795-1878)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#Martha_Beatrice_Potter_Webb__Webb__Beatrice_Webb (^English writer and a central member of the Fabian Society (1858-1943)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#John_Wayne__Wayne__Duke_Wayne (^United States film actor who played tough heroes (1907-1979)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Mad_Anthony_Wayne__Wayne__Anthony_Wayne (^American Revolutionary general (1745-1796)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Archibald_Percival_Wavell__Wavell__First_Earl_Wavell (^British field marshal in North Africa in World War II; he defeated the Italians before being defeated by the Germans (1883-1950)^)
   ^  #full_general  #field_marshal;


#Evelyn_Arthur_Saint_John_Waugh__Waugh__Evelyn_Waugh (^English author of satirical novels (1903-1966)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Isaac_Watts__Watts (^English poet and theologian (1674-1748)^)
   ^  #poet  #theologian;


#Jean_Antoine_Watteau__Watteau (^French painter (1684-1721)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#James_Watt__Watt (^Scottish engineer and inventor whose improvements in the steam engine led to its wide use in industry (1736-1819)^)
   ^  #engineer  #inventor;


#Thomas_Augustus_Watson__Watson (^United States telephone engineer who assisted Alexander Graham Bell in his experiments (1854-1934)^)
   ^  #engineer;


#John_Broadus_Watson__Watson (^United States psychologist considered the founder of behavioristic psychology (1878-1958)^)
   ^  #psychologist;


#James_Dewey_Watson__Watson__James_Watson (^United States geneticist who helped discover the helical structure of DNA (born in 1928)^)
   ^  #geneticist;


#Ethel_Waters__Waters (^United States actress and singer (1896-1977)^)
   ^  #actress  #singer;


#Agust_von_Wassermann__Wassermann (^German bacteriologist who developed a diagnostic test for syphilis (1866-1925)^)
   ^  #bacteriologist;


#Booker_Taliaferro_Washington__Washington__Booker_T._Washington (^United States educator who was born a slave but became educated and founded a college at Tuskegee in Alabama (1856-1915)^)
   ^  #educator;


#President_Washington__Washington__George_Washington (^1st President of the United States; commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution (1732-1799)^)
   ^  #full_general  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Earl_of_Warwick__Warwick__Richard_Neville__the_Kingmaker (^English statesman; during the War of the Roses he fought first for the house of York and secured the throne for Edward IV and then changed sides to fight for the house of Lancaster and secured the throne for Henry VI (1428-1471)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Robert_Penn_Warren__Warren (^United States writer and poet (1905-1989)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #poet;


#Earl_Warren__Warren (^United States jurist who served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (1891-1974)^)
   ^  #jurist;


#Charles_Dudley_Warner__Warner (^United States filmmaker who with his brothers founded the movie studio that produced the first talking picture (1881-1958)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Andy_Warhol__Warhol (^United States artist who was a leader of the pop art movement (1930-1987)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Barbara_Ward__Ward__Baroness_Jackson_of_Lodsworth (^English economist and conservationist (1914-1981)^)
   ^  #economist  #environmentalist;


#Mary_Augusta_Arnold_Ward__Ward__Mrs._Humphrey_Ward (^English writer of novels who was an active opponent of the women's suffrage movement (1851-1920)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Asron_Montgomery_Ward__Ward__Montgomery_Ward (^United States businessman who in 1872 established a successful mail-order business (1843-1913)^)
   ^  #businessman;


#Otto_Heinrich_Warburg__Warburg (^German biochemist who pioneered the use of chemical techniques in biological investigations; noted for studies of cellular respiration (1883-1970)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#Aby_Moritz_Warburg__Warburg__Aby_Warburg (^German art historian (1866-1929)^)
   ^  #art_historian;


#John_Wanamaker__Wanamaker (^United States businessman whose business grew into one of the first department stores (1838-1922)^)
   ^  #businessman;


#Sir_William_Turner_Walton__Walton__Sir_William_Walton (^English composer (1902-1983)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Izaak_Walton__Walton (^English writer remember for his treatise on fishing (1593-1683)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Ernest_Thomas_Sinton_Walton__Walton__E._T._S._Walton__Ernest_Walton (^Irish physicist who (with Sir John Cockcroft in 1931) first split an atom (1903-1995)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Bruno_Walter__Walter (^German conductor (1876-1962)^)
   ^  #music_director;


#Horatio_Walpole__Walpole__Horace_Walpole__Fourth_Earl_of_Orford (^English writer and historian; son of Sir Robert Walpole (1717-1797)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #historian;


#Sir_Robert_Walpole__Walpole__Robert_Walpole__First_Earl_of_Orford (^English Whig statesman who (under George I) was effectively the first British prime minister (1676-1745)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Thomas_Wright_Waller__Waller__Fats_Waller (^United States jazz musician (1904-1943)^)
   ^  #jazz_musician;


#Albrecht_Eusebius_Wenzel_von_Wallenstein__Wallenstein (^Austrian general who fought for the Hapsburgs during the Thirty Years' War (1583-1634)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Sir_William_Wallace__Wallace (^Scottish insurgent who led the resistance to Edward I; in 1297 he gained control of Scotland briefly until Edward invaded Scotland again and defeated Wallace and subsequently executed him (1270-1305)^)
   ^  #insurgent;


#Richard_Horatio_Edgar_Wallace__Wallace__Edgar_Wallace (^English writer noted for his crime novels (1875-1932)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Alfred_Russel_Wallace__Wallace (^English naturalist who formulated a concept of evolution that resembled Charles Darwin's (1823-1913)^)
   ^  #naturalist;


#John_Walker__Walker (^New Zealand runner who in 1975 became the first person to run a mile in less that 3 minutes and 50 seconds (born in 1952)^)
   ^  #four-minute_man;


#Alice_Malsenior_Walker__Walker__Alice_Walker (^United States writer (born in 1944)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Lech_Walesa__Walesa (^Polish labor leader and statesman (born in 1943)^)
   ^  #labor_leader  #statesman;


#Kurt_Waldheim__Waldheim (^Austrian diplomat who was Secretary General of the United Nations from 1972 to 1981; in 1986 he was elected president of Austria in spite of worldwide allegations that he had known about Nazi atrocities during World War II (born in 1918)^)
   ^  #diplomatist  #statesman;


#Andrzej_Wajda__Wajda (^Polish filmmaker (born in 1929)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#John_Barrington_Wain__Wain__John_Wain (^English writer (1925-1994)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Wilhelm_Richard_Wagner__Wagner__Richard_Wagner (^German composer and inventor of the music drama (1813-1883)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Virginia_Wade__Wade (^English tennis player who won may women's singles titles (born in 1945)^)
   ^  #tennis_player;


#Jean_Edouard_Vuillard__Vuillard__Edouard_Vuillard (^French painter (1868-1940)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Andrei_Voznesenski__Voznesenski (^Russian poet (born in 1933)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Josef_von_Sternberg__von_Sternberg (^American film maker (born in Austria) whose films made Marlene Dietrich an international star (1894-1969)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#John_von_Neumann__von_Neumann__Neumann (^United States mathematician who contributed to the development of atom bombs and of stored-program digital computers (1903-1957)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Kurt_Vonnegut__Vonnegut (^United States writer whose novels and short stories are a mixture of realism and satire and science fiction (born in 1922)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Voltaire__Arouet__Francois-Marie_Arouet (^French writer who was the embodiment of 18th century Enlightenment (1694-1778)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Conte_Alessandro_Giuseppe_Antonio_Anastasio_Volta__Volta__Count_Alessandro_Volta__Conte_Alessandro_Volta (^Italian physicist after whom the volt is named; studied electric currents and invented the voltaic pile (1745-1827)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Maurice_de_Vlaminck__Vlaminck (^French painter and exponent of Fauvism (1876-1958)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Sebastian_Vizcaino__Vizcaino (^Spanish explorer who was the first European to explore the California coast (1550-1615)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Antonio_Lucio_Vivaldi__Vivaldi__Antonio_Vivaldi (^Italian baroque composer and violinist (1675-1741)^)
   ^  #composer  #violinist;


#St_Vitus__Vitus (^Christian martyr and patron of those who suffer from epilepsy and Sydenham's chorea (died around 300)^)
   ^  #martyr;


#Don_Luchino_Visconti_Conte_di_Modrone__Visconti__Luchino_Visconti (^Italian filmmaker (1906-1976)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Virgil__Vergil__Publius_Vergilius_Maro (^a Roman poet; author of the epic poem `Aeneid' (70-19 BC)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Rudolf_Karl_Virchow__Virchow__Rudolf_Virchow (^German pathologist who recognized that all cells come from cells by binary fission and who emphasized cellular abnormalities in disease (1821-1902)^)
   ^  #diagnostician;


#Frederick_Moore_Vinson__Vinson (^United States jurist who served as chief justice of the Supreme Court (1890-1953)^)
   ^  #jurist;


#Sir_Paul_Gavrilovich_Vinogradoff__Vinogradoff (^British historian (born in Russia) (1854-1925)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Francois_Villon__Villon (^French poet (flourished around 1460)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Henry_Villard__Villard (^United States railroad magnate and businessman (1835-1900)^)
   ^  #businessman;


#Francisco_Villa__Villa__Pancho_Villa__Doroteo_Arango (^Mexican revolutionary leader (1877-1923)^)
   ^  #revolutionist;


#Marie_Louise_Elisabeth_Vigee-Lebrun__Vigee-Lebrun__Elisabeth_Vigee-Lebrun (^French painter noted for her portraits (1755-1842)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Eugene_Luther_Vidal__Vidal__Gore_Vidal (^United States writer (born in 1925)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Queen_Victoria__Victoria (^Queen of Great Britain and Ireland and Empress of India from 1837 to 1901 (1819-1901)^)
   ^  #Queen_of_England  #Hanoverian;


#Victor_Emanuel_III (^King of Italy who appointed Mussolini prime minister; he abdicated in 1946 and the monarchy was abolished (1869-1947)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Victor_Emanuel_II (^King of Italy who completed the unification of Italy by acquiring Venice and Rome (1820-1878)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Gaetan_Vestris__Vestris (^Italian dancer for Louis XVI who was considered the greatest dancer of his day; he was the first to discard the mask in mime (1729-1808)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer;


#Amerigo_Vespucci__Vespucci__Americus_Vespucius (^Florentine navigator who explored the coast of South America; America was named in his honor (1454-1512)^)
   ^  #navigator;


#Vespasian__Titus_Flavius_Sabinus_Vespasianus (^Emperor of Rome who consolidated Roman rule in Germany and Britain and reformed the army and brought prosperity to the empire; began the construction of the Colosseum (9-79)^)
   ^  #Roman_Emperor;


#Denmark_Vesey__Vesey (^United States freed slave and insurrectionist in South Carolina who was involved in planning an uprising of slaves and was hanged (1767-1822)^)
   ^  #slave  #insurgent;


#Andreas_Vesalius__Vesalius (^a Flemish surgeon who is considered the father of modern anatomy (1514-1564)^)
   ^  #anatomist;


#Hendrik_Frensch_Verwoerd__Verwoerd__Hendrik_Verwoerd (^South African statesman who instituted the policy of apartheid (1901-1966)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Gianni_Versace__Versace (^Italian fashion designer (1946-1997)^)
   ^  #couturier;


#Giovanni_da_Verrazano__Verrazano__Verrazzano__Giovanni_da_Verrazzano (^Florentine navigator who explored the eastern coast of North America (circa 1485-1528)^)
   ^  #navigator;


#Paolo_Veronese__Veronese__Paola_Caliari (^Italian painter of the venetian school (1528-1588)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Paul_Vernier__Vernier (^French mathematician who described the vernier scale (1580-1637)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Karl_Adolph_Verner__Verner (^Danish philologist (1846-1896)^)
   ^  #philologist;


#Jules_Verne__Verne (^French writer who is considered the father of science fiction (1828-1905)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Jan_Vermeer__Vermeer__Jan_van_der_Meer (^Dutch painter renowned for his use of light (1632-1675)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Paul_Verlaine__Verlaine (^French symbolist poet (1844-1896)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Guiseppe_Fortunino_Francesco_Verdi__Verdi__Giuseppe_Verdi (^Italian operatic composer (1813-1901)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Robert_Charles_Venturi__Venturi__Robert_Venturi (^United States architect (born in 1925)^)
   ^  #architect;


#John_Venn__Venn (^English logician who introduced Venn diagrams (1834-1923)^)
   ^  #logician;


#Diego_Rodriguez_de_Silva_y_Velazquez__Velazquez (^Spanish painter (1599-1660)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Lope_de_Vega__Vega (^prolific Spanish playwright (1562-1635)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Thorstein_Bunde_Veblen__Veblen__Thorstein_Veblen (^United States economist who wrote about conspicuous consumption (1857-1929)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Oswald_Veblen__Veblen (^United States mathematician (1880-1960)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Calvert_Vaux__Vaux (^United States landscape architect (born in England) who designed Central Park (1824-1895)^)
   ^  #landscape_architect;


#Ralph_Vaughan_Williams__Vaughan_Williams (^English composer influenced by folk tunes and music of the Tudor period (1872-1958)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Sarah_Vaughan__Vaughan (^United States jazz singer noted for her complex bebop phrasing and scat singing (1924-1990)^)
   ^  #singer;


#Giorgio_Vasari__Vasari (^Italian painter and art historian (1511-1574)^)
   ^  #painter  #art_historian;


#Viktor_Vasarely__Vasarely (^French painter (born in Hungary) who was a pioneer of op art (1908-1997)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Marcus_Terentius_Varro__Varro (^Roman scholar (116-27 BC)^)
   ^  #scholarly_person;


#Mario_Vargas_Llosa__Vargas_Llosa (^Peruvian writer (born in 1936)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Getulio_Dornelles_Vargas__Vargas (^Brazilian statesman who ruled Brazil as a virtual dictator (1883-1954)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Edgard_Varese__Varese (^United States composer (born in France) whose music combines dissonance with complex rhythms and the use of electronic techniques (1883-1965)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Bartolomeo_Vanzetti__Vanzetti (^United States anarchist (born in Italy) who with Nicola Sacco was convicted of murder and in spite of world-wide protest was executed (1888-1927)^)
   ^  #anarchist;


#John_Hasbrouck_Van_Vleck__Van_Vleck__John_Van_Vleck (^United States physicist (1899-1980)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Vincent_van_Gogh__van_Gogh__Gogh (^Dutch postimpressionist painter noted for his use of color (1853-1890)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Sir_Anthony_Vandyke__Vandyke__Van_Dyck (^Flemish painter of numerous portraits (1599-1641)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Carl_Clinton_Van_Doren__Van_Doren__Carl_Van_Doren (^United States writer and literary critic (1885-1950)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #literary_critic;


#Henri_Clemens_van_de_Velde__van_de_Velde__Henri_van_de_Velde (^Belgian architect (1863-1957)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Cornelius_Vanderbilt__Vanderbilt__Commodore_VAnderbilt (^United States financier who accumulated great wealth from railroad and shipping businesses (1794-1877)^)
   ^  #financier  #philanthropist;


#George_Vancouver__Vancouver (^English navigator remembered for his exploration of the Pacific coast of North America (1757-1798)^)
   ^  #navigator;


#President_Van_Buren__Van_Buren__Martin_Van_Buren (^8th President of the United States (1782-1862)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#James_Alfred_Van_Allen__Van_Allen (^United States physicist who discovered two belts of charged particles from the solar wind trapped by the Earth's magnetic field (born in 1914)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Maurice_Utrillo__Utrillo (^French painter noted for his paintings of Parisian street scenes (1883-1955)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Peter_Alexander_Ustinov__Ustinov__Sir_Peter_Ustinov (^British actor and playwright (born in 1921)^)
   ^  #histrion  #dramatist;


#James_Ussher__Ussher__Usher__James_Usher (^Irish prelate who deduced from the Bible that Creation occurred in the year 4004 BC (1581-1656)^)
   ^  #archpriest;


#Harold_Clayton_Urey__Urey__Harold_Urey (^United States chemist who discovered deuterium (1893-1981)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Urban_VI__Bartolomeo_Prignano (^pope who alienated the French Cardinals (1318-1389)^)
   ^  #pope;


#Urban_II__Odo_of_Lagery (^pope who called for the First Crusade (1042-1099)^)
   ^  #pope;


#Richard_Upjohn__Upjohn (^United States architect (born in England) (1802-1878)^)
   ^  #architect;


#John_Hoyer_Updike__Updike__John_Updike (^United States author (born 1932)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Louis_Untermeyer__Untermeyer (^United States writer (1885-1977)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Bishop_Ulfilas__Ulfilas__Ulfila__Bishop_Ulfila__Wulfila__Bishop_Wulfila (^a Christian Bishop who translated the Bible from Greek into Gothic (311-382)^)
   ^  #bishop  #interpreter.mediator;


#Galina_Sergeevna_Ulanova__Ulanova__Galina_Ulanova (^Russian ballet dancer (1910-1998)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer;


#Johann_Ludwig_Uhland__Uhland (^German romantic poet (1787-1862)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Tristan_Tzara__Tzara__Samuel_Rosenstock (^French poet (born in Romania) who was one of the cofounders of the Dada movement (1896-1963)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Michael_Gerald_Tyson__Tyson__Mike_Tyson (^United States prizefighter who was world heavyweight champion (born in 1966)^)
   ^  #prizefighter;


#John_Tyndall__Tyndall (^British physicist (born in Ireland) remembered for his experiments on the transparency of gases and the absorption of radiant heat by gases and the transmission of sound through the atmosphere; he was the first person to explain why the daylight sky is blue (1820-1893)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#William_Tyndale__Tyndale__Tindale__William_Tindale__Tindal__William_Tindal (^English translator and Protestant martyr; his translation of the Bible into English (which later formed the basis for the King James Version) aroused ecclesiastical opposition; he left England in 1524 and was burned at the stake in Antwerp as a heretic (1494-1536)^)
   ^  #interpreter.mediator  #sufferer;


#President_Tyler__Tyler__John_Tyler (^elected Vice President and became the 10th President of the United States when Harrison died (1790-1862)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Desmond_Tutu__Tutu (^South African prelate and leader of the antiapartheid struggle (born in 1931)^)
   ^  #archpriest;


#Tutankhamen (^Pharaoh of Egypt around 1358 BC; his tomb was discovered almost intact by Howard Carter in 1922^)
   ^  #Pharaoh;


#Madame_Tussaud__Tussaud__Marie_Tussaud__Marie_Grosholtz (^French modeler (resident in England after 1802) who made wax death masks of prominent victims of the French Revolution and toured Britain with her wax models; in 1835 she opened a permanent waxworks exhibition in London (1761-1850)^)
   ^  #modeler;


#Dick_Turpin__Turpin (^English highwayman (1706-1739)^)
   ^  #highwayman;


#Nat_Turner__Turner (^United States slave and insurrectionist who in 1831 led a rebellion of slaves in Virginia; he was captured and executed (1800-1831)^)
   ^  #slave  #insurgent;


#Henry_Hubert_Turner__Turner (^United States endocrinologist (1892-1970)^)
   ^  #endocrinologist;


#Joseph_Mallord_William_Turner__Turner (^English landscape painter whose treatment of light and color influenced the French impressionists (1775-1851)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Frederick_Jackson_Turner__Turner (^United States historian who stressed the role of the western frontier in American history (1861-1951)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Alan_Mathison_Turing__Turing__Alan_Turing (^English mathematician who conceived of the Turing machine and broke German codes during World War II (1912-1954)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Anne_Robert_Jacques_Turgot__Turgot (^French economist who in 1774 was put in control of finances by Louis XVI; his proposals for reforms that involved abolishing feudal privileges made him unpopular with the aristocracy and in 1776 he was dismissed (1727-1781)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Ivan_Sergeevich_Turgenev__Turgenev (^Russian writer of stories and novels and plays (1818-1883)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#James_Joseph_Tunney__Tunney__Gene_Tunney (^United States prizefighter who won the world heavyweight championship by defeating Jack Dempsey twice (1898-1978)^)
   ^  #prizefighter;


#Antony_Tudor__Tudor (^United States dancer and choreographer (born in England) (1909-1987)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer  #choreographer;


#Benjamin_Ricketson_Tucker__Tucker (^United States anarchist influential before World War I (1854-1939)^)
   ^  #anarchist;


#Sophie_Tucker__Tucker (^United States vaudevillian (born in Russia) noted for her flamboyant performances (1884-1966)^)
   ^  #vaudevillian;


#Barbara_Wertheim_Tuchman__Tuchman__Barbara_Tuchman (^United States historian (1912-1989)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Harriet_Tubman__Tubman (^United States abolitionist born a slave on a plantation in Maryland and became a famous conductor on the Underground Railroad leading other slaves to freedom in the North (1820-1913)^)
   ^  #abolitionist;


#Sojourner_Truth__Truth (^United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883)^)
   ^  #abolitionist  #feminist;


#Jonathan_Trumbull__Trumbull (^American Revolutionary leader who as governor of Connecticut provided supplies for the Continental Army (1710-1785)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#Trumbull__John_Trumbull (^American painter of historical scenes (1756-1843)^)
   ^  #painter;


#John_Trumbull__Trumbull (^American satirical poet (1750-1831)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Dalton_Trumbo__Trumbo (^United States screenwriter who was blacklisted and imprisoned for refusing to cooperate with congressional investigations of communism in America (1905-1976)^)
   ^  #screenwriter;


#President_Truman__Truman__Harry_Truman__Harry_S_Truman (^elected Vice President in Roosevelt's 4th term; became 33rd President of the United States on Roosevelt's death in 1945 and was elected President in 1948; authorized the use of atomic bombs against Japan (1884-1972)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Francois_Truffaut__Truffaut (^French filmmaker (1932-1984)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Leon_Trotsky__Trotsky__Lev_Davidovich_Bronstein (^Russian revolutionary and Communist theorist who helped Lenin and built up the army; he was ousted from the Communist Party by Stalin and eventually assassinated in Mexico (1879-1940)^)
   ^  #Bolshevist  #revolutionist;


#Anthony_Trollope__Trollope (^English writer of novels (1815-1882)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Lionel_Trilling__Trilling (^United States literary critic (1905-1975)^)
   ^  #literary_critic;


#Richard_Trevithick__Trevithick (^English engineer who built the first railway locomotive (1771-1833)^)
   ^  #engineer;


#Lee_Buck_Trevino__Trevino__Lee_Trevino__Supermex (^United States golfer (born in 1939)^)
   ^  #golfer;


#George_Macaulay_Trevelyan__Trevelyan (^English historian and son of Sir George Otto Trevelyan whose works include a social history of England and a biography of Garibaldi (1876-1962)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Sir_George_Otto_Trevelyan__Trevelyan__George_Otto_Trevelyan (^English historian who wrote a history of the American revolution and a biography of his uncle Lord Macaulay (1838-1928)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Sir_Herbert_Beerbohm_Tree__Tree (^English actor and theatrical producer noted for his lavish productions of Shakespeare (1853-1917)^)
   ^  #histrion  #theatrical_producer;


#Helen_Traubel__Traubel (^United States operatic soprano (1903-1972)^)
   ^  #soprano;


#Trajan__Marcus_Ulpius_Traianus (^Roman emperor and adoptive son of Nerva; extended the empire to the east and conducted an extensive program of building (53-117)^)
   ^  #Roman_Emperor;


#John_Tradescant__Tradescant (^English botanist who was one of the first to collect specimens of plants (1570-1638)^)
   ^  #botanist;


#Spencer_Tracy__Tracy (^United States film actor who appeared in many films with Katharine Hepburn (1900-1967)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Arnold_Joseph_Toynbee__Toynbee__Arnold_Toynbee (^English historian who studied the rise and fall of civilizations looking for cyclical patterns (1889-1975)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Francis_Everett_Townsend__Townsend (^United States social reformer who proposed an old-age pension sponsored by the federal government; his plan was a precursor to Social Security (1867-1960)^)
   ^  #reformist;


#Georges_Gilles_de_la_Tourette__Tourette__Gilles_de_la_Tourette (^French neurologist (1857-1904)^)
   ^  #neurologist;


#Henri_Toulouse-Lautrec__Toulouse-Lautrec (^French painter who portrayed life in the cafes and music halls of Montmartre (1864-1901)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Arturo_Toscanini__Toscanini (^Italian conductor of many orchestras worldwide (1867-1957)^)
   ^  #music_director;


#Evangelista_Torricelli__Torricelli (^Italian physicist who invented the mercury barometer (1608-1647)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Tomas_de_Torquemada__Torquemada (^Spanish Grand Inquisitor who was responsible for the death of thousands of Jews and suspected witches during the Spanish Inquisition (1420-1498)^)
   ^  #Grand_Inquisitor;


#Tonegawa_Susumu (^Japanese molecular biologist noted for his studies of how the immune system produces antibodies (born in 1939)^)
   ^  #molecular_biologist;


#Clyde_William_Tombaugh__Tombaugh (^United States astronomer who discovered the planet Pluto (1906-1997)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Count_Lev_Nikolayevitch_Tolstoy__Tolstoy__Leo_Tolstoy (^Russian author remembered for two great novels (1828-1910)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#John_Ronald_Reuel_Tolkien__Tolkien__J._R._R._Tolkien (^British philologist and writer (born in South Africa) (1892-1973)^)
   ^  #philologist  #professional_writer;


#Alice_B._Toklas__Toklas (^United States writer remembered as the secretary and companion of Gertrude Stein (1877-1967)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Tojo_Hideki__Tojo__Tojo_Eiki (^Japanese army officer who initiated the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and who assumed dictatorial control of Japan during World War II; he was subsequently tried and executed as a war criminal (1884-1948)^)
   ^  #dictator;


#Sir_Alexander_Robertus_Todd__Todd (^Scottish chemist noted for his research into the structure of nucleic acids (born in 1907)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Alexis_Charles_Henri_Maurice_de_Tocqueville__Tocqueville (^French political writer noted for his analysis of American institutions (1805-1859)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Mark_Tobey__Tobey (^United States abstract painter influenced by oriental calligraphy (1890-1976)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Titus_Flavius_Vespasianus__Titus (^Emperor of Rome; son of Vespasian (40-81)^)
   ^  #Roman_Emperor;


#Marshal_Tito__Tito__Josip_Broz (^Yugoslav statesman who led the resistance to German Nazi occupation in World War II and established a communist state after the war (1892-1980)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Titian__Tiziano_Vecellio (^old master of the Venetian school (1490-1576)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Tirso_de_Molina__Gabriel_Tellez (^Spanish dramatist who wrote the first dramatic treatment of the Don Juan legend (1571-1648)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Tintoretto__Jacopo_Robusti (^Italian painter of the Venetian school (1518-1594)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Nikolaas_Tinbergen__Tinbergen (^Dutch zoologist who showed that much animal behavior is innate and stereotyped (1907-1988)^)
   ^  #zoologist;


#Jan_Tinbergen__Tinbergen (^Dutch economist noted for his work in econometrics (1903-1994)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Paul_Johannes_Tillich__Tillich__Paul_Tillich (^United States theologian (born in Germany) (1886-1965)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#William_Tatem_Tilden_Jr.__Tilden__Big_Bill_Tilden (^United States tennis player who dominated men's tennis in the 1920s (1893-1953)^)
   ^  #tennis_player;


#Louis_Comfort_Tiffany__Tiffany (^United States artist who developed Tiffany glass (1848-1933)^)
   ^  #artist;


#Giovanni_Battista_Tiepolo__Tiepolo (^Italian painter (1696-1770)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Tiberius_Claudius_Nero_Caesar_Augustus__Tiberius (^son-in-law of Augustus who became a suspicious tyrannical Emperor of Rome after a brilliant military career ( 42 BC to AD 37)^)
   ^  #Roman_Emperor;


#James_Grover_Thurber__Thurber__James_Thurber (^United States humorist and cartoonist who published collections of essays and stories (1894-1961)^)
   ^  #humorist  #cartoonist;


#Thucydides (^ancient Greek historian remembered for his history of the Peloponnesian War (460-395 BC)^)
   ^  #historian;


#James_Francis_Thorpe__Thorpe__Jim_Thorpe (^outstanding United States athlete (1888-1953)^)
   ^  #athlete;


#William_Thornton__Thornton (^American architect (1759-1828)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Dame_Sybil_Thorndike__Thorndike (^English actress (1882-1976)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Edward_Lee_Thorndike__Thorndike (^United States educational psychologist (1874-1949)^)
   ^  #psychologist;


#Henry_David_Thoreau__Thoreau (^United States writer and social critic (1817-1862)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Elihu_Thomson__Thomson (^United States electrical engineer (born in England) who in 1892 formed a company with Thomas Edison (1853-1937)^)
   ^  #electrical_engineer;


#Sir_George_Paget_Thomson__Thomson__George_Paget_Thomson (^English physicist (son of Joseph John Thomson) who co-discovered the diffraction of electrons by crystals (1892-1975)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Sir_Joseph_John_Thomson__Thomson__Joseph_John_Thomson (^English physicist who experimented with the conduction of electricity through gases and who discovered the electron and determined its charge and mass (1856-1940)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Homer_Armstrong_Thompson__Thompson__Homer_Thompson__Homer_A._Thompson (^United States classical archaeologist (born in Canada) noted for leading the excavation of the Athenian agora (1906-2000)^)
   ^  #archeologist;


#Benjamin_Thompson__Thompson__Count_Rumford (^English physicist (born in America) who studied heat and friction; experiments convinced him that heat is caused by moving particles (1753-1814)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Seth_Thomas__Thomas (^United States clockmaker who introduced mass production (1785-1859)^)
   ^  #clocksmith;


#Norman_Mattoon_Thomas__Thomas__Norman_Thomas (^United States socialist who was a candidate for president six times (1884-1968)^)
   ^  #socialist;


#Lowell_Jackson_Thomas__Thomas__Lowell_Thomas (^a radio broadcast journalist during World War I and World War II noted for his nightly new broadcast (1892-1981)^)
   ^  #broadcast_journalist;


#Dylan_Marlais_Thomas__Thomas__Dylan_Thomas (^Welsh poet (1914-1953)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Thomas_the_doubting_Apostle__Thomas__Saint_Thomas__St_Thomas__doubting_Thomas (^the Apostle who would not believe the resurrection of Jesus until he saw Jesus with his own eyes^)
   ^  #Apostle;


#Thespis (^Greek poet who is said to have originated Greek tragedy (sixth century BC)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Theophrastus (^Greek philosopher who was a student of Aristotle and who succeeded Aristotle as the leader of the Peripatetics (371-287 BC)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Themistocles (^Athenian statesman who persuaded Athens to build a navy and then led it to victory over the Persians (527-460 BC)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Baroness_Thatcher_of_Kesteven__Thatcher__Margaret_Thatcher__Margaret_Hilda_Thatcher__Iron_Lady (^British stateswoman; first woman to serve as Prime Minister (born in 1925)^)
   ^  #stateswoman;


#Twyla_Tharp__Tharp (^Innovative United States dancer and choreographer (born in 1941)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer  #choreographer;


#Thales_of_Miletus__Thales (^Greek philosopher and astronomer (who predicted an eclipse in 585 BC) who was said by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science; he held that all things originated in water (624-546 BC)^)
   ^  #philosopher  #astronomer;


#William_Makepeace_Thackeray__Thackeray (^English writer (born in India) (1811-1863)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Nikola_Tesla__Tesla (^United States electrical engineer and inventor (born in Croatia of Serbian descent) who discovered the principles of alternating currents and developed the first alternating-current induction motor and the Tesla coil and several forms of oscillators (1856-1943)^)
   ^  #electrical_engineer  #inventor;


#Tertullian__Quintus_Septimius_Florens_Tertullianus (^Carthaginian theologian whose writing influenced early Christian theology (160-230)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Dame_Alice_Ellen_Terry__Terry__Dame_Ellen_Terry (^English actress (1847-1928)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Valentina_Vladmirovna_Tereshkova__Tereshkova__Valentina_Tereshkova (^Soviet cosmonaut who was the first woman in space (born in 1937)^)
   ^  #astronaut;


#Mother_Teresa__Teresa__Theresa__Mother_Theresa__Agnes_Gonxha_Bojaxhiu (^Indian nun and missionary (born in Albania) dedicated to helping the poor in India (1910-1997)^)
   ^  #nun  #missioner;


#Terence__Publius_Terentius_Afer (^dramatist of ancient Rome (born in Greece) whose comedies were based on works by Menander (190?-159 BC)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Tenzing_Norgay (^Sherpa mountaineer guide who with Sir Edmund Hillary was one of the first to attain the summit of Mount Everest (1914-1986)^)
   ^  #Sherpa  #mountaineer;


#First_Baron_Tennyson__Tennyson__Alfred_Tennyson__Alfred_Lord_Tennyson (^English Victorian poet (1809-1892)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Sir_John_Tenniel__Tenniel (^English cartoonist (1820-1914)^)
   ^  #cartoonist;


#Edward_Teller__Teller (^United States physicist (born in Hungary) who worked on the first atom bombs and the first hydrogen bomb (born in 1908)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Georg_Philipp_Telemann__Telemann (^German baroque composer (1681-1767)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Dame_Kiri_Janette_Te_Kanawa__Te_Kanawa__Dame_Kiri_Te_Kanawa (^New Zealand operatic soprano (born in 1944)^)
   ^  #soprano;


#Pierre_Teilhard_de_Chardin__Teilhard_de_Chardin (^French paleontologist and philosopher (1881-1955)^)
   ^  #paleontologist  #philosopher;


#Tecumseh__Tecumtha (^a famous chief of the Shawnee who tried to unite Indian tribes against the increasing white settlement (1768-1813)^)
   ^  #Shawnee.Algonquian;


#Renata_Tebaldi__Tebaldi (^Italian operatic soprano (born in 1922)^)
   ^  #soprano;


#Sara_Teasdale__Teasdale (^United States poet (1884-1933)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Edward_Teach__Teach__Thatch__Edward_Thatch__Blackbeard (^an English pirate who operated in the Caribbean and off the Atlantic coast of North America (died in 1718)^)
   ^  #pirate;


#Peter_Ilich_Tchaikovsky__Tchaikovsky__Peter_Tchaikovsky__Pyotr_Tchaikovsky__Pyotr_Ilich_Tchaikovsky (^Russian composer whose works are noted for their expressive melodies (1840-1893)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Joseph_Deems_Taylor__Taylor__Deems_Taylor (^United States composer and music critic (1885-1966)^)
   ^  #composer  #music_critic;


#Elizabeth_Taylor__Taylor (^United States film actress (born in England) who was a childhood star; as an adult she often co-starred with Richard Burton (born in 1932)^)
   ^  #actress;


#President_Taylor__Taylor__Zachary_Taylor (^12th President of the United States; died in office (1784-1850)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Richard_Henry_Tawney__Tawney (^English economist remembered for his studies of the development of capitalism (1880-1962)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Edward_Lawrie_Tatum__Tatum (^United States biochemist who discovered how genes act by regulating definite chemical events (1909-1975)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#Arthur_Tatum__Tatum__Art_Tatum (^United States jazz pianist who was almost completely blind; his innovations influenced many other jazz musicians (1910-1956)^)
   ^  #jazz_musician;


#Jacques_Tati__Tati__Jacques_Tatischeff (^French filmmaker (1908-1982)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#John_Orley_Allen_Tate__Tate__Allen_Tate (^United States poet and critic (1899-1979)^)
   ^  #critic  #poet;


#Torquato_Tasso__Tasso (^Italian poet who wrote an epic poem about the capture of Jerusalem during the First Crusade (1544-1595)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Abel_Janszoon_Tasman__Tasman__Abel_Tasman (^Dutch navigator who was the first European to discover Tasmania and New Zealand (1603-1659)^)
   ^  #navigator;


#Tarquin_the_Proud__Tarquin__Tarquinius__Tarquinius_Superbus__Lucius_Tarquinius_Superbus (^according to legend, the seventh and last Etruscan king of Rome who was expelled for his cruelty (reigned from 534 to 510 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Andrei_Arsenevich_Tarkovsky__Tarkovsky__Andrei_Tarkovsky (^Russian filmmaker (1932-1986)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Quentin_Jerome_Tarantino__Tarantino__Quentin_Tarantino (^United States filmmaker (born in 1963)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Arthur_Tappan__Tappan (^United States abolitionist (1786-1865)^)
   ^  #abolitionist;


#Yves_Tanguy__Tanguy (^United States surrealist painter (born in France) (1900-1955)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Kenzo_Tange__Tange (^Japanese architect (born in 1913)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Roger_Brooke_Taney__Taney__Roger_Taney (^American jurist who served as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court; remembered for his ruling that slaves and their descendants have no rights as citizens^)
   ^  #chief_justice;


#Tancred (^Norman leader in the First Crusade who played an important role in the capture of Jerusalem (1078-1112)^)
   ^  #soldier;


#Igor_Yevgeneevich_Tamm__Tamm__Igor_Tamm (^Russian physicist (1895-1971)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Tamerlane__Tamburlaine__Timur__Timur_Lenk (^Mongolian ruler of Samarkand who led his nomadic hordes to conquer an area from Turkey to Mongolia (1336-1405)^)
   ^  #swayer;


#Charles_Maurice_de_Talleyrand__Talleyrand (^French statesman (1754-1838)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Maria_Tallchief__Tallchief (^United States ballerina who promoted American ballet through tours and television appearances (born in 1925)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer;


#William_Henry_Fox_Talbot__Talbot__Fox_Talbot (^English inventor who published the first book illustrated with photographs (1800-1877)^)
   ^  #inventor  #photographer;


#Lorado_Taft__Taft (^United States sculptor (1860-1936)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#William_Howard_Taft__Taft__President_Taft (^27th President of the United States and later chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1857-1930)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Leo_Szilard__Szilard (^United States physicist and molecular biologist who helped develop the first atom bomb and later opposed the use of all nuclear weapons (1898-1964)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist  #molecular_biologist;


#Albert_von_Szent-Gyorgyi__Szent-Gyorgyi__Albert_Szent-Gyorgyi (^United States biochemist (born in Hungary) who was the first to isolate vitamin C (1893-1986)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#George_Szell__Szell (^United States conductor (born in Hungary) (1897-1970)^)
   ^  #music_director;


#Edmund_John_Millington_Synge__Synge__J._M._Synge__John_Millington_Synge (^Irish playwright whose plays are based on rural Irish life (1871-1909)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Arthur_Symons__Symons (^English poet (1865-1945)^)
   ^  #poet;


#John_Addington_Symonds__Symonds (^English writer (1840-1893)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Thomas_Sydenham__Sydenham__The_English_Hippocrates (^English physician (1624-1689)^)
   ^  #doc;


#Algernon_Charles_Swinburne__Swinburne (^English poet (1837-1909)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Gustavus_Franklin_Swift__Swift (^United States meat-packer who began the use of refrigerated railroad cars (1839-1903)^)
   ^  #meat_packer;


#Jonathan_Swift__Swift__Dean_Swift (^an English satirist born in Ireland (1667-1745)^)
   ^  #satirist;


#Henry_Sweet__Sweet (^English phonetician; one of the founders of modern phonetics (1845-1912)^)
   ^  #phonetician;


#Emanuel_Swedenborg__Swedenborg__Svedberg__Emanuel_Svedberg (^Swedish theologian (1688-1772)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Gloria_Swanson__Swanson__Gloria_May_Josephine_Svensson (^United States actress in many silent films (1899-1983)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Jan_Swammerdam__Swammerdam (^Dutch naturalist and microscopist who proposed a classification of insects and who was among the first to recognize cells in animals and was the first to see red blood cells (1637-1680)^)
   ^  #naturalist  #microscopist;


#Otto_Neumann_Sverdrup__Sverdrup (^Norwegian explorer who led expeditions into the Arctic (1855-1930)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Dame_Joan_Sutherland__Sutherland__Joan_Sutherland (^Australian operatic soprano (born in 1926)^)
   ^  #soprano;


#Sun_Yat-sen__Sun_Yixian (^Chinese statesman who organized the Kuomintang and led the revolution that overthrew the Manchu dynasty in 1911 and 1912 (1866-1925)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#William_Graham_Sumner__Sumner (^United States sociologist (1840-1910)^)
   ^  #sociologist;


#Thomas_Sully__Sully (^United States painter (born in England) of portraits and historical scenes (1783-1872)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Duc_de_Sully__Sully__Maxmilien_de_Bethune (^French statesman (1560-1641)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Louis_Henry_Sullivan__Sullivan__Louis_Sullivan__Louis_Henri_Sullivan (^United States architect known for his steel framed skyscrapers and for coining the phrase `form follows function' (1856-1924)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Harry_Stack_Sullivan__Sullivan (^United States psychiatrist (1892-1949)^)
   ^  #psychiatrist;


#Edward_Vincent_Sullivan__Sullivan__Ed_Sullivan (^United States host on a well known television variety show (1902-1974)^)
   ^  #master_of_ceremonies;


#Anne_Mansfield_Sullivan__Sullivan__Anne_Sullivan (^United States educator who was the teacher and lifelong companion of Helen Keller (1866-1936)^)
   ^  #educator;


#Arthur_Seymour_Sullivan__Sullivan__Arthur_Sullivan__Sir_Arthur_Sullivan (^English composer of operettas who collaborated with the librettist William Gilbert (1842-1900)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Lucius_Cornelius_Sulla_Felix__Sulla (^Roman general and dictator (138-78 BC)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Achmad_Sukarno__Sukarno (^Indonesian statesman who obtained the independence of Indonesia from the Netherlands in 1949 and served as president until ousted by Suharto in a coup d'etat (1901-1970)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Suharto (^Indonesian statesman who seized power from Sukarno in 1967 (born in 1921)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Eugene_Sue__Sue (^French writer whose novels described the sordid side of city life (1804-1857)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Sir_John_Suckling__Suckling (^English poet and courtier (1609-1642)^)
   ^  #poet  #courtier;


#William_Styron__Styron (^United States writer best known for his novels (born in 1925)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Petrus_Stuyvesant__Stuyvesant__Peter_Stuyvesant (^the last Dutch colonial administrator of New Netherland; in 1664 he was forced to surrender the colony to England (1592-1672)^)
   ^  #administrator.top_dog;


#William_Stubbs__Stubbs (^English historian noted for his constitutional history of medieval England (1825-1901)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Gilbert_Charles_Stuart__Stuart__Gilbert_Stuart (^United States painter best known for his portraits of George Washington (1755-1828)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Erich_von_Stroheim__Stroheim (^United States film actor (born in Austria) (1885-1957)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Johan_August_Strindberg__Strindberg__August_Strindberg  (^Swedish dramatist and novelist (1849-1912)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Barbra_Joan_Streisand__Streisand__Barbra_Streisand (^United States singer and actress (born in 1942)^)
   ^  #singer  #actress;


#Meryl_Streep__Streep (^United States film actress (born in 1949)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Igor_Fyodorovich_Stravinsky__Stravinsky__Igor_Stravinsky (^composer who was born in Russia but lived in the United States after 1939 (1882-1971)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Richard_Strauss__Strauss (^German composer; collaborated with librettist Hugo von Hoffmannsthal to produce several operas (1864-1949)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Strauss_the_Younger__Strauss__Johann_Strauss (^Austrian composer and son of Strauss the Elder; composed many famous waltzes and became known as the `waltz king' (1825-1899)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Strauss_the_Elder__Strauss__Johann_Strauss (^Austrian composer of waltzes (1804-1849)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Antonio_Stradivari__Stradivari__Stradivarius__Antonius_Stradivarius (^Italian violin maker who developed the modern violin and created violins of unequaled tonal quality (1644?-1737)^)
   ^  #violin_maker;


#Harriet_Elizabeth_Beecher_Stowe__Stowe__Harriet_Beecher_Stowe (^United States writer of a novel about slavery that advanced the abolitionists' cause (1811-1896)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #abolitionist;


#Sir_Tom_Stoppard__Stoppard__Tom_Stoppard__Thomas_Straussler (^British dramatist (born in Czechoslovakia in 1937)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Marie_Charlotte_Carmichael_Stopes__Stopes__Marie_Stopes (^birth-control campaigner who in 1921 opened the first birth control clinic in London (1880-1958)^)
   ^  #birth-control_campaigner;


#Oliver_Stone__Stone (^United States filmmaker (born in 1946)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Lucy_Stone__Stone (^United States feminist and suffragist (1818-1893)^)
   ^  #feminist  #suffragist;


#Isidor_Feinstein_Stone__Stone__I._F._Stone (^United States journalist who advocated liberal causes (1907-1989)^)
   ^  #journalist;


#Harlan_Fiske_Stone__Stone (^United States jurist who served on the United States Supreme Court as Chief Justice (1872-1946)^)
   ^  #jurist;


#Edward_Durell_Stone__Stone (^United States architect (1902-1978)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Leopold_Antoni_Stanislaw_Stokowski__Stokowski__Leopold_Stokowski (^United States conductor (born in Britain) (1882-1977)^)
   ^  #music_director;


#Abraham_Stoker__Stoker__Bram_Stoker (^Irish writer of the horror novel about Dracula (1847-1912)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Francis_Richard_Stockton__Stockton__Frank_Stockton (^United States writer (1834-1902)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Joseph_Warren_Stilwell__Stilwell__Vinegar_Joe_Stilwell__Uncle_Joe (^United States general who commanded the Allied forces in China and Burma and India during World War II (1883-1946)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Alfred_Stieglitz__Stieglitz (^United States photographer (1864-1946)^)
   ^  #photographer;


#James_Maitland_Stewart__Stewart__Jimmy_Stewart (^United States film actor who portrayed incorruptible but modest heros (1908-1997)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Dugald_Stewart__Stewart (^Scottish philosopher and follower of Thomas Reid (1753-1828)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Robert_Louis_Balfour_Stevenson__Stevenson__Robert_Louis_Stevenson (^Scottish author (1850-1894)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Adlai_Ewing_Stevenson__Stevenson__Adlai_Stevenson (^United States politician and diplomat (1900-1968)^)
   ^  #diplomatist;


#Wallace_Stevens__Stevens (^United States poet (1879-1955)^)
   ^  #poet;


#George_Stevens__Stevens (^United States filmmaker (1905-1975)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Baron_Friedrich_Wilhelm_Ludolf_Gerhard_Augustin_von_Steuben__Steuben (^American Revolutionary leader (born in Prussia) who trained the troops under George Washington (1730-1794)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#Laurence_Sterne__Sterne (^English writer (born in Ireland) (1713-1766)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Isaac_Stern__Stern (^United States concert violinist (born in Russia in 1920)^)
   ^  #violinist;


#George_Stephenson__Stephenson (^English railway pioneer who built the first passenger railway in 1825 (1781-1848)^)
   ^  #businessman;


#Sir_Leslie_Stephen__Stephen (^English writer (1832-1904)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Charles_Dillon_Stengel__Stengel__Casey_Stengel (^United States baseball manager (1890-1975)^)
   ^  #baseball_coach;


#Stendhal__Marie_Henri_Beyle (^French writer whose novels were the first to feature psychological analysis of the character (1783-1842)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Georg_Wilhelm_Steller__Steller (^German naturalist (1709-1746)^)
   ^  #naturalist;


#Frank_Philip_Stella__Stella__Frank_Stella (^United States minimalist painter (born in 1936)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Heinrich_Engelhard_Steinway__Steinway__Henry_Steinway__Henry_Engelhard_Steinway (^United States piano maker (born in Germany) who founded a famous piano manufacturing firm in New York (1797-1871)^)
   ^  #piano_maker;


#Charles_Proteus_Steinmetz__Steinmetz (^United States electrical engineer and inventor (born in Germany) (1865-1923)^)
   ^  #electrical_engineer  #inventor;


#David_Barnard_Steinman__Steinman (^United States civil engineer noted for designing suspension bridges (including the George Washington Bridge) (1886-1960)^)
   ^  #civil_engineer;


#Gloria_Steinem__Steinem (^United States feminist (born in 1934)^)
   ^  #feminist;


#Saul_Steinberg__Steinberg (^United States cartoonist (born in Romania) noted for his caricatures of famous people (1914-1999)^)
   ^  #cartoonist;


#John_Ernst_Steinbeck__Steinbeck__John_Steinbeck (^United States writer noted for his novels about agricultural workers (1902-1968)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Gertrude_Stein__Stein (^experimental expatriate United States writer (1874-1946)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Edward_Jean_Steichen__Steichen (^United States photographer who pioneered artistic photography (1879-1973)^)
   ^  #photographer;


#Joseph_Lincoln_Steffens__Steffens__Lincoln_Steffens (^United States journalist who exposes in 1906 started an era of muckraking journalism (1866-1936)^)
   ^  #journalist;


#Sir_Richrd_Steele__Steele (^English writer (1672-1729)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Ruth_St._Denis__St._Denis__Saint_Denis__Ruth_Saint_Denis (^United States dancer and choreographer who collaborated with Ted Shawn (1877-1968)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer  #choreographer;


#Elizabeth_Cady_Stanton__Stanton (^American suffragist and feminist; called for reform of the practices that perpetuated sexual inequality (1815-1902)^)
   ^  #suffragist  #feminist;


#Francis_Edgar_Stanley__Stanley (^United States inventor who built a steam-powered automobile (1849-1918)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Sir_Henry_Morton_Stanley__Stanley__Henry_M._Stanley__John_Rowlands (^Welsh journalist and explorer who led an expedition to Africa in search of David Livingstone and found him in Tanzania in 1871; he and Livingstone together tried to find the source of the Nile River (1841-1904)^)
   ^  #journalist  #explorer;


#Konstantin_Sergeevich_Stanislavsky__Stanislavsky__Konstantin_Stanislavsky__Konstantin_Sergevich_Alekseev (^Russian actor and theater director who trained his actors to emphasize the psychological motivation of their roles (1863-1938)^)
   ^  #histrion  #managing_director;


#Leland_Stanford__Stanford (^United States railroad executive for the Central Pacific Railroad and founder of Stanford University (1824-1893)^)
   ^  #businessman;


#Miles_Standish__Standish__Myles_Standish (^English colonist in America; leader of the Pilgrims in the early days of the Plymouth colony (1584-1656)^)
   ^  #colonist;


#Joseph_Stalin__Stalin__Iosif_Vissarionovich_Dzhugashvili (^Russian Soviet leader; succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)^)
   ^  #communist;


#Madame_de_Stael__Stael__Baronne_Anne_Louise_Germaine_Necker_de_Steal-Holstein (^French romantic writer (1766-1817)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Josiah_Spode__Spode (^English potter who started a pottery famous for its bone china (1754-1827)^)
   ^  #potter;


#Benjamin_Spock__Spock (^United States pediatrician whose many books on child care influenced the upbringing of children around the world (1903-1998)^)
   ^  #baby_doctor;


#Benedict_de_Spinoza__Spinoza__de_Spinoza__Baruch_de_Spinoza (^Dutch philosopher who espoused a pantheistic system (1632-1677)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Frank_Morrison_Spillane__Spillane__Mickey_Spillane (^United States writer of popular detective novels (born in 1918)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Spielburg__Steven_Spielberg (^United States filmmaker (born in 1947)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Elmer_Ambrose_Sperry__Sperry (^United States engineer and inventor of the gyrocompass (1860-1930)^)
   ^  #inventor  #engineer;


#Edmund_Spenser__Spenser (^English poet who wrote an allegorical romance celebrating Elizabeth I in the Spenserian stanza (1552-1599)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Oswald_Spengler__Spengler (^German philosopher who argued that cultures grow and decay in cycles (1880-1936)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Sir_Stephen_Harold_Spender__Spender__Stephen_Spender (^English poet and critic (1909-1995)^)
   ^  #poet  #literary_critic;


#Herbert_Spencer__Spencer (^English philosopher and sociologist who applied the theory of natural selection to human societies (1820-1903)^)
   ^  #philosopher  #sociologist;


#John_Hanning_Speke__Speke (^English explorer who with Sir Richard Burton was the first European to explore Lake Tanganyika; he also discovered Lake Victoria and named it (1827-1864)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Albert_Speer__Speer (^German Nazi architect who worked for Hitler (1905-1981)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Boris_Vasilevich_Spassky__Spassky__Boris_Spassky (^Russian chess master who moved to Paris; world champion from 1969 to 1972 (born in 1937)^)
   ^  #chess_master;


#Muriel_Sarah_Spark__Spark__Muriel_Spark__Dame_Muriel_Spark (^Scottish writer of satirical novels (born in 1918)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Lazzaro_Spallanzani__Spallanzani (^Italian physiologist who disproved the theory of spontaneous generation (1729-1799)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#Chaim_Soutine__Soutine (^French expressionist painter (born in Lithuania) (1893-1943)^)
   ^  #painter;


#John_Philip_Sousa__Sousa__The_March_King (^a United States bandmaster and composer of military marches (1854-1932)^)
   ^  #bandmaster  #composer;


#Soren_Peter_Lauritz_Sorensen__Sorensen (^Danish chemist who devised the pH scale (1868-1939)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Sophocles (^one of the greatest dramatist of ancient Greece (496-406 BC)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Susan_Sontag__Sontag (^United States writer (born in 1933)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Stephen_Sondheim__Sondheim (^United States composer of musicals (born in 1930)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Alexander_Isayevich_Solzhenitsyn__Solzhenitsyn (^Soviet writer and political dissident whose novels exposed the brutality of Soviet labor camps (born in 1918)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #political_dissident;


#Ernest_Solvay__Solvay (^Belgian chemist who developed the Solvay process and built factories exploiting it (1838-1922)^)
   ^  #chemist  #industrialist;


#Solomon (^(Old Testament) son of David and King of Israel noted for his wisdom (10th century BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Frederick_Soddy__Soddy (^English chemist whose work on radioactive disintegration led to the discovery of isotopes (1877-1956)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Socrates (^ancient Athenian philosopher; teacher of Plato and Xenophon (470-399 BC)^)
   ^  #philosopher  #Athenian;


#Faustus_Socinus__Socinus__Fausto_Paolo_Sozzini (^Italian theologian who argued against trinitarianism (1539-1604)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Baron_Snow_of_Leicester__Snow__C._P._Snow__Charles_Percy_Snow (^English writer of novels about moral dilemmas in academe (1905-1980)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Hermann_Snellen__Snellen (^Dutch ophthalmologist who introduced the Snellen chart to study visual acuity (1834-1908)^)
   ^  #ophthalmologist;


#Jan_Christian_Smuts__Smuts (^South African statesman and soldier (1870-1950)^)
   ^  #soldier  #statesman;


#Tobias_George_Smollett__Smollett__Tobias_Smollett (^Scottish writer of adventure novels (1721-1771)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Ian_Douglas_Smith__Smith__Ian_Smith (^Rhodesian statesman who declared independence of Zimbabwe from Great Britain (born in 1919)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#David_Roland_Smith__Smith__David_Smith (^United States sculptor (1906-1965)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Kathryn_Elizabeth_Smith__Smith__Kate_Smith (^United States singer noted for her rendition of patriotic songs (1909-1986)^)
   ^  #singer;


#Julia_Evelina_Smith__Smith (^United States suffragist who refused to pay taxes until she could vote (1792-1886)^)
   ^  #suffragist;


#Bessie_Smith__Smith (^United States blues singer (1894-1937)^)
   ^  #singer;


#Joseph_Smith__Smith (^religious leader who founded the Mormon Church in 1830 (1805-1844)^)
   ^  #Latter-day_Saint;


#John_Smith__Smith (^English explorer who helped found the colony at Jamestown, Virginia; was said to have been saved by Pocahontas (1580-1631)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Adam_Smith__Smith (^Scottish economist who advocated private enterprise and free trade (1723-1790)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Otis_Skinner__Skinner (^United States actor (1858-1942)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Cornelia_Otis_Skinner__Skinner (^United States actress noted for her one-woman shows (1901-1979)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Burrhus_Frederic_Skinner__Skinner__B_F_Skinner (^American psychologist and leading proponent of behaviorism (1904-1990)^)
   ^  #psychologist;


#Walter_William_Skeat__Skeat (^English philologist (1835-1912)^)
   ^  #philologist;


#Dame_Edith_Louisa_Sitwell__Sitwell__Dame_Edith_Sitwell (^English poet (1887-1964)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Sitting_Bull (^a chief of the Sioux; took up arms against settlers in the northern Great Plains and against United States Army troops; he was present at the battle of Little Bighorn (1876) when the Sioux massacred General Custer's troops (1831-1890)^)
   ^  #Indian_chief  #Hunkpapa.Sioux;


#Willem_de_Sitter__Sitter (^Dutch astronomer who calculated the size of the universe and suggested that it is expanding (1872-1934)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Siraj-ud-daula (^Indian general who opposed colonization by England; he captured Calcutta in 1756 and many of his prisoners suffocated in a crowded room that became known as the Black Hole of Calcutta; he was defeated at the battle of Plassey by a group of Indian nobles in alliance with Robert Clive (1728-1757)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#David_Alfaro_Siqueiros__Siqueiros__David_Siqueiros (^Mexican painter of murals depicting protest and revolution (1896-1974)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Isaac_Merrit_Singer__Singer__Isaac_M._Singer (^United States inventor of an improved chain-stitch sewing machine (1811-1875)^)
   ^  #inventor  #manufacturer;


#Isaac_Bashevis_Singer__Singer (^United States writer (born in Poland) of Yiddish stories and novels (1904-1991)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Upton_Beall_Sinclair__Sinclair__Upton_Sinclair (^United States writer whose novels argued for social reform (1878-1968)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Sir_Clive_Marles_Sinclair__Sinclair__Clive_Sinclair (^English electrical engineer who founded a company that introduced many innovative products (born in 1940)^)
   ^  #electrical_engineer  #entrepreneur;


#Francis_Albert_Sinatra__Sinatra__Frank_Sinatra (^United States singer and film actor (1915-1998)^)
   ^  #crooner  #histrion;


#Wallis_Warfield_Simpson__Simpson__Mrs._Simpson__Wallis_Warfield_Windsor__Duchess_of_Windsor (^American divorcee whose marriage to Edward VIII created a constitutional crisis leading to his abdication^)
   ^  #divorcee;


#Sir_James_Young_Simpson__Simpson (^Scottish obstetrician and surgeon who pioneered in the use of ether and discovered the anesthetic effects of chloroform (1811-1870)^)
   ^  #doc;


#Simon_the_Canaanite__Simon__St_Simon__Simon_Zelotes__Simon_the_Zealot (^one of the twelve Apostles (first century)^)
   ^  #Apostle;


#Paul_Simon__Simon (^United States singer and songwriter (born in 1942)^)
   ^  #singer  #songwriter;


#Marvin_Neil_Simon__Simon__Neil_Simon (^United States playwright noted for light comedies (born in 1927)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Herbert_Aleddxander_Simon__Simon__Herb_Simon__Herbert_A._Simon (^United States economist and psychologist who pioneered in the development of cognitive science (1916-2001)^)
   ^  #economist  #psychologist;


#Georges_Joseph_Christian_Simenon__Simenon__Georges_Simenon (^French writer (born in Belgium) best known for his detective novels featuring Inspector Maigret (1903-1989)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Beverly_Sills__Sills (^United States operatic soprano (born in 1929)^)
   ^  #soprano;


#Igor_Ivanovich_Sikorsky__Sikorsky__Igor_Sikorsky (^United States industrialist (born in Russia) who designed the first four-engine airplane and the first mass-produced helicopter (1889-1972)^)
   ^  #industrialist;


#Sir_Charles_William_Siemens__Siemens__Karl_Wilhelm_Siemens (^engineer who was a brother of Ernst Werner von Siemens and who moved to England (1823-1883)^)
   ^  #engineer;


#Ernst_Werner_von_Siemens__Siemens (^German electrical engineer (1816-1892)^)
   ^  #electrical_engineer;


#Sir_Philip_Sidney__Sidney (^English poet (1554-1586)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Sarah_Kemble_Siddons__Siddons__Sarah_Siddons (^English actress noted for her performances in Shakespearean roles (1755-1831)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Johan_Julius_Christian_Sibelius__Sibelius__Jean_Sibelius (^Finnish composer (1865-1957)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Nevil_Shute_Norway__Shute__Nevil_Shute (^English writer who settled in Norway after World War II (1899-1960)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Dmitri_Dmitrievich_Shostakovich__Shostakovich__Dmitri_Shostakovich (^Russian composer best known for his fifteen symphonies (1906-1975)^)
   ^  #composer;


#William_Bradford_Shockley__Shockley__William_Shockley (^United States physicist (born in England) who contributed to the development of the electronic transistor (1910-1989)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#William_Lawrence_Shirer__Shirer (^United States broadcast journalist who was in Berlin at the outbreak of World War II (born in 1904)^)
   ^  #journalist;


#Taras_Grigoryevich_Shevchenko__Shevchenko (^Ukranian poet (1814-1861)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Robert_Emmet_Sherwood__Sherwood (^United States playwright (1896-1955)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Sir_Charles_Scott_Sherrington__Sherrington (^English physiologist who conducted research on reflex action (1857-1952)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#William_Tecumseh_Sherman__Sherman (^United States general who was commander of all Union troops in the West; he captured Atlanta and led a destructive march to the sea that cut the Confederacy in two (1820-1891)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Roger_Sherman__Sherman (^American Revolutionary leader and signer of the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution (1721-1793)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#Richard_Brinsley_Sheridan__Sheridan (^Irish playwright remembered for his satirical comedies of manners (1751-1816)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Alan_Bartlett_Shepard_Jr.__Shepard__Alan_Shepard (^astronaut who made the first United States' suborbital rocket-powered flight in 1961 (1923-1998)^)
   ^  #astronaut;


#Mary_Godwin_Wollstonecraft_Shelley__Shelley__Mary_Shelley__Mary_Wollstonecraft_Shelley (^English writer who created Frankenstein's monster and married Percy Bysshe Shelley (1797-1851)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Percy_Bysshe_Shelley__Shelley (^English Romantic poet (1792-1822)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Moira_Shearer__Shearer (^Scottish ballet dancer and actress (born in 1926)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer  #actress;


#Ted_Shawn__Shawn (^United States dancer and choreographer who collaborated with Ruth Saint Denis (1891-1972)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer  #choreographer;


#Henry_Wheeler_Shaw__Shaw__Josh_Billings (^United States humorist who wrote about rural life (1818-1885)^)
   ^  #humorist;


#Anna_Howard_Shaw__Shaw (^United States physician and suffragist (1847-1919)^)
   ^  #suffragist  #doc;


#George_Bernard_Shaw__Shaw__G._B._Shaw (^English playwright (born in Ireland); founder of the Fabian Society (1856-1950)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #dramatist;


#Harlow_Shapley__Shapley (^United States astronomer (1885-1972)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Claude_Elwood_Shannon__Shannon__Claude_Shannon__Claude_E._Shannon (^United States engineer who pioneered mathematical communication theory (born in 1916)^)
   ^  #engineer;


#Ravi_Shankar__Shankar (^Indian sitar player who popularized classical Indian music in the West (born in 1920)^)
   ^  #sitar_player;


#William_Shakespeare__Shakespeare__Shakspere__William_Shakspere__the_bard (^English poet and dramatist considered one of the greatest English writers (1564-1616)^)
   ^  #dramatist  #poet;


#Benjamin_Shahn__Shahn__Ben_Shahn (^United States artist whose work reflected social and political themes (1898-1969)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Shah_Jahan (^Mogul emperor of India during whose reign the finest monuments of Mogul architecture were built (including the Taj Mahal at Agra) (1592-1666)^)
   ^  #Emperor;


#Jane_Seymour__Seymour (^Queen of England as the third wife of Henry VIII and mother of Edward VI (1509-1537)^)
   ^  #queen;


#Anne_Sexton__Sexton (^United States poet (1928-1974)^)
   ^  #poet;


#William_Henry_Seward__Seward (^United States politician who arranged for the purchase of Alaska from Russia (known at the time as Seward's Folly) (1801-1872)^)
   ^  #politico;


#Georges_Pierre_Seurat__Seurat__Georges_Seurat (^French painter who developed pointilism (1859-1891)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Saint_Elizabeth_Ann_Bayley_Seton__Seton__Elizabeth_Seton__Mother_Seton (^United States religious leader who was the first person born in the United States to be canonized (1774-1821)^)
   ^  #religious_leader;


#Roger_Huntington_Sessions__Sessions__Roger_Sessions (^United States composer who promoted 20th century music (1896-1985)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Robert_William_Service__Service (^Canadian writer (born in England) who wrote about life in the Yukon Territory (1874-1958)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Miguel_Jose_Serra__Serra__Junipero_Serra (^Spanish missionary who founded Franciscan missions in California (1713-1784)^)
   ^  #missioner;


#Rudolf_Serkin__Serkin (^United States concert pianist (born in Czechoslovakia) (1903-1991)^)
   ^  #pianist;


#Sequoya__Sequoyah__George_Guess (^Cherokee who created a notation for writing the Cherokee language (1770-1843)^)
   ^  #Indian_chief  #Cherokee.Iroquois;


#Mack_Sennett__Sennett (^United States filmmaker (born in Canada) noted for slapstick movies (1880-1960)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Sennacherib (^King of Assyria who invaded Judea twice and defeated Babylon and rebuilt Nineveh after it had been destroyed by Babylonians (died in 681 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Lucius_Annaeus_Seneca__Seneca (^Roman statesman and philosopher who was and advisor to Nero (circa 4 BC - 65 AD)^)
   ^  #statesman  #dramatist  #philosopher;


#David_Oliver_Selznick__Selznick__David_O._Selznick (^United States filmmaker noted for his film adaptations of popular novels (1902-1965)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Peter_Sellers__Sellers (^English comic actor (1925-1980)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Alexander_Selkirk__Selkirk__Selcraig__Alexander_Selcraig (^Sottish sailor who was put ashore on a deserted island off the coast of Chile for five years (providing the basis for Daniel Defoe's novel about Robinson Crusoe) (1676-1721)^)
   ^  #sailor;


#Seleucus_I_Nicator__Seleucus__Seleucus_I (^Macedonian general who accompanied Alexander the Great into Asia; founded a line of kings who reigned in Asia Minor until 65 BC (358-281 BC)^)
   ^  #full_general  #Macedonian;


#Monica_Seles__Seles (^United States tennis player (born in Yugoslavia in 1973)^)
   ^  #tennis_player;


#Andres_Segovia__Segovia (^Spanish guitarist who made classical guitar a concert instrument (1893-1987)^)
   ^  #guitarist  #composer;


#George_Segal__Segal (^United States sculptor (born in 1924)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Peter_Seeger__Seeger__Pete_Seeger (^United States folk singer who was largely responsible for the interest in folk music in the 1960s (born in 1919)^)
   ^  #folk_singer;


#Alan_Seeger__Seeger (^United States poet killed in World War I (1888-1916)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Elizabeth_Cochrane_Seaman__Seaman__Elizabeth_Seaman__Nellie_Bly (^muckraking United States journalist who exposed bad conditions in mental institutions (1867-1922)^)
   ^  #journalist;


#Gelnn_Theodore_Seaborg__Seaborg__Glenn_T._Seaborg (^United States chemist who was one of the discoverers of plutonium (1912-1999)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Edward_Wyllis_Scripps__Scripps (^United States newspaper publisher who founded an important press association; half-brother of James Edmund Scripps (1854-1926)^)
   ^  #newspaper_publisher;


#James_Edmund_Scripps__Scripps (^United States newspaper publisher and half-brother of Edward Wyllis Scripps (1835-1908)^)
   ^  #newspaper_publisher;


#Augustin_Eugene_Scribe__Scribe (^French playwright (1791-1861)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Alexander_Nikolayevich_Scriabin__Scriabin (^Russian composer of orchestral and piano music (1872-1915)^)
   ^  #composer;


#George_C._Scott__Scott (^award-winning United States film actor (1928-1999)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Robert_Falcon_Scott__Scott__Robert_Scott (^English explorer who reached the South Pole just a month after Amundsen; he and his party died on the return journey (1868-1912)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Winfield_Scott__Scott (^United States general who was a hero of the War of 1812 and who defeated Santa Anna in the Mexican War (1786-1866)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Sir_Walter_Scott__Scott__Walter_Scott (^British author of historical novels and ballads (1771-1832)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Dred_Scott__Scott (^United States slave who sued for liberty after living in a non-slave state; caused the Supreme Court to declare the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional (1795?-1858)^)
   ^  #slave;


#Martin_Scorsese__Scorsese (^United States filmmaker (born in 1942)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#John_Thomas_Scopes__Scopes__John_Scopes (^Tennessee highschool teacher who violated a state law by teaching evolution; in a highly publicized trial in 1925 he was prosecuted by William Jennings Bryan and defended by Clarence Darrow (1900-1970)^)
   ^  #schoolteacher;


#Publius_Cornelius_Scipio_Africanus_Major__Scipio__Scipio_Africanus__Scipio_Africanus_Major__Publius_Cornelius_Scipio__Scipio_the_Elder (^Roman general who commanded the invasion of Carthage in the second Punic War and defeated Hannibal at Zama (circa 237-183 BC)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Albert_Schweitzer__Schweitzer (^French philosopher and physician and organist who spent most of his life as a medical missionary in Gabon (1875-1965)^)
   ^  #missioner  #philosopher  #doc  #organist;


#Theodor_Schwann__Schwann (^German physiologist and histologist who in 1839 identified the cell as the basic structure of plant and animal tissue (1810-1882)^)
   ^  #physiologist  #histologist;


#Joseph_Alois_Schumpeter__Schumpeter__Joseph_Schumpeter (^United States economist (born in Czechoslovakia) (1883-1950)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Ernestine_Schumann-Heink__Schumann-Heink (^United States operatic contralto (1861-1936)^)
   ^  #contralto;


#Robert_Alexander_Schumann__Schumann__Robert_Schumann (^German romantic composer known for piano music and songs (1810-1856)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Charles_Munroe_Schulz__Schulz__Charles_Schulz (^United States cartoonist whose comic strip included the beagle Snoopy (1922-2000)^)
   ^  #cartoonist;


#Franz_Peter_Schubert__Schubert__Franz_Schubert (^Austrian composer known for his compositions for voice and piano (1797-1828)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Erwin_Schrodinger__Schrodinger (^Austrian physicist who discovered the wave equation (1887-1961)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Arthur_Schopenhauer__Schopenhauer (^German pessimist philosopher (1788-1860)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Henry_Rowe_Schoolcraft__Schoolcraft (^United States geologist and ethnologist and explorer who discovered the source of the Mississippi River (1793-1864)^)
   ^  #geologist  #ethnologist  #explorer;


#Arnold_Schonberg__Schonberg__Schoenberg__Arnold_Schoenberg (^Austrian composer and musical theorist who developed atonal composition (1874-1951)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Christian_Friedrich_Schonbein__Schonbein__Christian_Schonbein (^German chemist who discovered ozone and developed guncotton as a propellant in firearms (1799-1868)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Artur_Schnabel__Schnabel (^United States composer (born in Austria) and pianist noted for his interpretations of the works of Mozart and Beethoven and Schubert (1882-1951)^)
   ^  #composer  #pianist;


#Helmut_Heinrich_Waldemar_Schmidt__Schmidt__Helmut_Schmidt (^German statesman who served as chancellor of Germany (born in 1918)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Heinrich_Schliemann__Schliemann (^German archaeologist who discovered nine superimposed city sites of Troy; he also excavated Mycenae (1822-1890)^)
   ^  #archeologist;


#Arthur_Meier_Schlesinger_Jr.__Schlesinger__Arthur_Schlesinger__Arthur_Schlesinger_Jr. (^United States historian and advisor to President Kennedy (born in 1917)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Arthur_Meier_Schlesinger__Schlesinger__Arthur_Schlesinger (^United States historian (1888-1965)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Johann_Christoph_Friedrich_von_Schiller__Schiller (^German romantic writer (1759-1805)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Giovanni_Virginio_Schiaparelli__Schiaparelli (^Italian astronomer who first noted lines (which he called canals) on the surface of Mars (1835-1910)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Elsa_Schiaparelli__Schiaparelli (^fashion designer born in Italy who was noted for her use of synthetic materials and brilliant colors (1896-1973)^)
   ^  #couturier;


#Karl_Wilhelm_Scheele__Scheele__Karl_Scheele (^Swedish chemist (born in Germany) who discovered oxygen before Priestley did (1742-1786)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Dorothy_Leigh_Sayers__Sayers__Dorothy_Sayers__Dorothy_L._Sayers (^English writer of detective fiction (1893-1957)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Saxo_Grammaticus (^Danish historian who chronicled the history of Denmark (including the legend of Hamlet) (1150?-1220?)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Hermann_Maurice_Saxe__Saxe__comte_de_Saxe (^a French marshal who distinguished himself in the War of the Austrian Succession (1696-1750)^)
   ^  #full_general  #marshall;


#Girolamo_Savonarola__Savonarola (^Italian religious and political reformer; a Dominican friar in Florence who preached against sin and corruption and gained a large following; he expelled the Medici from Florence but was later excommunicated and executed for criticizing the Pope (1452-1498)^)
   ^  #Dominican  #reformist;


#Saul (^(Old Testament) the first king of the Israelites who defended Israel against many enemies (especially the Philistines)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Erik_Alfred_Leslie_Satie__Satie__Erik_Satie (^French composer noted for his experimentalism and rejection of romanticism (1866-1925)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Jean_Paul_Sartre__Sartre (^French writer and existentialist philosopher (1905-1980)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #existentialist;


#William_Saroyan__Saroyan (^United States writer of plays and short stories (1908-1981)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#David_Sarnoff__Sarnoff (^United States businessman who pioneered in radio and television broadcasting (1891-1971)^)
   ^  #businessman;


#John_Singer_Sargent__Sargent (^United States painter known for his society portraits (1856-1925)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Gene_Sarazen__Sarazen (^United States golfer who was first to win all four major golf tournaments (1902-1999)^)
   ^  #golfer;


#Sarah (^(Old Testament) the wife of Abraham and mother of Isaac^)
   ^  #wife;


#Sappho (^the Greek lyric poet of Lesbos; much admired although only fragments of her poetry have been preserved (6th century BC)^)
   ^  #poetess  #Lesbian;


#Edward_Sapir__Sapir (^anthropologist and linguist; studied languages of North American Indians (1884-1939)^)
   ^  #anthropologist  #linguist;


#Antonio_Lopez_de_Santa_Anna__Santa_Anna__Santa_Ana__Antonio_Lopez_de_Santa_Ana (^Mexican general who tried to crush the Texas revolt and who lost battles to Winfield Scott and Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War (1795-1876)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Margaret_Higgins_Sanger__Sanger__Margaret_Sanger (^United States nurse who campaigned for birth control and planned parenthood (1883-1966)^)
   ^  #nurse;


#Carl_Sandburg__Sandburg (^United States writer remembered for his poetry in free verse and his six volume biography of Abraham Lincoln (1878-1967)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#George_Sand__Sand__Amandine_Aurore_Lucie_Dupin__Baroness_Dudevant (^French writer known for works concerning women's rights and independence (1804-1876)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Samuel (^(Old Testament) Hebrew prophet and judge who anointed Saul as king^)
   ^  #vaticinator;


#Samson (^(Old Testament) a judge of Israel who performed herculean feats of strength against the Philistines until he was betrayed to them by his mistress Delilah^)
   ^  #judge;


#Haym_Salomon__Salomon (^American financier and Revolutionary patriot who helped fund the army during the American Revolution (1740?-1785)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader  #financier;


#Salome (^woman whose dancing beguiled Herod into giving her the head of John the Baptist^)
   ^  #professional_dancer;


#Jonas_Edward_Salk__Salk__Jonas_Salk (^United States virologist who developed the Salk vaccine that is injected against poliomyelitis (born 1914)^)
   ^  #virologist;


#Jerome_David_Salinger__Salinger__J._D._Salinger (^United States writer (born 1919)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Andrei_Dimitrievich_Sakharov__Sakharov__Andrei_Sakharov (^Soviet physicist and dissident; helped develop the first Russian hydrogen bomb; advocated nuclear disarmament and campaigned for human rights (1921-1989)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Comte_Donatien_Alphonse_Francois_de_Sade__Sade__de_Sade__Marquis_de_Sade (^French soldier and writer whose descriptions of sexual perversion gave rise to the term `sadism' (1740-1814)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Anwar_el-Sadat__Sadat (^Egyptian statesman who (as President of Egypt) negotiated a peace treaty with Menachem Begin of Israel (1918-1981)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Nicola_Sacco__Sacco (^United States anarchist (born in Italy) who with Bartolomeo Vanzetti was convicted of murder and in spite of world-wide protest was executed (1891-1927)^)
   ^  #anarchist;


#Albert_Bruce_Sabin__Sabin__Albert_Sabin (^United States microbiologist (born in Poland) who developed the Sabin vaccine that is taken orally against poliomyelitis (born 1906)^)
   ^  #microbiologist;


#Daniel_Rutherford__Rutherford (^British chemist who isolated nitrogen (1749-1819)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#First_Baron_Rutherford_of_Nelson__Rutherford__Ernest_Rutherford__First_Baron_Rutherford (^British physicist (born in New Zealand) who discovered the atomic nucleus and proposed a nuclear model of the atom (1871-1937)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#George_Herman_Ruth__Ruth__Babe_Ruth__Sultan_of_Swat (^American professional baseball player famous for hitting home runs (1895-1948)^)
   ^  #ballplayer;


#Ruth.wife (^the great-grandmother of King David whose story is told in the Book of Ruth in the Old Testament^)
   ^  #wife;


#Bertrand_Arthur_William_Russell__Russell__Bertrand_Russell__Earl_Russell (^English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Whitehead (1872-1970)^)
   ^  #logician  #philosopher;


#John_Ruskin__Ruskin (^British art critic (1819-1900)^)
   ^  #art_critic;


#Ahmed_Salman_Rushdie__Rushdie__Salman_Rushdie (^British writer of novels who was born in India; one of his novels is regarded as blasphemous by Muslims and a fatwa was issued condemning him to death (born in 1947)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Benjamin_Rush__Rush (^physician and Revolutionary American leader; signer of the Declaration of Independence (1745-1813)^)
   ^  #doc  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#Prince_Rupert__Rupert (^English leader (born in Germany) of the Royalist forces during the English Civil War (1619-1682)^)
   ^  #prince;


#Alfred_Damon_Runyon__Runyon__Damon_Runyon (^United States writer of humorous stylized stories about Broadway and the New York underground (1884-1946)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Karl_Rudolf_Gerd_von_Rundstedt__Rundstedt__von_Rundstedt (^German field marshal in World War II who directed the conquest of Poland and led the Ardennes counteroffensive (1875-1953)^)
   ^  #field_marshal;


#Arthur_Rubinstein__Rubinstein__Artur_Rubinstein (^United States pianist (born in Poland) known for his interpretations of the music of Chopin (1886-1982)^)
   ^  #pianist;


#Anton_Grigorevich_Rubinstein__Rubinstein__Anton_Gregor_Rubinstein (^Russian composer and pianist (1829-1894)^)
   ^  #composer  #pianist;


#Sir_Peter_Paul_Rubens__Rubens__Peter_Paul_Rubens (^prolific Flemish baroque painter; knighted by Charles I of England (1577-1640)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Le_Douanier_Rousseau__Rousseau__Henri_Rousseau (^French primitive painter (1844-1910)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Jean-Jacques_Rousseau__Rousseau (^French philosopher and writer born in Switzerland; believed that the natural goodness of man was warped by society; ideas influenced the French Revolution (1712-1778)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #philosopher;


#Francis_Peyton_Rous__Rous__Peyton_Rous (^United States pathologist who discovered viruses that cause tumors (1879-1970)^)
   ^  #diagnostician;


#Rothschild (^any of family of powerful Jewish bankers in Europe^)
   ^  #banker;


#Mark_Rothko__Rothko (^United States abstract painter (born in Russia) whose paintings are characterized by horizontal bands of color with indistinct boundaries (1903-1970)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Giloacchino_Antonio_Rossini__Rossini (^Italian composer remembered for his operas (1792-1868)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Dante_Gabriel_Rossetti__Rossetti (^English poet and painter who was a leader of the Pre-Raphaelites (1828-1882)^)
   ^  #Pre-Raphaelite;


#Sir_John_Ross__Ross__John_Ross (^Scottish explorer who led Arctic expeditions that yielded geographic discoveries while searching for the Northwest Passage (1777-1856)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Sir_James_Clark_Ross__Ross__James_Clark_Ross (^British explorer of the Arctic and Antarctic; located the north magnetic pole in 1831; discovered the Ross Sea in Antarctica; nephew of Sir John Ross (1800-1862)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Sir_Ronald_Ross__Ross (^British physician who discovered that mosquitos transmit malaria (1857-1932)^)
   ^  #doc;


#Nellie_Tayloe_Ross__Ross__Nellie_Ross (^a politician in Wyoming who was the first woman governor in the United States (1876-1977)^)
   ^  #politico;


#Betsy_Griscom_Ross__Ross__Betsy_Ross (^American seamstress said to have made the first American flag at the request of George Washington (1752-1836)^)
   ^  #dressmaker;


#Anna_Eleanor_Roosevelt__Roosevelt__Eleanor_Roosevelt (^wife of Franklin Roosevelt and a strong advocate of human rights (1884-1962)^)
   ^  #diplomatist  #professional_writer;


#President_Franklin_Roosevelt__Roosevelt__Franklin_Roosevelt__Franklin_Delano_Roosevelt__President_Roosevelt__FDR (^32nd President of the United States; elected four times; instituted New Deal to counter the great depression and led country during World War II (1882-1945)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#President_Theodore_Roosevelt__Roosevelt__Theodore_Roosevelt__President_Roosevelt (^26th President of the United States; hero of the Spanish-American War; Panama Canal was built during his administration; said "Speak softly but carry a big stick" (1858-1919)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Erwin_Rommel__Rommel__Desert_Fox (^German field marshal noted for brilliant generalship in North Africa during World War II (1891-1944)^)
   ^  #field_marshal;


#Sigmund_Romberg__Romberg (^United States composer (born in Hungary) who composed operettas (1887-1951)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Rollo__Rolf__Hrolf (^Norse chieftan who became the first duke of Normandy (860-931)^)
   ^  #chieftan;


#Peter_Mark_Roget__Roget (^English physician who in retirement compiled a well-known thesaurus (1779-1869)^)
   ^  #doc;


#William_Penn_Adair_Rogers__Rogers__Will_Rogers (^United States humorist remembered for his homespun commentary on politics and American society (1879-1935)^)
   ^  #humorist;


#Ginger_Rogers__Rogers__Virginia_McMath (^United States dancer and film actress who partnered with Fred Astaire (born 1911)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer  #actress;


#Carl_Rogers__Rogers (^United States psychologist who developed client-centered therapy (1902-1987)^)
   ^  #psychologist;


#Wilhelm_Konrad_Roentgen__Roentgen__Rontgin__Wilhelm_Konrad_Rontgen (^German physicist who discovered x-rays and developed roentgenography (1845-1923)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#John_Augustus_Roebling__Roebling__John_Roebling (^United States engineer (born in Germany) who designed and began construction of the Brooklyn bridge (1806-1869)^)
   ^  #engineer;


#Francois_Auguste_Rene_Rodin__Rodin__Auguste_Rodin (^French sculptor noted for his renderings of the human form (1840-1917)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Richard_Rodgers__Rodgers (^United States composer of musical comedies (especially in collaboration with Oscar Hammerstein II and with Lorenz Hart) (1902-1979)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Norman_Rockwell__Rockwell (^United States illustrator whose works present a sentimental idealized view of everyday life (1894-1978)^)
   ^  #illustrator;


#Second_Marquis_of_Rockingham__Rockingham__Charles_Watson-Wentworth (^English statesman who served as prime minister and who opposed the war with the American colonies (1730-1782)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#John_Davison_Rockefeller__Rockefeller__John_D._Rockefeller (^United States industrialist who made a fortune in the oil business and gave half of it away (1839-1937)^)
   ^  #industrialist  #philanthropist;


#Comte_de_Rochambeau__Rochambeau__Jean_Baptiste_Donatien_de_Vimeur (^French general who commanded French troops in the American Revolution, notably at Yorktown (1725-1807)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Sir_Robert_Robinson__Robinson__Robert_Robinson (^English chemist noted for his studies of molecular structures in plants (1886-1975)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Sugar_Ray_Robinson__Robinson__Ray_Robinson__Walker_Smith (^United States prizefighter who won the world middleweight championship five times and the world welterweight championship once (1921-1989)^)
   ^  #prizefighter;


#Esme_Stuart_Lennox_Robinson__Robinson__Lennox_Robinson (^Irish playwright and theater manager in Dublin (1886-1958)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#James_Harvey_Robinson__Robinson (^United States historian who stressed the importance of intellectual and social events for the course of history (1863-1936)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Jack_Roosevelt_Robinson__Robinson__Jackie_Robinson (^United States baseball player; first Black to play in the major leagues (1919-1972)^)
   ^  #ballplayer;


#Edwin_Arlington_Robinson__Robinson (^United States poet; author of narrative verse (1869-1935)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Edward_Goldenberg_Robinson__Robinson__Edward_G._Robinson (^United States film actor noted for playing gangster roles (1893-1973)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Maxmillien_Marie_Isidore_de_Robespierre__Robespierre (^French revolutionary; leader of the Jacobins and architect of the Reign of Terror; was himself executed in a coup d'etat (1758-1794)^)
   ^  #revolutionist;


#Paul_Bustill_Robeson__Robeson__Paul_Robeson (^United States bass singer and an outspoken critic of racism and proponent of socialism (1898-1976)^)
   ^  #singer  #civil_rights_leader;


#Oral_Roberts__Roberts (^United States evangelist (born 1918)^)
   ^  #evangelist;


#Kenneth_Roberts__Roberts (^United States writer remembered for his historical novels about Colonial America (1885-1957)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Bartholomew_Roberts__Roberts (^a Welsh pirate credited with having taken more than 400 ships (1682-1722)^)
   ^  #pirate;


#Henry_Martin_Robert__Robert (^United States parliamentary authority and author (in 1876) of Robert's Rules of Order (1837-1923)^)
   ^  #parliamentarian;


#Jerome_Robbins__Robbins (^United States choreographer who brought human emotion to classical ballet and spirited reality to Broadway musicals (1918-1998)^)
   ^  #choreographer;


#Cesar_Ritz__Ritz (^Swiss hotelier who created a chain of elegant hotels (1850-1918)^)
   ^  #hotelier;


#David_Rittenhouse__Rittenhouse (^United States astronomer said to have built the first telescope made in America; also the first director of the United States Mint (1732-1796)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Charles_Ringling__Ringling (^United States showman whose song-and-dance troop evolved into a circus (1863-1926)^)
   ^  #showman;


#Nikolai_Andreyevich_Rimsky-Korsakov__Rimsky-Korsakov__Rimski-Korsakov__Nikolai_Andreyevich_Rimski-Korsakov (^Russian composer of operas and orchestral works; often used themes from folk music (1844-1908)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Jean_Nicholas_Arthur_Rimbaud__Rimbaud__Arthur_Rimbaud (^French poet whose work influenced the surrealists (1854-1891)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Rainer_Maria_Rilke__Rilke (^German poet (born in Austria) whose imagery and mystic lyricism influenced 20-th century German literature (1875-1926)^)
   ^  #poet;


#James_Whitcomb_Riley__Riley (^United States poet (1849-1916)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Georg_Friedrich_Bernhard_Riemann__Riemann (^pioneer of non-Euclidean geometry (1826-1866)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Hyman_George_Rickover__Rickover__Hyman_Rickover (^United States admiral who advocated the development of nuclear submarines (1900-1986)^)
   ^  #full_admiral;


#Edward_Vernon_Rickenbacker__Rickenbacker__Eddie_Rickenbacker (^the most decorated United States combat pilot in World War I (1890-1973)^)
   ^  #combat_pilot;


#Cardinal_Richelieu__Richelieu__Duc_de_Richelieu__Armand_Jean_du_Plessis (^French prelate and statesman; principal minister to Louis XIII (1585-1642)^)
   ^  #archpriest  #statesman;


#Sir_Ralph_David_Richardson__Richardson__Ralph_Richardson (^British stage and screen actor noted for playing classic roles (1902-1983)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Ivor_Armstrong_Richards__Richards__I._A._Richards (^English literary critic who collaborated with C. K. Ogden and contributed to the development of Basic English (1893-1979)^)
   ^  #literary_critic  #semanticist;


#Richard_III (^King of England from 1483 to 1485; seized the throne from his nephew Edward V who was confined to the Tower of London and murdered; his reign ended when he was defeated by Henry Tudor (later Henry VII) at the battle of Bosworth Field (1452-1485)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Richard_II (^King of England from 1377 to 1399; he suppressed the Peasant's Revolt in 1381 but his reign was marked by popular discontent and baronial opposition in Parliament and he was forced to abdicate in 1399 (1367-1400)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Richard_I__Richard_Coeur_de_Lion__Richard_the_Lion-Heart__Richard_the_Lion-Hearted (^son of Henry II and King of England from 1189 to 1199; a leader of the Third Crusade; on his way home from the crusade he was captured and held prisoner in the Holy Roman Empire until England ransomed him in 1194 (1157-1199)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Timothy_Miles_Bindon_Rice__Rice__Sir_Tim_Rice (^English lyricist who frequently worked with Andrew Lloyd Webber (born in 1944)^)
   ^  #lyricist;


#Elmer_Leopold_Rice__Rice__Elmer_Rice__Elmer_Reizenstein (^United States playwright (1892-1967)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#David_Ricardo__Ricardo (^English economist who argued that the laws of supply and demand should operate in a free market (1772-1823)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Cecil_John_Rhodes__Rhodes__Cecil_Rhodes__Cecil_J._Rhodes (^British colonial financier and statesman in South Africa; made a fortune in gold and diamond mining; helped colonize the territory now known as Zimbabwe; he endowed annual fellowships for Commonwealth and United States students to study at Oxford University (1853-1902)^)
   ^  #financier  #colonizer;


#Joseph_Banks_Rhine__Rhine__J._B._Rhine (^United States parapsychologist (1895-1980)^)
   ^  #parapsychologist;


#Sir_Joshua_Reynolds__Reynolds (^English portrait painter and first president of the Royal Academy (1723-1792)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Paul_Revere__Revere (^American silversmith remembered for his midnight ride (celebrated in a poem by Longfellow) to warn the colonists in Lexington and Concord that British troops were coming (1735-1818)^)
   ^  #silversmith  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#Reuben.patriarch (^(Old Testament) a son of Jacob and forefather of one of the tribes of Israel^)
   ^  #patriarch;


#Ottorino_Respighi__Respighi (^Italian composer remembered for his symphonic poems (1879-1936)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Pierre_Auguste_Renoir__Renoir (^French impressionist painter (1841-1919)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Rembrandt_Harmensz_van_Rijn__Rembrandt__Rembrandt_van_Rijn__Rembrandt_van_Ryn (^influential Dutch artist (1606-1669)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Hans_Conrad_Julius_Reiter__Reiter (^German bacteriologist who described a disease now known as Reiter's syndrome and who identified the spirochete that causes syphilis in humans (1881-1969)^)
   ^  #bacteriologist;


#Thomas_Reid__Reid (^Scottish philosopher of common sense who opposed the ideas of David Hume (1710-1796)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#William_Hubbs_Rehnquist__Rehnquist__William_Rehnquist (^American jurist who served as an associate justice on the United States Supreme Court from 1972 until 1986, when he was appointed chief justice (born in 1924)^)
   ^  #jurist;


#John_Reed__Reed (^United States journalist who reported on the October Revolution from Petrograd in 1917; founded the American Communist Labor Party in 1919; is buried in the Kremlin in Moscow (1887-1920)^)
   ^  #journalist  #communist;


#Walter_Reed__Reed (^American physician who proved that yellow fever is transmitted by mosquitoes (1851-1902)^)
   ^  #operating_surgeon;


#Charles_Robert_Redford__Redford__Robert_Redford (^United States actor and filmmaker who starred with Paul Newman in several films (born in 1936)^)
   ^  #histrion  #film_maker;


#Red_Cloud (^leader of the Oglala who resisted the development of a trail through Wyoming and Montana by the United States government (1822-1909)^)
   ^  #Indian_chief  #Ogalala;


#Rebecca__Rebekah (^(Old Testament) wife of Isaac and mother of Jacob and Esau^)
   ^  #wife;


#Rene_Antoine_Ferchault_de_Reaumur__Reaumur (^French physicist who invented the alcohol thermometer (1683-1757)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Ronald_Wilson_Reagan__Reagan__Ronald_Reagan__President_Reagam (^40th President of the United States (1911- )^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Third_Baron_Rayleigh__Rayleigh__Lord_Rayleigh__John_William_Strutt (^English physicist who studied the density of gases and discovered argon; made important contributions to acoustic theory (1842-1919)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Sir_Terence_Mervyn_Rattigan__Rattigan__Terence_Rattigan (^British playwright (1911-1977)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Grigori_Efimovich_Rasputin__Rasputin (^Siberian peasant monk who was religious advisor in the court of Nicholas II; was assassinated by Russian noblemen who feared that his debauchery would weaken the monarchy (1872-1916)^)
   ^  #starets;


#Kund_Johan_Victor_Rasmussen__Rasmussen (^Danish ethnologist and arctic explorer; led expeditions into the Arctic to find support for his theory that Eskimos and North American Indians originally migrated from Asia (1879-1933)^)
   ^  #explorer  #ethnologist;


#Rasmus_Christian_Rask__Rask (^Danish philologist whose work on Old Norse pioneered in the field of comparative linguistics (1787-1832)^)
   ^  #philologist;


#Raffaello_Santi__Raphael__Raffaello_Sanzio (^Italian painter whose many paintings exemplify the ideals of the High Renaissance (1483-1520)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Jeannette_Rankin__Rankin (^leader in the women's suffrage movement in Montana; the first woman to serve in the United States House of Representatives (1880-1973)^)
   ^  #suffragist  #politico;


#Ayn_Rand__Rand (^United States writer (born in Russia) noted for her polemical novels and political conservativism (1905-1982)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Santiago_Ramon_y_Cajal__Ramon_y_Cajal (^Spanish histologist noted for his work on the structure of the nervous system (1852-1934)^)
   ^  #histologist;


#Rameses_II__Ramesses_II__Ramses_II__Rameses_the_Great__Ramesses_the_Great__Ramses_the_Great (^king of Egypt between 1304 and 1237 BC who built many monuments^)
   ^  #Rameses;


#Sir_Walter_Raleigh__Raleigh__Walter_Raleigh__Ralegh__Walter_Ralegh__Sir_Walter_Ralegh (^English courtier (a favorite of Elizabeth I) who tried to colonize Virginia; introduced potatoes and tobacco to England (1552-1618)^)
   ^  #courtier  #colonizer;


#Sir_Thomas_Stamford_Raffles__Raffles__Sir_Thomas_Raffles (^British colonial administrator who founded Singapore (1781-1826)^)
   ^  #administrator.top_dog;


#Jean_Baptiste_Racine__Racine__Jean_Racine (^French tragedian who based his works on Greek and Roman themes (1639-1699)^)
   ^  #tragedian;


#Sergei_Vasilievich_Rachmaninoff__Rachmaninoff__Sergei_Rachmaninoff__Rachmaninov__Sergei_Rachmaninov__Sergei_Vasilievich_Rachmaninov (^composer and piano virtuoso born in Russia (1873-1943)^)
   ^  #composer  #pianist;


#Rachel (^(Old Testament) the second wife of Jacob and mother of Joseph and Benjamin^)
   ^  #wife;


#Francois_Rabelais__Rabelais (^author of satirical attacks on medieval scholasticism (1494-1553)^)
   ^  #satirist;


#Willard_Van_Orman_Quine__Quine (^United States philosopher and logician (1908- )^)
   ^  #logician;


#Josiah_Quincy__Quincy (^American patriot who presented the colonists' grievances to the English king (1744-1775)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#Pythagoras (^Greek philosopher and mathematician who proved the Pythagorean theorem; considered to be the first true mathematician (circa 580-500 BC)^)
   ^  #mathematician  #philosopher;


#Pyrrhus (^king of Epirus; defeated the Romans in two battles in spite of staggering losses (319-272 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Aleksandr_Sergeyevich_Pushkin__Pushkin__Alexander_Pushkin (^Russian poet (1799-1837)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Edward_Bouverie_Pusey__Pusey__Edward_Pusey (^English theologian who (with John Henry Newman and John Keble) founded the Oxford Movement (1800-1882)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Johannes_Evangelista_Purkinje__Purkinje__Jan_Evangelista_Purkinje (^Bohemian physiologist remembered for his discovery of Purkinje cells and the Purkinje network (1787-1869)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#Joseph_Pulitzer__Pulitzer (^United States newspaper publisher (born in Hungary) who established the Pulitzer prizes (1847-1911)^)
   ^  #newspaper_publisher;


#Giacomo_Puccini__Puccini (^Italian operatic composer noted for the dramatic realism of his operas (1858-1924)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Ptolemy__Claudius_Ptolemaeus (^Alexandrian astronomer who proposed a geocentric system of astronomy that was undisputed until Copernicus (2nd century AD)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Marcel_Proust__Proust (^French novelist (1871-1922)^)
   ^  #novelist;


#Pierre_Joseph_Proudhon__Proudhon (^French socialist who argued that property is theft (1809-1865)^)
   ^  #socialist;


#Sergei_Sergeyevich_Prokofiev__Prokofiev (^Russian composer of ballets and symphonies and operas (1891-1953)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Joseph_Priestley__Priestley (^English chemist who isolated many gases and discovered oxygen (independently of Scheele) (1733-1804)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Mary_Leontyne_Price__Price__Leontyne_Price (^United States operatic soprano (born 1927)^)
   ^  #soprano;


#Priam (^(Greek mythology) the last king of Troy; father of Hector and Paris and Cassandra^)
   ^  #mythical_being;


#Elvis_Aron_Presley__Presley__Elvis_Presley (^United States rock singer whose many hit records and flamboyant style greatly influenced American popular music (1935-1977)^)
   ^  #rock_star;


#Wahunsonacock__Powhatan (^Indian chief and founder of the Powhatan confederacy of tribes in Eastern Virginia; father of Pocahontas (1550?-1618)^)
   ^  #Indian_chief  #Algonquian;


#Nicolas_Poussin__Poussin (^French painter in the classical style (1594-1665)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Ezra_Loomis_Pound__Pound__Ezra_Pound (^United States writer who lived in Europe; strongly influenced the development of modern literature (1885-1972)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #poet;


#Cole_Albert_Porter__Porter__Cole_Porter (^United States composer and lyricist of musical comedies (1891-1946)^)
   ^  #composer;


#William_Sydney_Porter__Porter__O._Henry (^American writer of short stories whose pen name was O. Henry (1862-1910)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Pontiac (^famous chief of the Ottawa who led an unsuccessful rebellion against the British (1715-1769)^)
   ^  #Shawnee.Algonquian;


#Pompey_the_Great__Pompey__Gnaeus_Pompeius_Magnus (^Roman general and statesman who quarrelled with Caesar and fled to Egypt where he was murdered (106-48 BC)^)
   ^  #full_general  #statesman;


#Pompadour__Marquise_de_Pompdour__Jeanne_Antoinette_Poisson (^French noblewoman who was the lover of Louis XV, whose policies she influenced (1721-1764)^)
   ^  #marquise;


#Marco_Polo__Polo (^Venetian traveler who explored Asia in the 13th century and served Kublai Khan (1254-1324)^)
   ^  #traveler;


#Jackson_Pollock__Pollock (^United States artist famous for painting with a drip technique; a leader of abstract expressionism in America (1912-1956)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Sydney_Pollack__Pollack (^United States filmmaker (born in 1934)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#James_Knox_Polk__Polk__James_Polk__James_K._Polk__President_Polk (^11th President of the United States; his expansionism led to the Mexican War and the annexation of California and much of the southwest (1795-1849)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Sidney_Poitier__Poitier (^United States film actor and director (born in 1927)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Pocahontas__Matoaka__Rebecca_Rolfe (^a Powhatan Indian woman (the daughter of Powhatan) who befriended the English at Jamestown and is said to have saved Captain John Smith's life (1595-1617)^)
   ^  #Powhatan.Algonquian;


#Plutarch (^the Greek biographer who wrote Parallel Lives (a collection of biographies of famous Greeks and Romans that Shakespeare used in writing his plays); (46?-120 AD)^)
   ^  #biographer;


#Titus_Maccius_Plautus__Plautus (^comic dramatist of ancient Rome (253?-184 BC)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Max_Karl_Ernst_Ludwig_Planck__Planck__Max_Planck (^German physicist whose explanation of blackbody radiation in the context of quantized energy emissions initiated quantum theory (1858-1947)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Francisco_Pizarro__Pizarro (^Spanish explorer who conquered the Inca Empire in Peru and founded Lima (1475-1541)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Pius_XII__Eugenio_Pacelli (^pope who maintained neutrality during World War II and was later criticized for not aiding the European Jews (1876-1958)^)
   ^  #pope;


#Pius_XI__Achille_Ratti__Ambrogio_Damiano_Achille_Ratti (^pope who signed a treaty with Mussolini recognizing the Vatican City as an independent state (1857-1939)^)
   ^  #pope;


#Pius_X__Giuseppe_Melchiorre_Sarto (^pope who condemned religious modernism (1835-1914)^)
   ^  #pope;


#Pius_VII__Luigi_Barnaba_Gregorio_Chiaramonti (^pope who concluded a concordat with Napoleon and crowned him emperor of France (1740-1823)^)
   ^  #pope;


#Pius_V__Antonio_Ghislieri (^pope who led the reformation of the Roman Catholic Church; he excommunicated Elizabeth I of England (1504-1572)^)
   ^  #pope;


#Pius_II__Aeneas_Silvius__Enea_Silvio_Piccolomini (^pope remembered for his unsuccessful attempt to lead a crusade against the Turks (1405-1464)^)
   ^  #pope;


#Pitt_the_Younger__Pitt__William_Pitt__Second_Earl_of_Chatham (^English statesman and son of Pitt the Elder (1759-1806)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Pitt_the_Elder__Pitt__William_Pitt__First_Earl_of_Chatham (^English statesman who brought the Seven Years' War to an end (1708-1778)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Sir_Isaac_Pitman__Pitman (^English educator who invented a system of phonetic shorthand (1813-1897)^)
   ^  #educator;


#Pindar (^Greek lyric poet remembered for his odes (518?-438? BC)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Pablo_Picasso__Picasso (^prolific and influential Spanish artist who lived in France (1881-1973)^)
   ^  #painter  #sculptor;


#President_Pierce__Pierce__Franklin_Pierce (^14th President of the United States (1804-1869)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Mary_Pickford__Pickford__Gladys_Smith (^United States film actress (born in Canada) who starred in silent films (1893-1979)^)
   ^  #actress;


#George_Edward_Pickett__Pickett (^American confederate general known for leading a disastrous charge at Gettysburg (1825-1875)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Jean_Piaget__Piaget (^Swiss psychologist remembered for his studies of cognitive development in children (1896-1980)^)
   ^  #psychologist;


#Edith_Piaf__Piaf__Edith_Giovanna_Gassion__Little_Sparrow (^French cabaret singer (1915-1963)^)
   ^  #singer;


#Phintias__Pythias (^friend of Damon; Phintias (according to legend) was condemned to death by Dionysius the Elder and asked a respite to put his affairs in order; Damon pledged his life for the return of his friend; when Phintias returned in time the Tyrant released them both (4th century BC)^)
   ^  #friend;


#Philip_II.male_monarch (^king of Macedon (382-336 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Philip_II (^king of Spain and Portugal and husband of Mary I of England; he supported the Counter Reformation and sent the Spanish Armada to invade England (1527-1598)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Prince_Philip__Philip__Duke_of_Edinburgh (^husband of Elizabeth II of Great Britain (born 1921)^)
   ^  #prince;


#Petrarch__Petrarca__Francesco_Petrarca (^an Italian poet famous for love lyrics (1304-1374)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Peter_I__Peter_the_Great (^Czar of Russia who introduced ideas from western Europe to reform the government and extended his territories in the Baltic and founded St. Petersburg (1682-1725)^)
   ^  #tsar;


#Saint_Peter_the_Apostle__Peter__Simon_Peter__Saint_Peter__St_Peter__St_Peter_the_Apostle (^disciple of Jesus and leader of the apostles; regarded by Catholics as the vicar of Christ on earth and first Pope^)
   ^  #Apostle;


#John_Joseph_Pershing__Pershing__Black_Jack_Pershing (^United States general who commanded the American Expeditionary Force in Europe during World War I (1860-1948)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Ralph_Barton_Perry__Perry (^United States philosopher (1876-1957)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Matthew_Calbraith_Perry__Perry (^United States admiral who led a naval expedition to Japan and signed a treaty in 1854 opening up trade relations between United States and Japan; brother of Oliver Hazard Perry (1794-1858)^)
   ^  #full_admiral;


#Oliver_Hazard_Perry__Perry__Commodore_Perry (^United States commodore who led the fleet that defeated the British on Lake Erie during the War of 1812; brother of Matthew Calbraith Perry (1785-1819)^)
   ^  #commodore;


#Juan_Domingo_Peron__Peron (^Argentine soldier who became president of Argentina (1895-1974)^)
   ^  #soldier;


#Pericles (^Athenian statesman whose leadership contributed to Athen's political and cultural supremacy in Greece; he ordered the construction of the Parthenon (died in 429 BC)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Sir_Henry_Percy__Percy__Hotspur__Harry_Hotspur (^English soldier killed in a rebellion against Henry IV (1364-1403)^)
   ^  #soldier;


#William_Penn__Penn (^English Quaker who founded the colony of Pennsylvania (1644-1718)^)
   ^  #Friend;


#Benjamin_Peirce__Peirce (^United States mathematician and astronomer remembered for his studies of Uranus and Saturn and Neptune (1809-1880)^)
   ^  #mathematician  #astronomer;


#Charles_Franklin_Peirce__Peirce__Charles_Peirce (^American philosopher and logician; pioneer of pragmatism (1839-1914)^)
   ^  #philosopher  #logician;


#Ieoh_Ming_Pei__Pei__I._M._Pei (^United States architect (born in China in 1917)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Sir_Robert_Peel__Peel__Robert_Peel (^British politician (1788-1850)^)
   ^  #politico;


#Robert_Edwin_Peary__Peary__Robert_Peary__Robert_E._Peary (^Arctic explorer and United States naval officer who has been regarded as the first man to reach the North Pole (1856-1920)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Elizabeth_Palmer_Peabody__Peabody__Elizabeth_Peabody (^educator who founded the first kindergarten in the United States (1804-1894)^)
   ^  #educator;


#Anna_Pavlova__Pavlova (^Russian ballerina (1882-1931)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer;


#Ivan_Petrovich_Pavlov__Pavlov__Ivan_Pavlov (^Russian physiologist who observed conditioned salivary responses in dogs (1849-1936)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#Luciano_Pavarotti__Pavarotti (^Italian tenor (born in 1935)^)
   ^  #tenor;


#Linus_Carl_Pauling__Pauling__Linus_Pauling (^United States chemist who studied the nature of chemical bonding (1901-1994)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Wolfgang_Pauli__Pauli (^United States physicist (born in Austria) who proposed the exclusion principle (thus providing a theoretical basis for the periodic table) (1900-1958)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Alice_Paul__Paul (^United States feminist (1885-1977)^)
   ^  #feminist;


#Paul_the_Apostle__Paul__Saint_Paul__St_Paul__Apostle_Paul__Apostle_of_the_Gentiles__Saul__Saul_of_Tarsus (^(New Testament) a Christian missionary to the Gentiles; author of several Epistles in the New Testament; even though Paul was not present at the Last Supper he is considered an apostle; "Paul's name was Saul prior to his conversion to Christianity"^)
   ^  #Apostle.Christian  #missioner;


#Saint_Patrick__Patrick__St_Patrick (^Apostle and patron saint of Ireland; an English missionary to Ireland in the 5th century^)
   ^  #Apostle.Christian;


#Alan_Stewart_Paton__Paton__Alan_Paton (^South African writer (1903-1988)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#William_Patterson__Paterson (^American Revolutionary leader (born in Ireland) who was a member of the Constitutional Convention (1745-1806)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#Louis_Pasteur__Pasteur (^French chemist and biologist whose discovery that fermentation is caused by microorganisms resulted in the process of pasteurization (1822-1895)^)
   ^  #chemist  #biologist;


#Boris_Leonidovich_Pasternak__Pasternak__Boris_Pasternak (^Russian writer whose best known novel was banned by Soviet authorities but translated and published abroad (1890-1960)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Blaise_Pascal__Pascal (^French mathematician and philosopher; invented an adding machine; contributed (with Fermat) to the theory of probability (1623-1662)^)
   ^  #mathematician  #philosopher;


#Parsons__Talcott_Prsons (^United States sociologist (1902-1979)^)
   ^  #sociologist;


#Maxfield_Frederick_Parrish__Parrish__Maxfield_Parrish (^United States painter (1870-1966)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Catherine_Parr__Parr (^Queen of England as the 6th wife of Henry VIII (1512-1548)^)
   ^  #queen;


#Charles_Stewart_Parnell__Parnell (^Irish nationalist leader (1846-1891)^)
   ^  #nationalist_leader;


#Rosa_Parks__Parks (^United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national civil rights movement (born in 1913)^)
   ^  #civil_rights_leader;


#James_Parkinson__Parkinson (^English surgeon (1755-1824)^)
   ^  #operating_surgeon;


#Cyril_Northcote_Parkinson__Parkinson__C._Northcote_Parkinson (^British historian noted for ridicule of bureaucracies (1909-1993)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Charles_Christopher_Parker__Parker__Charlie_Parker__Yardbird_Parker__Bird_Parker (^United States saxophonist and leader of the bop style of jazz (1920-1955)^)
   ^  #saxophonist;


#Dorothy_Rothschild_Parker__Parker__Dorothy_Parker (^United States writer noted for her sharp wit (1893-1967)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Mungo_Park__Park (^Scottish explorer in Africa (1771-1806)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Vilfredo_Pareto__Pareto (^Italian sociologist and economist whose theories influenced the development of fascism in Italy (1848-1923)^)
   ^  #sociologist  #economist;


#Philippus_Aureolus_Paracelsus__Paracelsus__Theophrastus_Philippus_Aureolus_Bombastus_von_Hohenheim (^Swiss physician who introduced treatments of particular illnesses based on his observation and experience; he saw illness as having an external cause (rather than an imbalance of humors) and replaced traditional remedies with chemical remedies (1493-1541)^)
   ^  #doc;


#Erwin_Panofsky__Panofsky (^art historian (1892-1968)^)
   ^  #art_historian;


#Panini (^Indian grammarian whose grammatical rules for Sanskrit are the first known example of descriptive linguistics (circa 400 BC)^)
   ^  #grammarian;


#Arnold_Daniel_Palmer__Palmer__Arnold_Palmer (^United States golfer (born in 1929)^)
   ^  #golfer;


#Andrea_Palladio__Palladio (^Italian architect (1508-1580)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Francis_Turner_Palgrave__Palgrave (^English poet (1824-1897)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Giovanni_Pierluigi_da_Palestrina__Palestrina (^Italian composer (1526-1594)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Robert_Treat_Paine__Paine (^American Revolutionary leader and signer of the Declaration of Independence (1731-1814)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#Thomas_Paine__Paine__Tom_Paine (^American Revolutionary leader and pamphleteer (born in England) who supported the American colonist's fight for independence and supported the French Revolution (1737-1809)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader  #pamphleteer;


#Leroy_Robert_Paige__Paige__Satchel_Paige (^United States baseball player; a Black pitcher noted for his longevity (1906-1982)^)
   ^  #ballplayer;


#Mohammed_Reza_Pahlavi__Pahlavi__Pahlevi__Mohammed_Reza_Pahlevi (^Shah of Iran who was deposed in 1979 by Islamic fundamentalists (1919-1980)^)
   ^  #shah;


#Sir_James_Paget__Paget (^English pathologist who discovered the cause of trichinosis (1814-1899)^)
   ^  #diagnostician;


#Sri_Frederick_Handley_Page__Page (^English industrialist who pioneered in the design and manufacture of aircraft (1885-1962)^)
   ^  #industrialist;


#Thomas_Nelson_Page__Page (^United States diplomat and writer about the Old South (1853-1922)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #diplomatist;


#Niccolo_Paganini__Paganini (^Italian violinist (1782-1840)^)
   ^  #violinist;


#Ignace_Jan_Paderewski__Paderewski (^Polish pianist who in 1919 served as the first Prime Minister of independent Poland (1860-1941)^)
   ^  #pianist  #statesman;


#Seiji_Ozawa__Ozawa (^United States conductor (born in Japan in 1935)^)
   ^  #music_director;


#James_Cleveland_Owens__Owens__Jesse_Owens (^Black United States athlete whose success in the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin outraged Hitler (1913-1980)^)
   ^  #athlete;


#Robert_Owen__Owen (^Welsh industrialist and social reformer who founded cooperative communities (1771-1858)^)
   ^  #industrialist  #reformist;


#Sir_Richard_Owen__Owen (^English comparative anatomist and paleontologist who was an opponent of Darwinism (1804-1892)^)
   ^  #paleontologist  #comparative_anatomist;


#Ovid__Publius_Ovidius_Naso (^Roman poet remembered for his elegiac verses on love (43 BC - AD 17)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Otto_I__Otho_I__Otto_the_Great (^King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor (912-973)^)
   ^  #male_monarch  #Holy_Roman_Emperor;


#Peter_Seamus_O'Toole__O'Toole__Peter_O'Toole (^British actor (born in Ireland in 1932)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Elisha_Graves_Otis__Otis (^United States inventor who manufactured the first elevator with a safety device (1811-1861)^)
   ^  #inventor  #industrialist;


#Lee_Harvey_Oswald__Oswald (^United States assassin of President John F. Kennedy (1939-1963)^)
   ^  #assassin;


#Wilhelm_Ostwald__Ostwald (^German chemist (1853-1932)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#John_James_Osborne__Osborne__John_Osborne (^English playwright (1929-1994)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#George_Orwell__Orwell__Eric_Arthur_Blair (^imaginative British writer concerned with social justice (1903-1950)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Jose_Ortega_y_Gasset__Ortega_y_Gasset (^Spanish philosopher who advocated leadership by an intellectual elite (1883-1955)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Daniel_Ortega_Saavedra__Ortega__Daniel_Ortega (^Nicaraguan statesman (born in 1945)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Robert_Orr__Orr__Bobby_Orr (^Canadian hockey player (born 1948)^)
   ^  #ice-hockey_player;


#Jose_Clemente_Orozco__Orozco__Jose_Orozco (^Mexican painter noted for his monumental murals (1883-1949)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Eugene_Ormandy__Ormandy (^United States conductor (born in Hungary) (1899-1985)^)
   ^  #music_director;


#Carl_Orff__Orff (^German musician who developed a system for teaching music to children (1895-1982)^)
   ^  #musician  #educator;


#Baroness_Emmusca_Orczy__Orczy (^British writer (born in Hungary) (1865-1947)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Roy_Orbison__Orbison (^United States composer and rockabilly tenor popular in the 1950s (1936-1988)^)
   ^  #singer  #composer;


#Robert_Oppenheimer__Oppenheimer (^American physicist who directed the project at Los Alamos that developed the first atomic bomb (1904-1967)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Wilhelm_von_Opel__Opel (^German industrialist who was the first in Germany to use an assembly line in manufacturing automobiles (1871-1948)^)
   ^  #industrialist;


#Jan_Hendrix_Oort__Oort (^Dutch astronomer who proved that the galaxy is rotating and proposed the existence of the Oort cloud (1900-1992)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Lars_Onsager__Onsager (^United States chemist (born in Norway) noted for his work in thermodynamics (1903-1976)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Yoko_Ono__Ono (^United States musician (born in Japan) who married John Lennon and collaborated with him on recordings (born in 1933)^)
   ^  #musician;


#Eugene_Gladstone_O'Neill__O'Neill__Eugene_O'Neill (^United States playwright (1888-1953)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Philip_Michael_Ondaatje__Ondaatje__Michael_Ondaatje (^Canadian writer (born in Sri Lanka in 1943)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Omar_Khayyam (^Persian poet and mathematician and astronomer whose poetry was popularized by Edward Fitzgerald's translation (1050-1123)^)
   ^  #poet  #mathematician  #astronomer;


#Frederick_Law_Olmsted__Olmsted (^American landscape architect primarily responsible for the design of Central Park in New York City (1822-1903)^)
   ^  #landscape_architect;


#Sir_Laurence_Kerr_Olivier__Olivier__Laurence_Olivier__Baron_Olivier_of_Birghton (^English actor best know for his Shakespearean roles (1907-1989)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#King_Oliver__Oliver__Joseph_Oliveer (^United States jazz musician who influenced the style of Louis Armstrong (1885-1938)^)
   ^  #jazz_musician;


#Berna_Eli_Oldfield__Oldfield__Barney_Oldfield (^United States race driver who was the first to drive faster than a mile a minute (1878-1946)^)
   ^  #race_driver;


#Olaf_II__Olav_II__Saint_Olaf__Saint_Olav__St_Olaf__St_Olav (^King and patron saint of Norway (995-1030)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Lorenz_Oken__Oken__Okenfuss__Lorenz_Okenfuss (^German naturalist whose speculations that plants and animals are made up of tiny living `infusoria' led to the cell theory (1779-1851)^)
   ^  #naturalist;


#O'Keeffe__Georgia_Okeeffe (^United States painter (1887-1986)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Georg_Simon_Ohm__Ohm (^German physicist who formulated Ohm's Law (1787-1854)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#John_Henry_O'Hara__O'Hara (^United States writer (1905-1970)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Charles_Kay_Ogden__Ogden__C._K._Ogden (^English psychologist who collaborated with I. A. Richards in designing Basic English (1889-1957)^)
   ^  #psychologist  #semanticist;


#Liam_O'Flaherty__O'Flaherty (^Irish writer of short stories (1896-1984)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Jacques_Offenbach__Offenbach (^French composer of operettas and an opera (1819-1880)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Hans_Christian_Oersted__Oersted (^Danish physicist (1777-1851)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Odoacer__Odovacar__Odovakar (^Germanic barbarian leader who ended the western Roman Empire in 476 and became the first barbarian ruler of Italy (434-493)^)
   ^  #savage;


#Clifford_Odets__Odets (^United States playwright (1906-1963)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Mary_Flannery_O'Connor__O'Connor__Flannery_O'Connor (^United States writer (1925-1964)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Adolph_Simon_Ochs__Ochs (^United States newspaper publisher (1858-1935)^)
   ^  #publisher;


#Severo_Ochoa__Ochoa (^United States biochemist (born in Spain) who studied the biological synthesis of nucleic acids (born in 1905)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#William_of_Occam__Occam__Ockham__William_of_Ockham (^English scholastic philosopher and assumed author of Occam's Razor (1285-1349)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Sean_O'Casey__O'Casey (^Irish playwright (1880-1964)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Edna_O'Brien__O'Brien (^Irish writer (born in 1932)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Titus_Oates__Oates (^English conspirator who claimed that there was a Jesuit plot to assassinate Charles II (1649-1705)^)
   ^  #conspirator;


#Joyce_Carol_Oates__Oates (^United States writer (born in 1938)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Rudolf_Nureyev__Nureyev (^Russian dancer who was often the partner of Dame Margot Fonteyn and who defected to the United States in 1961 (born in 1938)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer;


#First_Viscount_Nuffield__Nuffield__William_Richard_Morris (^British industrialist who manufactured automobiles and created a philanthropic foundation (1877-1963)^)
   ^  #industrialist  #philanthropist;


#Alfred_Noyes__Noyes (^English poet (1880-1958)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Nostradamus__Michel_de_Notredame (^French astrologer who wrote cryptic predictions whose interpretations are still being debated (1503-1566)^)
   ^  #astrologer;


#John_Howard_Northrop__Northrop (^United States biochemist (1891-1987)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#Frederick_North__North__Second_Earl_of_Guilford (^British statesman under George III whose policies led to rebellion in the American colonies (1732-1792)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Ronald_George_Wreyford_Norrish__Norrish (^English chemist (1897-1978)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Benjamin_Franklin_Norris_Jr.__Norris__Frank_Norris (^United States writer (1870-1902)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Jessye_Norman__Norman (^United States operatic soprano (born in 1945)^)
   ^  #soprano;


#Gregory_John_Norman__Norman__Greg_Norman (^Australian golfer (born in 1955)^)
   ^  #golfer;


#Isamu_Noguchi__Noguchi (^United States sculptor (born in 1904)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Hideyo_Noguchi__Noguchi (^United State bacteriologist (born in Japan) who discovered the cause of yellow fever and syphilis (1876-1928)^)
   ^  #bacteriologist;


#Emmy_Noether__Noether (^German mathematician (1882-1935)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Alfred_Bernhard_Nobel__Nobel__Alfred_Nobel (^Swedish chemist remembered for his invention of dynamite and for the bequest that created the Nobel prizes (1833-1896)^)
   ^  #chemist  #philanthropist;


#Noah (^the Hebrew patriarch who saved himself and his family and the animals by building an ark in which they survived 40 days and 40 nights of rain; the story of Noah and the flood is told in the Book of Genesis^)
   ^  #patriarch;


#Richard_Milhous_Nixon__Nixon__Richard_Nixon__Richard_M._Nixon__President_Nixon (^Vice President under Eisenhower and 37th President of the United States; resigned after the Watergate scandal in 1974 (1913-1994)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Chester_William_Nimitz__Nimitz__Chester_Nimitz (^United States admiral of the Pacific fleet during World War II who used aircraft carriers to destroy the Japanese navy (1885-1966)^)
   ^  #full_admiral;


#Marta_Brigit_Nilsson__Nilsson__Brigit_Nilsson (^Swedish operatic soprano who played Wagnerian roles (born in 1918)^)
   ^  #soprano;


#Vaslav_Nijinsky__Nijinsky__Waslaw_Nijinsky (^Russian dancer considered by many to be the greatest dancer of the 20th century (1890-1950)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer;


#Florence_Nightingale__Nightingale__the_Lady_with_the_Lamp (^English nurse remembered for her work during the Crimean War (1820-1910)^)
   ^  #nurse;


#Friedrich_Wilhelm_Nietzsche__Nietzsche (^influential German philosopher remembered for his concept of the superman and for his rejection of Christian values (1844-1900)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Carl_August_Nielson__Nielson (^Danish composer (1865-1931)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Reinhold_Niebuhr__Niebuhr (^United States Protestant theologian (1892-1971)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Barthold_George_Niebuhr__Niebuhr (^German historian noted for his critical approach to sources and for his history of Rome (1776-1831)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Sir_Harold_George_Nicolson__Nicolson__Harold_Nicolson (^English diplomat and author (1886-1968)^)
   ^  #diplomatist  #professional_writer;


#Jack_William_Nicklaus__Nicklaus__Jack_Nicklaus (^United States golfer considered by many to be the greatest golfer of all time (born in 1940)^)
   ^  #golfer;


#Nicholas_II (^the last czar of Russia who was forced to abdicate in 1917 by the Russian Revolution; he and his family were executed by the Bolsheviks (1868-1918)^)
   ^  #tsar;


#Nicholas_I (^Czar of Russia from 1825 to 1855 who led Russia into the Crimean War (1796-1855)^)
   ^  #tsar;


#Saint_Nicholas__Nicholas__St_Nicholas (^a bishop in Asia Minor who is associated with Santa Claus (4th century)^)
   ^  #saint;


#Michel_Ney__Ney__Duc_d'Elchingen (^French marshal in the Napoleonic Wars (1769-1815)^)
   ^  #full_general  #marshall;


#Sir_Isaac_Newton__Newton__Isaac_Newton (^English mathematician and physicist; remembered for developing the calculus and for his law of gravitation and his three laws of motion (1642-1727)^)
   ^  #mathematician  #physicist;


#Paul_Newman__Newman (^United States film actor (born in 1925)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#John_Henry_Newman__Newman__Cardinal_Newman (^English prelate and theologian who (with John Keble and Edward Pusey) founded the Oxford Movement; Newman later turned to Roman Catholicism and became a cardinal (1801-1890)^)
   ^  #archpriest  #theologian;


#Simon_Newcomb__Newcomb (^United States astronomer (1835-1909)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Louise_Nevelson__Nevelson (^United States sculptor (born in Russia) of massive shapes (1899-1988)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Nestor (^(Greek mythology) a wise old counselor to the Greeks at Troy^)
   ^  #counselor;


#Marcus_Cocceius_Nerva__Nerva (^Emperor of Rome who introduced a degree of freedom after the repressive reign of Domitian; adopted Trajan as his successor (30-98)^)
   ^  #Roman_Emperor;


#Pier_Luigi_Nervi__Nervi (^Italian architect who pioneered in the use of reinforced concrete (1891-1979)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Nero_Claudius_Caesar_Drusus_Germanicus__Nero__Lucius_Domitius_Ahenobarbus (^Roman Emperor notorious for his monstrous vice and fantastic luxury (was said to have started a fire that destroyed much of Rome in 64) but the Empire remained prosperous during his rule (37-68)^)
   ^  #Roman_Emperor;


#Walther_Hermann_Nernst__Nernst (^German physicist and chemist who formulated the third law of thermodynamics (1864-1941)^)
   ^  #chemist  #physicist;


#Viscount_Nelson__Nelson__Horatio_Nelson (^English admiral who defeated the French fleets of Napoleon but was mortally wounded at Trafalgar (1758-1805)^)
   ^  #full_admiral;


#Jawaharlal_Nehru__Nehru (^Indian statesman and leader with Gandhi in the struggle for home rule; was the first Prime Minister of the Republic of India from 1947 to 1964 (1889-1964)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Nefertiti (^Queen of Egypt and wife of Akhenaton (14th century BC)^)
   ^  #queen;


#Louis_Eugene_Felix_Neel__Neel (^French physicist noted for research on magnetism (born in 1904)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Nimrod (^(Old Testament) a famous hunter^)
   ^  #huntsman;


#Nebuchadnezzar_II__Nebuchadnezzar__Nebuchadrezzar__Nebuchadrezzar_II (^(Old Testament) king of Babylonia who captured and destroyed Jerusalem and exiled the Israelites to Babylonia (630?-562 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Alla_Nazimova__Nazimova (^United States actress (born in Russia) (1879-1945)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Martina_Navratilova__Navratilova (^United States tennis player (born in Czechoslovakia) who won nine Wimbledon women's singles championships (born in 1856)^)
   ^  #tennis_player;


#Giulio_Natta__Natta (^Italian chemist noted for work on polymers (1903-1979)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Carry_Amelia_Moore_Nation__Nation__Carry_Nation (^United States prohibitionist who raided saloons and destroyed bottles of liquor with a hatchet (1846-1911)^)
   ^  #dry;


#Thomas_Nast__Nast (^American political cartoonist (1840-1902)^)
   ^  #cartoonist;


#Gamal_Abdel_Nasser__Nasser (^Egyptian statesman who nationalized the Suez Canal (1918-1870)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Ogden_Nash__Nash (^United States writer noted for his droll epigrams (1902-1971)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Napoleon_III__Charles_Louis_Napoleon_Bonaparte (^nephew of Napoleon I and Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1871 (1808-1873)^)
   ^  #Emperor;


#Napoleon_Bonaparte__Napoleon__Napoleon_I__Bonaparte__the_Little_Corporal (^French general who became Emperor of the French (1769-1821)^)
   ^  #full_general  #Emperor;


#John_Napier__Napier (^Scottish mathematician who invented logarithms; introduced the use of the decimal point in writing numbers (1550-1617)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Naomi__Noemi (^the mother-in-law of Ruth whose story is told in the Book of Ruth in the Old Testament^)
   ^  #mother-in-law;


#Fridtjof_Nansen__Nansen (^Norwegian explorer of the Arctic and director of the League of Nations relief program for refugees of World War I (1861-1930)^)
   ^  #explorer  #statesman;


#Nanak (^Indian religious leader who founded Sikhism (1469-1538)^)
   ^  #religious_leader;


#James_Naismith__Naismith (^American educator (born in Canada) who invented the game of basketball (1861-1939)^)
   ^  #educator;


#Vladimir_vladimirovich_Nabokov__Nabokov__Vladimir_Nabokov (^United States writer (born in Russia) (1899-1977)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Karl_Gunnar_Myrdal__Myrdal__Gunnar_Myrdal (^Swedish economist (1898-1987)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Eadweard_Muybridge__Muybridge__Edward_James_Muggeridge (^United States motion-picture pioneer remembered for his pictures of running horses taken with a series of still cameras (1830-1904)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Modest_Petrovich_Mussorgsky__Mussorgsky__Moussorgsky__Modest_Mussorgsky__Modest_Moussorgsky__Modest_Petrovich_Moussorgsky (^Russian composer (1839-1881)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Benito_Mussolini__Mussolini__Il_Duce (^Italian Fascist dictator (1883-1945)^)
   ^  #dictator;


#Louis_Charles_Alfred_de_Musset__Musset__Alfred_de_Musset (^French poet and writer (1810-1857)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #poet;


#Stanley_Frank_Musial__Musial__Stan_Musial__Stan_the_Man (^United States baseball player (born in 1920)^)
   ^  #ballplayer;


#Edward_Roscoe_Murrow__Murrow__Edward_R._Murrow (^United States broadcast journalist remembered for his reports from London during World War II (1908-1965)^)
   ^  #broadcast_journalist;


#Bartolome_Esteban_Murillo__Murillo (^Spanish painter (1617-1682)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Gilbert_Murray__Murray__George_Gilbert_Aime_Murphy (^British classical scholar (born in Australia) who advocated the League of Nations and the United Nations (1866-1957)^)
   ^  #classical_scholar;


#Sir_James_Augustus_Henry_Murray__Murray__James_Murray__James_Augustus_Murray__James_Augustus_Henry_Murray__Sir_James_Murray__Sir_James_Augustus_Murray (^Scottish philologist and first lexicographer of the Oxford English Dictionary (1837-1915)^)
   ^  #philologist  #lexicographer;


#Keith_Rupert_Murdoch__Murdoch__Rupert_Murdoch (^United States publisher (born in Australia in 1931)^)
   ^  #publisher;


#Dame_Jean_Iris_Murdoch__Murdoch__Iris_Murdoch (^British writer (born in Ireland) known primarily for her novels (1919-1999)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Hector_Hugh_Munro__Munro__H._H._Munro__Saki (^British writer of short stories (1870-1916)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Karl_Friedrich_Hieronymus_von_Munchhausen__Munchhausen__Munchausen__Baron_Munchausen (^German raconteur who told preposterous stories about his adventures as a soldier and hunter; his name is now associated with any telling of exaggerated stories or winning lies (1720-1797)^)
   ^  #anecdotist;


#Edvard_Munch__Munch (^Norwegian painter (1863-1944)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Paul_Hermann_Muller__Muller (^Swiss chemist who synthesized DDT and discovered its use as an insecticide (1899-1965)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Karl_Alex_Muller__Muller (^Swiss physicist who studied superconductivity (born in 1927)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Johannes_Peter_Muller__Muller (^German physiologist and anatomist (1801-1858)^)
   ^  #physiologist  #anatomist;


#Johann_Muller__Muller__Regiomontanus (^German mathematician and astronomer (1436-1476)^)
   ^  #mathematician  #astronomer;


#Friedrich_Max_Muller__Muller__Max_Muller (^British philologist (born in Germany) who specialized in Sanskrit (1823-1900)^)
   ^  #philologist;


#Hermann_Joseph_Muller__Muller (^United States geneticist who studied the effects of X-rays on genes (1890-1967)^)
   ^  #geneticist;


#John_Muir__Muir (^United States naturalist (born in England) who advocated the creation of national parks (1838-1914)^)
   ^  #naturalist;


#Elijah_Muhammad__Muhammad (^leader of Black Muslims who campaigned for independence for Black Americans (1897-1975)^)
   ^  #Black_Muslim;


#Hosni_Mubarak__Mubarak (^Egyptian statesman who became president in 1981 after Sadat was assassinated (born in 1929)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Wolfgang_Amadeus_Mozart__Mozart (^prolific Austrian composer and child prodigy (1756-1791)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Lucretia_Coffin_Mott__Mott (^United States feminist and suffragist (1793-1880)^)
   ^  #suffragist  #feminist;


#Robert_Motherwell__Motherwell (^United States abstract expressionist painter (1915-1991)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Rudolf_Ludwig_Mossbauer__Mossbauer (^German physicist (born in 1929)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Anne_Mary_Robertson_Moses__Moses__Grandma_Moses (^United States painter of colorful and primitive rural scenes (1860-1961)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Moses (^(Old Testament) the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites from Egypt across the Red sea on a journey known as the Exodus; Moses received the Ten Commandments from God on Mount Sinai^)
   ^  #prophet;


#Mosander__Carl_Gustaf_Mossander (^Swedish chemist who discovered rare earth elements (1797-1858)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Ferdinand_Joseph_La_Menthe_Morton__Morton__Jelly_Roll_Morton (^United States jazz musician who moved from ragtime to New Orleans jazz (1885-1941)^)
   ^  #jazz_musician;


#Roger_de_Mortimer__Mortimer (^English nobleman who deposed Edward II and was executed by Edward III (1287-1330)^)
   ^  #Lord;


#Samuel_Finley_Breese_Morse__Morse__Samuel_Morse__Samuel_F._B._Morse (^United States portrait painter who patented the telegraph and developed the Morse code (1791-1872)^)
   ^  #inventor  #painter;


#James_Douglas_Morrison__Morrison__Jim_Morrison (^United States rock singer (1943-1971)^)
   ^  #rock_star;


#Toni_Morrison__Morrison (^United States writer (born in 1931)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Esther_Hobart_McQuigg_Slack_Morris__Morris__Esther_Morris (^United States suffragist in Wyoming (1814-1902)^)
   ^  #suffragist;


#William_Morris__Morris (^English poet and craftsman (1834-1896)^)
   ^  #poet  #artisan;


#Robert_Morris__Morris (^American Revolutionary leader who signed the Declaration of Independence and raised money for the Continental Army (1734-1806)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader  #financier;


#Gouverneur_Morris__Morris (^United States statesman who led the committee that produced the final draft of the United States Constitution (1752-1816)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Mormon (^the ancient prophet whose writings were revealed to Joseph Smith who founded the Mormon Church^)
   ^  #prophet;


#Edward_Williams_Morley__Morley__E._W._Morley__Edward_Morley (^United States chemist and physicist who collaborated with Michelson in the Michelson-Morley experiment (1838-1923)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Lewis_Henry_Morgan__Morgan (^United States anthropologist who studied the Seneca (1818-1881)^)
   ^  #anthropologist;


#Thomas_Hunt_Morgan__Morgan (^American biologist who formulated the chromosome theory of heredity (1866-1945)^)
   ^  #biologist;


#Sir_Henry_Morgan__Morgan__Henry_Morgan (^a Welsh buccaneer who raided Spanish colonies in the West Indies for the English (1635-1688)^)
   ^  #pirate;


#Daniel_Morgan__Morgan (^soldier in the American Revolutionary War who defeated the British in the Battle of Cowpens, South Carolina (1736-1802)^)
   ^  #soldier;


#John_Pierpont_Morgan__Morgan__J._P._Morgan (^American financier and philanthropist (1837-1913)^)
   ^  #financier;


#Sir_Thomas_More__More__Thomas_More (^English statesman who opposed Henry VIII's divorce from Catherine of Aragon and was imprisoned and beheaded; recalled for his concept of Utopia, the ideal state^)
   ^  #statesman  #professional_writer;


#Dudley_Stuart_John_Moore__Moore__Dudley_Moore (^English actor and comedian who appeared on television and in films (born in 1935)^)
   ^  #histrion  #comic;


#George_Edward_Moore__Moore__G._E._Moore (^English philosopher (1873-1958)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Thomas_Moore__Moore (^Irish poet who wrote nostalgic and patriotic verse (1779-1852)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Marianne_Craig_Moore__Moore__Marianne_Moore (^United States poet noted for irony and wit (1887-1872)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Henry_Spencer_Moore__Moore__Henry_Moore (^British sculptor whose works are monumental organic forms (1898-1986)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Helen_Wills_Moody__Moody__Helen_Wills__Helen_Newington_Wills (^United States tennis player who dominated women's tennis in the 1920s and 1930s (born in 1906)^)
   ^  #tennis_player;


#Dwight_Lyman_Moody__Moody (^United States evangelist (1837-1899)^)
   ^  #evangelist;


#Lucy_Maud_Montgomery__Montgomery__L._M._Montgomery (^Canadian writer (1874-1942)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#1st_Viscount_Montgomery_of_Alamein__Montgomery__Bernard_Law_Montgomery__Sir_Bernard_Law_Montgomery (^English general during World War II; won victories over Rommel in North Africa and led British ground forces in the invasion of Normandy (1887-1976)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Jacques_Etienne_Montgolfier__Montgolfier (^French inventor who (with his brother Josef Michel Montgolfier) pioneered hot-air ballooning (1745-1799)^)
   ^  #balloonist;


#Josef_Michel_Montgolfier__Montgolfier (^French inventor who (with his brother Jacques Etienne Montgolfier) pioneered hot-air ballooning (1740-1810)^)
   ^  #balloonist;


#Simon_de_Montfort__Montfort__Earl_of_Leicester (^an English nobleman who led the baronial rebellion against Henry III (1208-1265)^)
   ^  #Earl;


#Montezuma_II (^the last Aztec emperor in Mexico who was overthrown and killed by Hernando Cortes (1466-1520)^)
   ^  #Emperor;


#Lola_Montez__Montez__Marie_Dolores_Eliza_Rosanna_Gilbert (^Irish dancer (1818-1861)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer;


#Claudio_Monteverdi__Monteverdi (^Italian composer (1567-1643)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Montessori__Maria_Montesorri (^Italian educator who developed a method of teaching mentally handicapped children and advocated a child-centered approach (1870-1952)^)
   ^  #educator;


#Baron_de_la_Brede_et_de_Montesquieu__Montesquieu__Charles_Louis_de_Secondat (^French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Marquise_de_Montespan__Montespan__Francoise-Athenais_de_Rochechouart (^French noblewoman who was mistress to Louis XIV until he became attracted to Madame de Maintenon (1641-1707)^)
   ^  #marquise;


#Michel_Eyquem_Montaigne__Montaigne__Michel_Montaigne (^French writer regarded as the originator of the modern essay (1533-1592)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Ashley_Montagu__Montagu (^United States anthropologist (born in England) who popularized anthropology (1905- )^)
   ^  #anthropologist;


#Marilyn_Monroe__Monroe__Norma_Jean_Baker (^United States film actress noted for sex appeal (1926-1962)^)
   ^  #actress;


#President_Monroe__Monroe__James_Monroe (^5th President of the United States; author of the "Monroe Doctrine" (1758-1831)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Jacques_Lucien_Monod__Monod__Jacques_Monod (^French biochemist who (with Francois Jacob) explained how genes are activated and suggested the existence of messenger RNA (1910-1976)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#Jean_Monnet__Monnet (^French economist who advocated a Common Market in Europe (1888-1979)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Thelonious_Sphere_Monk__Monk__Thelonious_Monk (^United States jazz pianist who was one of the founders of the bebop style (1917-1982)^)
   ^  #jazz_musician;


#Claude_Monet__Monet (^French impressionist painter (1840-1926)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Piet_Mondrian__Mondrian (^Dutch painter whose work (intersecting lines at right angles and planes in primary colors) influenced the development of abstract art (1872-1944)^)
   ^  #abstractionist;


#Theodor_Mommsen__Mommsen (^German historian noted for his history of Rome (1817-1903)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Vyacheslav_Mikhailovich_Molotov__Molotov (^Soviet statesman (1890-1986)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Ferenc_Molnar__Molnar (^Hungarian playwright (1878-1952)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Moliere__Jean-Baptiste_Poquelin (^French author of sophisticated comedies (1622-1673)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Mohammed_Ali__Mehemet_Ali__Muhammad_Ali (^Albanian soldier in the service of Turkey who was made viceroy of Egypt and took control away from the Ottoman Empire and established Egypt as a modern state (1769-1849)^)
   ^  #soldier;


#Mohammed__Muhammad__Mahomet__Mahound (^the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)^)
   ^  #prophet;


#Modigliani__Amedeo_Modigliano (^Italian painter and sculptor (1884-1920)^)
   ^  #painter  #sculptor;


#August_Ferdinand_Mobius__Mobius__August_F._Mobius (^German mathematician responsible for the Mobius strip (1790-1868)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Francois_Maurice_Marie_Mitterand__Mitterand__Francois_Mitterand (^French statesman and President of France from 1981 to 1985 (1916-1996)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Mithridates_the_Great__Mithridates__Mithridates_VI (^ancient king of Pontus who expanded his kingdom by defeating the Romans but was later driven out by Pompey (132-63 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Jessica_Lucy_Mitford__Mitford__Jessica_Mitford (^United States writer (born in England) who wrote on American culture (1917-1996)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Nancy_Freeman_Mitford__Mitford__Nancy_Mitford (^English writer of comic novels (1904-1973)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Robert_Mitchum__Mitchum (^United States film actor (1917-1997)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Reginald_Joseph_Mitchell__Mitchell__R._J._Mitchell (^English aeronautical engineer (1895-1937)^)
   ^  #aeronautical_engineer;


#William_Mitchell__Mitchell__Billy_Mitchell (^United States aviator and general who was an early advocate of military air power (1879-1936)^)
   ^  #aviator  #full_general;


#Maria_Mitchell__Mitchell (^United States astronomer who studied sunspots and nebulae (1818-1889)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Margaret_Munnerlyn_Mitchell__Mitchell__Margaret_Mitchell (^United States writer noted for her novel about the South during the Civil War (1900-1949)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#John_Mitchell__Mitchell (^United States labor leader; president of the United Mine Workers of America from 1898 to 1908 (1870-1919)^)
   ^  #labor_leader;


#Arthur_Mitchell__Mitchell (^United States dancer who formed the first Black classical ballet company (born in 1934)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer;


#Joan_Miro__Miro (^Spanish surrealist painter (1893-1983)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Comte_de_Mirabeau__Mirabeau__Honore-Gabriel_Victor_Riqueti (^French revolutionary who was prominent in the early days of the French Revolution (1749-1791)^)
   ^  #revolutionist;


#Peter_Minuit__Minuit__Minnewit__Peter_Minnewit (^Dutch colonist who bought Manhattan from the Native Americans for the equivalent of $24 (1580-1638)^)
   ^  #colonist;


#Hermann_Minkowski__Minkowski (^German mathematician (born in Russia) who suggested the concept of four-dimensional space-time (1864-1909)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#John_Milton__Milton (^English poet; remembered primarily as the author of an epic poem describing humanity's fall from grace (1608-1674)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Miltiades (^Athenian general who defeated the Persians at Marathon (540-489)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Alan_Alexander_Milne__Milne__A._A._Milne (^English writer of stories for children (1882-1956)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Robert_Andrews_Millikan__Millikan (^United States physicist who isolated the electron and measured its charge (1868-1953)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Jean_Francois_Millet__Millet (^French painter of rural scenes (1814-1875)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Alton_Glenn_Miller__Miller__Glenn_Miller (^United States bandleader of a popular big band (1909-1944)^)
   ^  #bandleader;


#Henry_Valentine_Miller__Miller__Henry_Miller (^United States novelist (1891-1980)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Arthur_Miller__Miller (^United States playwright (born 1915)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Edna_Saint_Vincent_Millay__Millay__Edna_Millay (^United States poet (1892-1950)^)
   ^  #poetess;


#Sir_John_Everett_Millais__Millais (^English Pre-Raphaelite painter (1829-1896)^)
   ^  #Pre-Raphaelite;


#James_Mill__Mill (^Scottish philosopher who expounded Bentham's utilitarianism; father of John Stuart Mill (1773-1836)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#John_Stuart_Mill__Mill__John_Mill (^English philosopher and economist remembered for his interpretations of empiricism and utilitarianism (1806-1873)^)
   ^  #philosopher  #economist;


#Darius_Milhaud__Milhaud (^French composer (1892-1974)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Ludwig_Mies_Van_Der_Rohe__Mies_Van_Der_Rohe (^United States architect (born in Germany) who built steel-frame and glass skyscrapers (1886-1969)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Thomas_Middleton__Middleton (^English playwright (1570-1627)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Albert_Abraham_Michelson__Michelson__A._A._Michelson__Albert_Michelson (^United States physicist (born in Germany) who collaborated with Morley in the Michelson-Morley experiment (1852-1931)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Michelangelo_Buonarroti__Michelangelo (^Florentine sculptor and painter and architect; one of the outstanding figures of the Renaissance (1475-1564)^)
   ^  #sculptor  #old_master  #architect;


#Otto_Fritz_Meyerhof__Meyerhof__Otto_Meyerhof (^United States biochemist (born in Germany) who studied the metabolism of muscles (1884-1951)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#Giacomo_Meyerbeer__Meyerbeer__Jakob_Liebmann_Beer (^German composer of operas (1791-1864)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Prince_Klemens_Wenzel_Nepomuk_Lothar_von_Metternich__Metternich__Klemens_Metternich (^Austrian statesman (1773-1859)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Methuselah (^(Old Testament) a patriarch (grandfather of Noah) who is said to have lived 969 years^)
   ^  #patriarch;


#Elie_Metchnikoff__Metchnikoff__Metchnikov__Elie_Metchnikov__Ilya_Ilich_Metchnikov (^Russian bacteriologist in France who formulated the theory of phagocytosis (1845-1916)^)
   ^  #bacteriologist;


#Friedrich_Anton_Mesmer__Mesmer__Franz_Anton_Mesmer (^Austrian physician who tried to treat diseases with a form of hypnotism (1734-1815)^)
   ^  #doc;


#Thomas_Merton__Merton (^United States religious and writer (1915-1968)^)
   ^  #religious  #professional_writer;


#Robert_King_Merton__Merton__Robert_Merton (^United States sociologist (born in 1910)^)
   ^  #sociologist;


#Ethel_Merman__Merman (^United States singer who appeared in several musical comedies (1909-1984)^)
   ^  #singer;


#Merlin (^(Arthurian legend) the magician who acted as King Arthur's advisor^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Ottmar_Mergenthaler__Mergenthaler (^United States inventor (born in Germany) of the Linotype machine (1854-1899)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#James_Howard_Meredith__Meredith__James_Meredith (^United States civil rights leader whose college registration caused riots in traditionally segregated Mississippi (born in 1933)^)
   ^  #civil_rights_leader;


#George_Meredith__Meredith (^English novelist and poet (1828-1909)^)
   ^  #novelist  #poet;


#Anna_Amalia_Mercouri__Mercouri__Melina_Mercouri (^Greek film actress (1925-1994)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Eddy_Merckx__Merckx (^Belgian racing cyclist who won the Tour de France five times (born in 1945)^)
   ^  #cyclist;


#John_Mercer__Mercer (^British maker of printed calico cloth who invented mercerizing (1791-1866)^)
   ^  #manufacturer;


#Gerardus_Mercator__Mercator__Gerhard_Kremer (^Flemish geographer who lived in Germany; he invented the Mercator projection of maps of the globe (1512-1594)^)
   ^  #geographer;


#Sir_Yehudi_Menuhin__Menuhin__Yehudi_Menuhin (^British violinist (born in the United States) who began his career as a child prodigy in the 1920s (1916-1999)^)
   ^  #violinist;


#Gian_Carlo_Menotti__Menotti (^United States composer (born in Italy) of operas (born in 1911)^)
   ^  #composer;


#William_Claire_Menninger__Menninger__William_Menninger (^United States psychiatrist and son of Charles Menninger (1899-1966)^)
   ^  #psychiatrist;


#Karl_Augustus_Menninger__Menninger__Karl_Menninger (^United States psychiatrist and son of Charles Menninger (1893-1990)^)
   ^  #psychiatrist;


#Charles_Frederick_Menninger__Menninger__Charles_Menninger (^United States psychiatrist who with his sons founded a famous psychiatric clinic in Topeka (1862-1953)^)
   ^  #psychiatrist;


#Prosper_Meniere__Meniere (^French otologist who first described a form of vertigo now known as Meniere's disease and identified the semicircular canals as the site of the lesion (1799-1862)^)
   ^  #ear_doctor;


#Jakob_Ludwig_Felix_Mendelssohn-Bartholdy__Mendelssohn__Felix_Mendelssohn (^German romantic composer (1809-1847)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Dmitri_Ivanovich_Mendeleyev__Mendeleyev__Mendeleev__Dmitri_Mendeleyev__Dmitri_Mendeleev__Dmitri_Ivanovich_Mendeleev (^Russian chemist who developed a periodic table of the chemical elements and predicted the discovery of several new elements (1834-1907)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Gregor_Johann_Mendel__Mendel__Gregor_Mendel (^founder of the science of genetics (1822-1884)^)
   ^  #monk  #botanist;


#Henry_Louis_Mencken__Mencken__H._L._Mencken (^United States journalist and literary critic (1880-1956)^)
   ^  #journalist  #literary_critic;


#Menander (^comic dramatist of ancient Greece (342-292 BC)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Herman_Melville__Melville (^American writer of novels and short stories (1819-1891)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Andrew_William_Mellon__Mellon__Andrew_Mellon__Andrew_W._Mellon (^United States financier and philanthropist (1855-1937)^)
   ^  #financier  #philanthropist;


#Lauritz_Lebrecht_Hommel_Melchior__Melchior__Lauritz_Melchior (^United States operatic tenor (born in Denmark) noted for his Wagnerian roles (1890-1973)^)
   ^  #tenor;


#Dame_Nellie_Melba__Melba__Helen_Porter_Mitchell (^Australian operatic soprano (1861-1931)^)
   ^  #coloratura_soprano;


#Philipp_Melanchthon__Melanchthon__Philipp_Schwarzerd (^German theologian and Luther's successor as leader of the Reformation in Germany (1497-1560)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Lise_Meitner__Meitner (^Swedish physicist (born in Austria) who worked in the field of radiochemistry with Otto Hahn and formulated the concept of nuclear fission with Otto Frisch (1878-1968)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Georg_Meissner__Meissner (^German anatomist (1829-1905)^)
   ^  #anatomist;


#Fritz_W._Meissner__Meissner (^German physicist (1882-1974)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Golda_Meir__Meir (^Israeli statesman (born in Russia) (1898-1978)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Meiji_Tenno__Mutsuhito (^Emperor of Japan who encouraged the modernization of Japan (1852-1912)^)
   ^  #Emperor;


#Sir_Peter_Brian_Medawar__Medawar__Peter_Medawar (^British immunologist (born in Brazil) who studied tissue transplants and discovered that the rejection of grafts was an immune response (1915-1987)^)
   ^  #immunologist;


#George_Meany__Meany (^United States labor leader who was the first president of the AFL-CIO (1894-1980)^)
   ^  #labor_leader;


#James_Edward_Meade__Meade (^English economist noted for his studies of international trade and finance (born in 1907)^)
   ^  #economist;


#George_Gordon_Meade__Meade (^United States general in charge of the Union troops at the battle of Gettysburg (1815-1872)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Margaret_Mead__Mead (^United States anthropologist noted for her claims about adolescence and sexual behavior in Polynesian cultures (1901-1978)^)
   ^  #anthropologist;


#George_Herbert_Mead__Mead (^United States philosopher of pragmatism (1863-1931)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Aimee_Semple_McPherson__McPherson (^United States evangelist (born in Canada) noted for her extravagant religious services (1890-1944)^)
   ^  #evangelist;


#John_Bach_McMaster__McMaster (^United States historian who wrote a nine volume history of the people of the United States (1852-1932)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Herbert_Marshall_McLuhan__McLuhan__Marshall_McLuhan (^Canadian writer noted for his analyses of the mass media (1911-1980)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#President_McKinley__McKinley__William_McKinley (^25th President of the United States; was assassinated by an anarchist (1843-1901)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Charles_Follen_McKim__McKim (^United States neoclassical architect (1847-1909)^)
   ^  #architect;


#William_Holmes_McGuffey__McGuffey (^United State educator who compiled the McGuffey Eclectic Readers (1800-1873)^)
   ^  #educator;


#John_Joseph_McGraw__McGraw__John_McGraw (^United States baseball player and manager (1873-1934)^)
   ^  #ballplayer  #coach;


#Carson_Smith_McCullers__McCullers__Carson_McCullers (^United States novelist (1917-1967)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Cyrus_Hall_McCormick__McCormick__Cyrus_McCormick (^United States inventor and manufacturer of a mechanical harvester (1809-1884)^)
   ^  #inventor  #manufacturer;


#John_McCormick__McCormick (^United States operatic tenor (born in Ireland) (1884-1945)^)
   ^  #tenor;


#Joseph_Raymond_McCarthy__McCarthy__Joseph_McCarthy (^United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists (1908-1957)^)
   ^  #politico;


#Giuseppe_Mazzini__Mazzini (^Italian nationalist whose writings spurred the movement for a unified and independent Italy (1805-1872)^)
   ^  #patriot;


#Willie_Howard_Mays_Jr.__Mays__Willie_Mays__the_Say_Hey_Kid (^United States baseball player (born in 1931)^)
   ^  #ballplayer;


#Marie_Goeppert_Mayer__Mayer (^United States physicist (born in Germany) noted for her research on the structure of the atom (1906-1972)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Louis_Burt_Mayer__Mayer__Louis_B._Mayer (^United States filmmaker (born in Russia) who founded his own film company and later merged with Samuel Goldwyn (1885-1957)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Vladimir_Vladimirovich_Mayakovski__Mayakovski (^Soviet poet; leader of Russian futurism (1893-1930)^)
   ^  #poet;


#James_Clerk_Maxwell__Maxwell__J._C._Maxwell (^Scottish physicist whose equations unified electricity and magnetism and who recognized the electromagnetic nature of light (1831-1879)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Sir_Hiram_Stevens_Maxim__Maxim (^English inventor (born in the United States) who invented the Maxim gun that was used in World War I (1840-1916)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Peter_Paul_Mauser__Mauser__von_Mauser__P._P._von_Mauser (^German arms manufacturer and inventor of a repeating rifle and pistol (1838-1914)^)
   ^  #inventor  #arms_manufacturer;


#Andre_Maurois__Maurois__Emile_Herzog (^French writer best known for his biographies (1885-1967)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Henri_Rene_Albert_Guy_de_Maupassant__Maupassant__Guy_de_Maupassant (^French writer noted especially for his short stories (1850-1893)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#William_Henry_Mauldin__Mauldin__Bill_Mauldin (^United States cartoonist noted for his drawings of soldiers in battle (born in 1921)^)
   ^  #cartoonist;


#William_Somerset_Maugham__Maugham__Somerset_Maugham__W._Somerset_Maugham (^English writer (born in France) of novels and short stories (1874-1965)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Saint_Matthew_the_Apostle__Matthew__Saint_Matthew__St_Matthew__St_Matthew_the_Apostle__Levi (^(New Testament) disciple of Jesus; traditionally considered to be the author of the first Gospel^)
   ^  #Apostle  #Evangelist;


#Henri_Emile_Benoit_Matisse__Matisse__Henri_Matisse (^French painter and sculptor; leading figure of Fauvism (1869-1954)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Robert_Bruce_Mathias__Mathias__Bob_Mathias (^United States athlete who won Olympic gold medals in the decathlon (born in 1930)^)
   ^  #athlete;


#Mata_Hari__Margarete_Gertrud_Zelle (^Dutch dancer who was executed by the French as a German spy in World War I (1876-1917)^)
   ^  #undercover_agent;


#Edgar_Lee_Masters__Masters (^United States poet (1869-1950)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Leonide_Fedorovitch_Massine__Massine__Leonid_Fyodorovich_Myasin (^French choreographer and ballet dancer (born in Russia) (1895-1979)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer  #choreographer;


#Jules_Emile_Frederic_Massenet__Massenet (^French composer of operas (1842-1912)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Massasoit (^Wampanoag leader who who aided the Pilgrims (1580-1661)^)
   ^  #Indian_chief  #Wampanoag;


#George_Mason__Mason (^American Revolutionary leader from Virginia whose objections led to the drafting of the Bill of Rights (1725-1792)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#James_Neville_Mason__Mason__James_Mason (^English film actor(1909-1984)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Alfred_Edward_Woodley_Mason__Mason__A._E._W._Mason (^English writer (1865-1948)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#John_Edward_Masefield__Masefield__John_Masefield (^English poet (1878-1967)^)
   ^  #poet;


#St_Mary_Magdalene__Mary_Magdalene__Mary_Magdalen__St_Mary_Magdalen (^sinful woman Jesus healed of evil spirits; she became a follower of Jesus^)
   ^  #sinner;


#Mary_Queen_of_Scots__Mary_Stuart (^Queen of Scotland from 1542 to 1567; as a Catholic she was forced to abdicate in favor of her son (later James I of England) and fled to England where she was imprisoned by Elizabeth I; when Catholic supporters plotted to put her on the English throne she was tried and executed for sedition (1542-1587)^)
   ^  #queen_regnant;


#Mary_II (^Queen of England and Scotland and Ireland; she was the eldest daughter of James II and ruled jointly with her husband William III (1662-1694)^)
   ^  #Queen_of_England;


#Virgin_Mary__Mary__The_Virgin__Madonna  (^the mother of Jesus; Christians refer to her as the Virgin Mary; she is especially honored by Roman Catholics^)
   ^  #Jewess  #mother;


#Karl_Marx__Marx (^founder of modern communism; wrote The Communist Manifesto with Engels in 1848; wrote Das Kapital in 1867 (1818-1883)^)
   ^  #philosopher  #economist  #revolutionist;


#Andrew_Marvell__Marvell (^English poet (1621-1678)^)
   ^  #poet;


#St_Martin__Martin  (^French bishop who is a patron saint of France (died in 397)^)
   ^  #bishop;


#Steve_Martin__Martin  (^United States actor and comedian (born in 1945)^)
   ^  #histrion  #comic;


#Mary_Martin__Martin  (^United States actress (1913-1990)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Dean_Martin__Dino_Paul_Crocetti__Martin  (^United States singer (1917-1995)^)
   ^  #singer;


#Martial (^Roman poet noted for epigrams (first century BC)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Jose_Julian_Marti__Marti (^Cuban poet and revolutionary who fought for Cuban independence from Spain (1853-1895)^)
   ^  #revolutionist  #poet;


#John_Marstan__Marstan (^English playwright (1575-1634)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#E._G._Marshall__Marshall (^United States actor (1914-1998)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#George_Catlett_Marshall__Marshall__George_Marshall (^United States general and statesman who as Secretary of State organized the European Recovery Program (1880-1959)^)
   ^  #full_general  #statesman;


#John_Marshall__Marshall (^American jurist; as chief justice of the Supreme Court he established the principles of United States constitutional law (1755-1835)^)
   ^  #jurist  #chief_justice;


#Reginald_Marsh__Marsh (^United States painter (1898-1954)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Ngaio_Marsh__Marsh (^New Zealand writer of detective stories (1899-1982)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Donald_Robert_Perry_Marquis__Marquis__Don_Marquis (^humorist who wrote about the imaginary life of cockroaches (1878-1937)^)
   ^  #humorist;


#Pere_Jacques_Marquette__Marquette__Jacques_Marquette (^French missionary who accompanied Louis Joliet in exploring the upper Mississippi River valley (1637-1675)^)
   ^  #missioner;


#John_Philip_Marquand__Marquand__John_Marquand (^United States writer who created the Japanese detective Mr. Moto and wrote other novels as well (1893-1960)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Christopher_Marlowe__Marlowe (^English poet and playwright who introduced blank verse as a form of dramatic expression; was stabbed to death in a tavern brawl (1564-1593)^)
   ^  #dramatist  #poet;


#Robert_Nesta_Marley__Marley__Bob_Marley (^Jamaican singer who popularized reggae (1945-1981)^)
   ^  #singer;


#First_Baron_Marks_of_Broughton__Marks__Simon_Marks (^English businessman who created a retail chain (1888-1964)^)
   ^  #businessman;


#Andrei_Markov__Markov__Markoff__Andre_Markoff (^Russian mathematician (1856-1922)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Dame_Alicia_Markova__Markova__Lilian_Alicia_Marks (^English ballet dancer (born in 1910)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer;


#Saint_Mark__Mark__St_Mark (^Apostle and companion of Saint Peter; assumed to be the author of the second Gospel^)
   ^  #Apostle.Christian  #Evangelist;


#Giambattista_Marini__Marini__Marino__Giambattista_Marino (^Italian poet (1569-1625)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Marie_Antoinette (^Queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular because of her extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy; she was guillotined along with her husband (1755-1793)^)
   ^  #queen;


#Herbert_Marcuse__Marcuse (^United States political philosopher (born in Germany) concerned about the dehumanizing effects of capitalism and modern technology (1898-1979)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Guglielmo_Marconi__Marconi (^Italian electrical engineer known as the father of radio (1874-1937)^)
   ^  #electrical_engineer;


#Rocco_Marciano__Marciano__Rocky_Marciano (^United States prizefighter who won the world heavyweight championship in 1952 (1924-1969)^)
   ^  #prizefighter;


#Marcel_Marceau__Marceau (^French mime famous for his sad-faced clown (born in 1923)^)
   ^  #mime;


#Jean_Paul_Marat__Marat (^French revolutionary leader (born in Switzerland) who was a leader in overthrowing the Girondists and was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday (1743-1793)^)
   ^  #revolutionist;


#Mao_Tsetung__Mao__Mao_Zedong (^Chinese communist leader (1893-1976)^)
   ^  #communist  #revolutionist;


#Mickey_Charles_Mantle__Mantle__Mickey_Mantle (^United States baseball player (1931-1997)^)
   ^  #ballplayer;


#Gideon_Algernon_Mantell__Mantell (^English geologist remembered as the first person to recognize that dinosaurs were reptiles (1790-1852)^)
   ^  #geologist;


#Andrea_Mantegna__Mantegna (^Italian painter and engraver noted for his frescoes (1431-1506)^)
   ^  #painter  #engraver;


#Sir_Patrick_Manson__Manson (^Scottish physician who discovered that elephantiasis is spread by mosquitos and suggested that mosquitos also spread malaria (1844-1922)^)
   ^  #doc;


#Kathleen_Mansfield_Beauchamp__Mansfield__Katherine_Mansfield (^New Zealand writer of short stories (1888-1923)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Francois_Mansart__Mansart (^French architect who introduced the mansard roof (1598-1666)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Horace_Mann__Mann (^United States educator who introduced reforms that significantly altered the system of public education (1796-1859)^)
   ^  #educator;


#Thomas_Mann__Mann (^German writer concerned about the role of the artist in bourgeois society (1875-1955)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Edouard_Manet__Manet (^French painter whose work influenced the impressionists (1832-1883)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Osip_Emilevich_Mandelstam__Mandelstam__Osip_Mandelstam__Mandelshtam (^Russian poet who died in a prison camp (1891-1938)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Benoit_Mandelbrot__Mandelbrot (^French mathematician (born in Poland) noted for inventing fractals (born in 1924)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Nelson_Rolihlahla_Mandela__Mandela__Nelson_Mandela (^South African statesman who was released from prison to become the nation's first democratically elected president in 1994 (born in 1918)^)
   ^  #nationalist_leader  #statesman;


#David_Mamet__Mamet (^United States playwright (born in 1947)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Thomas_Robert_Malthus__Malthus__Thomas_Malthus (^an English economist who argued that increases in population would outgrow increases in the means of subsistence (1766-1834)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Andre_Malraux__Malraux (^French novelist (1901-1976)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Marcello_Malpighi__Malpighi (^Italian anatomist who was the first to use a microscope to study anatomy and was among the first to recognize cells in animals (1628-1694)^)
   ^  #histologist;


#Sir_Thomas_Malory__Malory__Thomas_Malory (^English writer who published a translation of romances about King Arthur taken from French and other sources (died in 1471)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Edmund_Malone__Malone__Edmond_Malone (^English scholar remembered for his chronology of Shakespeare's plays and his editions of Shakespeare and Dryden (1741-1812)^)
   ^  #scholarly_person;


#Mary_Mallon__Mallon__Typhoid_Mary (^United States cook who was an immune carrier of typhoid fever and who infected dozens of people (1870-1938)^)
   ^  #immune_carrier;


#Stephane_Mallarme__Mallarme (^French symbolist poet noted for his free verse (1842-1898)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Bronislaw_Kasper_Malinowski__Malinowski__Bronislaw_Malinowski (^British anthropologist (born in Poland) who introduced the technique of the participant observer (1884-1942)^)
   ^  #anthropologist;


#Kazimir_Severinovich_Malevich__Malevich__Kazimir_Malevich (^Russian abstract painter (1878-1935)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Nicolas_de_Malebranche__Malebranche (^French philosopher (1638-1715)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Malcolm_X__Malcolm_Little (^militant civil rights leader (1925-1965)^)
   ^  #civil_rights_leader  #militant;


#Bernard_Malamud__Malamud (^United States writer (1914-1986)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Frederic_William_Maitland__Maitland (^English historian noted for his works on the history of English law (1850-1906)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Marquise_de_Maintenon__Maintenon__Francoise_d'Aubigne__Madame_de_Maintenon (^French consort of Louis XIV who secretly married the king after the death of his first wife (1635-1719)^)
   ^  #marquise  #consort;


#Moses_Maimonides__Maimonides__Rabbi_Moses_Ben_Maimon (^Spanish philosopher considered the greatest Jewish scholar of the Middle Ages who codified Jewish law in the Talmud (1135-1204)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Aristide_Maillol__Maillol (^French sculptor of monumental female nudes (1861-1944)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Norman_Mailer__Mailer (^United States writer (born in 1923)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Gustav_Mahler__Mahler (^Austrian composer (1860-1911)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Alfred_Thayer_Mahan__Mahan (^United States naval officer and historian (1840-1914)^)
   ^  #naval_officer  #historian;


#Rene_Magritte__Magritte (^Belgian surrealist painter (1898-1967)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Andre_Maginot__Maginot (^French politician who proposed the Maginot Line (1877-1932)^)
   ^  #politico;


#Ferdinand_Magellan__Magellan__Fernao_Magalhaes (^Portuguese navigator in the service of Spain; he commanded an expedition that was the first to circumnavigate the world (1480-1521)^)
   ^  #navigator;


#Count_Maurice_Maeterlinck__Maeterlinck (^Belgian playwright (1862-1949)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Madonna_Louise_Ciccone__Madonna (^United States pop singer and sex symbol during the 1980s (born in 1958)^)
   ^  #singer;


#President_Madison__Madison__James_Madison (^4th President of the United States; member of the Constitutional Congress and recorder at the Constitutional Convention in 1776; helped frame the Bill of Rights (1751-1836)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#John_James_Rickard_Macleod__Macleod__John_Macleod (^Scottish physiologist who directed the research by F. G. Banting and C. H. Best that led to the discovery of insulin (1876-1935)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#Archibald_MacLeish__MacLeish (^United States poet (1892-1982)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Sir_Alexander_Mackenzie__Mackenzie (^Canadian explorer (born in England) who explored the Mackenzie River and who was first to cross North American by land north of Mexico (1764-1820)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Niccolo_Machiavelli__Machiavelli (^a statesman of Florence who advocated a strong central government (1469-1527)^)
   ^  #statesman  #philosopher;


#Ernst_Mach__Mach (^Austrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916)^)
   ^  #physicist  #philosopher;


#Robert_MacGregor__MacGregor__Rob_Roy (^Scottish clan leader and outlaw who was the subject of a 1817 novel by Sir Walter Scott (1671-1734)^)
   ^  #criminal;


#Macbeth (^King of Scotland (died in 1057)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Thomas_Babington_Macaulay__Macaulay__First_Baron_Macaulay (^English historian noted for his history of England (1800-1859)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Douglas_MacArthur__MacArthur (^United States general who served as chief of staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II; he accepted the surrender of Japan (1880-1964)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Edward_George_Earle_Bulwer-Lytton__Lytton__First_Baron_Lytton__Bulwer-Lytton (^English writer of historical romances (1803-1873)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Lysippus (^Greek sculptor (4th century BC)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Lysimachus (^Macedonian general under Alexander the Great; with Seleucus he defeated Antigonus and Demetrius at the battle of Ipsus (circa 355-281 BC)^)
   ^  #full_general  #Macedonian;


#Trofim_Denisovich_Lysenko__Lysenko (^Soviet geneticist whose adherence to Lamarck's theory of evolution was favored by Stalin (1898-1976)^)
   ^  #geneticist;


#Lysander (^Spartan general who defeated the Athenians in the final battle of the Peloponnesian War (died in 395 BC)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#John_Lyly__Lyly (^English writer noted for his elaborate style (1554-1606)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Sir_Edwin_Lutyens__Lutyens__Sir_Edwin_Landseer_Luytens (^English architect (1869-1944)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Martin_Luther__Luther (^German theologian who led the Reformation; believed that salvation is granted on the basis of faith rather than deeds (1483-1546)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Alfred_Lunt__Lunt (^United States actor who performed with his wife Lynn Fontanne in many stage productions (1893-1977)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Raymond_Lully__Lully__Ramon_Lully (^Spanish philosopher (1235-1315)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Jean_Baptiste_Lully__Lully (^French composer (born in Italy) who was the court composer to Louis XIV and founded the national French opera (1632-1687)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Saint_Luke__Luke__St_Luke (^(New Testament) the Apostle closely associated with St Paul and traditionally assumed to be the author of the third Gospel^)
   ^  #Apostle.Christian  #Evangelist;


#Bela_Lugosi__Lugosi__Bela_Ferenc_Blasko (^United States film actor (born in Hungary) noted for portraying monsters (1884-1956)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Lucius_Licinius_Luculus__Luculus (^Roman general famous for giving lavish banquets (110-57 BC)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Titus_Lucretius_Carus__Lucretius (^Roman philosopher and poet; in a long didactic poem he tried to provide a scientific explanation of the universe (96-55 BC)^)
   ^  #philosopher  #poet;


#Henry_Robinson_Luce__Luce__Henry_Luce (^United States publisher of magazines (1898-1967)^)
   ^  #publisher;


#Clare_Booth_Luce__Luce (^United States playwright and public official (1902-1987)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#George_Lucas__Lucas (^United States screenwriter and filmmaker (born in 1944)^)
   ^  #film_maker  #screenwriter;


#Ernst_Lubitsch__Lubitsch (^German filmmaker of sophisticated comedies (1892-1947)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Clemence_Sophia_Harned_Lozier__Lozier (^United States physician who in 1863 founded a medical school for women (1813-1888)^)
   ^  #doc;


#Laurence_Stephen_Lowry__Lowry__L._S._Lowry (^English painter (1887-1976)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Clarence_Malcolm_Lowry__Lowry__Malcolm_Lowry (^English novelist (1909-1957)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Robert_Traill_Spence_Lowell_Jr.__Lowell__Robert_Lowell (^United States poet (1917-1977)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Percival_Lowell__Lowell (^United States astronomer whose studies of Mars led him to conclude that Mars was inhabited (1855-1916)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Amy_Lowell__Lowell (^United States poet (1874-1925)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Abbott_Lawrence_Lowell__Lowell (^United States educator and president of Harvard University (1856-1943)^)
   ^  #educator;


#Sir_David_Alexander_Cecil_Low__Low__David_Low (^British political cartoonist (born in New Zealand) who created the character Colonel Blimp (1891-1963)^)
   ^  #cartoonist;


#Sir_Alfred_Charles_Bernard_Lovell__Lovell__Sir_Bernard_Lovell (^English astronomer who pioneered radio astronomy (born in 1913)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Richard_Lovelace__Lovelace (^English poet (1618-1857)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Joseph_Louis_Barrow__Louis__Joe_Louis (^United States prizefighter who was world heavyweight campion for 12 years (1914-1981)^)
   ^  #prizefighter;


#Louis_XVI (^King of France from 1774 to 1792; his failure to grant reforms led the the French Revolution; he and his queen (Marie Antoinette) were guillotined (1754-1793)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Louis_XV (^grandson of Louis XIV and King of France from 1715 to 1774 who led France into the War of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War (1710-1774)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Louis_XIV__Sun_King__Louis_the_Great (^King of France from 1643 to 1715; his long reign was marked by the expansion of French influence in Europe and by the magnificence of his court and the Palace of Versailles (1638-1715)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Louis_XIII (^King of France from 1610 to 1643 who relied heavily on the advice of Cardinal Richelieu (1601-1643)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Louis_XII (^King of France who was popular with his subjects (1462-1515)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Louis_XI (^King of France who put down an alliance of unruly nobles and unified France except for Brittany (1423-1483)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Louis_X__Louis_le_Hutin__Louis_the_Quarreller (^King of France (1289-1316)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Louis_IX__Saint_Louis__St_Louis (^King of France and son of Louis VIII; he led two unsuccessful crusades; considered an ideal medieval king (1214-1270)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Louis_VIII (^King of France who increased the power of the crown over the feudal lords (1187-1226)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Louis_VII (^King of France who led the unsuccessful Second Crusade and fought frequent wars with Henry II of England (1120-1180)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Louis_VI__Louis_the_Far__Louis_the_Wideawake__Louis_the_Bruiser (^King of France whose military victories consolidated his reign (1081-1137)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Louis_V__Louis_le_Faineant (^King of France (967-987)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Louis_IV__Louis_d'Outremer (^King of France (921-954)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Louis_III (^son of Louis II and king of the West Franks (863-882)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Louis_II__Louis_le_Begue__Louis_the_Stammerer (^King of the West Franks (846-879)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Louis_I__Louis_the_Pious (^third son of Charlemagne and king of the West Franks and Holy Roman Emperor (778-840)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Peter_Lorre__Lorre__Laszlo_Lowestein (^United States actor (born in Hungary) noted for playing sinister roles (1904-1964)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Lorenzo_de_Medici__Lorenzo_the_Magnificent (^Italian statesman and scholar who supported many artists and humanists including Michelangelo and Leonardo and Botticelli (1449-1492)^)
   ^  #statesman  #scholarly_person;


#Konrad_Zacharias_Lorenz__Lorenz__Konrad_Lorenz (^Austrian zoologist who studied the behavior of birds and emphasized the importance of innate as opposed to learned behaviors (1903-1989)^)
   ^  #zoologist;


#Hendrik_Antoon_Lorentz__Lorentz (^Dutch physicist noted for work on electromagnetic theory (1853-1928)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Sophia_Loren__Loren__Sofia_Scicolone (^Italian film actress (born in 1934)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Henry_Wadsworth_Longfellow__Longfellow (^American poet remembered for his long narrative poems (1807-1882)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Jack_London__London__John_Griffith_Chaney (^United States writer of novels based on experiences in the Klondike gold rush (1876-1916)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Otto_Loewi__Loewi (^United States pharmacologist (born in Germany) who was the first to show that acetylcholine is produced at the junction between a parasympathetic nerve and a muscle (1873-1961)^)
   ^  #pharmacologist;


#Frederick_Loewe__Loewe (^United States composer (born in Austria) who collaborated with Lerner on several musicals (1901-1987)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Jacques_Loeb__Loeb (^United States physiologist (born in Germany) who did research on parthenogenesis (1859-1924)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#Sir_Oliver_Joseph_Lodge__Lodge__Sir_Oliver_Lodge (^English physicist who studied electromagnetic radiation and was a pioneer of radiotelegraphy (1851-1940)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#John_Locke__Locke (^English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Nikolai_Ivanovich_Lobachevsky__Lobachevsky (^Russian mathematician who independently discovered non-Euclidean geometry (1792-1856)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Baron_Lloyd_Webber_of_Sydmonton__Lloyd_Webber__Andrew_Lloyd_Webber (^English composer of many successful musicals (some in collaboration with Sir Tim Rice) (born in 1948)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Harold_Clayton_Lloyd__Lloyd__Harold_Lloyd (^United States comic actor in silent films; he used physical danger as a source of comedy (1893-1971)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Livy__Titus_Livius (^Roman historian whose history of Rome filled 142 volumes (of which only 35 survive) including the earliest history of the war with Hannibal (59 BC to AD 17)^)
   ^  #historian;


#David_Livingstone__Livingstone (^Scottish missionary and explorer who discovered the Zambezi River and Victoria Falls (1813-1873)^)
   ^  #missionary  #explorer;


#Robert_R._Livingston__Livingston (^American Revolutionary leader who served in the Continental Congress and as minister to France (1746-1813)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#Mary_Ashton_Rice_Livermore__Livermore (^United States suffragist (1820-1905)^)
   ^  #suffragist;


#Maximilien_Paul_Emile_Littre__Littre (^French lexicographer (1801-1881)^)
   ^  #lexicographer;


#Franz_Liszt__Liszt (^Hungarian composer and piano virtuoso (1811-1886)^)
   ^  #pianist  #composer;


#Charles_Liston__Liston__Sonny_Liston (^United States prizefighter who lost his world heavyweight championship to Cassius Clay in 1964 (1932-1970)^)
   ^  #prizefighter;


#Joseph_Lister__Lister__Baron_Lister (^English surgeon who was the first to use antiseptics (1827-1912)^)
   ^  #operating_surgeon;


#Lipscomb__William_Nunn_Lipscom_Jr. (^United States chemist noted for his theories of molecular structure (born in 1919)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Walter_Lippmann__Lippmann (^United States journalist (1889-1974)^)
   ^  #journalist;


#Gabriel_Lippmann__Lippmann (^French physicist who developed the first color photographic process (1845-1921)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Filippino_Lippi__Lippi (^Italian painter and son of Fra Filippo Lippi (1457-1504)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Fra_Filippo_Lippi__Lippi (^Italian painter whose works show a three-dimensional style (1406-1469)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Fritz_Albert_Lipmann__Lipmann (^United States biochemist (born in Germany) noted for his studies of metabolic processes (1899-1986)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#Jacques_Lipchitz__Lipchitz (^United States sculptor (born in Lithuania) who pioneered cubist sculpture (1891-1973)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Carolus_Linnaeus__Linnaeus__Carl_von_Linne__Karl_Linne (^Swedish botanist who proposed the modern system of biological nomenclature (1707-1778)^)
   ^  #botanist;


#Howard_Lindsay__Lindsay (^United States playwright who collaborated with Russel Crouse on several musicals (1889-1931)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Nicholas_Vachel_Lindsay__Lindsay__Vachel_Lindsay (^United States poet who traveled the country trading his poems for room and board (1879-1931)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Charles_Augustus_Lindbergh__Lindbergh__Charles_Lindbergh__Charles_A._Lindbergh__Lucky_Lindy (^United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974)^)
   ^  #aviator;


#Jenny_Lind__Lind__Swedish_Nightingale (^Swedish soprano who toured the United States under the management of P. T. Barnum (1820-1887)^)
   ^  #soprano;


#President_Lincoln__Lincoln__Abraham_Lincoln (^16th President of the United States; saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)^)
   ^  #lawyer  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Maya_Lin__Lin (^United States sculptor and architect whose public works include the memorial to veterans of the Vietnam War in Washington (born in 1959)^)
   ^  #sculptor  #architect;


#Beatrice_Lillie__Lillie__Lady_Peel (^British actress (born in Canada) (1898-1989)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Lydia_Kamekeha_Paki_Liliuokalani__Liliuokalani (^Queen of the Hawaiian islands (1838-1917)^)
   ^  #queen_regnant;


#Trygve_Halvden_Lie__Lie__Trygve_Lie (^Norwegian diplomat who was the first Secretary General of the United Nations (1896-1968)^)
   ^  #diplomatist;


#Roy_Lichtenstein__Lichtenstein (^United States painter who is a leading exponent of pop art (1923-1997)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Willard_Frank_Libby__Libby (^United States chemist who developed a method of radiocarbon dating (1908-1980)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Jerry_Lee_Lewis__Lewis (^United States rock star singer and pianist (born in 1935)^)
   ^  #rock_star  #pianist;


#Frederick_Carleton_Lewis__Lewis__Carl_Lewis (^United States athlete who won gold medals at the Olympics for his skill in sprinting and jumping (born in 1961)^)
   ^  #sprinter  #jumper.athlete;


#Meriwether_Lewis__Lewis (^United States explorer and soldier who lead led an expedition from St. Louis to the mouth of the Columbia River (1774-1809)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#John_Llewelly_Lewis__Lewis__John_L._Lewis (^United States labor leader who was president of the United Mine Workers of America from 1920 to 1960 and president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations from 1935 to 1940 (1880-1969)^)
   ^  #labor_leader;


#Harry_Sinclair_Lewis__Lewis__Sinclair_Lewis (^United States novelist who satirized middle-class America (1885-1951)^)
   ^  #novelist;


#Clive_Staples_Lewis__Lewis__C._S._Lewis (^English critic and novelist; author of theological works and of books for children (1898-1963)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Claude_Levi-Strauss__Levi-Strauss (^French cultural anthropologist who promoted structural analysis of social systems (born in 1908)^)
   ^  #anthropologist;


#Anton_van_Leuwenhoek__Leuwenhoek__Leeuwenhoek__Anton_van_Leeuwenhoek (^Dutch pioneer microscopist who was among the first to recognize cells in animals and who gave the first accurate descriptions of microbes and spermatozoa and blood corpuscles (1632-1723)^)
   ^  #microscopist;


#Gotthold_Ephraim_Lessing__Lessing (^German playwright and leader of the Enlightenment (1729-1781)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Vicomte_Ferdinand_Marie_de_Lesseps__Lesseps__Ferdinand_de_Lesseps (^French diplomat who supervised the construction of the Suez Canal (1805-1894)^)
   ^  #diplomatist;


#Alan_Jay_Lerner__Lerner (^United States lyricist who collaborated on musicals with Frederick Loewe (1918-1986)^)
   ^  #lyricist;


#Mikhail_Yurievich_Lermontov__Lermontov (^Russian writer (1814-1841)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Wassily_Leontief__Leontief (^United States economist (born in Russia) who devised an input-output method of economic analysis (1906-1999)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Leonidas (^king of Sparta and hero of the battle of Thermopylae where is was killed by the Persians (died in 480 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Leonardo_da_Vinci__Leonardo__da_Vinci (^Italian painter and sculptor and engineer and scientist and architect; the most versatile genius of the Italian Renaissance (1452-1519)^)
   ^  #old_master  #sculptor  #engineer  #architect;


#Elmore_John_Leonard__Leonard__Elmore_Leonard__Dutch_Leonard (^United States writer of thrillers (born in 1925)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Leo_X__Giovanni_de_Medici (^the pope who excommunicated Martin Luther and who bestowed on Henry VIII the title of Defender of the Faith (1475-1521)^)
   ^  #pope;


#Leo_III (^the pope who in 800 crowned Charlemagne emperor of the Romans (750-816)^)
   ^  #pope;


#St_Leo_I__Leo_I__Leo_the_Great (^the pope who extended the authority of the papacy to the west and persuaded Attila not to attack Rome (440-461)^)
   ^  #pope;


#Andre_Le_Notre__Le_Notre (^French landscape gardener who designed many formal gardens including the parks of Versailles (1613-1700)^)
   ^  #landscape_architect;


#Vladimir_Ilyich_Lenin__Lenin__Vladimir_Lenin__Nikolai_Lenin__Vladimir_Ilich_Lenin__Vladimir_Ilyich_Ulyanov__Vladimir_Ilich_Ulyanov (^Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)^)
   ^  #Bolshevist;


#Pierre_Charles_L'Enfant__L'Enfant (^United States architect (born in France) who laid out the city plan for Washington (1754-1825)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Ivan_Lendl__Lendl (^United States tennis player (born in Czechoslovakia) who won several singles championships; in 1992 he became a United States citizen (born in 190)^)
   ^  #tennis_player;


#Philipp_Lenard__Lenard (^German physicist who studied cathode rays (1862-1947)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Jack_Lemmon__Lemmon__John_Uhler (^United States film actor (born in 1925)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Georges_Henri_Lemaitre__Lemaitre__Edouard_Lemaitre (^Belgian cosmologist who proposed the big-bang theory of the origin of the universe (1894-1966)^)
   ^  #cosmologist;


#Vivien_Leigh__Leigh (^English film actress (1913-1967)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Gottfried_Wilhelm_Leibniz__Leibniz__Leibnitz__Gottfried_Wilhelm_Leibnitz (^German philosopher and mathematician who thought of the universe as consisting of independent monads and who devised a system of the calculus independent of Newton (1646-1716)^)
   ^  #mathematician  #philosopher;


#Franz_Lehar__Lehar (^Hungarian composer of light operas (1870-1948)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Fernand_Leger__Leger (^French painter who was an early cubist (1881-1955)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Eva_Le_Gallienne__Le_Gallienne (^United States actress (born in England) (1899-1991)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Shelton_Jackson_Lee__Lee__Spike_Lee (^United States filmmaker whose works explore the richness of Black American culture (born in 1957)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Gypsy_Rose_Lee__Lee__Rose_Louise_Hovick (^United States striptease artist who became famous on Broadway in the 1930s (1914-1970)^)
   ^  #stripper;


#Lee_Yuen_Kam__Lee__Bruce_Lee (^United States actor who was an expert in kung fu and starred in martial arts films (1941-1973)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Tsung_Dao_Lee__Lee (^United States physicist (born in China) who collaborated with Yang Chen Ning in disproving the principle of conservation of parity (born in 1926)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Richard_Henry_Lee__Lee (^American Revolutionary leader who proposed the resolution calling for independence of the American colonies (1732-1794)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#Lighthorse_Harry_Lee__Lee__Henry_Lee (^American Revolutionary soldier (1756-1818)^)
   ^  #soldier;


#Robert_Edward_Lee__Lee__Robert_E_Lee (^American general who led the Confederate armies in the American Civil War (1807-1870)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Le_Duc_Tho (^Vietnamese diplomat who negotiated with Henry Kissinger to end the war in Vietnam (1911-1990)^)
   ^  #diplomatist;


#Le_Corbusier__Charles_Edouard_Jeanneret (^French architect (born in Switzerland) (1887-1965)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Henry_le_Chatelier__le_Chatelier (^French chemist who formulated Le Chatelier's principle (1850-1936)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#John_le_Carre__le_Carre__David_John_Moore_Cornwell (^English writer of novels of espionage (born in 1931)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Timothy_Francis_Leary__Leary__Tim_Leary__Timothy_Leary (^United States psychologist who experimented with psychoactive drugs (including LSD) and became a well-known advocate of their use (1920-1996)^)
   ^  #psychologist;


#Edward_Lear__Lear (^British artist and writer of nonsense verse (1812-1888)^)
   ^  #artist  #humorist;


#Richard_Erskine_Leakey__Leakey__Richard_Leakey (^English paleontologist (son of Louis Leakey and Mary Leakey) who continued the work of his parents; he was appointed director of a wildlife preserve in Kenya but resigned under political pressure (born in 1944)^)
   ^  #paleontologist  #anthropologist;


#Mary_Douglas_Leakey__Leakey__Mary_Leakey (^English paleontologist (the wife of Louis Leakey) who discovered the Zinjanthropus skull that was 1,750,000 years old (1913-1996)^)
   ^  #paleontologist  #anthropologist;


#Louis_Seymour_Bazett_Leakey__Leakey__Louis_Leakey (^English paleontologist whose account of fossil discoveries in Tanzania changed theories of human evolution (1903-1972)^)
   ^  #paleontologist  #anthropologist;


#Stephen_Butler_Leacock__Leacock__Stephen_Leacock (^Canadian economist best remembered for his humorous writings (1869-1944)^)
   ^  #economist  #humorist;


#Saint_Lawrence__Lawrence__St_Lawrence__Laurentius (^Roman martyr; supposedly Lawrence was ordered by the police to give up the Church's treasure and when he responded by offering the poor people of Rome he was roasted to death on a gridiron (died in 258)^)
   ^  #martyr;


#Thomas_Edward_Lawrence__Lawrence__T._E._Lawrence__Lawrence_of_Arabia (^Welsh soldier who from 1916 to 1918 organized the Arab revolt against the Turks; he later wrote an account of his adventures (1888-1935)^)
   ^  #soldier  #professional_writer;


#Sir_Thomas_Lawrence__Lawrence (^English portrait painter remembered for the series of portraits of the leaders of the alliance against Napoleon (1769-1830)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Gertrude_Lawrence__Lawrence (^English actress (1898-1952)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Ernest_Orlando_Lawrence__Lawrence__E._O._Lawrence (^United States physicist who developed the cyclotron (1901-1958)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#David_Herbert_Lawrence__Lawrence__D._H._Lawrence (^English novelist and poet and essayist whose work condemned industrial society and explored sexual relationships (1885-1930)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Antoine_Laurent_Lavoisier__Lavoisier__Antoine_Lavoisier (^French chemist known as the father of modern chemistry; discovered oxygen and disproved the theory of phlogiston (1743-1794)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Rodney_George_Laver__Laver__Rod_Laver (^Australian tennis player who in 1962 was the second man to win the Australian and French and English and United States singles titles in the same year; in 1969 he repeated this feat (born in 1938)^)
   ^  #tennis_player;


#Henry_Laurens__Laurens (^American Revolutionary leader and president of the Continental Congress (1724-1792)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#Charles_Laughton__Laughton (^United States film actor (born in England) (1899-1962)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Sir_Harry_MacLennan_Lauder__Lauder__Harry_Lauder (^Scottish ballad singer and music hall comedian (1870-1950)^)
   ^  #singer  #comic;


#Benjamin_Henry_Latrobe__Latrobe (^United States architect (born in England) whose works include the chambers of the United States Congress and the Supreme Court (1764-1820)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Georges_de_La_Tour__La_Tour (^French painter of religious works (1593-1652)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Sieur_de_LaSalle__LaSalle__Rene-Robert_Cavelier (^French explorer who claimed Louisiana for France (1643-1687)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Pierre_Athanase_Larousse__Larousse__Pierre_Larousse (^French lexicographer (1817-1875)^)
   ^  #lexicographer;


#Francois_de_La_Rochefoucauld__La_Rochefoucauld (^French writer of moralistic maxims (1613-1680)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Ringgold_Wilmer_Lardner__Lardner__Ring_Lardner (^United States humorist and writer of satirical short stories (1885-1933)^)
   ^  #humorist  #professional_writer;


#Pierre_Simon_de_Laplace__Laplace__Marquis_de_Laplace (^French mathematician and astronomer who formulated the nebular hypothesis concerning the origins of the solar system and who developed the theory of probability (1749-1827)^)
   ^  #mathematician  #astronomer;


#Lao-tzu__Lao-tse__Lao-zi (^Chinese philosopher regarded as the founder of Taoism (6th century BC)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Lillie_Langtry__Langtry__the_Jersey_Lillie__Emilie_Charlotte_le_Breton (^British actress and mistress of of the prince who later became Edward VII (1853-1929)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Irving_Langmuir__Langmuir (^United States chemist who studied surface chemistry and developed the gas-filled tungsten lamp and worked on high temperature electrical discharges (1881-1957)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Samuel_Pierpoint_Langley__Langley (^United States astronomer and aviation pioneer who invented the bolometer and contributed to the design of early aircraft (1834-1906)^)
   ^  #astronomer  #inventor;


#Dorothea_Lange__Lange (^United States photographer remembered for her portraits of rural workers during the Depression (1895-1965)^)
   ^  #photographer;


#Lucy_Craft_Laney__Laney (^United States educator who founded the first private school for Black students in Augusta, Georgia (1854-1933)^)
   ^  #educator;


#Karl_Landsteiner__Landsteiner (^United States pathologist (born in Austria) who discovered human blood groups (1868-1943)^)
   ^  #diagnostician;


#Wanda_Landowska__Landowska (^United States harpsichordist (born in Poland) who helped to revive modern interest in the harpsichord (1879-1959)^)
   ^  #harpsichordist;


#Lev_Davidovich_Landau__Landau (^Soviet physicist who worked on low temperature physics (1908-1968)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Edwin_Herbert_Land__Land__Din_Land (^United States inventor who incorporated Polaroid film into lenses and invented the one-step photographic process (1909-1991)^)
   ^  #inventor  #industrialist;


#Sir_Lancelot__Lancelot (^(Arthurian legend) one of the knights of the Round Table; friend of King Arthur until (according to some versions of the legend) he became the lover of Arthur's wife Guinevere^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Leonard_Constant_Lambert__Lambert__Constant_Lambert (^English composer and conductor (1905-1951)^)
   ^  #composer  #music_director;


#Charles_Lamb__Lamb__Elia (^English essayist (1775-1834)^)
   ^  #essayist;


#Jean_Baptiste_de_Lamarck__Lamarck__Chevalier_de_Lamarck (^French naturalist who proposed that evolution resulted from the inheritance of acquired characteristics (1744-1829)^)
   ^  #naturalist;


#Jean_de_La_Fontaine__La_Fontaine (^French writer who collected Aesop's fables and published them (1621-1695)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Jean_Laffite__Laffite__Lafitte__Jean_Lafitte (^French pirate who aided the United States in the War of 1812 and received an official pardon for his crimes (1780-1826)^)
   ^  #pirate;


#Arthur_Laffer__Laffer (^United States economist who proposed the Laffer curve (born in 1940)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Marquis_de_Lafayette__Lafayette__La_Fayette__Marie_Joseph_Paul_Yves_Roch_Gilbert_du_Motier (^French soldier who served under George Washington in the American Revolution (1757-1834)^)
   ^  #soldier;


#Gaston_Lachaise__Lachaise (^United States sculptor (born in France) noted for his large nude figures (1882-1935)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Rudolph_Laban__Laban (^Hungarian choreographer who developed Labanotation (1879-1958)^)
   ^  #choreographer;


#Simon_Kuznets__Kuznets (^United States economist (born in Russia) who developed a method for using a country's gross national product to estimate its economic growth (1901-1985)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Mikhail_Ilarionovich_Kutuzov__Kutuzov__Prince_of_Smolensk (^Russian field marshal who commanded the Russian opposition to Napoleon (1745-1813)^)
   ^  #field_marshal;


#Akira_Kurosawa__Kurosawa (^Japanese filmmaker noted for blending Japanese folklore with Western styles of acting (1910-1998)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Richard_Kuhn__Kuhn (^Austrian chemist who did research on carotenoids and vitamins (1900-1967)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Stanley_Kubrick__Kubrick (^United States filmmaker (born in 1928)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Kublai_Khan__Kubla_Khan__Kublai_Kaan (^Mongol Emperor of China and grandson of Genghis Khan who completed his grandfather's conquest of China; he establish the Yuan dynasty and built a great capital on the site of modern Beijing where he received Marco Polo (1216-1294)^)
   ^  #Emperor;


#Alfred_Krupp__Krupp (^German arms manufacturer and son of Friedrich Krupp; his firm provided ordinance for German armies from the 1840s through World War II (1812-1887)^)
   ^  #arms_manufacturer;


#Friedrich_Krupp__Krupp (^German industrialist who manufactured steel in Essen (1787-1826)^)
   ^  #industrialist;


#Stephanus_Johannes_Paulus_Kruger__Kruger__Oom_Paul_Kruger (^Boer statesman (1825-1904)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Pyotr_Alexeyevich_Kropotkin__Kropotkin__Prince_Peter_Kropotkin (^Russian anarchist (1842-1921)^)
   ^  #anarchist;


#Leopold_Kronecker__Kronecker (^German mathematician (1823-1891)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Alfred_Louis_Kroeber__Kroeber__Alfred_Kroeber (^United States anthropologist noted for his studies of culture (1876-1960)^)
   ^  #anthropologist;


#Fritz_Kreisler__Kreisler (^United States violinist (born in Austria) (1875-1962)^)
   ^  #violinist;


#Sir_Hans_Adolf_Krebs__Krebs__Hans_Adolf_Krebs (^English biochemist (born in Germany) who discovered the Krebs cycle (1900-1981)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#Lee_Krasner__Krasner (^United States abstract expressionist artist (1908-1984)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Baron_Richard_von_Krafft-Ebing__Krafft-Ebing__Richard_von_Krafft-Ebing (^German neurologist noted for his studies of sexual deviance (1840-1902)^)
   ^  #neurologist;


#Sergei_Aleksandrovich_Koussevitzky__Koussevitzky__Serge_Koussevitzky (^United States conductor (born in Russia) who was noted for performing the works of contemporary composers (1874-1951)^)
   ^  #music_director;


#Thaddeus_Kosciusko__Kosciusko__Kosciuszko__Tadeusz_Andrzej_Bonawentura_Kosciuszko (^Polish patriot and soldier who fought with Americans in the American Revolution (1746-1817)^)
   ^  #patriot  #soldier;


#Alfred_Habdank_Skarbek_Korzybski__Korzybski__Alfred_Korzybski (^United States semanticist (born in Poland) (1879-1950)^)
   ^  #semanticist;


#Sir_Alexander_Korda__Korda__Sandor_Kellner (^British filmmaker (born in Hungary) (1893-1956)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Viktor_Lvovich_Korchnoi__Korchnoi__Viktor_Korchnoi (^Russian chess master (born in 1931)^)
   ^  #chess_master;


#Olga_Korbut__Korbut (^Soviet gymnast (born in 1955)^)
   ^  #gymnast;


#Tjalling_Charles_Koopmans__Koopmans__Tjalling_Koopmans (^United States economist (born in the Netherlands) (1910-1985)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Prince_Fumimaro_Konoe__Konoe__Fumimaro_Konoe__Konoye__Fumimaro_Konoye__Prince_Fumimaro_Konoye (^Japanese statesman who set Japan's expansionist policies and formed an alliance with Germany and Italy (1891-1945)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Arthur_Koestler__Koestler (^British writer (born in Hungary) who wrote a novel exposing the Stalinist purges during the 1930s (1905-1983)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Robert_Koch__Koch (^German bacteriologist who isolated the anthrax bacillus and the tubercle bacillus and the cholera bacillus (1843-1910)^)
   ^  #bacteriologist;


#John_Knox__Knox (^Scottish theologian who founded Scottish Presbyterianism and wrote a history of the reformation in Scotland (1514-1572)^)
   ^  #theologian  #historian;


#Friedrich_Gottlieb_Klopstock__Klopstock (^German poet (1724-1803)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Harry_F._Klinefelter__Klinefelter__Harry_Fitch_Kleinfelter (^United States physician who first described the XXY-syndrome (born in 1912)^)
   ^  #doc;


#Franz_Joseph_Kline__Kline (^United States abstract expressionist painter (1910-1962)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Gustav_Klimt__Klimt (^Austrian painter influenced by art nouveau (1862-1918)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Bernd_Heinrich_Wilhelm_von_Kleist__Kleist__Heinrich_von_Kleist (^German dramatist whose works concern people torn between reason and emotion (1777-1811)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Felix_Klein__Klein (^German mathematician who created the Klein bottle (1849-1925)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Melanie_Klein__Klein (^United States psychoanalyst (born in Austria) who was the first to specialize in the psychoanalysis of small children (1882-1960)^)
   ^  #psychoanalyst;


#Calvin_Richard_Klein__Klein__Calvin_Klein (^United States fashion designer noted for understated fashions (born in 1942)^)
   ^  #couturier;


#Paul_Klee__Klee (^Swiss painter influenced by Kandinsky (1879-1940)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Martin_Heinrich_Klaproth__Klaproth (^German chemist who pioneered analytical chemistry and discovered three new elements (1743-1817)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#First_Earl_Kitchener_of_Khartoum__Kitchener__Herbert_Kitchener__Horatio_Herbert_Kitchener (^British field marshal (1850-1916)^)
   ^  #field_marshal;


#Henry_Alfred_Kissinger__Kissinger__Henry_Kissinger (^United States diplomat who served under Presidents Nixon and Ford (born in 1923)^)
   ^  #diplomatist;


#Ernst_Ludwig_Kirchner__Kirchner (^German expressionist painter (1880-1938)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Gustav_Robert_Kirchhoff__Kirchhoff__G._R._Kirchhoff (^German physicist who with Bunsen pioneered spectrum analysis and formulated two laws governing electric networks (1824-1887)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Joseph_Rudyard_Kipling__Kipling__Rudyard_Kipling (^English author of novels and poetry who was born in India (1865-1936)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Alfred_Charles_Kinsey__Kinsey (^United States zoologist best known for his interview studies of sexual behavior (1894-1956)^)
   ^  #zoologist;


#Billie_Jean_Moffitt_King__King__Billie_Jean_King (^United States woman tennis player (born in 1943)^)
   ^  #tennis_player;


#Riley_B_King__King__B._B._King (^United States guitar player and singer of the blues (born in 1925)^)
   ^  #singer  #guitarist;


#Martin_Luther_King_Jr.__King__Martin_Luther_King (^United States Baptist minister and charismatic civil rights leader who campaigned against the segregation of Blacks (1929-1968)^)
   ^  #clergyman  #civil_rights_leader;


#Krzysztof_Kieslowski__Kieslowski (^Polish filmmaker who made ten films based on he ten commandments (1941-1996)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Soren_Aabye_Kierkegaard__Kierkegaard__Soren_Kierkegaard (^Danish philosopher who was the founder of existentialism (1813-1855)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#William_Kidd__Kidd__Captain_Kidd (^Scottish sea captain who was hired to protect British shipping in the Indian Ocean and then was accused of piracy and hanged (1645-1701)^)
   ^  #sea_captain;


#Nikita_Sergeyevich_Khrushchev__Khrushchev__Nikita_Khrushchev (^Soviet statesman and premier who denounced stalin (1894-1971)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Ayatollah_Ruholla_Khomeini__Khomeini__Ruholla_Khomeini__Ayatollah_Khomeini (^Iranian religious leader of the Shiites; when Shah Pahlavi's regime fell Khomeini established a new constitution giving himself supreme powers (1900-1989)^)
   ^  #religious_leader;


#Sir_Seretse_Khama__Khama (^Botswanan statesman who was the first president of Botswana (1921-1980)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Aram_Ilich_Khachaturian__Khachaturian__Aram_Khachaturian (^Soviet composer (born in Georgia) whose works are romantic and reflect his interest in folk music (1903-1978)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Francis_Scott_Key__Key (^United States lawyer and poet who wrote a poem after witnessing the British attack on Baltimore during the War of 1812; the poem was later set to music and entitled `The Star-Spangled Banner' (1779-1843)^)
   ^  #lawyer  #poet;


#Charles_Franklin_Kettering__Kettering__Charles_Kettering (^United States electrical engineer who made numerous automotive improvements (including the electric starter) (1876-1958)^)
   ^  #engineer;


#Ken_Elton_Kesey__Kesey__Ken_Kesey (^United States writer whose best-known novel was based on his experiences as an attendant in a mental hospital (born in 1935)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Jean-Louis_Lebris_de_Kerouac__Kerouac__Jack_Kerouac (^United States writer who was a leading figure of the beat generation (1922-1969)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Jerome_David_Kern__Kern__Jerome_Kern (^United States composer of musical comedies (1885-1945)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Aleksandr_Feodorovich_Kerensky__Kerensky (^Russian revolutionary who was head of state after Nicholas II abdicated but was overthrown by the Bolsheviks (1881-1970)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Johannes_Kepler__Kepler__Johan_Kepler (^German astronomer who first stated laws of planetary motion (1571-1630)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Keokuk (^American Sauk leader (1790-1848)^)
   ^  #Indian_chief  #Sauk;


#Jomo_Kenyata__Kenyata (^Kenyan statesman and the first president of independent Kenya (1893-1978)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Arthur_Edwin_Kennelly__Kennelly__A._E._Kennelly (^United States electrical engineer noted for his work on the theory of alternating currents; independently of Oliver Heaviside he discovered the existence of an atmospheric layer that reflects radio waves back to earth (1861-1939)^)
   ^  #electrical_engineer;


#John_Fitzgerald_Kennedy__Kennedy__Jack_Kennedy__JFK__President_Kennedy (^35th President of the United States; established the Peace Corps; assassinated in Dallas (1917-1963)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Sir_John_Cowdery_Kendrew__Kendrew (^English biologist noted for studies of the molecular structure of blood components (born in 1917)^)
   ^  #biologist;


#Edward_Calvin_Kendall__Kendall__Edward_Kendall (^United States biochemist who discovered cortisone (1886-1972)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#Kemal_Ataturk__Kemal_Pasha__Mustafa_Kemal (^Turkish statesman and founder of modern Turkey (1881-1938)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#First_Baron_Kelvin__Kelvin__William_Thompson (^British physicist who invented the Kelvin scale of temperature and pioneered undersea telegraphy (1824-1907)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Emmett_Kelly__Kelly__Weary_Willie (^United States circus clown (1898-1979)^)
   ^  #merry_andrew;


#Grace_Patricia_Kelly__Kelly__Grace_Kelly__Princess_Grace_of_Monaco (^United States film actress who retired when she married into the royal family of Monaco (1928-1982)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Eugene_Curran_Kelly__Kelly__Gene_Kelly (^United States dancer who performed in many musical films (1912-1996)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer  #histrion;


#W._K._Kellogg__Kellogg__Will_Keith_Kellog (^United States food manufacturer who (with his brother) developed a breakfast cereal of crisp flakes of rolled and toasted wheat and corn; he established a company to manufacture the cereal (1860-1951)^)
   ^  #food_manufacturer;


#Helen_Adams_Keller__Keller__Helen_Keller (^United States lecturer and writer who was blind and deaf from the age of 19 months; Anne Sullivan taught her to read and write and speak; Helen Keller graduated from college and went on to champion the cause of blind and deaf people (1880-1968)^)
   ^  #lecturer  #professional_writer;


#Friedrich_August_Kekule_von_Stradonitz__Kekule__Friedrich_August_Kekule (^German chemist remembered for his discovery of the ring structure of benzene (1829-1896)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#John_Keble__Keble (^English clergyman who (with John Henry Newman and Edward Pusey) founded the Oxford Movement (1792-1866)^)
   ^  #clergyman;


#John_Keats__Keats (^English Romantic poet (1795-1821)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Joseph_Francis_Keaton__Keaton__Buster_Keaton (^United States comedian and actor in silent films noted for his acrobatic skills and deadpan face (1895-1966)^)
   ^  #comic  #histrion;


#Edmund_Kean__Kean (^English actor noted for his portrayals of Shakespeare's great tragic characters (1789-1833)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Kenneth_David_Kaunda__Kaunda__Kenneth_Kaunda (^statesman who led Northern Rhodesia to full independence as Zambia in 1964 and served as Zambia's first president (born in 1924)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#George_Simon_Kaufman__Kaufman__George_S._Kaufman (^United States playwright who collaborated with many other writers including Moss Hart (1889-1961)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Alfred_Kastler__Kastler (^French physicist (1902-1984)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Gary_Kasparov__Kasparov__Gary_Weinstein (^Azerbaijani chess master who became world champion in 1985 by defeating Anatoli Karpov (born in 1963)^)
   ^  #chess_master;


#Tamara_Karsavina__Karsavina (^Russian dancer who danced with Nijinsky (1885-1978)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer;


#Anatoli_Yevgenevich_Karpov__Karpov__Anatoli_Karpov (^Russian chess master who was world champion from 1975 until 1985 when he was defeated by Gary Kasparov (born in 1951)^)
   ^  #chess_master;


#Boris_Karloff__Karloff__William_Henry_Pratt (^United States film actor (born in England) noted for his performances in horror films (1887-1969)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Erik_Axel_Karlfeldt__Karlfeldt (^Swedish poet whose works incorporate Swedish customs and folklore (1864-1931)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Immanuel_Kant__Kant (^influential German idealist philosopher (1724-1804)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Wassily_Kandinsky__Kandinsky (^Russian painter who was a pioneer of abstract art (1866-1944)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Kamehameha_I__Kamehameha_the_Great (^Hawaiian king who united the islands under his rule (1758-1819)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Mikhail_Ivanovich_Kalinin__Kalinin__Mikhail_Kalinin (^soviet statesman and head of state of the USSR (1875-1946)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Franz_Kafka__Kafka (^Czech novelist who wrote in German about a nightmarish world of isolated and troubled individuals (1883-1924)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Juvenal__Decimus_Junius_Juvenalis (^Roman satirist who denounced the vice and folly of Roman society during the reign of the emperor Domitian (60-140)^)
   ^  #satirist;


#Justinian_the_Great__Justinian__Justinian_I (^Byzantine emperor who held the eastern frontier of his empire against the Persians; codified Roman Law in 529; his general Belisarius regained North Africa and Spain (483-565)^)
   ^  #Emperor;


#Antoine_Laurent_de_Jussieu__Jussieu (^French botanist who categorized plants into families and developed a system of plant classification (1748-1836)^)
   ^  #botanist;


#Hugo_Junkers__Junkers (^German aircraft engineer who designed the first all-metal airplane (1859-1935)^)
   ^  #engineer;


#Carl_Gustav_Jung__Jung__Carl_Jung (^Swiss psychologist (1875-1961)^)
   ^  #psychologist;


#Saint_Jude__Jude__St_Jude__Judas__Thaddaeus (^(New Testament) supposed brother of St James; one of the Apostles who is invoked in prayer when a situation seems hopeless^)
   ^  #Apostle;


#Judas_Iscariot__Judas (^(New Testament) the Apostle who betrayed Jesus to his enemies for 30 pieces of silver^)
   ^  #Apostle;


#Judah (^(Old Testament) the fourth son of Jacob who was forebear of one of the tribes of Israel; one of his descendants was to be the Messiah^)
   ^  #patriarch;


#Juan_Carlos_Victor_Maria_de_Borbon_y_Borbon__Juan_Carlos (^king of Spain since 1975 (born in 1938)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#James_Augustine_Aloysius_Joyce__Joyce__James_Joyce (^influential Irish writer noted for his many innovations (such as stream of consciousness writing) (1882-1941)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Benjamin_Jowett__Jowett (^English classical scholar noted for his translations of Plato and Aristotle (1817-1893)^)
   ^  #classical_scholar  #interpreter.mediator;


#James_Prescott_Joule__Joule (^English physicist who established the mechanical theory of heat and discovered the first law of thermodynamics (1818-1889)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Joshua (^(Old Testament) Moses' successor who led the Israelites into the Promised Land; best remembered for his destruction of Jericho^)
   ^  #religious_leader;


#Flavius_Josephus__Josephus__Joseph_ben_Matthias (^Jewish general who led the revolt of the Jews against the Romans and then wrote a history of those events (37-100)^)
   ^  #full_general  #historian  #Pharisee;


#Chief_Joseph__Joseph (^leader of the Nez Perce in their retreat from United States troops (1840-1904)^)
   ^  #Indian_chief  #Nez_Perce.Sahaptino;


#Joseph.patriarch (^(Old Testament) the 11th son of Jacob and one of the 12 patriarchs of Israel; Jacob gave Joseph a coat of many colors, which made his brother jealous and the sold him into slavery in Egypt^)
   ^  #patriarch;


#Joseph.carpenter (^(New Testament) husband of Mary and (in Christian belief) the foster father of Jesus^)
   ^  #carpenter;


#Joseph (^(old Testament) the eleventh son of Jacob and one of the twelve patriarchs of Israel^)
   ^  #patriarch;


#Janis_Joplin__Joplin (^United States singer who died of a drug overdose at the height of her popularity (1943-1970)^)
   ^  #singer;


#Scott_Joplin__Joplin (^United States composer who was the first creator of ragtime to write down his compositions (1868-1917)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Benjamin_Jonson__Jonson__Ben_Jonson (^English dramatist and poet who was the first real poet laureate of England (1572-1637)^)
   ^  #dramatist  #poet;


#Mary_Harris_Jones__Jones__Mother_Jones (^United States labor leader (born in Ireland) who helped to found the Industrial Workers of the World (1830-1930)^)
   ^  #labor_leader;


#John_Luther_Jones__Jones__Casey_Jones (^United States railroad engineer who died trying to stop his train from crashing into another train; a friend wrote `The Ballad of Casey Jones' about the incident (1864-1900)^)
   ^  #locomotive_engineer;


#Robert_Tyre_Jones__Jones__Bobby_Jones (^United States golfer (1902-1971)^)
   ^  #golfer;


#John_Paul_Jones__Jones (^American naval commander in the War of Independence (1747-1792)^)
   ^  #naval_commander;


#Inigo_Jones__Jones (^English architect and theatrical designer (1573-1652)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Daniel_Jones__Jones (^English phonetician (1881-1967)^)
   ^  #phonetician;


#Jonah.prophet (^(Old Testament) Jonah did not wish to become a prophet so God caused a great storm to throw him overboard from a ship; he was saved by being swallowed by a whale that vomited him out onto dry land^)
   ^  #prophet;


#Al_Jolson__Jolson__Asa_Yoelson (^United States singer (born in Russia) who appeared in the first full-length talking film (1886-1950)^)
   ^  #singer  #histrion;


#Louis_Jolliet__Jolliet__Joliet__Louis_Joliet (^French explorer (with Jacques Marquette) of the upper Mississippi River valley (1645-1700)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Irene_Joliot-Curie__Joliot-Curie (^French physicist who (with her husband) synthesized new chemical elements (1897-1956)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Jean-Frederic_Joliot-Curie__Joliot__Jean-Frederic_Joliot__Joliot-Curie (^French nuclear physicist who was Marie Curie's assistant and who worked with Marie Curie's daughter who he married (taking the name Joliot-Curie); he and his wife discovered how to synthesize new radioactive elements (1900-1958)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Joseph_Eggleston_Johnston__Johnston__J._E._Johnston (^Confederate general in the American Civil War; led the Confederate troops in the West (1807-1891)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Samuel_Johnson__Johnson__Dr._Johnson (^English writer and lexicographer (1709-1784)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #lexicographer;


#President_Lyndon_Johnson__Johnson__Lyndon_Johnson__Lyndon_Baines_Johnson__LBJ__President_Johnson (^36th President of the United States; was elected Vice President and succeeded Kennedy when Kennedy was assassinated (1908-1973)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#President_Andrew_Johnson__Johnson__Andrew_Johnson__President_Johnson (^17th President of the United States; was elected Vice President and succeeded Lincoln when Lincoln was assassinated; was impeached but acquitted by one vote (1808-1875)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Jasper_Johns__Johns (^United States artist and proponent of pop art (born in 1930)^)
   ^  #artist;


#John_Paul_II__Karol_Wojtyla (^the first Pope born in Poland (born in 1920)^)
   ^  #pope;


#John_Paul_I__Albino_Luciano (^the first Pope to assume a double name; he reigned for only 34 days (1912-1978)^)
   ^  #pope;


#John_the_Baptist (^(New Testament) a preacher and hermit and forerunner of Jesus (whom he baptized); was beheaded by Herod at the request of Salome^)
   ^  #hermit;


#John_Lackland__John (^youngest son of Henry II; King of England from 1199 to 1216; succeeded to the throne on the death of his brother Richard I; lost his French possessions; in 1215 John was compelled by the barons to sign the Magna Carta (1167-1216)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Saint_John_the_Apostle__John__Saint_John__St_John__St_John_the_Apostle__John_the_Evangelist__John_the_Divine (^(New Testament) disciple of Jesus; traditional author of the 4th Gospel^)
   ^  #Apostle  #Evangelist;


#Robert_Joffrey__Joffrey (^United States choreographer (1930-1988)^)
   ^  #choreographer;


#Joseph_Jacques_Cesaire_Joffre__Joffre (^French field marshal who commanded the Allied armies in France during World War II (1852-1931)^)
   ^  #field_marshal;


#Job.hero (^a Jewish hero in the Old Testament who maintained his faith in God in spite of afflictions that tested him^)
   ^  #hero.leader;


#Francisco_Jimenez_de_Cisneros__Jimenez_de_Cisneros (^prelate who was the confessor of Isabella I and who was later appointed Grand Inquisitor (1436-1517)^)
   ^  #archpriest  #Grand_Inquisitor;


#Juan_Ramon_Jimenez__Jimenez (^Spanish lyric poet (1881-1958)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Jezebel (^wife of Ahab who was king of Israel; according to the Old Testament she was a cruel immoral queen who fostered the worship of Baal and tried to kill Elijah and other prophets of Israel (9th century BC)^)
   ^  #queen  #Jewess;


#Norman_Jewison__Jewison (^Canadian filmmaker (born in 1926)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#William_Stanley_Jevons__Jevons (^English economist and logician who contributed to the development of the theory of marginal utility (1835-1882)^)
   ^  #economist  #logician;


#Jesus_of_Nazareth__Jesus__Jesus_Christ__Christ__Savior__Saviour__Good_Shepherd__Redeemer__Deliverer (^a prophet of the first century; to Christians he was both God and man--the Messiah sent to save the human race from the sin it inherited through the Fall of Man (circa 8 BC - 29 AD)^)
   ^  #Son  #Jew  #prophet;


#Jens_Otto_Harry_Jespersen__Jespersen__Otto_Jespersen (^Danish linguist (1860-1943)^)
   ^  #linguist;


#Jeremiah.prophet (^(Old Testament) an Israelite prophet who is remembered for his angry lamentations (jeremiads) about the wickedness of his people (circa 626-587 BC)^)
   ^  #prophet;


#Jeroboam_I__Jeroboam (^(Old Testament) first king of the northern kingdom of Israel who led Israel into sin (10th century BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Johannes_Vilhelm_Jensen__Jensen (^modernistic Danish writer (1873-1950)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Edward_Jenner__Jenner (^English physician who pioneered vaccination; Jenner inoculated people with small amounts of cowpox to prevent them from getting smallpox (1749-1823)^)
   ^  #doc;


#President_Jefferson__Jefferson__Thomas_Jefferson (^3rd President of the United States; chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence; made the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and sent out the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1743-1826)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#John_Robinson_Jeffers__Jeffers__Robinson_Jeffers (^United States poet who wrote about California (1887-1962)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Jeanne_d'Arc__Joan_of_Arc__Saint_Joan (^French heroine and military leader inspired by religious visions to organize French resistance to the English and to have Charles VII crowned king; she was later tried for heresy and burned at the stake (1412-1431)^)
   ^  #military_leader  #martyr;


#John_Jay__Jay (^United States diplomat and jurist who negotiated peace treaties with Britain and served as the first chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1745-1829)^)
   ^  #diplomatist  #jurist;


#Karl_Theodor_Jaspers__Jaspers__Karl_Jaspers (^German psychiatrist (1883-1969)^)
   ^  #psychiatrist;


#Randall_Jarrell__Jarrell (^United States poet (1914-1965)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Cornelis_Jansen__Jansen__Cornelius_Jansenius (^Roman Catholic theologian (1585-1638)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Judith_Jamison__Jamison (^United States dancer and choreographer (born in 1944)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer  #choreographer;


#James_II (^the last Stuart King of England and Ireland and Scotland; overthrown in 1688 (1633-1701)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#James_I (^the first Stuart King of England and Ireland from 1603 to 1925 and King of Scotland from 1567 to 1625; son of Mary Queen of Scots who succeeded Elizabeth I; alienated Parliament by claiming the divine right of kings (1566-1625)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Jesse_James__James (^United States outlaw who fought as a Confederate soldier and later led a band of outlaws that robbed trains and banks in the West until he was murdered by a member of his own gang (1847-1882)^)
   ^  #criminal;


#William_James__James (^American pragmatic philosopher and psychologist (1842-1910)^)
   ^  #psychologist  #philosopher;


#Henry_James__James (^writer who was born in the United States but lived in England (1843-1916)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Saint_James_the_Apostle__James__Saint_James__St_James__St_James_the_Apostle (^(New Testament) disciple of Jesus; brother of John; author of The Epistle of James in the New Testament^)
   ^  #Apostle;


#Roman_Osipovich_Jakobson__Jakobson__Roman_Jakobson (^United States linguist (born in Russia) noted for his description of the universals of phonology (1896-1982)^)
   ^  #linguist;


#Michael_Philip_Jagger__Jagger__Mick_Jagger (^English rock star (born in 1943)^)
   ^  #rock_star;


#Joseph_Marie_Jacquard__Jacquard__Joseph_M._Jacquard (^French inventor of the Jacquard loom that could automatically weave complicated patterns (1752-1834)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#William_Wymark_Jacobs__Jacobs__W._W._Jacobs (^English writer of macabre short stories (1863-1943)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Jane_Jacobs__Jacobs (^United States writer and critic of urban planning (born in 1916)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Aletta_Jacobs__Jacobs (^Dutch physician who opened the first birth control clinic in the world in Amsterdam (1854-1929)^)
   ^  #doc;


#Karl_Gustav_Jacob_Jacobi__Jacobi (^German mathematician (1804-1851)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Francois_Jacob__Jacob (^French biochemist who (with Jacques Monod) studied regulatory processes in cells (born in 1920)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#Jack_the_Ripper (^an unidentified English murderer in the 19th century^)
   ^  #murderer;


#Glenda_Jackson__Jackson (^English film actress who later became a member of Parliament (born in 1936)^)
   ^  #actress  #politico;


#Michael_Joe_Jackson__Jackson__Michael_Jackson (^United States singer who began singing with his four brothers and later became a highly successful star during the 1980s (born in 1958)^)
   ^  #singer;


#Mahalia_Jackson__Jackson (^United States singer who did much to popularize gospel music (1911-1972)^)
   ^  #singer;


#Jesse_Louis_Jackson__Jackson__Jesse_Jackson (^United States civil rights leader who led a national anti-discrimination campaign and ran for presidential nomination (born in 1941)^)
   ^  #civil_rights_leader  #politico;


#Helen_Maria_Fiske_Hunt_Jackson__Jackson__Helen_Hunt_Jackson (^United States writer of romantic novels about the unjust treatment of Native Americans (1830-1885)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Thomas_Jonathan_Jackson__Jackson__Thomas_Jackson__Thomas_J._Jackson__Stonewall_Jackson (^general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War whose troops at the first Battle of Bull Run stood like a stone wall (1824-1863)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Andrew_Jackson__Jackson__Old_Hickory (^7th president of the US; successfully defended New Orleans from the British in 1815; expanded the power of the presidency (1767-1845)^)
   ^  #full_general  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Charles_Edward_Ives__Ives (^United States composer noted for his innovative use of polytonality (1874-1954)^)
   ^  #composer;


#James_Merritt_Ives__Ives__James_Ives (^United States lithographer who (with his partner Nathaniel Currier) produced thousands of prints signed `Currier & Ives' (1824-1895)^)
   ^  #lithographer;


#Lev_Ivanov__Ivanov (^Russian choreographer (1834-1905)^)
   ^  #choreographer;


#Ivan_IV__Ivan_Iv_Vasilievich__Ivan_the_Terrible (^the first Czar of Russia (1530-1584)^)
   ^  #tsar;


#Ivan_III_Vasilievich__Ivan_III__Ivan_the_Great (^Grand Duke of Muscovy whose victories against the Tartars laid the basis for Russian unity (1440-1505)^)
   ^  #grand_duke;


#Issachar (^(Old Testament) a son of Jacob and a forebear of one of the tribes of Israel^)
   ^  #patriarch;


#Isocrates (^Athenian rhetorician and orator (436-338 BC)^)
   ^  #orator;


#Ishmael (^(Old Testament) the son of Abraham who was cast out after the birth of Isaac; considered the forebear of 12 Arabian tribes^)
   ^  #patriarch;


#Christopher_William_Bradshaw_Isherwood__Isherwood__Christopher_Isherwood (^United States writer (born in England) whose best known novels portray Berlin in the 1930's and who collaborated with W. H. Auden in writing plays in verse (1904-1986)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Isaiah (^(Old Testament) the first of the major Hebrew prophets (8th century BC)^)
   ^  #vaticinator;


#Isabella_I__Isabella_the_Catholic (^Queen of Castile whose marriage to Ferdinand V of Castile marked the beginning of the modern state of Spain; she sponsored the voyages of Christopher Columbus (1451-1504)^)
   ^  #queen_regnant;


#Isaac (^(Old Testament) the second patriarch; son of Abraham and Sarah who was offered by Abraham as a sacrifice to God; father of Jacob and Esau^)
   ^  #patriarch;


#Washington_Irving__Irving (^United States writer remembered for his stories (1783-1859)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#John_Irving__Irving (^United States writer of darkly humorous novels (born in 1942)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Eugene_Ionesco__Ionesco (^French dramatist (born in Romania) who was a leading exponent of the theater of the absurd (1912-1994)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Innocent_III__Lotario_di_Segni (^Pope who instituted the Fourth Crusade and under whom papal intervention in European politics reached its height (1161-1216)^)
   ^  #pope;


#Jean_Auguste_Dominique_Ingres__Ingres (^French classical painter (1780-1867)^)
   ^  #painter;


#William_Ralph_Inge__Inge__the_Gloomy_Dean (^English prelate noted for his pessimistic sermons and articles (1860-1954)^)
   ^  #archpriest;


#William_Inge__Inge (^United States playwright (1913-1973)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Saint_Ignatius_of_Loyola__Ignatius_of_Loyola__St_Ignatius_of_Loyola__Loyola (^Spanish Catholic theologian and founder of the Society of Jesus; a leading opponent of the Reformation (1491-1556)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Saint_Ignatius__Ignatius__St_Ignatius (^Bishop of Antioch who was martyred under Emperor Trajan (died 110)^)
   ^  #bishop;


#Julio_Iglesias__Iglesias (^Spanish singer noted for his ballads and love songs (born in 1943)^)
   ^  #singer;


#Henrik_Ibsen__Ibsen (^realistic Norwegian author who wrote plays on social and political themes (1828-1906)^)
   ^  #poet  #dramatist;


#Hypatia (^Greek philosopher and astronomer; she invented the astrolabe (370-415)^)
   ^  #astronomer  #philosopher;


#Christiaan_Huygens__Huygens__Christian_Huygens (^Dutch physicist who first formulated the wave theory of light (1629-1695)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Andrew_Fielding_Huxley__Huxley__Andrew_Huxley (^English physiologist who, with Alan Hodgkin, discovered the role of potassium and sodium ions in the transmission of the nerve impulse (born in 1917)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#Aldous_Leonard_Huxley__Huxley__Aldous_Huxley (^English writer; grandson of Thomas Huxley who is remembered mainly for his depiction of a scientifically controlled utopia (1894-1963)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Thomas_Henry_Huxley__Huxley__Thomas_Huxley (^English biologist and a leading exponent of Darwin's theory of evolution (1825-1895)^)
   ^  #biologist;


#Sir_Leonard_Hutton__Hutton (^English cricketer (1916-1990)^)
   ^  #cricketer;


#James_Hutton__Hutton (^Scottish geologist who described the processes that have shaped the surface of the earth (1726-1797)^)
   ^  #geologist;


#Anne_Hutchinson__Hutchinson (^American colonist (born in England) who was banished from Boston for her religious views (1591-1643)^)
   ^  #colonist;


#Robert_Maynard_Hutchins__Hutchins (^United States educator who was president of the University of Chicago (1899-1977)^)
   ^  #educator;


#John_Huston__Huston (^United States film maker born in the United States but an Irish citizen after 1964 (1906-1987)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Edmund_Husserl__Husserl (^German philosopher who developed phenomenology (1859-1938)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Saddam_bin_Hussein_at-Takriti__Hussein__Husain__Husayn__Saddam_Hussein (^Iraqi leader who waged war against Iran and who invaded Kuwait (born in 1937)^)
   ^  #dictator;


#ibn_Talal_Hussein__Hussein__Husain__Husayn__King_Hussein (^King of Jordan credited with creating stability at home and seeking peace with Israel (1935-1999)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#John_Huss__Huss__Hus__Jan_Hus (^Czechoslovakian religious reformer who anticipated the Reformation; he questioned the infallibility of the Catholic Church was excommunicated (1409) for attacking the corruption of the clergy; he was burned at the stake (1372-1415)^)
   ^  #reformist;


#Solomon_Hurok__Hurok__Sol_Hurok (^United States impresario who was born in Russia (1888-1974)^)
   ^  #showman;


#Samuel_Huntington__Huntington (^American revolutionary leader who signed the Declaration of Independence and was president of the Continental Congress (1731-1796)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#Collis_Potter_Huntington__Huntington (^United States railroad executive who built the western section of the first United States transcontinental railroad (1821-1900)^)
   ^  #businessman;


#William_Holman_Hunt__Hunt__Holman_Hunt (^English Pre-Raphaelite painter (1827-1910)^)
   ^  #Pre-Raphaelite;


#Richard_Morris_Hunt__Hunt (^United States architect (1827-1895)^)
   ^  #architect;


#James_Henry_Leigh_Hunt__Hunt__Leigh_Hunt (^British writer who defended the romanticism of Keats and Shelley (1784-1859)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Engelbert_Humperdinck__Humperdinck (^German composer who influenced Wagner (1854-1921)^)
   ^  #composer;


#David_Hume__Hume (^Scottish philosopher whose sceptical philosophy restricted human knowledge to that which can be perceived by the senses (1711-1776)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Baron_Karl_Wilhelm_von_Humboldt__Humboldt__Baron_Wilhelm_von_Humboldt (^German philologist noted for his studies of the relation between language and culture (1767-1835)^)
   ^  #philologist;


#Baron_Friedrich_Heinrich_Alexander_von_Humboldt__Humboldt__Baron_Alexander_von_Humboldt (^German naturalist who explored Central and South America and provided a comprehensive description of the physical universe (1769-1859)^)
   ^  #naturalist;


#Isaac_Hull__Hull (^United States naval officer who commanded the `Constitution' during the War of 1812 and won a series of brilliant victories against the British (1773-1843)^)
   ^  #naval_officer;


#Cordell_Hull__Hull (^United States diplomat who did the groundwork for creating the United Nations (1871-1955)^)
   ^  #diplomatist;


#Victor-Marie_Hugo__Hugo__Victor_Hugo (^French poet and novelist and dramatist; leader of the romantic movement in France (1802-1885)^)
   ^  #poet  #novelist  #dramatist;


#Edward_James_Hughes__Hughes__Ted_Hughes (^English poet (born in 1930)^)
   ^  #poet;


#James_Langston_Hughes__Hughes__Langston_Hughes (^United States writer (1902-1967)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Howard_Robard_Hughes__Hughes__Howard_Hughes (^United States industrialist who was an aviator and a film producer; during the last years of his life he was a total recluse (1905-1976)^)
   ^  #industrialist  #aviator  #film_maker;


#Charles_Evans_Hughes__Hughes (^United States jurist who served on the Supreme Court (1862-1948)^)
   ^  #jurist;


#Sir_William_Huggins__Huggins (^English astronomer who pioneered spectroscopic analysis in astronomy and who discovered the red shift (1824-1910)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#William_Henry_Hudson__Hudson__W._H._Hudson (^English naturalist (born in Argentina) (1841-1922)^)
   ^  #naturalist;


#Henry_Hudson__Hudson (^English navigator who discovered the Hudson River; in 1610 he attempted to winter in Hudson Bay but his crew mutinied and set him adrift to die (1565-1611)^)
   ^  #navigator;


#David_Hubel__Hubel (^United States neuroscientist noted for his studies of the neural basis of vision (born in 1926)^)
   ^  #neuroscientist;


#Edwin_Powell_Hubble__Hubble__Edwin_Hubble (^United States astronomer who discovered that (as the universe expands) the speed with which nebulae recede increases with their distance (1889-1953)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Edmond_Hoyle__Hoyle (^English writer on games (1672-1769)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#William_Dean_Howells__Howells (^United States writer and editor (1837-1920)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Julia_Ward_Howe__Howe (^United States feminist who was active in the women's suffrage movement (1819-1910)^)
   ^  #suffragist;


#Elias_Howe__Howe (^United States inventor who built early sewing machines and won suits for patent infringement against other manufacturers (including Isaac M. Singer) (1819-1867)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Leslie_Howard_Stainer__Howard__Leslie_Howard (^English actor of stage and screen (1893-1943)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Catherine_Howard__Howard (^Queen of England as the fifth wife of Henry VIII who was accused of adultery and executed (1520-1542)^)
   ^  #queen;


#Samuel_Houston__Houston__Sam_Houston (^United States politician and military leader who fought to gain independence for Texas from Mexico and to make it a part of the United States (1793-1863)^)
   ^  #politico  #full_general;


#Alfred_Edward_Housman__Housman__A._E._Housman (^English poet (1859-1936)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Henry_Oscar_Houghton__Houghton (^United States publisher who founded a printing shop that became an important book publisher (1823-1895)^)
   ^  #publisher;


#Harry_Houdini__Houdini__Erik_Weisz (^United States magician (born in Hungary) famous for his ability to escape from chains or handcuffs or straitjackets of padlocked containers (1874-1926)^)
   ^  #sorcerer;


#Hosea (^a minor Hebrew prophet (8th century BC)^)
   ^  #prophet;


#Victor_Horta__Horta (^Belgian architect and leader in art nouveau architecture (1861-1947)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Vladimir_Horowitz__Horowitz (^Russian concert pianist who was a leading international virtuoso (1904-1989)^)
   ^  #pianist;


#Horace (^Roman lyric poet said to have influenced English poetry (65-8 BC)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Francis_Hopkinson__Hopkinson (^American Revolutionary patriot and leader; a signer of the Declaration of Independence (1737-1791)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#Mark_Hopkins__Hopkins (^United States educator and theologian (1802-1887)^)
   ^  #theologian  #educator;


#Hopkins__Johns_Hopkins (^United States financier and philanthropist who left money to found the university and hospital that bear his name in Baltimore (1795-1873)^)
   ^  #financier  #philanthropist;


#Gerard_Manley_Hopkins__Hopkins (^English poet (1844-1889)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Sir_Frederick_Gowland_Hopkins__Hopkins (^English biochemist who did pioneering work that led to the discovery of vitamins (1861-1947)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#Sir_Anthony_Philip_Hopkins__Hopkins__Anthony_Hopkins__Sir_Anthony_Hopkins (^Welsh film actor (born in 1937)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Leslie_Townes_Hope__Hope__Bob_Hope (^United States comedian (born in England) who appeared in films with Bing Crosby (born in 1903)^)
   ^  #comic;


#William_Henry_Hoover__Hoover__William_Hoover (^United States industrialist who manufactured vacuum cleaners (1849-1932)^)
   ^  #industrialist;


#John_Edgar_Hoover__Hoover__J._Edgar_Hoover (^United States lawyer who was director of the FBI for 48 years (1895-1972)^)
   ^  #lawyer;


#Herbert_Clark_Hoover__Hoover__Herbert_Hoover__President_Hoover (^31st President of the United States; in 1929 the stock market crashed and the economy collapsed and Hoover was defeated for re-election by Franklin Roosevelt (1874-1964)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Fighting_Joe_Hooker__Hooker__Joseph_Hooker (^United States general in the Union Army who was defeated at Chancellorsville by Robert E. Lee (1814-1879)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Richard_Hooker__Hooker (^English theologian (1554-1600)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Robert_Hooke__Hooke (^English scientist who formulated the law of elasticity and proposed a wave theory of light and formulated a theory of planetary motion and proposed the inverse square law of gravitational attraction and discovered the cellular structure of cork and introduced the term `cell' into biology and invented a balance spring for watches (1635-1703)^)
   ^  #scientist;


#Arthur_Honegger__Honegger (^Swiss composer (born in France) (1892-1955)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Winslow_Homer__Homer (^United States painter best known for his seascapes (1836-1910)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Homer (^ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Holofernes (^(Apocrypha) the Assyrian general who was decapitated by the biblical heroine Judith^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Oliver_Wendell_Holmes_Jr.__Holmes (^United States jurist noted for his liberal opinions (1841-1935)^)
   ^  #jurist;


#Oliver_Wendell_Holmes__Holmes (^United States writer of humorous essays (1809-1894)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Arthur_Holmes__Holmes (^English geologist and supporter of the theory of continental drift (1890-1965)^)
   ^  #geologist;


#Buddy_Holly__Holly__Charles_Hardin_Holley (^United States rock star (1936-1959)^)
   ^  #rock_star  #songwriter;


#Herman_Hollerith__Hollerith (^United States inventor who invented a system for recording alphanumeric information on punched cards (1860-1929)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Holbein_the_Younger__Holbein__Hans_Holbein (^German painter and engraver noted for his portraits; he was commissioned by Henry VIII of England to provide portraits of the king's prospective brides (1497-1543)^)
   ^  #old_master  #engraver;


#Holbein_the_Elder__Holbein__Hans_Holbein (^German painter of religious works (1465-1524)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Katsushika_Hokusai__Hokusai (^Japanese painter whose work influenced the impressionists (1760-1849)^)
   ^  #painter;


#James_Hogg__Hogg (^Scottish writer of rustic verse (1770-1835)^)
   ^  #poet;


#William_Hogarth__Hogarth (^English artist noted for a series of engravings that satirized the affectations of his time (1697-1764)^)
   ^  #old_master  #engraver;


#William_Benjamin_Hogan__Hogan__Ben_Hogan (^United States golfer who won many major golf tournaments (born in 1912)^)
   ^  #golfer;


#Hugo_von_Hoffmannsthal__Hoffmannsthal (^German poet who wrote libretti for operas by Richard Strauss (1874-1929)^)
   ^  #poet;


#August_Wilhelm_von_Hoffmann__Hoffmann (^German chemist (1818-1892)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Roald_Hoffmann__Hoffmann (^United States chemist (born in Poland) who used quantum mechanics to understand chemical reactions (born in 1937)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Ernst_Theodor_Amadeus_Hoffmann__Hoffmann__E._T._A._Hoffmann__Ernst_Theodor_Wilhelm_Hoffmann (^German writer of fantastic tales (1776-1822)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Malvina_Hoffman__Hoffman (^United States sculptor (1887-1966)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Dustin_Hoffman__Hoffman (^versatile United States film actor (born in 1937)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#James_Riddle_Hoffa__Hoffa__Jimmy_Hoffa (^United States labor leader who was president of the Teamsters Union; he was jailed for trying to bribe a judge and later disappeared and is assumed to have been murdered (1913-1975)^)
   ^  #labor_leader;


#Thomas_Hodgkin__Hodgkin (^English physician who first described Hodgkin's disease (1798-1866)^)
   ^  #doc;


#Dorothy_Crowfoot_Hodgkin__Hodgkin__Dorothy_Hodgkin (^English chemist who used crystallography to study the structure of organic compounds (1910-1994)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Sir_Alan_Lloyd_Hodgkin__Hodgkin__Alan_Hodgkin (^English physiologist who, with Andrew Huxley, discovered the role of potassium and sodium atoms in the transmission of the nerve impulse (born in 1914)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#Ho_Chi_Minh__Nguyen_That_Thanh (^Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954 and South vietnam until 1975 (1890-1969)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#John_Berry_Hobbs__Hobbs__Sir_Jack_Hobbs (^notable English cricketer (1882-1963)^)
   ^  #cricketer;


#Thomas_Hobbes__Hobbes (^English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Adolf_Hitler__Hitler__Der_Fuhrer (^German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)^)
   ^  #dictator  #Nazi;


#George_Herbert_Hitchings__Hitchings (^United States biochemist noted for developing drugs to treat leukemia and gout (born in 1905)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#Alfred_Joseph_Hitchcock__Hitchcock__Alfred_Hitchcock__Sir_Alfred_Hitchcock (^English film director noted for his skill in creating suspense (1899-1980)^)
   ^  #film_director;


#Harold_Hirschsprung__Hirschsprung (^Danish pediatrician (1830-1916)^)
   ^  #baby_doctor;


#Michinomiya_Hirohito__Hirohito (^Emperor of Japan who renounced his divinity and became a constitutional monarch after Japan surrendered at the end of World War II (1901-1989)^)
   ^  #Emperor;


#Hippocrates (^medical practitioner who is regarded as the father of medicine; author of the Hippocratic Oath (circa 460-377 BC)^)
   ^  #medical_practitioner;


#Hipparchus (^Greek astronomer and mathematician who discovered the precession of the equinoxes and made the first known star chart and is said to have invented trigonometry (second century BC)^)
   ^  #astronomer  #mathematician;


#Paul_Ludwig_von_Beneckendorff_und_von_Hindenburg__Hindenburg__Paul_von_Hindenburg (^German Field Marshal and statesman; as president he reluctantly appointed Hitler as Chancellor in 1933 (1847-1934)^)
   ^  #full_general  #field_marshal  #statesman;


#Paul_Hindemith__Hindemith (^German neoclassical composer who believed that music should have a social purpose (1895-1963)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Bernard_Hinault__Hinault (^French racing cyclist who won the Tour de France five times (born in 1954)^)
   ^  #cyclist;


#Heinrich_Himmler__Himmler (^German Nazi who was chief of the SS and the Gestapo and who oversaw the genocide of six million Jews (1900-1945)^)
   ^  #Nazi;


#Sir_Edmund_Percival_Hillary__Hillary__Edmund_Hillary__Sir_Edmund_Hillary (^New Zealand mountaineer who first attained the summit of Mount Everest with his Sherpa guide Tenzing Norgay (born in 1919)^)
   ^  #mountaineer;


#James_Jerome_Hill__Hill__J._J._Hill (^United States railroad tycoon (1838-1916)^)
   ^  #businessman;


#Benny_Hill__Hill__Alfred_Hawthorne (^risque English comedian (1925-1992)^)
   ^  #comic;


#David_Hilbert__Hilbert (^German mathematician (1862-1943)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Thomas_Wentworth_Storrow_Higginson__Higginson__Thomas_Higginson (^United States writer and soldier who led the first Black regiment in the Union Army (1823-1911)^)
   ^  #soldier  #professional_writer;


#James_Butler_Hickock__Hickock__Wild_Bill_Hickock (^frontier marshal whose adventures have become legendary (1837-1876)^)
   ^  #marshal;


#Hiawatha (^a native American chieftain who argued for peace with the European settlers (16th century)^)
   ^  #Indian_chief  #Onondaga.Iroquois;


#Hezekiah__Ezekias (^(Old Testament) king of Judah who abolished idolatry (715-687 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#DuBois_Heyward__Heyward__Edwin_DuBois_Hayward (^United States writer (1885-1940)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Paul_Johann_Ludwig_von_Heyse__Heyse__Paul_Heyse (^German writer (1830-1914)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Joroslav_Heyrovsky__Heyrovsky (^Czechoslovakian chemist who developed polarography (1890-1967)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Heyerdahl__Thor_Hyerdahl (^Norwegian anthropologist noted for his studies of cultural diffusion (born in 1914)^)
   ^  #anthropologist;


#George_Charles_Hevesy_de_Hevesy__Hevesy (^Hungarian chemist who studied radioisotopes and was one of the discoverers of the element hafnium (1885-1966)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Hermann_Hesse__Hesse (^Swiss writer (born in Germany) whose novels and poems express his interests in Eastern spiritual values (1877-1962)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Dame_Myra_Hess__Hess (^English pianist (1890-1965)^)
   ^  #pianist;


#Walter_Rudolf_Hess__Hess__Walter_Hess (^Swiss physiologist noted for studies of the brain (1881-1973)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#Walther_Richard_Rudolf_Hess__Hess__Rudolf_Hess (^Nazi leader who in 1941 flew to Scotland in an apparent attempt to negotiate a peace treaty with Great Britain but was imprisoned for life (1894-1987)^)
   ^  #Nazi;


#Victor_Franz_Hess__Hess__Victor_Hess (^United States physicist (born in Austria) who was a discoverer of cosmic radiation (1883-1964)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Hesiod (^Greek poet whose existing works describe rural life and the genealogies of the gods and the beginning of the world (eighth century BC)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Gerhard_Herzberg__Herzberg (^Canadian physicist (born in Germany) noted for contributions to understanding the structure of molecules (born in 1904)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Heinrich_Rudolph_Hertz__Hertz__Heinrich_Hertz (^German physicist who was the first to produce electromagnetic waves artificially (1857-1894)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Gustav_Ludwig_Hertz__Hertz__Gustav_Hertz (^German physicist who with James Franck proved the existence of the stationary energy states postulated by Bohr (1887-1975)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Milton_Snavely_Hershey__Hershey (^United States confectioner and philanthropist who created the model industrial town of Hershey, Pennsylvania; founded an industrial school for orphan boys (1857-1945)^)
   ^  #confectioner  #philanthropist;


#Sir_John_Frederick_William_Herschel__Herschel__John_Herschel__Sir_John_Herschel (^English astronomer (son of William Herschel) who extended the catalogue of stars to the southern hemisphere and did pioneering work in photography (1792-1871)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Sir_Frederick_William_Herschel__Herschel__William_Herschel__Sir_William_Herschel (^English astronomer (born in Germany) who catalogued the stars and discovered the planet Uranus (1738-1822)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Robert_Herrick__Herrick (^English lyric poet (1591-1674)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Herodotus (^the ancient Greek known as the father of history; his accounts of the wars between the Greeks and Persians are the first known examples of historical writing (425-485 BC)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Herod_the_Great__Herod (^king of Judea who (according to the New Testament) tried to kill Jesus by ordering the death of all children under age two in Bethlehem (73-4 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Hero_of_Alexandria__Hero__Heron (^Greek mathematician and inventor who devised a way to determine the area of a triangle and who described various mechanical devices (first century)^)
   ^  #mathematician  #inventor;


#Woodrow_Charles_Herman__Herman__Woody_Herman (^United States jazz musician and bandleader (1913-1987)^)
   ^  #jazz_musician  #bandleader;


#Johann_Gottfried_von_Herder__Herder (^German philosopher who advocated intuition over reason (1744-1803)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Victor_Herbert__Herbert (^United States musician and composer and conductor noted for his comic operas (1859-1924)^)
   ^  #musician;


#Johann_Friedrich_Herbart__Herbart (^German philosopher (1776-1841)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Heraclitus (^Greek philosopher who said that fire is the origin of all things and that permanence is an illusion as all things are in perpetual flux (circa 500 BC)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Dame_Barbara_Hepworth__Hepworth__Barbara_Hepworth (^British sculptor (1902-1975)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Katharine_Houghton_Hepburn__Hepburn__Katharine_Hepburn (^United States film actress who appeared in many films with Spencer Tracy (born in 1909)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Jim_Henson__Henson (^United States puppeteer who created a troupe of puppet characters (1936-1990)^)
   ^  #puppeteer;


#Henry_VI (^son of Henry V who as an infant succeeded his father and was King of England from 1422 to 1461; he was taken prisoner in 1460 and Edward IV was proclaimed king; he was rescued and regained the throne in 1470 but was recaptured and murdered in the Tower of London (1421-1471)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Henry_V (^son of Henry IV and King of England from 1413 to 1422; reopened the Hundred Years' War and defeated the French at Agincourt (1387-1422)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Henry_IV__Bolingbroke__Henry_Bolingbroke (^the first Lancastrian King of England from 1399 to 1413; deposed Richard II and suppressed rebellions (1367-1413)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Henry_III (^son of King John and King of England from 1216 to 1272; his incompetence led to baronial opposition led by Simon de Montfort (1207-1272)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Henry_II.King_of_France (^King of France from 1547 to 1559; regained Calais from the English; husband of Catherine de Medicis and father of Charles IX (1519-1559)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Henry_II (^first Plantagenet King of England; instituted judicial and financial reforms; quarreled with archbishop Becket concerning the authority of the crown over the church (1133-1189)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Henry_I__Henry_Beauclerc (^King of England from 1100 to 1135; youngest son of William the Conqueror; conquered Normandy in 1106 (1068-1135)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#William_Henry__Henry (^English chemist who studied the quantities of gas absorbed by water at different temperatures and under different pressures (1775-1836)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Patrick_Henry__Henry (^American Revolutionary leader and famous orator who spoke out against British rule of the American colonies (1736-1799)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader  #orator;


#Joseph_Henry__Henry (^American physicist who studied electromagnetic phenomena (1791-1878)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#James_Marshall_Hendrix__Hendrix__Jimi_Hendrix (^United States guitarist whose innovative style with electric guitars influenced the development of rock music (1942-1970)^)
   ^  #guitarist;


#Ernest_Hemingway__Hemingway (^an American writer of fiction who won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1954 (1899-1961)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#John_Heming__Heming__Hemminge__John_Hemminge (^English actor who edited the first folio of Shakespeare's plays (1556-1630)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Heloise (^student and mistress and wife of Abelard (circa 1098-1164)^)
   ^  #abbess;


#Baron_Hermann_Ludwig_Ferdinand_von_Helmholtz__Helmholtz__Hermann_von_Helmholtz__Hermann_Ludwig_Ferdinand_von_Helmholtz (^German physiologist and physicist (1821-1894)^)
   ^  #physiologist  #physicist;


#Lillian_Hellman__Hellman (^United States playwright (1905-1984)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Joseph_Heller__Heller (^United States novelist whose best known work was a black comedy inspired by his experiences in the Air Force during World War II (1923-1999)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Werner_Karl_Heisenberg__Heisenberg (^German mathematical physicist noted for stating the uncertainty principle (1901-1976)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Henry_John_Heinz__Heinz (^United States industrialist who manufactured and sold processed foods (1844-1919)^)
   ^  #industrialist;


#Robert_Anson_Heinlein__Heinlein (^United States writer of science fiction (1907-1988)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Martin_Heidegger__Heidegger (^German philosopher whose views on human existence in a world of objects and on Angst influenced the existential philosophers (1889-1976)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Georg_Wilhelm_Friedrich_Hegel__Hegel (^German philosopher whose three stage process of dialectical reasoning was adopted by Karl Marx (1770-1831)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Ben_Hecht__Hecht (^United States writer of stories and plays (1894-1946)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Christian_Friedrich_Hebbel__Hebbel__Friedrich_Hebbel (^German dramatist (1813-1863)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Oliver_Heaviside__Heaviside (^English physicist and electrical engineer who helped develop telegraphic and telephonic communications; in 1902 (independent of A. E. Kennelly) he suggested the existence of an atmospheric layer that reflects radio waves back to earth (1850-1925)^)
   ^  #physicist  #electrical_engineer;


#William_Randolph_Hearst__Hearst (^United States newspaper publisher whose introduction of large headlines and sensational reporting changed American journalism (1863-1951)^)
   ^  #newspaper_publisher;


#William_Hazlitt__Hazlitt (^English essayist and literary critic (1778-1830)^)
   ^  #literary_critic;


#William_Dudley_Haywood__Haywood__Big_Bill_Haywood (^United States labor leader and militant socialist who was one of the founders of the Industrial Workers of the World (1869-1928)^)
   ^  #labor_leader  #socialist;


#William_Harrison_Hays__Hays__Will_Hays (^United States lawyer and politician who formulated a production code that prescribed the moral content of United states films from 1930 to 1966 (1879-1954)^)
   ^  #lawyer;


#Arthur_Garfield_Hays__Hays (^United States lawyer involved in several famous court trials (1881-1954)^)
   ^  #lawyer;


#Helen_Hayes__Hayes (^acclaimed actress of stage and screen (born in 1900)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Rutherford_Birchard_Hayes__Hayes__Rutherford_B._Hayes__President_Hayes (^19th President of the United States; his administration removed federal troops from the South and so ended the Reconstruction Period (1822-1893)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Friedrich_August_von_Hayek__Hayek (^English economist (born in Austria) noted for work on the optimum allocation of resources (1899-1992)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Franz_Joseph_Haydn__Haydn__Joseph_Haydn (^Austrian composer who influenced the classical form of the symphony (1732-1809)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Nathaniel_Hawthorne__Hawthorne (^United States writer of novels and short stories mostly on moral themes (1804-1864)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Sir_Walter_Norman_Haworth__Haworth (^English biochemist who was a pioneer in research on carbohydrates; when he synthesized vitamin C he became the first person to synthesize a vitamin artificially (1883-1950)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#Sir_John_Hawkins__Hawkins__Hawkyns__Sir_John_Hawkyns (^English privateer involved in the slave trade; later helped build the fleet that in 1588 defeated the Spanish Armada (1532-1595)^)
   ^  #privateersman;


#Coleman_Hawkins__Hawkins (^United States jazz saxophonist (1904-1969)^)
   ^  #saxophonist;


#Stephen_William_Hawking__Hawking__Stephen_Hawking (^English theoretical physicist (born in 1942)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Vaclav_Havel__Havel (^Czech dramatist and statesman whose plays opposed totalitarianism and who served as president of Czechoslovakia from 1989 to 1992 and president of the Czech Republic since 1993 (born in 1936)^)
   ^  #dramatist  #statesman;


#Anne_Hathaway__Hathaway (^wife of William Shakespeare (1556-1623)^)
   ^  #wife;


#Thomas_Hastings__Hastings (^United States architect who formed and important architectural firm with John Merven Carrere (1860-1929)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Odd_Hassel__Hassel (^Norwegian chemist noted for his research on organic molecules (1897-1981)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Frederick_Childe_Hassam__Hassam__Childe_Hassam (^United States painter noted for brilliant colors and bold brushwork (1859-1935)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Hasdrubal (^general who commanded a Carthaginian army in Spain; joined his brother Hannibal in Italy and was killed by the Romans at the battle of Metaurus River (died 207 BC)^)
   ^  #full_general  #Carthaginian;


#William_Harvey__Harvey (^English physician who described the circulation of the blood (1578-1657)^)
   ^  #doc;


#John_Harvard__Harvard (^American philanthropist who left his library and half his estate to the Massachusetts college that now bears his name (1607-1638)^)
   ^  #philanthropist;


#David_Hartley__Hartley (^English philosopher who introduced the theory of the association of ideas (1705-1757)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Bret_Harte__Harte (^United States writer noted for his stories about life during the California gold rush (1836-1902)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Moss_Hart__Hart (^United States playwright who collaborated with George S. Kaufman (1904-1961)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Lorenz_Milton_Hart__Hart__Lorenz_Hart (^United States lyricist who collaborated with Richard Rodgers (1895-1943)^)
   ^  #lyricist;


#Charles_Digby_Harrod__Harrod (^English merchant who expanded his father's shop in London into a prestigious department store (1841-1905)^)
   ^  #merchant;


#Charles_Henry_Harrod__Harrod (^English merchant who took over a shop in London that was expanded by his son into a prestigious department store (1800-1885)^)
   ^  #merchant;


#Reginald_Carey_Harrison__Harrison__Rex_Harrison__Sir_Rex_Harrison (^English actor on stage and in films (1908-1990)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#President_Benjamin_Harrison__Harrison__Benjamin_Harrison__President_Harrison (^23rd President of the United States (1833-1901)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#President_William_Henry_Harrison__Harrison__William_Henry_Harrison__President_Harrison (^9th President of the United States; caught pneumonia during his inauguration and died shortly after (1773-1841)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Townsend_Harris__Harris (^United States diplomat who was instrumental in opening Japan to foreign trade (1804-1878)^)
   ^  #diplomatist;


#James_Thomas_Harris__Harris__Frank_Harris (^Irish writer noted for his sexually explicit but unreliable autobiography (1856-1931)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Sir_Arthur_Travers_Harris__Harris__Bomber_Harris (^British Marshal of the Royal Air Force; during World War II he directed mass bombing raids against German cities that resulted in heavy civilian casualties (1892-1984)^)
   ^  #full_general  #marshall;


#Benjamin_Harris__Harris (^publisher of the first newspaper printed in America (1673-1713)^)
   ^  #newspaper_publisher;


#William_Averell_Harriman__Harriman__Averell_Harriman (^United States financier who negotiated a treaty with the Soviet Union banning tests of nuclear weapons (1891-1986)^)
   ^  #financier  #diplomatist;


#Edward_Henry_Harriman__Harriman__E._H._Harriman (^United States railway tycoon (1848-1909)^)
   ^  #businessman;


#King_Harold_II__Harold_II (^King of England who succeeded Edward the Confessor in 1066 and was the last of the Anglo-Saxon monarchs; he was killed fighting the invasion by William the Conqueror (1045-1066)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#King_Harold_I__Harold_I__Harold_Harefoot__Harefoot (^illegitimate son of Canute who seized the throne of England in 1037 (died in 1040)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Alfred_Charles_William_Harmsworth__Harmsworth__Viscount_Northcliffe (^British newspaper publisher (1865-1922)^)
   ^  #newspaper_publisher;


#Jean_Harlow__Harlow__Harlean_Carpenter (^United States film actress who made several films with Clark Gable (1911-1937)^)
   ^  #actress;


#James_Hargreaves__Hargreaves (^English inventor of the spinning jenny (1720-1778)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Thomas_Hardy__Hardy (^English novelist and poet (1840-1928)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Warren_Gamaliel_Harding__Harding__Warren_Harding__President_Harding (^29th President of the United States; two of his appointees were involved in the Teapot Dome scandal (1865-1823)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Hannibal.full_general (^general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the Second Punic War; crossed the Alps and defeated the Romans but was recalled to defend Carthage and was defeated (247-182 BC)^)
   ^  #full_general  #Carthaginian;


#Thomas_J._Hanks__Hanks__Tom_Hanks (^United States film actor (born in 1956)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#William_Christopher_Handy__Handy__W._C._Handy (^United States blues musician who transcribed and published traditional blues music (1873-1958)^)
   ^  #composer;


#George_Frederick_Handel__Handel__Georg_Friedrich_Handel (^a prolific German composer noted for his oratorios (1685-1759)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Hancock__John_Hancock (^American revolutionary patriot who was president of the Continental Congress; was the first signer of the Declaration of Independence (1737-1793)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#Knut_Hamsun__Hamsun__Knut_Pedersen (^Norwegian writer of novels (1859-1952)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Lionel_Hampton__Hampton (^United States musician who was the first to use the vibraphone as a jazz instrument (born in 1913)^)
   ^  #jazz_musician;


#Hammurabi__Hammurapi (^Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Samuel_Dashiell_Hammett__Hammett__Dashiell_Hammett (^United States writer of hard-boiled detective fiction (1894-1961)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Oscar_Hammerstein_II__Hammerstein__Oscar_Hammerstein (^United States lyricist who collaborated on many musical comedies (most successfully with Richard Rodgers) (1895-1960)^)
   ^  #lyricist;


#Dag_Hjalmar_Agne_Carl_Hammarskjold__Hammarskjold__Dag_Hammarskjold (^Swedish diplomat who greatly extended the influence of the United Nations in peace-keeping matters (1905-1961)^)
   ^  #diplomatist;


#Sir_William_Rowan_Hamilton__Hamilton__William_Rowan_Hamilton (^Irish mathematician (1806-1865)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Lady_Emma_Hamilton__Hamilton__Amy_Lyon (^English beauty who was the mistress of Lord Nelson (1765-1815)^)
   ^  #Lady;


#Alice_Hamilton__Hamilton (^United States toxicologist known for her work on industrial poisons (1869-1970)^)
   ^  #toxicologist;


#Alexander_Hamilton__Hamilton (^United States statesman and leader of the Federalists; as the first Secretary of the Treasury he establish a federal bank; was mortally wounded in a duel with Aaron Burr (1755-1804)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Edmond_Halley__Halley__Edmund_Halley (^English astronomer who used Newton's laws of motion to predict the period of a comet (1656-1742)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Marguerite_Radclyffe_Hall__Hall__Radclyffe_Hall (^English writer whose novel about a lesbian relationship was banned in Britain for many years (1883-1943)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Granville_Stanley_Hall__Hall__G._Stanley_Hall (^United States child psychologist whose theories of child psychology strongly influenced educational psychology (1844-1924)^)
   ^  #psychologist;


#Charles_Martin_Hall__Hall (^United States chemist who developed an economical method of producing aluminum from bauxite (1863-1914)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Charles_Francis_Hall__Hall (^United States explorer who led three expeditions to the Arctic (1821-1871)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Asaph_Hall__Hall (^United States astronomer who discovered Phobos and Deimos (the two satellites of Mars) (1829-1907)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#William_John_Clifton_Haley_Jr.__Haley__Bill_Haley (^United States rock singer who was one of the first to popularize rock'n'roll music (1925-1981)^)
   ^  #rock_star;


#Alex_Haley__Haley (^United States Black writer who wrote a fictionalized account of tracing his family roots back to Africa (1921-1992)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Jacques_Francois_Fromental_Elie_Halevy__Halevy__Fromental_Halevy (^French operatic composer (1799-1862)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Nathan_Hale__Hale (^American Revolutionary soldier hanged as a spy by the British; his last words were supposed to have been "I only regret that I have but one life to give for my country" (1755-1776)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#George_Ellery_Hale__Hale (^United States astronomer who discovered that sunspots are associated with strong magnetic fields (1868-1938)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Edward_Everett_Hale__Hale (^prolific United States writer (1822-1909)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#John_Burdon_Sanderson_Haldane__Haldane__J._B._S._Haldane (^Scottish geneticist (son of John Haldane) who contributed to the development of population genetics; a popularizer of science and a Marxist (1892-1964)^)
   ^  #geneticist;


#John_Scott_Haldane__Haldane__John_Haldane (^Scottish physiologist and brother of Richard Haldane and Elizabeth Haldane; noted for research into industrial diseases (1860-1936)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#Elizabeth_Sanderson_Haldane__Haldane__Elizabeth_Haldane (^Scottish writer and sister of Richard Haldane and John Haldane (1862-1937)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#First_Viscount_Haldane_of_Cloan__Haldane__Richard_Haldane__Richard_Burdon_Haldane (^Scottish statesman and brother of Elizabeth and John Haldane (1856-1928)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Haile_Selassie__Ras_Tafari_Makonnen__Ras_Tafari (^Emperor of Ethiopia; worshipped by Rastafarians (1892-1975)^)
   ^  #Emperor;


#Otto_Hahn__Hahn (^German chemist who was co-discoverer with Lise Meitner of nuclear fission (1879-1968)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Hagard__Rider_Haggard__Sir_Henry_Rider_Haggard (^British writer noted for romantic adventure novels (1856-1925)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Ernst_Heinrich_Haeckel__Haeckel (^German biologist and philosopher; advocated Darwinism and formulated the theory of recapitulation; was an exponent of materialistic monism (1834-1919)^)
   ^  #biologist  #philosopher;


#Hadrian__Publius_Aelius_Hadrianus__Adrian (^Roman Emperor who was the adoptive son of Trajan; travelled throughout his empire to strengthen its frontiers and encourage learning and architecture; on a visit to Britain in 122 he ordered the construction of Hadrian's Wall (76-138)^)
   ^  #Roman_Emperor;


#Fritz_Haber__Haber (^German chemist noted for the synthetic production of ammonia (1868-1934)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Eleanor_Gwynn__Gwynn__Gywn__Gynne__Nell_Gwynn__Nell_Gywn__Nell_Gwynne__Eleanor_Gwyn__Eleanor_Gwynne (^English comedienne and mistress of Charles II (1650-1687)^)
   ^  #comedienne.comedian;


#Woodrow_Wilson_Guthrie__Guthrie__Woody_Guthrie (^United States folk singer and songwriter (1912-1967)^)
   ^  #folk_singer  #songwriter;


#Johannes_Gutenberg__Gutenberg__Johann_Gutenberg (^German printer who was the first in Europe to print using movable type and the first to use a press (1400-1468)^)
   ^  #pressman;


#Gustavus_V (^King of Sweden who kept Sweden neutral during both World Wars (1858-1950)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Gustavus_Adolphus__Gustavus__Gustavus_II (^King of Sweden whose victories in battle made Sweden a European power; his domestic reforms made Sweden a modern state; in 1630 he intervened on the Protestant side of the Thirty Years' War and was killed in the battle of Lutzen (1594-1632)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Gustavus_I__Gustavus (^King of Sweden who established Lutheranism as the state religion (1496-1560)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Sir_Alec_Guinness__Guinness__Alec_Guinness (^English stage and screen actor noted for versatility (1914-2000)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Solomon_Guggenheim__Guggenheim (^United States philanthropist; son of Meyer Guggenheim who created several foundation to support the arts (1861-1949)^)
   ^  #philanthropist;


#Meyer_Guggenheim__Guggenheim (^United States industrialist (born in Switzerland) who with his sons established vast mining and metal processing companies (1828-1905)^)
   ^  #industrialist;


#Ernesto_Guevara_de_la_Serna__Guevara__Che_Guevara (^Argentine guerrilla leader who played an important role in the Cuban revolution under Fidel Castro (1928-1967)^)
   ^  #guerrilla  #revolutionist;


#Edgar_Albert_Guest__Guest__Edgar_Guest (^United States journalist (born in England) noted for his syndicated homey verse (1881-1959)^)
   ^  #journalist;


#Guinevere__Guenevere (^(Arthurian legend) wife of King Arthur; in some versions of the legend she became Lancelot's lover and that led to the end of the Knights of the Round Table^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Guiseppe_Guarneri__Guarneri__Guarnieri__Guarnerius (^Italian violin maker and grandson of Andrea Guarneri (1687?-1745)^)
   ^  #violin_maker;


#Andrea_Guarneri__Guarneri__Guarnieri__Guarnerius (^founder of a family of Italian violin makers (1626?-1698)^)
   ^  #violin_maker;


#Leslie_Richard_Groves__Groves (^United States general who served as military director of the atomic bomb project (1896-1970)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Walter_Gropius__Gropius (^a United States architect (born in Germany) and founder of the Bauhaus school (1883-1969)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Andrei_Andreyevich_Gromyko__Gromyko__Andrei_Gromyko (^Soviet ambassador to the United States and to the United Nations (1909-1989)^)
   ^  #embassador;


#Jaun_Gris__Gris (^Spanish cubist painter (1887-1927)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Wilhelm_Karl_Grimm__Grimm (^the younger of the two Grimm brothers remembered best for their fairy stories (1786-1859)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Jakob_Ludwig_Karl_Grimm__Grimm (^the older of the two Grimm brothers remembered best for their fairy stories; also author of Grimm's Law describing consonant changes in Germanic languages (1785-1863)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #linguist;


#David_Lewelyn_Wark_Griffith__Griffith__D._W._Griffith (^United States film maker who was the first to use flashbacks and fade-outs (1875-1948)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Edvard_hagerup_Grieg__Grieg__Edvard_Grieg (^Norwegian composer whose work was often inspired by Norwegian folk music (1843-1907)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Zane_Grey__Grey (^United States writer of western adventure novels (1875-1939)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Second_Earl_Grey__Grey__Charles_Grey (^Englishman who as Prime minister implemented social reforms including the abolition of slavery throughout the British Empire (1764-1845)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Wayne_Gretzky__Gretzky (^high-scoring Canadian ice-hockey player (born in 1961)^)
   ^  #ice-hockey_player;


#Sir_Thomas_Gresham__Gresham (^English financier (1519-1579)^)
   ^  #financier;


#Gregory_XIII__Gregory__Ugo_Buoncompagni (^the pope who sponsored the introduction of the modern calendar (1572-1585)^)
   ^  #pope;


#Gregory_VII__Gregory__Hildebrand (^the pope who fought to establish the supremacy of the pope over the Church and the supremacy of the Church over the state (1020-1085)^)
   ^  #pope;


#Gregory_the_Great__Gregory__Gregory_I__Saint_Gregory_I__St_Gregory_I (^the pope for whom Gregorian chants were named (circa 540-604)^)
   ^  #pope;


#Henry_Graham_Greene__Greene__Graham_Greene (^English Catholic novelist (1904-1991)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#William_Green__Green (^United States labor leader who was president of the American Federation of Labor from 1924 to 1952 and who led the struggle with the Congress of Industrial Organizations (1873-1952)^)
   ^  #labor_leader;


#Horace_Greeley__Greeley (^United States journalist with political ambitions (1811-1872)^)
   ^  #journalist;


#Thomas_Gray__Gray (^English poet best known for his elegy written in a country church-yard (1716-1771)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Robert_Gray__Gray (^American navigator who twice circumnavigated the globe and who discovered the Columbia River (1755-1806)^)
   ^  #navigator;


#Asa_Gray__Gray (^United States botanist who specialized in North American flora and who was an early supporter of Darwin's theories of evolution (1810-1888)^)
   ^  #botanist;


#Robert_Ranke_Graves__Graves__Robert_Graves (^English writer known for his interest in mythology and in the classics (1895-1985)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Gunter_Wilhelm_Grass__Grass__Gunter_Grass (^German writer of novels and poetry and plays (born 1927)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Stephane_Grappelli__Grappelli (^French jazz violinist (1908-1997)^)
   ^  #violinist;


#Harley_Granville-Barker__Granville-Barker (^English actor and dramatist and critic and director noted for his productions of Shakespearean plays (1877-1946)^)
   ^  #histrion  #dramatist  #critic  #theater_director  #theatrical_producer;


#Cary_Grant__Grant (^United States actor (born in England) who was the elegant leading man in many films (1904-1986)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Ulysses_Simpson_Grant__Grant__Ulysses_Grant__Ulysses_S._Grant__Hiram_Ulysses_Grant__President_Grant (^18th President of the United States; commander of the Union armies in the American Civil War (1822-1885)^)
   ^  #full_general  #President_of_the_United_States;


#George_Percy_Aldridge_Grainger__Grainger__Percy_Grainger (^United States composer (born in Australia) who lived in London and collected English folk songs (1882-1961)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Kenneth_Grahame__Grahame (^English writer (born in Scotland) of children's stories (1859-1932)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#William_Franklin_Graham__Graham__Billy_Graham (^United States evangelical preacher famous as a mass evangelist (born in 1918)^)
   ^  #evangelist;


#Martha_Graham__Graham (^United States dancer and choreographer whose work was noted for its austerity and technical rigor (1893-1991)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer  #choreographer;


#Stephanie_Graf__Graf__Steffi_Graf (^German tennis player who won seven women's singles titles at Wimbledon (born in 1969)^)
   ^  #tennis_player;


#Francisco_Jose_de_Goya_y_Lucientes__Goya__Francisco_Goya__Francisco_de_Goya__Francisco_Jose_de_Goya (^Spanish painter best known for his portraits (1746-1828)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Charles_Francois_Gounod__Gounod (^French composer (1818-1893)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Stephen_Jay_Gould__Gould (^United States paleontologist and popularizer of science (born in 1941)^)
   ^  #paleontologist;


#Jay_Gould__Gould (^United States financier who gained control of the Erie Canal and who caused a financial panic in 1869 when he attempted to corner the gold market (1836-1892)^)
   ^  #financier;


#Maksim_Gorky__Gorky__Gorki__Maxim_Gorki__Aleksey_Maksimovich_Peshkov__Aleksey_Maximovich_Peshkov (^Russian writer of plays and novels and short stories; noted for his depiction of social outcasts^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Hermann_Wilhelm_Goring__Goring__Goering__Hermann_Goring__Hermann_Goering__Hermann_Wilhaelm_Goering (^German Nazi politician who founded the Gestapo and mobilized Germany for war (1893-1946)^)
   ^  #Nazi;


#William_Crawford_Gorgas__Gorgas (^United States Army surgeon who suppressed yellow fever in Havana and in the Panama Canal Zone (1854-1920)^)
   ^  #operating_surgeon;


#Albert_Gore_Jr.__Gore__Al_Gore (^Vice President of the United States under Bill Clinton (born in 1948)^)
   ^  #vice_president;


#Gordius (^legendary king of ancient Phrygia who was said to be responsible for the Gordian knot^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Nadine_Gordimer__Gordimer (^South African novelist and short-story writer whose work describes the effects of apartheid (born in 1923)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Mikhail_Sergeyevich_Gorbachev__Gorbachev__Mikhail_Gorbachev (^Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms (born in 1931)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Charles_Goodyear__Goodyear (^United States inventor of vulcanized rubber (1800-1860)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Benjamin_David_Goodman__Goodman__Benny_Goodman__the_King_of_Swing (^United States clarinetist who in 1934 formed a big band (including Black as well as White musicians) and introduced a kind of jazz known as swing (1909-1986)^)
   ^  #clarinetist  #bandleader;


#Jane_Goodall__Goodall (^English zoologist noted for her studies of chimpanzees in the wild (born in 1934)^)
   ^  #zoologist;


#Maud_Gonne__Gonne (^Irish patriot and a founder of the Sinn Fein (1865-1953)^)
   ^  #patriot;


#Jules_Alfred_Huot_de_Goncourt__Goncourt__Jules_de_Goncourt (^French writer who collaborated with his brother Edmond de Goncourt on many books (1830-1870)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Edmond_Louis_Antoine_Huot_de_Goncourt__Goncourt__Edmond_de_Goncourt (^French writer who collaborated with his brother Jules de Goncourt on many books and who in his will established the Prix Goncourt (1822-1896)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Samuel_Gompers__Gompers (^United States labor leader (born in England) who was president of the American Federation of Labor from 1886 to 1924 (1850-1924)^)
   ^  #labor_leader;


#Goliath (^(Old Testament) a giant Philistine warrior who David slayed with a slingshot^)
   ^  #warrior;


#Camillo_Golgi__Golgi (^Italian histologist noted for work on the structure of the nervous system and for his discovery of Golgi bodies (1844-1926)^)
   ^  #histologist;


#Samuel_Goldwyn__Goldwyn__Sam_Goldwyn (^United States film maker (born in Poland) who founded his own film company and later merged with Louis B. Mayer (1882-1974)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Oliver_Goldsmith__Goldsmith (^Irish writer of novels and poetry and plays and essays (1728-1774)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Carlo_Goldoni__Goldoni (^prolific Italian dramatist (1707-1793)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Peter_Carl_Goldmark__Goldmark__Peter_Goldmark (^United States inventor (born in Hungary) who made the first TV broadcast in 1940 and invented the long-playing record in 1948 and pioneered video cassette recording (1906-1977)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Emma_Goldman__Goldman (^United States anarchist (born in Russia) who opposed conscription; was deported to the Soviet Union in 1919 (1869-1940)^)
   ^  #anarchist;


#Sir_William_Gerald_Golding__Golding__William_Golding (^English novelist (1911-1993)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Reuben_Lucius_Goldberg__Goldberg__Rube_Goldberg (^United States cartoonist who drew intricate diagrams of very complicated and impractical contraptions that accomplished little or nothing (1883-1970)^)
   ^  #cartoonist;


#Nikolai_Vasilievich_Gogol__Gogol (^Russian writer who introduced realism to Russian literature (1809-1852)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Johann_Wolfgang_von_Goethe__Goethe (^German poet and novelist and dramatist who lived in Weimar (1749-1832)^)
   ^  #poet  #novelist  #dramatist;


#George_Washington_Goethals__Goethals (^United States army officer and engineer who supervised the construction of the Panama Canal (1858-1928)^)
   ^  #engineer;


#Paul_Joseph_Goebbels__Goebbels__Joseph_Goebbels (^German Nazi propaganda minister who persecuted the Jews (1897-1945)^)
   ^  #Nazi  #propagandist;


#Boris_Fyodorovich_Godunov__Godunov__Boris_Godunov (^Czar of Russian (1551-1605)^)
   ^  #tsar;


#Lady_Godiva__Godiva (^according to legend she rode naked through Coventry in order to persuade her husband not to tax the townspeople so heavily; the only person to look at her as she rode by was a man named Tom and Peeping Tom has become a synonym for voyeur (circa 1040-1080)^)
   ^  #Lady;


#Robert_Hutchings_Goddard__Goddard (^United States physicist who developed the first successful liquid-fueled rocket (1882-1945)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Jean_Luc_Godard__Godard (^French film maker influenced by surrealism; early work explored the documentary use of film; noted for innovative techniques (born in 1930)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Christoph_Willibald_von_Gluck__Gluck (^German composer of operas (1714-1787)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Mikhail_Ivanovich_Glinka__Glinka (^Russian composer (1804-1857)^)
   ^  #composer;


#John_Herschel_Glenn_Jr.__Glenn__John_Glenn (^made the first orbital rocket-powered flight by a United States astronaut in 1962; later in United States Senate (1921- )^)
   ^  #astronaut  #senator;


#Owen_Glendower__Glendower (^Welsh chieftan who led a revolt against Henry IV's rule in Wales (1359-1416)^)
   ^  #chieftan;


#Donald_Arthur_Glaser__Glaser__Donald_Glaser (^United States physicist who invented the bubble chamber to study subatomic particles (born in 1926)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#William_Ewart_Gladstone__Gladstone__William_Gladstone (^liberal British statesman who served as prime minister four times (1809-1898)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Karl_Gjellerup__Gjellerup (^Danish novelist (1857-1919)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Lillian_Gish__Gish (^United States film actress who appeared in films by D. W. Griffith (1896-1993)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Hippolyte_Jean_Giraudoux__Giraudoux__Jean_Giraudoux (^French dramatist (1882-1944)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Stephen_Girard__Girard (^United States financier (born in France) who helped finance the War of 1812 (1750-1831)^)
   ^  #financier;


#Giotto_di_Bondone__Giotto (^Florentine painter who gave up the stiff Byzantine style and developed a more naturalistic style; considered the greatest painter of pre-Renaissance Italy (1267-1337)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Allen_Ginsberg__Ginsberg (^United States poet of the beat generation (1926-1997)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Elizabeth_Merriwether_Gilmer__Gilmer__Dorothy_Dix (^United States journalist who wrote a syndicated column of advice to the lovelorn (1870-1951)^)
   ^  #journalist;


#Charlotte_Anna_Perkins_Gilman__Gilman (^United States feminist (1860-1935)^)
   ^  #feminist;


#Gillette__King_Camp_Gilette (^United States inventor and manufacturer who developed the safety razor (1855-1932)^)
   ^  #inventor  #industrialist;


#John_Birks_Gillespie__Gillespie__Dizzy_Gillespie (^United States jazz trumpeter and exponent of bebop (1917-1993)^)
   ^  #cornetist;


#Gilgamesh (^a legendary Sumerian king who was the hero of an epic collection of mythic stories^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#William_Schwenk_Gilbert__Gilbert__William_Gilbert__Sir_William_Gilbert (^a librettist who was a collaborator with Sir Arthur Sullivan in a famous series of comic operettas (1836-1911)^)
   ^  #librettist  #poet;


#William_Gilbert__Gilbert (^English court physician noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1540-1603)^)
   ^  #doc  #physicist;


#Sir_Humphrey_Gilbert__Gilbert__Humphrey_Gilbert (^English navigator who in 1583 established in Newfoundland the first English colony in North America (1539-1583)^)
   ^  #navigator;


#Cass_Gilbert__Gilbert (^United States architect who influenced the development of the skyscraper (1859-1934)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Arthur_John_Gielgud__Gielgud__Sir_John_Gielgud (^English Shakespearean actor also noted for appearances in films (1904-2000)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Mel_Columcille_Gerard_Gibson__Gibson__Mel_Gibson (^Australian actor (born in the United States in 1956)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Althea_Gibson__Gibson (^United States tennis player who was the first Black woman player to win all the major world singles titles (born in 1927)^)
   ^  #tennis_player;


#Kahlil_Gibran__Gibran (^United States writer (born in Lebanon) (1883-1931)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Josiah_Willard_Gibbs__Gibbs (^United States chemist (1839-1903)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Edward_Gibbon__Gibbon (^English historian best known for his history of the Roman Empire (1737-1794)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Alberto_Giacometti__Giacometti (^Swiss sculptor and painter (1901-1966)^)
   ^  #sculptor  #painter;


#Konrad_von_Gesner__Gesner (^Swiss naturalist who was one of the founders of modern zoology (1516-1565)^)
   ^  #naturalist;


#Arnold_Lucius_Gesell__Gesell__Arnold_Gesell (^United States psychologist noted for his work in child development (1880-1961)^)
   ^  #psychologist;


#Ira_Gershwin__Gershwin (^United States lyricist who frequently collaborated with his brother George Gershwin (1896-1983)^)
   ^  #lyricist;


#George_Gershwin__Gershwin (^United States composer who incorporated jazz into classical forms and composed scores for musical comedies (1898-1937)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Geronimo (^Apache chieftain who raided the white settlers in the Southwest as resistance to being confined to a reservation (1829-1909)^)
   ^  #Indian_chief  #Apache;


#Sir_Geraint__Geraint (^(Arthurian legend) one of the knights of the Round Table^)
   ^  #knight;


#Saint_George__George__St_George (^Christian martyr; patron saint of England; hero of the legend of Saint George and the Dragon in which he slew a dragon and saved a princess (?-303)^)
   ^  #martyr;


#George_IV (^King of Great Britain and Ireland and Hanover from 1820 to 1830; his attempt to divorce his estranged wife undermined the prestige of the crown (1762-1830)^)
   ^  #King_of_England  #Hanoverian;


#George_III (^King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1760 to 1820; the American colonies were lost during his reign; he became insane in 1811 and his son (later George IV) acted as regent until 1820 (1738-1820)^)
   ^  #King_of_England  #Hanoverian;


#George_II (^King of Great Britain and Elector of Hanover from 1727 to 1760 (1683-1760)^)
   ^  #King_of_England  #Hanoverian;


#George_I (^Elector of Hanover and the first Hanoverian King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1714 to 1727 (1660-1727)^)
   ^  #King_of_England  #Hanoverian;


#Geoffrey_of_Monmouth (^Welsh chronicler who wrote and account of the kings of Britain which is now believed to contain little historical fact but it is a source of the Arthurian legend (circa 1100-1154)^)
   ^  #chronicler;


#Genseric__Gaiseric (^king of the Vandals who seized Roman lands and invaded North Africa and sacked Rome (428-477)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Genghis_Khan__Jinghis_Khan__Jenghiz_Khan (^Mongol Emperor whose empire stretched from the Black Sea to the Pacific Ocean (1162-1227)^)
   ^  #Emperor;


#Edmund_Charles_Edouard_Genet__Genet__Citizen_Genet (^French diplomat who in 1793 tried to draw the United States into the war between France and England (1763-1834)^)
   ^  #diplomatist;


#Jean_Genet__Genet (^French writer of novels and dramas (1910-1986)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Murray_Gell-Mann__Gell-Mann (^United States physicist noted for his studies of subatomic particles (born in 1929)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Theodor_Seuss_Geisel__Geisel__Dr._Seuss (^United States writer of children's books (1904-1991)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Hans_Geiger__Geiger (^German physicist who developed the Geiger counter (1882-1945)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Henry_Louis_Gehrig__Gehrig__Lou_Gehrig (^baseball player with the New York Yankees; died of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (1903-1941)^)
   ^  #ballplayer;


#Joseph_Louis_Gay-Lussac__Gay-Lussac (^French chemist and physicist who first isolated boron and who formulated the law describing the behavior of gases under constant pressure (1778-1850)^)
   ^  #chemist  #physicist;


#Sir_Gawain__Gawain (^(Arthurian legend) a nephew of Arthur and one of the knights of the Round Table^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Karl_Friedrich_Gauss__Gauss__Karl_Gauss (^German mathematician who developed the theory of numbers and who applied mathematics to electricity and magnetism and astronomy and geodesy (1777-1855)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Paul_Gauguin__Gauguin (^French post-impressionist painter who worked in the South Pacific (1848-1903)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Antonio_Gaudi__Gaudi (^Spanish architect who was a leading exponent of art nouveau in Europe (1852-1926)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Richard_Jordan_Gatling__Gatling (^United States inventor of the first rapid firing gun (1818-1903)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#William_Henry_Gates__Gates__Bill_Gates (^United States computer entrepreneur whose software company made him the youngest multi-billionaire in the history of the United States (born in 1955)^)
   ^  #computer_scientist  #entrepreneur;


#Elizabeth_Cleghorn_Stevenson_Gaskell__Gaskell__Elizabeth_Gaskell (^English writer who is remembered for her biography of Charlotte Bronte (1810-1865)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#William_Lloyd_Garrison__Garrison (^United States abolitionist who published an anti-slavery journal (1805-1879)^)
   ^  #abolitionist;


#David_Garrick__Garrick (^English actor and theater manager who was the foremost Shakespearean actor of his day (1717-1779)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Judy_Garland__Garland (^United States singer and film actress (1922-1969)^)
   ^  #singer  #actress;


#Giuseppe_Garibaldi__Garibaldi (^Italian patriot whose conquest of Sicily and Naples led to the formation of the Italian state (1807-1882)^)
   ^  #full_general  #patriot;


#James_Abraham_Garfield__Garfield__James_Garfield__James_A._Garfield__President_Garfield (^20th President of the United States; assassinated by a frustrated office-seeker (1831-1881)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Isabella_Stewart_Gardner__Gardner (^United States collector and patron of art who built a museum in Boston to house her collection and opened it to the public in 1903 (1840-1924)^)
   ^  #accumulator;


#Erle_Stanley_Gardner__Gardner (^writer of detective novels featuring Perry Mason (1889-1970)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Samuel_Rawson_Gardiner__Gardiner (^British historian remembered for his ten-volume history of England (1829-1902)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Frederico_Garcia_Lorca__Garcia_Lorca__Lorca (^Spanish poet and dramatist (1898-1936)^)
   ^  #poet  #dramatist;


#Greta_Garbo__Garbo__Greta_Louisa_Gustafsson (^United States film actress (born in Sweden) known for her reclusiveness (1905-1990)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Indira_Nehru_Gandhi__Gandhi__Indira_Gandhi__Mrs._Gandhi (^daughter of Nehru who served as Prime Minister of India from 1966 to 1977 (1917-1984)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Mohandas_Karamchand_Gandhi__Gandhi__Mahatma_Gandhi (^political and spiritual leader during India's struggle with Great Britain for home rule; an advocate of passive resistance (1869-1948)^)
   ^  #nationalist_leader  #spiritual_leader;


#George_Gamow__Gamow (^United States physicist (born in Russia) who was a proponent of the big-bang theory and who did research in radioactivity and suggested the triplet code for DNA (1904-1968)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Luigi_Galvani__Galvani (^Italian physiologist noted for his discovery that frogs' muscles contracted in an electric field (which led to the galvanic cell) (1737-1798)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#Sir_Francis_Galton__Galton__Francis_Galton (^English scientist (cousin of Charles Darwin) who explored many fields: heredity, meteorology, statistics, psychology, anthropology; founder of eugenics and first to use fingerprints for identification (1822-1911)^)
   ^  #scientist;


#John_Galsworthy__Galsworthy (^English novelist (1867-1933)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Evariste_Galois__Galois (^French mathematician who described the conditions for solving polynomial equations; was killed in a duel at the age of 21 (1811-1832)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Thomas_Hopkins_Gallaudet__Gallaudet (^United States educator who established the first free school in the United States for the hearing impaired (1787-1851)^)
   ^  #educator;


#Galileo_Galilei__Galileo (^Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars; demonstrated that different weights descend at the same rate; perfected the refracting telescope that enabled him to make many discoveries (1564-1642)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Galen (^Greek anatomist whose theories formed the basis of European medicine until the Renaissance (circa 130-200)^)
   ^  #anatomist;


#John_Kenneth_Galbraith__Galbraith__John_Galbraith (^United States economist (born in Canada) who served as ambassador to India (born in 1908)^)
   ^  #economist  #diplomatist;


#Sir_Galahad__Galahad (^(Arthurian legend) the most virtuous knight of the Round Table; was able to see the Holy Grail^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Thomas_Gainsborough__Gainsborough (^English portrait and landscape painter (1727-1788)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Yuri_Alekseyevich_Gagarin__Gagarin__Yuri_Gagarin (^Soviet cosmonaut who in 1961 was the first person to travel in space (1934-1968)^)
   ^  #astronaut;


#Emile_Gaboriau__Gaboriau (^French writer considered by some to be a founder of the detective novel (1832-1873)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Dennis_Gabor__Gabor (^British physicist (born in Hungary) noted for his work on holography (1900-1979)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#William_Clark_Gable__Gable__Clark_Gable (^United States film actor (1901-1960)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Casimir_Funk__Funk (^United States biochemist (born in Poland) who showed that several diseases were caused by dietary deficiencies and who coined the term `vitamin' for the chemicals involved (1884-1967)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#Robert_Fulton__Fulton (^American inventor who designed the first commercially successful steamboat and the first steam warship (1765-1815)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Richard_Buckminster_Fuller__Fuller__Buckminster_Fuller__R._Buckminster_Fuller (^United States architect who invented the geodesic dome (1895-1983)^)
   ^  #architect;


#James_William_Fulbright__Fulbright__William_Fulbright (^United States senator who is remembered for his creation of grants that fund exchange programs of teachers and students between the United States and other countries (1905-1995)^)
   ^  #senator;


#Carlos_Fuentes__Fuentes (^Mexican novelist (born in 1928)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Emil_Klaus_Julius_Fuchs__Fuchs__Klaus_Fuchs (^British physicist who was born in Germany and fled Nazi persecution; in the 1940s he passed secret information to the USSR about the development of the atom bomb in the United States (1911-1988)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Herman_Northrop_Frye__Frye__Northrop_Frye (^Canadian literary critic interested in the use of myth and symbolism (1912-1991)^)
   ^  #literary_critic;


#Christopher_Fry__Fry (^English dramatist noted for his comic verse dramas (born 1907)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Robert_Lee_Frost__Frost__Robert_Frost (^American poet famous for his lyrical poems on country life in New England (1874-1963)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Friedrich_Wilhelm_August_Froebel__Froebel__Friedrich_Froebel (^German educator who founded the kindergarten system (1782-1852)^)
   ^  #educator;


#Sir_Martin_Frobisher__Frobisher (^English explorer who led an expedition in search of the Northwest Passage to the orient; served under Drake and helped defeat the Spanish Armada (1535-1594)^)
   ^  #explorer  #navigator;


#Otto_Robert_Frisch__Frisch__Otto_Frisch (^British physicist (born in Austria) who with Lise Meitner recognized that Otto Hahn had produced a new kind of nuclear reaction which they named nuclear fission; Frisch described the explosive potential of a chain nuclear reaction (1904-1979)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Ragnar_Anton_Kittil_Frisch__Frisch__Ragnar_Frisch (^Norwegian economist noted for his work in econometrics (1895-1973)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Karl_von_Frisch__Frisch (^Austrian zoologist noted for his studies of honeybees (1886-1982)^)
   ^  #zoologist;


#Milton_Friedman__Friedman (^United States economist noted as a proponent of monetarism and for his opposition to government intervention in the economy (born 1912)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Betty_Naomi_Friedan__Friedan__Betty_Friedan (^United States feminist who founded a national organization for women (born in 1921)^)
   ^  #feminist;


#Henry_Clay_Frick__Frick (^United States industrialist who amassed a fortune in the steel industry (1849-1919)^)
   ^  #industrialist;


#Sigmund_Freud__Freud (^Austrian neurologist who originated psychoanalysis (1856-1939)^)
   ^  #neurologist  #psychoanalyst;


#Augustin_Jean_Fresnel__Fresnel (^French physicist who invented polarized light and invented the Fresnel lens (1788-1827)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Daniel_Chester_French__French (^United States sculptor who created the seated marble figure of Abraham Lincoln in the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. (1850-1931)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#John_Charles_Fremont__Fremont__John_C._Fremont (^United States explorer who mapped much of the American west and northwest (1813-1890)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Frederick_the_Great__Frederick_II (^king of Prussia from 1740 to 1786; brought Prussia military prestige by winning the War of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War (1712-1786)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Frederick_II (^Holy Roman Emperor; led the Sixth Crusade and crowned himself king of Jerusalem (1194-1250)^)
   ^  #Holy_Roman_Emperor;


#Frederick_Barbarossa__Frederick_I__Barbarossa (^Holy Roman Emperor from 1152 to 1190; conceded supremacy to the pope; drowned leading the Third Crusade (1123-1190)^)
   ^  #Holy_Roman_Emperor;


#Sir_James_George_Frazer__Frazer__James_George_Frazer (^English social anthropologist noted for studies of primitive religion and magic (1854-1941)^)
   ^  #anthropologist;


#John_Hope_Franklin__Franklin (^United States historian noted for studies of Black American history (born in 1915)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Benjamin_Franklin__Franklin (^printer whose success as an author led him to take up politics; he helped draw up the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution; he played a major role in the American Revolution and negotiated French support for the colonists; as a scientist he is remembered particularly for his research in electricity (1706-1790)^)
   ^  #pressman  #professional_writer  #American_Revolutionary_leader  #scientist;


#Francisco_Franco__Franco__El_Caudillo (^Spanish general whose armies took control of Spain in 1939 and who ruled as a dictator until his death (1892-1975)^)
   ^  #full_general  #dictator;


#James_Franck__Franck (^United States physicist (born in Germany) who with Gustav Hertz performed an electron scattering experiment that proved the existence of the stationary energy states postulated by Niels Bohr (1882-1964)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Saint_Francis_of_Assisi__Francis_of_Assisi__St_Francis_of_Assisi__Saint_Francis__St_Francis__Giovanni_di_Bernardone (^Italian Roman Catholic monk who founded the Franciscan order of friars (1181-1226)^)
   ^  #saint;


#Francis_Joseph_I__Francis_Joseph__Franz_Joseph__Franz_Josef_I (^Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary; was defeated by Napoleon III at the battle of Magenta (1830-1916)^)
   ^  #Emperor;


#Francis_Ferdinand__Franz_Ferdinand (^Archduke of Austria and heir apparent to Francis Joseph I; his assassination triggered the outbreak of World War II (1863-1914)^)
   ^  #Archduke;


#Emperor_Francis_II__Francis_II (^the last Holy Roman Emperor (1768-1835)^)
   ^  #Holy_Roman_Emperor;


#Anatole_France__France__Jacques_Anatole_Francois_Thibault (^French writer of sophisticated novels and short stories (1844-1924)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Jean_Honore_Fragonard__Fragonard (^French artist whose rococo paintings typified the frivolity of life in the royal court of France in the 18th century (1732-1806)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Charles_James_Fox__Fox (^English statesman who supported American independence and the French Revolution (1749-1806)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#George_Fox__Fox (^English religious leader who founded the Society of Friends (1624-1691)^)
   ^  #religionist;


#Henry_Watson_Fowler__Fowler (^English lexicographer who wrote a well-known book on English usage (1858-1933)^)
   ^  #lexicographer;


#Baron_Jean_Baptiste_Joseph_Fourier__Fourier__Jean_Baptiste_Joseph_Fourier (^French mathematician who developed Fourier analysis and studied the conduction of heat (1768-1830)^)
   ^  #mathematician  #physicist;


#Francois_Marie_Charles_Fourier__Fourier__Charles_Fourier (^French sociologist and reformer who hoped to achieve universal harmony by reorganizing society (1772-1837)^)
   ^  #sociologist;


#Jean_Bernard_Leon_Foucault__Foucault (^French physicist who determined the speed of light and showed that it travels slower in water than in air; invented the Foucault pendulum and the gyroscope (1819-1868)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Stephen_Collins_Foster__Foster__Stephen_Foster (^United States songwriter whose songs embody the sentiment of the South before the American Civil War (1826-1864)^)
   ^  #songwriter;


#Cecil_Scott_Forester__Forester__C._S._Forester (^English writer of adventure novels featuring Captain Horatio Hornblower (1899-1966)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#John_Ford__Ford (^United States film maker (1896-1973)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Henry_Ford_II__Ford (^grandson of Henry Ford (1917-1987)^)
   ^  #industrialist;


#Edsel_Bryant_Ford__Ford (^son of Henry Ford (1893-1943)^)
   ^  #industrialist;


#Ford_Hermann_Hueffer__Ford__Ford_Madox_Ford (^English writer and editor (1873-1939)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Gerald_Rudolph_Ford__Ford__Gerald_Ford__Gerald_R._Ford__President_Ford (^38th President of the United States; appointed Vice President and succeeded Nixon when Nixon resigned (1913- )^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Henry_Ford__Ford (^American manufacturer of automobiles who pioneered mass production (1863-1947)^)
   ^  #industrialist;


#Dame_Margot_Fonteyn__Fonteyn (^English dancer who danced with Rudolf Nureyev (born in 1919)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer;


#Lynn_Fontanne__Fontanne (^United States actress (born in England) who married Alfred Lunt and performed with him in many plays (1887-1983)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Jane_Fonda__Fonda (^United States Film actress and daughter of Henry Fonda (born in 1937)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Henry_Fonda__Fonda (^United States film actor (1905-1982)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Paul_John_Flory__Flory (^United States chemist who developed methods for studying long-chain molecules (1910-1985)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#John_Florio__Florio (^English lexicographer remembered for his Italian and English dictionary (1553-1625)^)
   ^  #lexicographer;


#Sir_Howard_Walter_Florey__Florey__Howard_Florey (^British pathologist who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1898-1968)^)
   ^  #diagnostician;


#Sir_Matthew_Flinders__Flinders__Matthew_Flinders (^British explorer who mapped the Australian coast (1774-1814)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Ian_Lancaster_Fleming__Fleming__Ian_Fleming (^British writer famous for writing spy novels about secret agent James Bond (1908-1964)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Sir_Alexander_Fleming__Fleming__Alexander_Fleming (^English bacteriologist who discovered penicillin (1881-1955)^)
   ^  #bacteriologist;


#Gustave_Flaubert__Flaubert (^French writer of novels and short stories (1821-1880)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Flaminius__Gaius_Falminius (^Roman statesman and general who built the Flaminian Way; died when he was defeated by Hannibal (died 217 BC)^)
   ^  #full_general  #statesman;


#Edward_Fitzgerald__Fitzgerald (^English poet remembered primarily for his free translation of the poetry of Omar Khayyam (1809-1883)^)
   ^  #poet  #interpreter.mediator;


#Francis_Scott_Key_Fitzgerald__Fitzgerald__F._Scott_Fitzgerald (^United States novelist (1896-1940)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Ella_Fitzgerald__Fitzgerald (^United States scat singer (born in 1918)^)
   ^  #singer;


#Hans_Fischer__Fischer (^German chemist noted for his synthesis of hemin (1881-1945)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Emil_Hermann_Fischer__Fischer (^German chemist noted for work on synthetic sugars and the purines (1852-1919)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Robert_James_Fischer__Fischer__Bobby_Fischer (^United States chess master; world champion from 1972 to 1975 (born in 1943)^)
   ^  #chess_master;


#John_Rupert_Firth__Firth__J._R._Firth (^English linguist who contributed to linguistic semantics and to prosodic phonology and who was noted for his insistence on studying both sound and meaning in context (1890-1960)^)
   ^  #linguist;


#Vigdis_Finnbogadottir__Finnbogadottir (^President of Ireland; first woman to be democratically elected head of state (born in 1930)^)
   ^  #president.head_of_state;


#President_Fillmore__Fillmore__Millard_Fillmore (^elected Vice President and became the 13th President of the United States when Zachary Taylor died in office (1800-1874)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#W._C._Fields__Fields__William_Claude_Dukenfield (^United States comedian and film actor (1880-1946)^)
   ^  #comic;


#Henry_Fielding__Fielding (^English novelist and dramatist (1707-1754)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Arthur_Fiedler__Fiedler (^popular United States conductor (1894-1979)^)
   ^  #music_director;


#Richard_Phillips_Feynman__Feynman__Richard_Feynman (^American physicist who contributed to the theory of the interaction of photons and electrons (1918-1988)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Enrico_Fermi__Fermi (^Italian nuclear physicist (in the United States after 1939) who worked on artificial radioactivity caused by neutron bombardment and who headed the group that in 1942 produced the first controlled nuclear reaction (1901-1954)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Pierre_de_Fermat__Fermat (^French mathematician who founded number theory; contributed (with Pascal) to the theory of probability (1601-1665)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Ferdinand_V__Ferdinand_the_Catholic (^King of Castile and Leon who ruled jointly with his wife Isabella I; his marriage to Isabella I marked the beginning of the modern state of Spain (1452-1516)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Ferdinand_III (^Holy Roman Emperor and king of Hungary and Bohemia who signed the Peace of Westphalia ending the Thirty Years' War (1608-1657)^)
   ^  #Holy_Roman_Emperor;


#Ferdinand_II (^Holy Roman Emperor and king of Bohemia and Hungary who waged war against Protestant forces (1578-1637)^)
   ^  #Holy_Roman_Emperor;


#Ferdinand_I (^Holy Roman Emperor and king of Hungary and Bohemia (1503-1564)^)
   ^  #Holy_Roman_Emperor;


#Ferdinand_the_Great__Ferdinand_I (^King of Castile and Leon who achieved control of the Moorish kings of Saragossa and Seville and Toledo (1016-1065)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Edna_Ferber__Ferber (^United States novelist; author of several popular novels (1887-1968)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Jules_Feifer__Feifer (^United States cartoonist who created a sarcastic comic strip (born in 1929)^)
   ^  #cartoonist;


#Gustav_Theodor_Fechner__Fechner (^German physicist who derived Fechner's Law on the basis of early work by E. H. Weber (1801-1887)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Guy_Fawkes__Fawkes (^English conspirator who was executed for his role in a plot to blow up King James I and the Houses of Parliament (1570-1606)^)
   ^  #conspirator;


#William_Cuthbert_Faulkner__Faulkner__William_Faulkner__Falkner__William_Falkner (^United States novelist (originally Falkner) who wrote about people in the southern United States (1897-1962)^)
   ^  #novelist;


#Fatima__Fatimah (^youngest daughter of the prophet Mohammed and wife of the fourth calif Ali; revered especially by Shiite Muslims (606-632)^)
   ^  #Muslim;


#James_Thomas_Farrell__Farrell (^United States writer remembered for his novels (1904-1979)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Eileen_Farrell__Farrell (^United States operatic soprano noted for the clarity and power of her voice (born in 1920)^)
   ^  #soprano;


#David_Glasgow_Farragut__Farragut (^American admiral who commanded Union ships during the American Civil War (1801-1870)^)
   ^  #full_admiral;


#Farouk_I__Faruk_I (^King of Egypt who in 1952 was ousted by a military coup d'etat (1920-1965)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#James_Leonard_Farmer__Farmer (^United States civil rights leader who in 1942 founded the Congress of Racial Equality (born in 1920)^)
   ^  #civil_rights_leader;


#Fannie_Merritt_Farmer__Farmer__Fannie_Farmer (^an expert on cooking whose cookbook has undergone many editions (1857-1915)^)
   ^  #cook;


#Michael_Faraday__Faraday (^the English physicist nd chemist who discovered electromagnetic induction (1791-1867)^)
   ^  #chemist  #physicist;


#Etienne-Louis_Arthur_Fallot__Fallot (^French physician who described cardiac anomalies including Fallot's tetralogy (1850-1911)^)
   ^  #doc;


#Faisal_ibn_Abdel_Aziz_al-Saud__Faisal (^King of Saudi Arabia from 1964 to 1975 (1906-1975)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Douglas_Fairbanks_Jr.__Fairbanks (^United States film actor; son of Douglas Elton Fairbanks, (1909-2000)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Douglas_Elton_Fairbanks__Fairbanks__Douglas_Fairbanks__Julius_Ullman (^United States film actor noted for his swashbuckling roles (1883-1939)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Gabriel_Daniel_Fahrenheit__Fahrenheit (^German physicist who invented the mercury thermometer and developed the scale of temperature that bears his name (1686-1736)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Fahd_ibn_Abdel_Aziz_al-Saud__Fahd (^King of Saudi Arabia since 1982 (born in 1922)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Peter_Carl_Faberge__Faberge (^Russian goldsmith noted for creating a series of jeweled and enameled Easter eggs for European royalty (1846-1920)^)
   ^  #goldsmith;


#Jan_van_Eyck__Eyck__van_Eyck (^Flemish painter who was a founder of the Flemish school of painting and to have pioneered modern techniques of oil painting (1390-1441)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Christine_Marie_Evert__Evert__Chris_Evert__Chrissie_Evert (^United States tennis player who won women's singles titles in the United States and at Wimbledon (born in 1954)^)
   ^  #tennis_player;


#Medgar_Wiley_Evers__Evers__Medgar_Evers (^American civil rights worker in Mississippi; was killed by a sniper (1925-1963)^)
   ^  #civil_rights_leader;


#Herbert_McLean_Evans__Evans (^United States anatomist who identified four pituitary hormones and discovered vitamin E (1882-1971)^)
   ^  #anatomist;


#Sir_Arthur_John_Evans__Evans__Arthur_Evans (^British archaeologist who excavated the palace of Knossos in Crete to find what he called Minoan civilization (1851-1941)^)
   ^  #archeologist;


#Bartolommeo_Eustachio__Eustachio (^Italian anatomist who was one of the fathers of modern anatomy; noted for descriptions of the ear and the heart (1520-1574)^)
   ^  #anatomist;


#Euripides (^one of the greatest tragic dramatists of ancient Greece (480-406 BC)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Leonhard_Euler__Euler (^Swiss mathematician (1707-1783)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Prince_Eugene_of_Savoy__Eugene (^Austrian general in the service of the Holy Roman Empire during the War of the Spanish Succession (1663-1736)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Euclid (^Greek geometer (3rd century BC)^)
   ^  #geometer;


#Ethelred_the_Unready__Ethelred__Ethelred_II (^king of the English who succeeded to the throne after his half-brother Saint Edward the Martyr was murdered; he struggled unsuccessfully against the invading Danes (969-1016)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Ethelred_I__Ethelred (^king of Wessex and Kent and elder brother of Alfred; Alfred joined Ethelred's battle against the invading Danes and succeeded him on his death (died in 871)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Ethelbert (^Anglo-Saxon king of Kent who was converted to Christianity by Saint Augustine; codified English law (552-616)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Esther.Jewess (^(Old Testament) a beautiful Jewess chosen by the king of Persia to be his queen; she stopped a plot to massacre all the Jews in Persia (an event celebrated by Jews as the feast of Purim)^)
   ^  #Jewess  #queen;


#Esau (^(Old Testament) the eldest son of Isaac who would have inherited the Covenant that God made with Abraham and that Abraham passed on to Isaac; he traded his birthright to his twin brother Jacob for a mess of pottage^)
   ^  #son;


#Leo_Esaki__Esaki (^physicist honored for advances in solid state electronics (born in Japan in 1925)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Julius_Winfield_Erving__Erving__Julius_Erving__Dr._J (^United States basketball forward (born in 1950)^)
   ^  #forward.basketball_player;


#Max_Ernst__Ernst (^painter (born in Germany, resident of France and the United States) who was a cofounder of Dadaism; developed the technique of collage (1891-1976)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Eratosthenes (^Greek mathematician and astronomer who estimated the circumference of the earth and the distances to the moon and sun (276-194 BC)^)
   ^  #astronomer  #mathematician;


#Desiderius_Erasmus__Erasmus__Gerhard_Gerhards__Geert_Geerts (^Dutch Renaissance scholar and Roman Catholic theologian who attacked the theology of Martin Luther (1466-1536)^)
   ^  #scholarly_person;


#Sir_Jacob_Epstein__Epstein__Jacob_Epstein (^British sculptor (born in the United States) noted for busts and large controversial works (1880-1959)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Epicurus (^Greek philosopher who believed that the world is a random combination of atoms and that pleasure is the highest good (341-270 BC)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Friedrich_Engels__Engels (^socialist who wrote The Communist Manifesto with Karl Marx in 1848 (1820-1895)^)
   ^  #socialist;


#Georges_Enesco__Enesco__George_Enescu (^Romanian violinist and composer (1881-1955)^)
   ^  #violinist  #composer;


#John_Endecott__Endecott__Endicott__John_Endicott (^founder in 1629 of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (1588-1665)^)
   ^  #colonist;


#Empedocles (^Greek philosopher who taught that all matter is composed of particles of fire and water and air and earth (fifth century BC)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Ralph_Waldo_Emerson__Emerson (^United States writer and leading exponent of transcendentalism (1803-1882)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Edward_Kennedy_Ellington__Ellington__Duke_Ellington (^United States jazz composer and piano player and bandleader (1899-1974)^)
   ^  #jazz_musician;


#Thomas_Stearns_Eliot__Eliot__T._S._Eliot (^British poet (born in the United States) who won the Nobel prize for literature (1888-1965)^)
   ^  #poet;


#George_Eliot__Eliot__Mary_Ann_Evans (^British writer of novels characterized by realistic analysis of provincial Victorian society (1819-1880)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Elijah (^a Hebrew prophet in the Old Testament who opposed the worship of idols; he was persecuted for rebuking Ahab and Jezebel (king and queen of Israel); he was taken up to heaven in a chariot of fire (circa 9th century BC)^)
   ^  #prophet;


#El_Greco__Greco__Domenikos_Theotocopoulos (^Spanish painter (born in Greece) remembered for his religious works characterized by elongated human forms and dramatic use of color (1541-1614)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Sir_Edward_Elgar__Elgar (^British composer (1857-1934)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Eleanor_of_Aquitaine (^Queen of France as the wife of Louis VII; that marriage was annulled in 1152 and she then married Henry II and became Queen of England (1122-1204)^)
   ^  #queen;


#Vagn_Walfrid_Ekman__Ekman (^Swedish oceanographer who recognized the role of the Coriolis effect on ocean currents (1874-1954)^)
   ^  #oceanographer;


#Sergei_Mikhailovich_Eisenstein__Eisenstein__Sergei_Eisenstein (^Russian film maker who pioneered the use of montage and is considered among the most influential film makers in the history of motion pictures (1898-1948)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Alfred_Eisenstaedt__Eisenstaedt (^United States photographer (born in Germany) whose unposed documentary photographs created photojournalism (born in 1898)^)
   ^  #photographer;


#Dwight_David_Eisenhower__Eisenhower__Dwight_Eisenhower__Dwight_D._Eisenhower__Ike__President_Eisenhower (^as Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force he supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany; 34th President of the United States (1890-1961)^)
   ^  #full_general  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Willem_Einthoven__Einthoven (^Dutch physiologist who devised the first electrocardiograph (1860-1927)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#Albert_Einstein__Einstein (^physicist born in Germany who formulated the special theory of relativity and the general theory of relativity; Einstein also proposed that light consists of discrete quantized bundles of energy (later called photons) (1879-1955)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Christiaan_Eijkman__Eijkman (^Dutch physician who discovered that beriberi is caused by a nutritional deficiency (1858-1930)^)
   ^  #doc;


#Manfred_Eigen__Eigen (^German chemist who did research on high-speed chemical reactions (born in 1927)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Alexandre_Gustave_Eiffel__Eiffel (^French engineer who constructed the Eiffel Tower (1832-1923)^)
   ^  #engineer;


#Karl_Adolf_Eichmann__Eichmann__Adolf_Eichmann (^Austrian who became the Nazi official who administered the concentration camps where millions of Jews were murdered during World War II (1906-1962)^)
   ^  #Nazi;


#Paul_Ehrlich__Ehrlich (^German bacteriologist who found a `magic bullet' to cure syphilis and was a pioneer in the study of immunology (1854-1915)^)
   ^  #bacteriologist;


#Ilya_Grigorievich_Ehrenberg__Ehrenberg__Ilya_Ehrenberg (^Russian novelist (1891-1967)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Egbert (^king of Wessex whose military victories made Wessex the most powerful kingdom in England (died in 839)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Edwy__Eadwig (^King of England who was renounced by Northumbria in favor of his brother Edgar (died in 959)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Edwin (^king of Northumbria who was converted to Christianity (585-633)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Saint_Edward_the_Martyr__Edward_the_Martyr__St_Edward_the_Martyr (^King of England who was a son of Edgar; he was challenged for the throne by supporters of his half-brother Ethelred II who eventually murdered him (963-978)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Edward_the_Elder (^king of Wessex whose military success against the Danes made it possible for his son Athelstan to become the first king of all England (870-924)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Saint_Edward_the_Confessor__Edward_the_Confessor__St_Edward_the_Confessor (^son of Ethelred the Unready; King of England from 1042 to 1066; he founded Westminster Abbey where he was eventually buried (1003-1066)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Jonathan_Edwards__Edwards (^American theologian whose sermons and writings stimulated a period of renewed interest in religion in America (1703-1758)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Edward_VI (^King of England and Ireland from 1547 to 1553; son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour; died of tuberculosis (1537-1553)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Edward_V (^King of England who was crowned at the age of 13 on the death of his father Edward IV but was immediately confined to the Tower of London where he and his younger brother were murdered (1470-1483)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Edward_IV (^King of England from 1461 to 1470 and from 1471 to 1483; was dethroned in 1470 but regained the throne in 1471 by his victory at the battle of Tewkesbury (1442-1483)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Edward_III (^son of Edward II and King of England from 1327-1377; his claim to the French throne provoked the Hundred Years' War; his reign was marked by an epidemic of the Black Plague and by the emergence of the Commons as the powerful arm of Parliament (1312-1377)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Edward_II (^King of England from 1307 to 1327 and son of Edward I; was defeated at Bannockburn by the Scots led by Robert the Bruce; was deposed and died in prison (1284-1327)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Edward_I (^King of England from 1272 to 1307; conquered Wales (1239-1307)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Edward_Antony_Richard_Louis__Edward__Prince_Edward (^third son of Elizabeth II (born in 1964)^)
   ^  #prince;


#Edward__Black_Prince (^son of Edward III of England; defeated the French at Crecy and Poitiers in the Hundred Years' War (1330-1376)^)
   ^  #Prince_of_Wales;


#Edmund_II__Edmund_Ironside (^king of the English who led resistance to Canute but was defeated and forced to divide the kingdom with Canute (980-1016)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Edmund_I (^king of the English who succeeded Athelstan; he drove out the Danes and made peace with Scotland (921-946)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Thomas_Alva_Edison__Edison__Thomas_Edison (^American inventor; inventions included the phonograph and incandescent electric light and the microphone and the Kinetoscope (1847-1931)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Edgar (^the younger brother of Edwy who became king of Northumbria when it renounced Edwy; on Edwy's death he succeeded to the throne of England (944-975)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Gertrude_Caroline_Ederle__Ederle__Gertrude_Ederle (^United States swimmer who in 1926 became the first woman to swim the English Channel (1903- )^)
   ^  #swimmer;


#Mary_Morse_Baker_Eddy__Eddy__Mary_Baker_Eddy (^founder of Christian Science in 1866 (1821-1910)^)
   ^  #religionist;


#Sir_Arthur_Stanley_Eddington__Eddington (^English astronomer remembered for his popular elucidation of relativity theory (1882-1944)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Johannes_Eckhart__Eckhart__Meister_Eckhart (^German theologian and mystic (1260-1327)^)
   ^  #theologian  #religious_mystic;


#Sir_John_Carew_Eccles__Eccles__John_Eccles (^Australian physiologist noted for his research on the conduction of impulses by nerve cells (1903-1997)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#George_Eastman__Eastman (^United States inventor of a dry-plate process of developing photographic film and of flexible film (his firm introduced roll film) and of the box camera and of a process for color photography (1854-1932)^)
   ^  #industrialist  #inventor;


#Amelia_Earhart__Earhart (^first woman aviator to fly solo nonstop across the Atlantic (1928); while attempting to fly around the world she disappeared over the Pacific (1898-1937)^)
   ^  #aviator;


#Charles_Eames__Eames (^United States designer noted for an innovative series of chairs (1907-1978)^)
   ^  #interior_designer;


#Bob_Dylan__Dylan (^United States songwriter noted for his protest songs (born in 1941)^)
   ^  #songwriter  #singer;


#Antonin_Dvorak__Dvorak (^Czech composer who combined folk elements with traditional forms (1841-1904)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Jean-Claude_Duvalier__Duvalier__Baby_Doc (^son and successor of Francois Duvalier as President of Haiti; he was overthrown by a mass uprising in 1986 (born in 1951)^)
   ^  #dictator;


#Francois_Duvalier__Duvalier__Papa_Doc (^oppressive Haitian dictator (1907-1971)^)
   ^  #dictator;


#Eleonora_Duse__Duse (^Italian actress best known for her performances in tragic roles (1858-1924)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Lawrence_George_Durrell__Durrell__Lawrence_Durrell (^English writer of Irish descent who spent much of his in Mediterranean regions (1912-1990)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Emile_Durkheim__Durkheim (^French sociologist and first professor of sociology at the Sorbonne (1858-1917)^)
   ^  #sociologist;


#Albrecht_Durer__Durer (^a leading German painter and engraver of the Renaissance (1471-1528)^)
   ^  #old_master  #engraver;


#Jimmy_Durante__Durante (^United States comedian remembered for his large nose and hoarse voice (1893-1980)^)
   ^  #comic;


#William_James_Durant__Durant__Will_Durant (^United States historian (1885-1981)^)
   ^  #historian;


#John_Duns_Scotus__Duns_Scotus (^Scottish theologian who was very influential in the Middle Ages (1265-1308)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Isadora_Duncan__Duncan (^United States dancer and pioneer of modern dance (1878-1927)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer;


#Dame_Daphne_du_Maurier__du_Maurier (^English writer of melodramatic novels (1907-1989)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Alexandre_Dumas__Dumas (^French writer remembered for his swashbuckling historical tales (1802-1870)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#John_Foster_Dulles__Dulles (^United States diplomat who (as Secretary of State) pursued a policy of opposition to the USSR by providing aid to American allies (1888-1959)^)
   ^  #diplomatist;


#Raoul_Dufy__Dufy (^French painter noted for brightly colored scenes (1877-1953)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Marcel_Duchamp__Duchamp (^French artist who immigrated to the United States; a leader in the Dada movement in New York City; was first to exhibit commonplace objects as art (1887-1968)^)
   ^  #artist;


#William_Edward_Burghardt_Du_Bois__Du_Bois__W._E._B._Du_Bois (^United States civil rights leader and political activist who campaigned for equality for Black Americans (1868-1963)^)
   ^  #civil_rights_leader;


#Comtesse_Du_Barry__Du_Barry__Marie_Jeanne_Becu (^courtier and influential mistress of Louis XV who was guillotined during the French Revolution (1743-1793)^)
   ^  #courtier;


#John_Dryden__Dryden (^the outstanding poet and dramatist of the Restoration (1631-1700)^)
   ^  #poet  #dramatist;


#Alfred_Dreyfus__Dreyfus (^French army officer of Jewish descent whose false imprisonment for treason in 1894 raised issues of anti-semitism that dominated French politics until his release in 1906 (1859-1935)^)
   ^  #army_officer;


#John_Drew__Drew (^United States actor (born in Ireland); father of Georgiana Emma Barrymore (1827-1862)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Theodore_Herman_Albert_Dreiser__Dreiser__Theodore_Dreiser (^United States novelist (1871-1945)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Sir_Francis_Drake__Drake__Francis_Drake (^English explorer and admiral who was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe and who helped to defeat the Spanish Armada (1540-1596)^)
   ^  #navigator  #full_admiral;


#Draco (^Athenian lawmaker whose code of laws prescribed death for almost every offense (circa 7th century BC)^)
   ^  #lawgiver  #Athenian;


#Richard_D'Oyly_Carte__D'Oyly_Carte (^English impresario who brought Gilbert and Sullivan together and produced many of their operettas in London (1844-1901)^)
   ^  #showman;


#Andrew_Jackson_Downing__Downing (^United States landscape architect who designed the grounds of the White House and the Capitol Building (1815-1852)^)
   ^  #landscape_architect;


#John_L._H._Down__Down (^English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828-1896)^)
   ^  #doc;


#Baron_Hugh_Caswall_Tremenheere_Dowding__Dowding__Hugh_Dowding__Dowdy (^British Marshal of the RAF who commanded the British air defense forces that defeated the Luftwaffe during the Battle of Britain (1882-1970)^)
   ^  #full_general  #marshall;


#Frederick_Douglass__Douglass (^United States abolitionist who escaped from slavery and became an influential writer and lecturer in the North (1817-1895)^)
   ^  #abolitionist;


#Stephen_Arnold_Douglas__Douglas__Stephen_A._Douglas__The_Little_Giant (^United States politician who proposed that individual territories be allowed to decide whether they would have slavery; he engaged in a famous series of debates with Abraham Lincoln (1813-1861)^)
   ^  #politico;


#Feodor_Mikhailovich_Dostoyevsky__Dostoyevsky__Dostoevski__Dostoevsky__Feodor_Dostoyevsky__Fyodor_Dostoyevsky__Feodor_Dostoevski__Fyodor_Dostoevski__Feodor_Dostoevsky__Fyodor_Dostoevsky__Fyodor_Mikhailovich_Dostoyevsky__Feodor_Mikhailovich_Dostoevski__Fyodor_Mikhailovich_Dostoevski__Feodor_Mikhailovich_Dostoevsky__Fyodor_Mikhailovich_Dostoevsky (^Russian novelist who wrote of human suffering with humor and psychological insight (1821-1881)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#John_Dos_Passos__Dos_Passos (^United States novelist remembered for his portrayal of life in the United States (1896-1970)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Christian_Johann_Doppler__Doppler (^Austrian physicist famous for his discovery of the Doppler effect (1803-1853)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#James_Harold_Doolittle__Doolittle__Jimmy_Doolittle (^United States Air Force officer who electrified the world in 1942 by leading a squadron of 16 bombers on a daylight raid over Tokyo (1896-1993)^)
   ^  #aviator  #full_general;


#John_Donne__Donne (^English clergyman and metaphysical poet celebrated as a preacher (1572-1631)^)
   ^  #poet  #clergyman;


#Bryan_Donkin__Donkin (^English engineer who developed a method of preserving food by sterilizing it with heat and sealing it inside a steel container--the first tin can (1768-1855)^)
   ^  #engineer;


#Don_Juan.Lord (^a legendary Spanish nobleman and philanderer who became the hero of many poems and plays and operas^)
   ^  #Lord;


#Gaetano_Donizetti__Donizetti (^Italian composer of operas (1797-1848)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Aelius_Donatus__Donatus (^Roman grammarian whose textbook on Latin grammar was used throughout the Middle Ages (fourth century)^)
   ^  #grammarian;


#Donatello__Donato_di_Betto_Bardi (^Florentine sculptor famous for his lifelike sculptures (1386-1466)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Domitian__Titus_Flavius_Domitianus (^Emperor of Rome; son of Vespasian who succeeded his brother Titus; instigated a reign of terror and was assassinated as a tyrant (51-96)^)
   ^  #Roman_Emperor;


#Antoine_Domino__Domino__Fats_Domino (^United States rhythm and blues pianist and singer and composer (born in 1928)^)
   ^  #rhythm_and_blues_musician  #songwriter;


#Saint_Dominic__Dominic__St_Dominic__Domingo_de_Guzman (^Spanish priest who founded an order whose members became known as Dominicans or Black Friars (circa 1170-1221)^)
   ^  #priest;


#Placido_Domingo__Domingo (^Spanish operatic tenor noted for performances in operas by Verdi and Puccini (born in 1941)^)
   ^  #tenor;


#Ray_M._Dolby__Dolby (^United States electrical engineer who devised the Dolby system used to reduce background noise in tape recording^)
   ^  #electrical_engineer;


#Benjamin_Disraeli__Disraeli__First_Earl_of_Beaconsfield (^British statesman who as Prime Minister bought controlling interest in the Suez Canal and made Queen Victoria the Empress of India (1804-1881)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Walter_Elias_Disney__Disney__Walt_Disney (^United States film maker who pioneered animated cartoons and created such characters as Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck; founded Disneyland (1901-1966)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Paul_Adrien_Maurice_Dirac__Dirac (^English theoretical physicist who applied relativity theory to quantum mechanics and predicted the existence of antimatter and the positron (1902-1984)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Christian_Dior__Dior (^French couturier whose first collection in 1947 created a style (tight bodice and narrow waist and flowing pleated skirt) that became known as the New Look (1905-1957)^)
   ^  #couturier;


#Diophantus (^Greek mathematician who was the first to try to develop an algebraic notation (3rd century)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Dionysius_the_Elder__Dionysius (^Tyrant of Syracuse who fought the Carthaginians (430-367 BC)^)
   ^  #tyrant;


#Diogenes (^Greek Cynic philosopher who rejected social conventions (circa 400-325 BC)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Joseph_Paul_DiMaggio__DiMaggio__Joe_DiMaggio (^United States professional baseball player noted for his batting ability (1914-1999)^)
   ^  #ballplayer;


#Marlene_Dietrich__Dietrich__Maria_Magdalene_von_Losch (^United States film actress (born in Germany) who made many films with Josef von Sternberg and later was a successful cabaret star (1901-1992)^)
   ^  #actress  #singer;


#Rudolf_Christian_Karl_Diesel__Diesel__Rudolf_Diesel (^German engineer (born in France) who invented the diesel engine (1858-1913)^)
   ^  #engineer;


#Denis_Diderot__Diderot (^French philosopher who was a leading figure of the Enlightenment in France; principal editor of an encyclopedia that disseminated the scientific and philosophical knowledge of the time (1713-1784)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Emily_Dickinson__Dickinson (^United States poet noted for her mystical and unrhymed poems (1830-1886)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Charles_John_Huffam_Dickens__Dickens__Charles_Dickens (^English writer whose novels depicted and criticized social injustice (1812-1870)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Bartholomeu_Dias__Dias__Diaz__Bartholomeu_Diaz (^Portuguese explorer who in 1488 was the first European to get round the Cape of Good Hope (thus establishing a sea route from the Atlantic to Asia) (1450-1500)^)
   ^  #navigator;


#Diane_de_Poitiers__Duchesse_de_Valentinois (^French noblewoman who was the mistress of Henry II; she had more influence over him than did his wife Catherine de Medicis (1499-1566)^)
   ^  #female_aristocrat;


#Lady_Diana_Frances_Spencer__Diana__Princess_Diana__Princess_of_Wales (^English aristocrat who was the first wife of Prince Charles; her death in an automobile accident in Paris produced intense national mourning (1961-1997)^)
   ^  #female_aristocrat;


#Sergei_Pavlovich_Diaghilev__Diaghilev__Sergei_Diaghilev (^Russian ballet impresario who founded the Russian ballet and later introduced it to the West (1872-1929)^)
   ^  #showman;


#John_Dewey__Dewey (^American pragmatic philosopher who advocated progressive education (1859-1952)^)
   ^  #philosopher  #educator;


#Sir_James_Dewar__Dewar (^Scottish chemist and physicist noted for his work in cryogenics and his invention of the Dewar flask (1842-1923)^)
   ^  #chemist  #physicist;


#Eamon_de_Valera__de_Valera (^Irish statesman (born in the United States); as president of the Irish Free State he was responsible for the new constitution of 1937 that created the state of Eire (1882-1975)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Vittorio_De_Sica__De_Sica (^Italian film maker (1901-1974)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Rene_Descartes__Descartes (^French philosopher and mathematician; developed dualistic theory of mind and matter; introduced the use of coordinates to locate a point in two or three dimensions (1596-1650)^)
   ^  #mathematician  #philosopher;


#Ferdinand_de_Saussure__de_Saussure__Saussure (^Swiss linguist and expert in historical linguistics whose lectures laid the foundations for synchronic linguistics (1857-1913)^)
   ^  #polyglot;


#Jacques_Derrida__Derrida (^French philosopher and critic; exponent of deconstructionism (born in 1930)^)
   ^  #philosopher  #literary_critic;


#Adnre_Derain__Derain (^French painter and exponent of Fauvism (1880-1954)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Thomas_De_Quincey__De_Quincey (^English writer who described the psychological effects of addiction to opium (1785-1859)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Gerard_Depardieu__Depardieu (^French film actor (born in 1948)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Robert_De_Niro__De_Niro (^United States film actor who frequently plays tough characters (born 1943)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Deng_Xiaoping__Teng_Hsiaoping (^Chinese communist statesman (1904-1997)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#William_Harrison_Dempsey__Dempsey__Jack_Dempsey__The_Manassa_Mauler (^United States prizefighter who was world heavyweight champion (1895-1983)^)
   ^  #prizefighter;


#Demosthenes (^Athenian statesman and orator (circa 385-322 BC)^)
   ^  #orator  #statesman  #Athenian;


#Democritus (^Greek philosopher who developed an atomistic theory of matter (460-370 BC)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Cecil_Blount_De_Mille__De_Mille__Cecil_B._De_Mille (^United States film maker remembered for his extravagant and spectacular epic productions (1881-1959)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Agnes_George_De_Mille__De_Mille__Agnes_De_Mille (^United States dancer and choreographer who introduced formal dance to a wide audience (born in 1905)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer  #choreographer;


#Demetrius_Poliorcetes__Demetrius__Demetrius_I (^son of Antigonus Cyclops and king of Macedonia; he and his father were defeated at the battle of Ipsus (337-283 BC)^)
   ^  #full_general  #Macedonian;


#Philibert_Delorme__Delorme__de_l'Orme__Philibert_de_l'Orme (^French royal architect who built the Tuileries Palace and Gardens in Paris for Catherine de Medicis (1515-1570)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Frederick_Delius__Delius (^English composer (1862-1934)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Delilah (^(Old Testament) Samson's Philistine mistress who betrayed him by cutting off his hair and so deprived him of his strength^)
   ^  #kept_woman;


#Max_Delbruck__Delbruck (^United States biologist (born in Germany) who studied how viruses infect living cells (1906-1981)^)
   ^  #biologist;


#Walter_John_de_la_Mare__de_la_Mare__Walter_de_la_Mare (^English poet remembered for his verse for children (1873-1956)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Ferdinand_Victor_Eugene_Delacroix__Delacroix__Eugene_Delacroix (^French romantic painter (1798-1863)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Willem_de_Kooning__de_Kooning (^United States painter (born in the Netherlands) who was a leading exponent of abstract expressionism (1904-1997)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Charles_Andre_Joseph_Marie_de_Gaulle__de_Gaulle__Charles_de_Gaulle (^French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile (1890-1970)^)
   ^  #full_general  #statesman;


#Lee_De_Forest__De_Forest__The_Father_of_Radio (^United States electrical engineer who in 1907 patented the first triode vacuum tube, which made it possible to detect and amplify radio waves (1873-1961)^)
   ^  #electrical_engineer  #inventor;


#Daniel_Defoe__Defoe (^English writer remembered particularly for his novel about Robinson Crusoe (1660-1731)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#John_Deere__Deere (^United States industrialist who manufactured plows suitable for working the prairie soil (1804-1886)^)
   ^  #industrialist;


#Decius (^Emperor of Rome who was proclaimed emperor against his will; his reign was notable for his severe persecution of Christians (201-251)^)
   ^  #Roman_Emperor;


#Claude_Achille_Debussy__Debussy__Claude_Debussey (^French composer who is said to have created impressionism in music (1862-1918)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Eugene_Victor_Debs__Debs__Eugene_V._Debs (^United States labor organizer who ran for President as a socialist (1855-1926)^)
   ^  #labor_organizer;


#Michael_Ellis_De_Bakey__De_Bakey (^United States heart surgeon who in 1966 implanted the first artificial heart in a human patient (born in 1908)^)
   ^  #operating_surgeon;


#James_Byron_Dean__Dean__James_Dean (^United States film actor whose moody rebellious roles made him a cult figure (1931-1955)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Moshe_Dayan__Dayan (^Israeli general and statesman (1915-1981)^)
   ^  #full_general  #statesman;


#Clarence_Shepard_Day_Jr.__Day__Clarence_Day (^United States writer best known for his autobiographical works (1874-1935)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#William_Dawes__Dawes (^American patriot who rode with Paul Revere to warn that the British were advancing on Lexington and Concord (1745-1799)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#John_Davys__Davys__Davis__John_Davis (^English navigator who explored the Arctic while searching for the Northwest Passage (1550-1605)^)
   ^  #navigator;


#Sir_Humphrey_Davy__Davy__Humphrey_Davy (^English chemist who was a pioneer in electrochemistry and who used it to isolate elements sodium and potassium and barium and boron and calcium and magnesium and chlorine (1778-1829)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Miles_Dewey_Davis_Jr.__Davis__Miles_Davis (^United States jazz musician; noted for his trumpet style (1926-1991)^)
   ^  #jazz_musician;


#Jefferson_Davis__Davis (^American statesman; president of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War (1808-1889)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Dwight_Filley_Davis__Davis__Dwight_Davis (^United States tennis player who donated the Davis Cup for international team tennis competition (1879-1945)^)
   ^  #tennis_player;


#Bette_Davis__Davis (^United States film actress (1908-1989)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Saint_David__David__St_David (^patron saint of Wales (circa 520-600)^)
   ^  #saint;


#Jacques_Louis_David__David (^French neoclassical painter who actively supported the French Revolution (1748-1825)^)
   ^  #painter;


#David (^(Old Testament) the 2nd king of the Israelites; as a young shepherd he fought Goliath (a giant Philistine warrior) and killed him by hitting him in the head with a stone flung from a sling; he united Israel with Jerusalem as its capital; many of the Psalms are attributed to David (circa 1000-962 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Honore_Daumier__Daumier (^French painter best known for his satirical lithographs of bourgeois society (1808-1879)^)
   ^  #painter  #lithographer;


#Charles_Robert_Darwin__Darwin__Charles_Darwin (^English natural scientist whose `On the Origin of Species' formulated a theory of evolution by natural selection (1809-1882)^)
   ^  #naturalist;


#Clarence_Seward_Darrow__Darrow__Clarence_Darrow (^United States lawyer famous for his defense of lost causes (1857-1938)^)
   ^  #lawyer;


#Darius_III (^King of Persia who was defeated by Alexander the Great; his murder effectively ended the Persian Empire (died in 330 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Darius_I__Darius_the_Great (^King of Persia who expanded the empire and invaded Greece but was defeated at the Battle of Marathon (550-486 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Georges_Jacques_Danton__Danton (^French revolutionary leader who stormed the Paris Bastille and who supported the execution of Louis XVI but was guillotined by Robespierre for his opposition to the Reign of Terror (1759-1794)^)
   ^  #revolutionist;


#Dante_Alighieri__Dante (^an Italian poet famous for `The Divine Comedy'--a journey through hell and purgatory and paradise guided by Virgil and his idealized Beatrice (1265-1321)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Daniel.prophet (^(Old Testament) a youth who was taken into the court of Nebuchadnezzar and given divine protection when thrown into a den of lions (6th century BC)^)
   ^  #prophet;


#Damon (^the friend of Phintias who pledged his life that Phintias would return (4th century BC)^)
   ^  #friend;


#Damocles (^the Greek courtier to Dionysius the Elder who (according to legend) was condemned to sit under a naked sword that was suspended by a hair in order to demonstrate to him that being a king was not the happy state Damocles had said it was (4th century BC)^)
   ^  #courtier;


#John_Dalton__Dalton (^English chemist and physicist who formulated atomic theory and the law of partial pressures; gave the first description of red-green color blindness (1766-1844)^)
   ^  #chemist  #physicist;


#Salvidor_Dali__Dali (^surrealist Spanish painter (1904-1989)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Gottlieb_Daimler__Daimler (^German engineer and automobile manufacturer who produced the first high-speed internal combustion engine (1834-1900)^)
   ^  #engineer  #industrialist;


#Louis_Jacques_Mande_Daguerre__Daguerre (^French inventor of the first practical photographic process, the daguerreotype (1789-1851)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Vasco_da_Gamma__da_Gamma__Gamma (^Portuguese navigator who led an expedition around the Cape of Good Hope in 1497; he sighted and named Natal on Christmas Day before crossing the Indian Ocean (1469-1524)^)
   ^  #navigator;


#Karl_Czerny__Czerny (^Austrian pianist and composer who studied with Beethoven and was a teacher of Liszt (1791-1857)^)
   ^  #pianist  #composer;


#Cyrus_II__Cyrus_the_Elder__Cyrus_the_Great (^king of Persia and founder of the Persian empire (circa 600-529 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Cyrus_the_Younger__Cyrus (^Persian prince who was defeated in battle by his brother Artaxerxes II (424-401 BC)^)
   ^  #prince;


#Cynewulf__Cynwulf (^Anglo-Saxon poet (circa 9th century)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Georges_Leopold_Chretien_Frederic_Dagobert_Cuvier__Cuvier__Georges_Cuvier__Baron_Georges_Cuvier (^French naturalist known as the father of comparative anatomy (1769-1832)^)
   ^  #naturalist;


#George_Armstrong_Custer__Custer (^United States general who was killed along with all his command by the Sioux at the battle of Little Bighorn (1839-1876)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Harvery_Williams_Cushing__Cushing__Harvey_Cushing (^United States neurologist noted for his study of the brain and pituitary gland and who identified Cushing's syndrome (1869-1939)^)
   ^  #neurologist;


#Glenn_Hammond_Curtiss__Curtiss__Glenn_Curtiss (^United States industrialist and aviation pioneer (1878-1930)^)
   ^  #industrialist;


#William_Curtis__Curtis (^English botanical writer and publisher (1746-1799)^)
   ^  #botanist;


#Nathaniel_Currier__Currier (^United States lithographer who (with his partner James Ives) produced thousands of prints signed `Currier & Ives' (1813-1888)^)
   ^  #lithographer;


#Pierre_Curie__Curie (^French physicist; husband of Marie Curie (1859-1906)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Madame_Curie__Curie__Marie_Curie__Marya_Sklodowska (^French chemist (born in Poland) who won two Nobel Prizes; one (with her husband and Henri Becquerel) for research on radioactivity and another for her discovery of radium and polonium (1867-1934)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Merce_Cunningham__Cunningham (^United States dancer and choreographer (born in 1922)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer  #choreographer;


#Edward_Estlin_Cummings__Cummings__e._e._cummings (^United States writer noted for his typographically eccentric poetry (1894-1962)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Duke_of_Cumberland__Cumberland__William_Augustus__Butcher_Cumberland (^English general; son of George II; fought unsuccessfully in the battle of Fontenoy (1721-1765)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Ely_Culbertson__Culbertson (^United States authority on contract bridge whose books helped to popularize the game (1891-1955)^)
   ^  #card_player;


#Russel_Crouse__Crouse (^United States playwright (1893-1966)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Harry_Lillis_Crosby__Crosby__Bing_Crosby (^United States singer and film actor (1904-1977)^)
   ^  #crooner  #histrion;


#Sir_William_Crookes__Crookes__William_Crookes (^English chemist and physicist; discovered thallium; invented the radiometer and studied cathode rays (1832-1919)^)
   ^  #chemist  #physicist;


#Oliver_Cromwell__Cromwell__Ironsides (^English general and statesman who led the parliamentary army in the English Civil War and became Lord Protector of the Commonwealth (1599-1658)^)
   ^  #full_general  #statesman;


#Burrill_Bernard_Crohn__Crohn (^United States physician who specialized in diseases of the intestines; he was the first to describe regional ileitis which is now known as Crohn's disease (1884-1983)^)
   ^  #doc;


#Croesus.male_monarch (^last king of Lydia (died in 546 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#David_Crockett__Crockett__Davy_Crockett (^American frontiersman and Tennessee politician who died at the siege of the Alamo (1786-1836)^)
   ^  #frontiersman  #politico;


#Saint_Crispin__Crispin__St_Crispin (^patron saint of shoemakers; he and his brother were martyred for trying to spread Christianity (3rd century)^)
   ^  #saint;


#Francis_Henry_Compton_Crick__Crick__Francis_Crick (^English biochemist who helped discover the helical structure of DNA (born in 1916)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#The_Admirable_Crichton__Crichton__James_Crichton (^Scottish man of letters and adventurer (1560-1582)^)
   ^  #scholarly_person;


#Crazy_Horse__Tashunca-Uitco (^a chief of the Sioux who resisted the invasion of the Black Hills and joined Sitting Bull in the defeat of General Custer at Little Bighorn (1849-1877)^)
   ^  #Indian_chief  #Sioux;


#Thomas_Crawford__Crawford (^United States neoclassical sculptor (1814-1857)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Joan_Crawford__Crawford (^United States film actress (1908-1977)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Stephen_Crane__Crane (^United States writer (1871-1900)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Harold_Hart_Crane__Crane__Hart_Crane (^United States poet (1899-1932)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Sir_William_Alexander_Craigie__Craigie__William_A._Craigie (^English lexicographer who was a joint editor of the Oxford English Dictionary (1872-1966)^)
   ^  #lexicographer;


#Sir_Noel_Pierce_Coward__Coward__Noel_Coward (^English dramatist and actor and composer noted for his witty and sophisticated comedies (1899-1973)^)
   ^  #dramatist  #histrion  #composer;


#Cousteau__Jacques_Costeau__Jacques_Yves_Costeau (^French underwater explorer (born in 1910)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Margaret_Court__Court (^Australian woman tennis player who won many major championships (born in 1947)^)
   ^  #tennis_player;


#Gustave_Courbet__Courbet (^French painter noted for his realistic depiction of everyday scenes (1819-1877)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Charles_Augustin_de_Coulomb__Coulomb (^French physicist famous for his discoveries in the field of electricity and magnetism; formulated Coulomb's Law (1736-1806)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Cosimo_de_Medici__Cosimo_the_Elder (^Italian financier and statesman and friend of the papal court (1389-1464)^)
   ^  #financier  #statesman;


#Hernando_Cortes__Cortes__Cortez__Hernando_Cortez__Hernan_Cortes__Hernan_Cortez (^Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)^)
   ^  #conquistador;


#Antonio_Allegri_da_Correggio__Correggio (^Italian painter noted for his use of chiaroscuro and perspective (1494-1534)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Jean_Baptiste_Camille_Corot__Corot (^French painter of Italian landscapes (1796-1875)^)
   ^  #painter;


#First_Marquess_Cornwallis__Cornwallis__Charles_Cornwallis (^commander of the British forces in the American War of Independence; was defeated by American and French troops at Yorktown^)
   ^  #peer.Lord  #full_general;


#Katherine_Cornell__Cornell (^United States actress noted for her performances in Broadway plays (1893-1974)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Ezra_Cornell__Cornell (^United States businessman who unified the telegraph system in the United States and who in 1865 (with Andrew D. White) founded Cornell University (1807-1874)^)
   ^  #businessman  #philanthropist;


#Pierre_Corneille__Corneille (^French tragic dramatist whose plays treat grand moral themes in elegant verse (1601-1684)^)
   ^  #dramatist  #poet;


#Francisco_Fernandez_Cordoba__Cordoba__Cordova__Francisco_Fernandez_de_Cordova (^Spanish explorer who discovered Yucatan (1475-1526)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Marie_Anne_Charlotte_Corday_d'Armont__Corday__Charlotte_Corday (^French revolutionary heroine (a Girondist) who assassinated Marat (1768-1793)^)
   ^  #revolutionist;


#James_John_Corbett__Corbett__Jim_Corbett__Gentleman_Jim (^United States heavyweight boxing champion (1866-1933)^)
   ^  #prizefighter;


#Francis_Ford_Coppola__Coppola (^United States filmmaker (born in 1939)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#John_Singleton_Copley__Copley__John_Copley (^American painter who did portraits of Paul Revere and John Hancock before fleeing to England to avoid the American Revolution (1738-1815)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Aaron_Copland__Copland (^United States composer (1900-1990)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Nicolaus_Copernicus__Copernicus__Mikolaj_Kopernik (^Polish astronomer who produced a workable model of the solar system with the sun in the center (1473-1543)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Peter_Cooper__Cooper (^United States industrialist who built the first American locomotive; founded Cooper Union in New York city to offer free courses in the arts and sciences (1791-1883)^)
   ^  #industrialist  #philanthropist;


#Frank_Cooper__Cooper__Gary_Cooper (^United States film actor noted for his portrayals of strong silent heroes (1901-1961)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#James_Fenimore_Cooper__Cooper (^United States novelist noted for his stories of indians and the frontier life (1789-1851)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#President_Coolidge__Coolidge__Calvin_Coolidge (^elected Vice President and succeeded as 30th President of the United States when Harding died in 1923 (1872-1933)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Alfred_Alistair_Cooke__Cooke__Alistair_Cooke (^United States journalist (born in England in 1908)^)
   ^  #journalist;


#Jay_Cooke__Cooke (^American financier who marketed Union bonds to finance the Civil War; the failure of his bank resulted in a financial panic in 1873 (1821-1905)^)
   ^  #financier;


#Captain_James_Cook__Cook__James_Cook__Captain_Cook (^English navigator who claimed the east coast of Australia for Britain and discovered several Pacific islands (1728-1779)^)
   ^  #navigator;


#Constantine_the_Great__Constantine__Constantine_I (^Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337)^)
   ^  #Roman_Emperor;


#John_Constable__Constable (^English landscape painter (1776-1837)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Joseph_Conrad__Conrad__Teodor_Josef_Konrad_Korzeniowski (^English novelist (born in Poland) noted for sea stories and for his narrative technique (1857-1924)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#James_Scott_Connors__Connors__Jimmy_Conors (^outstanding United States tennis player (born in 1952)^)
   ^  #tennis_player;


#Maureen_Catherine_Connolly__Connolly__Little_Mo_Connolly (^United States tennis player who was the first woman to win the United States, British, French, and Australian championships in the same year (1953) (1934-1969)^)
   ^  #tennis_player;


#Confucius__Kung_futzu (^Chinese philosopher (circa 551-478 BC)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Sir_Arthur_Conan_Doyle__Conan_Doyle__A._Conan_Doyle__Arthur_Conan_Doyle (^English author who created Sherlock Holmes (1859-1930)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Isidore_Auguste_Marie_Francois_Comte__Comte__Auguste_Comte (^French philosopher remembered as the founder of positivism; he also established sociology as a systematic field of study^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Anthony_Comstock__Comstock (^United States reformer who led moral crusades against art and literature that he considered obscene (1844-1915)^)
   ^  #reformist;


#Arthur_Holly_Compton__Compton__Arthur_Compton (^United States physicist noted for research on x-rays and gamma rays and nuclear energy; his observation that X-rays behave like miniature bowling balls in their interactions with electrons provided evidence for the quantal nature of light (1892-1962)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#John_Amos_Comenius__Comenius__Jan_Amos_Komensky (^Czech educational reformer (1592-1670)^)
   ^  #educator;


#Christopher_Colombus__Columbus__Cristoforo_Colombo__Cristobal_Colon (^Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)^)
   ^  #navigator;


#William_Wilkie_Collins__Collins__Wilkie_Collins (^English writer noted for early detective novels (1824-1889)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Sidonie_Gabrielle_Claudine_Colette__Colette (^French writer of novels about women (1873-1954)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Ferdinand_Julius_Cohn__Cohn (^German botanist who is generally recognized as founding bacteriology when he recognized bacteria as plants^)
   ^  #botanist;


#George_Michael_Cohan__Cohan__George_M._Cohan (^United States songwriter and playwright famous for his patriotic songs (1878-1942)^)
   ^  #songwriter;


#William_Frederick_Cody__Cody__William_F._Cody__Buffalo_Bill__Buffalo_Bill_Cody (^United States showman famous for his Wild West Show (1846-1917)^)
   ^  #showman;


#Jean_Cocteau__Cocteau (^French writer and film maker who worked in many artistic media (1889-1963)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #film_maker;


#Sir_John_Douglas_Cockcroft__Cockcroft__Sir_John_Cockcroft (^British physicist who (with Ernest Walton in 1931) first split an atom (1897-1967)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Jacqueline_Cochran__Cochran (^United States aviator who held several speed records and headed the women's Air Force pilots in World War II (1910-1980)^)
   ^  #aviator;


#Cochise (^Apache leader of the resistance to United States troops in Arizona (1812-1874)^)
   ^  #Indian_chief  #Apache;


#Clovis_I__Clovis (^king of the Franks who unified Gaul and established his capital at Paris and founded the Frankish monarchy; his name was rendered as Gallic `Louis' (466-511)^)
   ^  #male_monarch  #Frank;


#Baron_Clive_of_Plassey__Clive__Robert_Clive__Baron_Clive (^British general and statesman whose victory at Plassey in 1757 strengthened British control of India (1725-1774)^)
   ^  #full_general  #statesman;


#William_Jefferson_Clinton__Clinton__Bill_Clinton__President_Clinton (^42nd President of the United States (1946- )^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#DeWitt_Clinton__Clinton (^United States politician who as governor of New York supported the project to build the Erie Canal (1769-1828)^)
   ^  #politico;


#Stephen_Grover_Cleveland__Cleveland__Grover_Cleveland__President_Cleveland (^22nd and 24th President of the United States (1837-1908)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Cleopatra (^beautiful and charismatic queen of Egypt; mistress of Julius Caesar and later of Mark Antony; killed herself to avoid capture by Octavian (69-30 BC)^)
   ^  #queen_regnant  #Egyptian.African;


#Samuel_Langhorne_Clemens__Clemens__Mark_Twain (^United States writer and humorist best known for his novels about Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn (1835-1910)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #humorist;


#Georges_Eugene_Benjamin_Clemenceau__Clemenceau__Georges_Clemenceau (^French statesman who played a key role in negotiating the Treaty of Versailles (1841-1929)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Cleanthes (^ancient Greek philosopher who succeeded Zeno of Citium as the leader of the Stoic school (300-232 BC)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Lucius_DuBignon_Clay__Clay__Lucius_Clay (^United States general who commanded United States forces in Europe from 1945 to 1949 and who oversaw the Berlin airlift (1897-1978)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Henry_Clay__Clay (^United States politician known as the Great Compromiser; responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states (1777-1852)^)
   ^  #politico;


#Karl_von_Clausewitz__Clausewitz (^Prussian general and military theorist who proposed a doctrine of total war and war as an extension of diplomacy (1780-1831)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Tiberius_Claudius_Drusus_Nero_Germanicus__Claudius__Claudius_I (^Roman Emperor after his nephew Caligula was murdered; consolidated the Empire and conquered southern Britain; was poisoned by his fourth wife Agrippina after her son Nero was named as Claudius' heir (10 BC to AD 54)^)
   ^  #Roman_Emperor;


#William_Clark__Clark (^United States explorer who (with Meriwether Lewis) led an expedition from St. Louis to the mouth of the Columbia River; Clark was responsible for making maps of the area (1770-1838)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Mark_Wayne_Clark__Clark__Mark_Clark (^United States general who was Allied commander in Africa and Italy in World War II and was commander of the United Nations forces in Korea (1896-1984)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Kenneth_Bancroft_Clark__Clark__Kenneth_Clark (^United States psychologist (born in Panama) whose research persuaded the Supreme Court that segregated schools were discriminatory (1914- )^)
   ^  #psychologist;


#Charles_Joseph_Clark__Clark__Joe_Clark (^Canadian politician who served as prime minister (1939- )^)
   ^  #politico;


#Lucius_Quinctius_Cincinnatus__Cincinnatus (^Roman statesman regarded as a model of simple virtue; he twice was called to assume dictatorship of Rome and each time retired to his farm (519-438 BC)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Giovanni_Cimabue__Cimabue (^painter of the Florentine school; anticipated the move from Byzantine to naturalistic art (1240-1302)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Marcus_Tullius_Cicero__Cicero__Tully (^a Roman statesman and orator remembered for his mastery of Latin prose (106-43 BC)^)
   ^  #orator  #statesman;


#John_Anthony_Ciardi__Ciardi__John_Ciardi (^United States poet and critic (1916-1986)^)
   ^  #poet  #literary_critic;


#John_Churchill__Churchill__Duke_of_Marlborough__First_Duke_of_Marlborough (^English general considered one of the greatest generals in history (1650-1722)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Sir_Winston_Leonard_Spenser_Churchill__Churchill__Winston_Churchill__Winston_S._Churchill (^British Conservative statesman; British leader during World War II; received Nobel Prize for literature in 1953 (1874-1965)^)
   ^  #statesman  #professional_writer;


#St_Christopher__Christopher__Saint_Christopher (^Christian martyr and patron saint of travellers (3rd century)^)
   ^  #patron_saint;


#Dame_Agatha_Mary_Clarissa_Christie__Christie__Agatha_Christie (^prolific English writer of detective stories (1890-1976)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Frederic_Francois_Chopin__Chopin (^French composer (born in Poland) and pianist of the romantic school (1810-1849)^)
   ^  #composer  #pianist;


#A._Noam_Chomsky__Chomsky__Noam_Chomsky (^United States linguist whose theory of generative grammar redefined the field of linguistics (born 1928)^)
   ^  #linguist;


#Giorgio_de_Chirico__Chirico (^Italian painter (born in Greece) whose deep shadows and barren landscapes strongly influenced the surrealists (1888-1978)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Thomas_Chippendale__Chippendale (^a British cabinetmaker remembered for his graceful designs (especially of chairs) which influenced his contemporaries (1718-1779)^)
   ^  #cabinetmaker;


#Chiang_Kai-shek__Chiang_Chung-cheng (^Chinese military and political figure; in the Chinese civil war that followed World War II he was defeated by the Chinese communists and in 1949 was forced to withdraw to Taiwan where he served as president of Nationalist China until his death (1897-1975)^)
   ^  #full_general  #statesman;


#Maurice_Chevalier__Chevalier (^French actor and cabaret singer (1888-1972)^)
   ^  #histrion  #singer;


#Gilbert_Keith_Chesterton__Chesterton__G._K._Chesterton (^conservative English writer of the Roman Catholic persuasion; in addition to volumes of criticism and polemics he wrote detective novels featuring Father Brown (1874-1936)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Fourth_Earl_of_Chesterfield__Chesterfield__Philip_Dormer_Stanhope (^suave and witty English statesman remembered mostly for letters to his son (1694-1773)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Maria_Luigi_Carlo_Zenobio_Cherubini__Cherubini__Luigi_Cherubini (^Italian composer of church music and operas (1760-1842)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Anton_Pavlovich_Chekhov__Chekhov__Chekov__Anton_Chekhov__Anton_Chekov__Anton_Pavlovich_Chekov (^Russian dramatist whose plays are concerned with the difficulty of communication between people (1860-1904)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Cesar_Estrada_Chavez__Chavez__Cesar_Chavez (^United States labor leader who organized farm workers (born 1927)^)
   ^  #labor_leader;


#Geoffrey_Chaucer__Chaucer (^English poet remembered as author of the Canterbury Tales (1340-1400)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Francois_Rene_Chateaubriand__Chateaubriand__Vicomte_de_Chateaubriand (^French statesman and writer; considered a precursor of the romantic movement in France (1768-1848)^)
   ^  #statesman  #professional_writer;


#Charles_IX (^King of France from 1560 to 1574 whose reign was dominated by his mother Catherine de Medicis (1550-1574)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Charles_VII (^King of France who began his reign with most of northern France under English control; after the intervention of Jeanne d'Arc the French were able to defeat the English and end the Hundred Years' War (1403-1461)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Charles_I__Charles_II__Charles_the_Bald (^as Charles II he was Holy Roman Emperor and as Charles I he was king of France (1630-1685)^)
   ^  #Holy_Roman_Emperor  #King_of_France;


#Charles_II (^King of England and Scotland and Ireland during the Restoration (1630-1685)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Charles_Stuart__Charles_I (^son of James I who was King of England and Scotland and Ireland; was deposed and executed by Oliver Cromwell (1600-1649)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Prince_Charles__Charles (^the eldest son of Elizabeth II and heir to the English throne (born in 1948)^)
   ^  #Prince_of_Wales;


#Jacques_Alexandre_Cesar_Charles__Charles__Jacques_Charles (^French physicist who anticipated Gay-Lussac's law (1746-1823)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Charlemagne__Charles_I__Charles_the_Great (^king of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor; conqueror of the Lombards and Saxons (742-814)^)
   ^  #Holy_Roman_Emperor  #conqueror;


#Jean_Martin_Charcot__Charcot (^French neurologist who tried to use hypnotism to cure hysteria (1825-1893)^)
   ^  #neurologist;


#Hugh_Capet__Capet (^King of France elected in 987 and founding the Capetian dynasty (940-996)^)
   ^  #King_of_France;


#Sir_Ernst_Boris_Chain__Chain__Ernst_Boris_Chain (^British biochemist (born in Germany) who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1906-1979)^)
   ^  #biochemist;


#John_Chapman__Chapman__Johnny_Appleseed (^American pioneer who planted apple trees as he traveled (1774-1845)^)
   ^  #pioneer;


#Sir_Charles_Spencer_Chaplin__Chaplin__Charlie_Chaplin (^English comedian and film maker; portrayed a downtrodden little man in baggy pants and bowler hat (1889-1977)^)
   ^  #comic  #film_maker;


#Raymond_Thornton_Chandler__Chandler__Raymond_Chandler (^United States writer of detective thrillers featuring the character of Philip Marlowe (1888-1959)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Jean_Francois_Champollion__Champollion (^French Egyptologist who studied the Rosetta stone and in 1821 became the first person to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics (1790-1832)^)
   ^  #Egyptologist;


#Samuel_de_Champlain__Champlain (^French explorer in Nova Scotia who established a settlement on the site of modern Quebec (1567-1635)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Arthur_Neville_Chamberlain__Chamberlain__Neville_Chamberlain (^British statesman who as Prime Minister pursued a policy of appeasement toward fascist Germany (1869-1940)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Marc_Chagall__Chagall (^French painter (born in Russia) noted for his imagery and brilliant colors (1887-1985)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Paul_Cezanne__Cezanne (^French postimpressionist painter who influenced modern art (especially cubism) by stressing the structural components latent in nature (1839-1906)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Miguel_de_Cervantes_Saavedra__Cervantes__Miguel_de_Cervantes__Cervantes_Saavedra (^Spanish writer best remembered for `Don Quixote' which satirizes chivalry and influenced the development of the novel form (1547-1616)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #dramatist;


#Anders_Celsius__Celsius (^Swedish astronomer who devised the centigrade thermometer (1701-1744)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Benvenuto_Cellini__Cellini (^Italian sculptor (1500-1571)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Henry_Cavendish__Cavendish (^British chemist and physicist who established that water is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen and who calculated the density of the earth (1731-1810)^)
   ^  #chemist  #physicist;


#Edith_Louisa_Cavell__Cavell__Edith_Cavell (^English nurse who remained in Brussels after the German occupation in order to help Allied prisoners escape; was caught and executed by the Germans (1865-1915)^)
   ^  #nurse;


#Gaius_Valerius_Catullus__Catullus (^Roman lyric poet remembered for his love poems to an aristocratic Roman woman (84-54 BC)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Catherine_de_Medicis (^queen of France as the wife of Henry II and regent during the minority of her son Charles IX (1519-1589)^)
   ^  #queen  #regent;


#Catherine_of_Aragon__Catherine (^first wife of Henry VIII of England; Henry's divorce from her marked an initial step in the English Reformation (1485-1536)^)
   ^  #wife;


#Catherine_II__Catherine__Catherine_the_Great (^Empress of Russia who greatly increased the territory of the empire (1729-1796)^)
   ^  #Empress;


#Catherine_I (^Empress of Russia who succeeded her husband Peter the Great (1684-1727)^)
   ^  #Empress;


#Willa_Sibert_Cather__Cather__Willa_Cather (^United States writer who wrote about frontier life (1873-1947)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Fidel_Castro__Castro (^Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927)^)
   ^  #socialist;


#Gaius_Cassius_Longinus__Cassius__Cassius_Longinus (^prime mover in the conspiracy against Julius Caesar (died in 42 BC)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Ernst_Cassirer__Cassirer (^German philosopher concerned with concept formation in the human mind and with symbolic forms in human culture generally (1874-1945)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Giovanni_Jacopo_Casanova_de_Seingalt__Casanova__Giovanni_Jacopo_Casanova__Casanova_de_Seingalt (^an Italian adventurer who wrote vivid accounts of his sexual encounters (1725-1798)^)
   ^  #adventurer;


#Pablo_Casals__Casals (^an outstanding Spanish cellist noted for his interpretation of Bach's cello suites (1876-1973)^)
   ^  #cellist;


#George_Washington_Carver__Carver (^United States botanist and agricultural chemist who developed many uses for peanuts and soy beans and sweet potatoes (1864-1943)^)
   ^  #botanist  #chemist;


#Enrico_Caruso__Caruso (^outstanding Italian operatic tenor (1873-1921)^)
   ^  #tenor;


#Edmund_Cartwright__Cartwright (^English clergyman who invented the power loom (1743-1823)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Jacques_Cartier__Cartier (^French explorer who explored the St. Lawrence river and laid claim to the region for France (1491-1557)^)
   ^  #navigator;


#Howard_Carter__Carter (^English Egyptologist who in 1922 discovered and excavated the tomb of Tutankhamen (1873-1939)^)
   ^  #Egyptologist;


#James_Earl_Carter_Jr.__Carter__Jimmy_Carter__James_Earl_Carter__President_Carter (^39th President of the United States (1924- )^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Rachel_Louise_Carson__Carson__Rachel_Carson (^United States biologist remembered for her opposition to the use of pesticides that were hazardous to wildlife (1907-1964)^)
   ^  #biologist  #environmentalist;


#Christopher_Carson__Carson__Kit_Carson (^United States frontiersman who guided Fremont's expeditions in the 1840s and served as a Union general in the Civil War (1809-1868)^)
   ^  #frontiersman;


#Lewis_Carroll__Carroll__Dodgson__Reverend_Dodgson__Charles_Dodgson__Charles_Lutwidge_Dodgson (^English author; Charles Dodgson was an Oxford don of mathematics who is remembered for the children's stories he wrote under the pen name Lewis Carroll (1832-1898)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#John_Merven_Carrere__Carrere (^United States architect who with his partner Thomas Hastings designed many important public buildings (1858-1911)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Alexis_Carrel__Carrel (^French surgeon and biologist who developed a way to suture and graft blood vessels (1873-1944)^)
   ^  #operating_surgeon  #biologist;


#Wallace_Hume_Carothers__Carothers__Wallace_Carothers (^United States chemist who developed nylon (1896-1937)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Nicolas_Leonard_Sadi_Carnot__Carnot__Sadi_Carnot (^French physicist who founded thermodynamics (1796-1832)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Dale_Carnegie__Carnegie (^United States educator famous for writing a book about how to win friends and influence people (1888-1955)^)
   ^  #educator;


#Andrew_Carnegie__Carnegie (^American industrialist and philanthropist who endowed education and public libraries and research trusts (1835-1919)^)
   ^  #industrialist  #philanthropist;


#Hoagland_Howard_Carmichael__Carmichael__Hoagy_Carmichael (^United States songwriter (1899-1981)^)
   ^  #songwriter;


#Thomas_Carlyle__Carlyle (^Scottish historian who wrote about the French Revolution (1795-1881)^)
   ^  #historian;


#Carl_XVI_Gustav (^King of Sweden (born 1946)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Thomas_Carew__Carew (^English Cavalier poet whose lyric poetry was favored by Charles I (1595-1639)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Giosue_Carducci__Carducci (^Italian poet considered the national poet of modern Italy (1835-1907)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Michelangelo_Merisi_da_Caravaggio__Caravaggio (^Italian painter noted for his realistic depiction of religious subjects and his novel use of light (1573-1610)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Frank_Capra__Capra (^United States film maker (1897-1991)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Alphonse_Capone__Capone__Al_Capone__Scarface (^United States gangster who terrorized Chicago during Prohibition until arrested for tax evasion (1899-1947)^)
   ^  #gangster;


#Canute_the_Great__Canute__Cnut__Knut (^King of Denmark and Norway who forced Edmund II to divide England with him; on the death of Edmund II Canute became King of all of England (994-1035)^)
   ^  #King_of_England;


#Albert_Camus__Camus (^French writer who portrayed the human condition as isolated in an absurd world (1913-1960)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Joseph_Campbell__Campbell (^United States mythologist (1904-1987)^)
   ^  #mythologist;


#Melvin_Calvin__Calvin (^United States chemist noted for discovering the series of chemical reactions in photosynthesis (1911- )^)
   ^  #chemist;


#John_Calvin__Calvin__Jean_Cauvin__Jean_Caulvin__Jean_Chauvin (^Swiss theologian (born in France) whose tenets (predestination and the irresistibility of grace and justification by faith) defined Presbyterianism (1509-1564)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Maria_Meneghini_Callas__Callas__Maria_Callas (^Greek coloratura soprano (born in the United States) known for her dramatic intensity in operatic roles (1923-1977)^)
   ^  #coloratura_soprano;


#Calixtus_III__Borgia__Alfonso_Borgia (^Italian pope whose nepotism put the Borgia family in power in Italy (1378-1458)^)
   ^  #pope;


#Caligula__Gaius__Gaius_Caesar (^Roman Emperor who succeeded Tiberius and whose uncontrolled passions resulted in manifest insanity; noted for his cruelty and tyranny; was assassinated (12-41)^)
   ^  #Roman_Emperor;


#Erskine_Preston_Caldwell__Caldwell__Erskine_Caldwell (^United States author remembered for novels about poverty and degeneration (1903-1987)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Pedro_Calderon_de_la_Barca__Calderon__Calderon_de_la_Barca (^Spanish poet and dramatist considered one of the great Spanish writers (1600-1681)^)
   ^  #dramatist  #poet;


#Alexander_Calder__Calder (^United States sculptor who first created mobiles and stabiles (1898-1976)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Jimmy_Cagney__Cagney__James_Cagney (^United States film actor known for his portrayals of tough characters (1899-1986)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Count_Alessandro_di_Cagliostro__Cagliostro__Giuseppe_Balsamo (^Italian who was famous as a magician and alchemist (1743-1795)^)
   ^  #sorcerer;


#Gaius_Julius_Caesar__Caesar__Julius_Caesar (^conqueror of Gaul and master of Italy (100-44 BC)^)
   ^  #full_general  #statesman;


#Sebastian_Cabot__Cabot (^son of John Cabot who was born in Italy and who led an English expedition in search of the Northwest Passage and a Spanish expedition that explored the La Plata region of Brazil; in 1544 he published a map of the world (1476-1557)^)
   ^  #explorer  #cartographer;


#John_Cabot__Cabot__Giovanni_Cabato (^Italian explorer who led the English expedition in 1497 that discovered the mainland of North America and explored the coast from Nova Scotia to Newfoundland (ca. 1450-1498)^)
   ^  #navigator;


#James_Branch_Cabell__Cabell (^United States writer of satirical novels (1879-1958)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Sixth_Baron_Byron_of_Rochdale__Byron__Lord_Byron__George_Gordon_Byron (^English romantic poet notorious for his rebellious and unconventional lifestyle (1788-1824)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Richard_Evelyn_Byrd__Byrd__Richard_E._Byrd__Admiral_Byrd (^explorer and United States naval officer; led expeditions to explore Antarctica (1888-1957)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#George_Walker_Bush__Bush__George_Bush__George_W._Bush__Dubyuh__President_Bush (^43rd President of the United States^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Vannevar_Bush__Bush (^United States electrical engineer who designed an early analogue computer and who led the scientific program of the United States during World War II (1890-1974)^)
   ^  #electrical_engineer;


#George_Herbert_Walker_Bush__Bush__George_Bush__President_Bush (^Vice President under Reagan and 41st President of the United States (1924- )^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Sir_Richard_Francis_Burton__Burton__Richard_Burton__Sir_Richard_Burton (^English explorer who with John Speke was the first European to explore Lake Tanganyika (1821-1890)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Richard_Burton__Burton (^Welsh film actor who often co-starred with Elizabeth Taylor (1925-1984)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Cyril_Lodowic_Burt__Burt__Cyril_Burt (^English psychologist whose studies of twins were later said to have used fabricated data (1883-1971)^)
   ^  #psychologist;


#William_Burroughs__Burroughs__William_Seward_Burroughs (^United States writer noted for his works portraying the life of drug addicts (born 1914)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#William_Seward_Burroughs__Burroughs (^United States inventor who patented the first practical adding machine (1855-1898)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Edgar_Rice_Burroughs__Burroughs (^United States novelist and author of the Tarzan stories (1875-1950)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Aaron_Burr__Burr (^United States politician who served as Vice President under Jefferson; he mortally wounded his political rival Alexander Hamilton in a duel and fled south (1756-1836)^)
   ^  #politico;


#George_Burns__Burns__Nathan_Birnbaum (^United States comedian and film actor (1896-1996)^)
   ^  #vaudevillian  #comic;


#Robert_Burns__Burns (^celebrated Scottish poet (1759-1796)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Frances_Eliza_Hodgson_Burnett__Burnett__Frances_Hodgson_Burnett (^United States writer (born in England) remembered for her novels for children (1849-1924)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Edmund_Burke__Burke (^English statesman famous for his oratory; pleaded the cause of the American colonists in Parliament and defended the parliamentary system (1729-1797)^)
   ^  #statesman  #orator;


#Martha_Jane_Burk__Burk__Burke__Martha_Jane_Burke__Calamity_Jane (^American frontierswoman and legendary figure of the Wild West noted for her marksmanship (1852-1903)^)
   ^  #frontierswoman;


#John_Burgoyne__Burgoyne__Gentleman_Johnny (^British general in the American Revolution who captured Fort Ticonderoga but lost the battle of Saratoga in 1777 (1722-1792)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Luther_Burbank__Burbank (^United States horticulturist who developed many new varieties of fruits and vegetables and flowers (1849-1926)^)
   ^  #horticulturist;


#Richard_Burbage__Burbage (^English actor who was the first to play the leading role in several of Shakespeare's tragedies (1567-1619)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#John_Bunyan__Bunyan (^English preacher and author of an allegorical novel, Pilgrim's Progress (1628-1688)^)
   ^  #preacher_man  #professional_writer;


#Luis_Bunuel__Bunuel (^Spanish film director (1900-1983)^)
   ^  #film_director;


#Robert_Wilhelm_Bunsen__Bunsen__Robert_Bunsen (^German chemist who with Kirchhoff pioneered spectrum analysis but is remembered mainly for his invention of the Bunsen burner (1811-1899)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Ralph_Johnson_Bunche__Bunche__Ralph_Bunche (^United States diplomat and United Nations official (1904-1971)^)
   ^  #diplomatist;


#Rudolf_Karl_Bultmann__Bultmann__Rudolf_Bultmann (^German Lutheran theologian (1884-1976)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Nikolai_Ivanovich_Bukharin__Bukharin (^Russian Bolshevik leader who advocated gradual collectivism of the farms; was executed in a purge by Stalin (1888-1938)^)
   ^  #Bolshevist;


#John_Donald_Budge__Budge__Don_Budge (^United States tennis player who in 1938 was the first to win the Australian and French and English and United States singles championship in the same year (1915-2000)^)
   ^  #tennis_player;


#Pearl_Sydenstricker_Buck__Buck__Pearl_Buck (^United States author whose novels drew on her experiences as a missionary in China (1892-1973)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #missioner;


#Eduard_Buchner__Buchner (^German organic chemist who studied alcoholic fermentation and discovered zymase (1860-1917)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#President_Buchanan__Buchanan__James_Buchanan (^15th President of the United States (1791-1868)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Martin_Buber__Buber (^Israeli religious philosopher (born in Austria) (1878-1965)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#William_Jennings_Bryan__Bryan__the_Great_Commoner__The_Boy_Orator_of_the_Platte (^United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925)^)
   ^  #politico  #lawyer;


#Marcus_Junius_Brutus__Brutus (^statesman of ancient Rome who (with Cassius) led a conspiracy to assassinate Julius Caesar (85-42 BC)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Giordano_Bruno__Bruno (^Italian philosopher who used Copernican principles to develop a pantheistic monistic philosophy; condemned for heresy by the Inquisition and burned at the stake (1548-1600)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#George_Bryan_Brummell__Brummell__Beau_Brummell (^English dandy who was a fashion leader during the Regency (1778-1840)^)
   ^  #dandy;


#Pieter_Brueghel_the_Elder__Brueghel__Breughel__Bruegel__Pieter_Brueghel__Pieter_Breughel__Pieter_Bruegel__Breughel_the_Elder (^Flemish painter of landscapes (1525-1569)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#Sir_David_Bruce__Bruce__David_Bruce (^Australian physician and bacteriologist who described the bacterium that causes undulant fever or brucellosis (1855-1931)^)
   ^  #doc  #bacteriologist;


#Robert_the_Bruce__Bruce__Robert_I (^King of Scotland from 1306 to 1329; defeated the English army under Edward II at Bannockburn and gained recognition of Scottish independence (1274-1329)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#John_Moses_Browning__Browning__John_M._Browning (^United States inventor of firearms (especially automatic pistols and repeating rifles and a machine gun called `The Peacemaker') (1855-1926)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Robert_Browning__Browning (^English poet and husband of Elizabeth Barrett Browning noted for his dramatic monologues (1812-1889)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Elizabeth_Barrett_Browning__Browning (^English poet best remembered for love sonnets written to her husband Robert Browning (1806-1861)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Hablot_Knight_Browne__Browne__Phiz (^English illustrator of several of Dickens' novels (1815-1882)^)
   ^  #illustrator;


#Charles_Farrar_Browne__Browne__Artemus_Ward (^United States writer of humorous tales of an itinerant showman (1834-1867)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Robert_Brown__Brown (^Scottish botanist who first observed the movement of small particles in fluids now known a Brownian motion (1773-1858)^)
   ^  #botanist;


#John_Brown__Brown (^abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858)^)
   ^  #abolitionist;


#Van_Wyck_Brooks__Brooks (^American literary critic and historian (1886-1963)^)
   ^  #literary_critic;


#Rupert_Brooke__Brooke (^English lyric poet (1887-1915)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Anne_Bronte__Bronte (^English novelist; youngest of three Bronte sisters (1820-1849)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Emily_Jane_Bronte__Bronte__Emily_Bronte__Currer_Bell (^English novelist; one of three Bronte sisters (1818-1848)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Charlotte_Bronte__Bronte (^English novelist; oldest of three Bronte sisters (1816-1855)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Louis_Victor_de_Broglie__Broglie__de_Broglie (^French nuclear physicist who generalized the wave-particle duality by proposing that particles of matter exhibit wavelike properties (1892-1987)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Pierre-Paul_Broca__Broca (^French anthropologist who studied the craniums and brains of different races of people; remembered for his discovery that articulate speech depends on an area of the brain now known as Broca's area (1824-1880)^)
   ^  #anthropologist;


#Daniel_Garrison_Brinton__Brinton (^United States anthropologist who was the first to attempt a systematic classification of Native American languages (1837-1899)^)
   ^  #anthropologist;


#Saint_Bridget__Bridget__St_Bridget__Brigid__Saint_Brigid__St_Brigid__Bride__Saint_Bride__St_Bride (^Irish abbess; a patron saint of Ireland (453-523)^)
   ^  #abbess  #patron_saint;


#Harry_Bridges__Bridges (^United States labor leader who organized the longshoremen (1901-1990)^)
   ^  #labor_leader;


#Leonid_Ilyich_Brezhnev__Brezhnev__Leonid_Brezhnev (^Soviet statesman who became president of the Soviet Union (1906-1982)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Marcel_Lajos_Breuer__Breuer (^United States architect (born in Hungary) who was associated with the Bauhaus in the 1920's (1902-1981)^)
   ^  #architect;


#Bertolt_Brecht__Brecht (^German dramatist and poet who developed a style of epic theater (1898-1956)^)
   ^  #dramatist  #poet;


#Eva_Braun__Braun (^the German mistress of Adolf Hitler (1910-1945)^)
   ^  #kept_woman;


#Wernher_Magnus_Maximilian_von_Braun__Braun__von_Braun__Wernher_von_Braun (^United States rocket engineer (born in Germany where he designed a missile used against England); he led the United States Army team that put the first American satellite into space (1912-1977)^)
   ^  #rocket_engineer;


#Georges_Braque__Braque (^French painter who led the cubist movement (1882-1963)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Willy_Brandt__Brandt (^German states who as chancellor of West Germany worked to reduce tensions with eastern Europe (1913-1992)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Constantin_Brancusi__Brancusi (^Romanian sculptor noted for abstractions of animal forms (1876-1957)^)
   ^  #sculptor;


#Louis_Braille__Braille (^French educator who lost his sight at the age of three and who invented a system of writing and printing for sightless people (1809-152)^)
   ^  #educator;


#Johannes_Brahms__Brahms (^German composer (1833-1897)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Braxton_Bragg__Bragg (^Confederate general during the American Civil War who was defeated by Grant in the battle of Chattanooga (1817-1876)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Mathew_B._Brady__Brady (^American pioneer photographer famous for his portraits; was the official Union photographer for the Civil War (1823-1896)^)
   ^  #photographer;


#James_Buchanan_Brady__Brady__Diamond_Jim_Brady__Diamond_Jim (^United States financier noted for his extravagant lifestyle (1856-1917)^)
   ^  #financier;


#Thomas_Bradley__Bradley__Tom_Bradley (^United States politician who was elected the first Black may of Los Angeles (1917-1998)^)
   ^  #politico;


#Omar_Nelson_Bradley__Bradley__Omar_Bradley (^United States general who played an important role in the Allied victory in World War II (1893-1981)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#William_Bradford__Bradford (^American printer (born in England) whose press produced the first American prayer book and the New York City's first newspaper (1663-1752)^)
   ^  #pressman;


#Ray_Douglas_Bradbury__Bradbury__Ray_Bradbury (^United States writer of science fiction (born 1920)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Robert_Boyle__Boyle (^Irish chemist who established that air has weight and whose definitions of chemical elements and chemical reactions helped to dissociate chemistry from alchemy (1627-1691)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#James_Bowie__Bowie (^American pioneer and hero of the Texas Revolution (1796-1836)^)
   ^  #pioneer;


#Thomas_Bowdler__Bowdler (^English editor who in 1818 published an expurgated edition of the works of Shakespeare (1754-1825)^)
   ^  #editor;


#Nathaniel_Bowditch__Bowditch (^United States mathematician and astronomer noted for his works on navigation (1773-1838)^)
   ^  #mathematician  #astronomer;


#Louis_Antoine_de_Bougainville__Bougainville (^French explorer who circumnavigated the globe accompanied by scientists (1729-1811)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Sandro_Botticelli__Botticelli__Alessandro_di_Mariano_dei_Filipepi (^Italian painter of mythological and religious paintings (1444-1510)^)
   ^  #old_master;


#James_Boswell__Boswell (^Scottish author noted for his biography of Samuel Johnson (1740-1795)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Satyendra_Nath_Bose__Bose__Satyendra_N._Bose (^Indian physicist who with Albert Einstein proposed statistical laws based on the indistinguishability of particles; led to the description of fundamental particles that later came to be known as bosons^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Max_Born__Born (^British nuclear physicist (born in Germany) honored for his contributions to quantum mechanics (1882-1970)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Lucrezia_Borgia__Borgia__Duchess_of_Ferrara (^Italian noblewoman and patron of the arts (1480-1519)^)
   ^  #Lady;


#Cesare_Borgia__Borgia (^Italian cardinal and military leader; model for Machiavelli's prince (1475-1507)^)
   ^  #cardinal  #soldier;


#Jorge_Luis_Borges__Borges__Jorge_Borges (^Argentinian writer remembered for his short stories (1899-1986)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#John_Wilkes_Booth__Booth (^American actor and assassin of President Lincoln (1838-1865)^)
   ^  #histrion  #assassin;


#Daniel_Boone__Boone (^an American pioneer and guide and explorer (1734-1820)^)
   ^  #frontiersman;


#George_Boole__Boole (^English mathematician; creator of Boolean algebra (1815-1864)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#William_H._Bonney__Bonney__Billie_the_Kid (^United States outlaw who was said to have killed 21 men (1859-1881)^)
   ^  #criminal;


#Julian_Bond__Bond (^United States civil rights leader who was elected to the legislature in Georgia but was barred from taking his seat because he opposed the Vietnam War (born 1940)^)
   ^  #civil_rights_leader;


#Ludwig_Boltzmann__Boltzmann (^Austrian physicist who contributed to the kinetic theory of gases (1844-1906)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Simon_Bolivar__Bolivar__El_Libertador (^Venezuelan statesman who led the revolt of South American colonies against Spanish rule; founded Bolivia in 1825 (1783-1830)^)
   ^  #full_general  #statesman;


#Anne_Boleyn__Boleyn (^the second wife of Henry VIII of England and mother of Elizabeth I; was executed on a charge of adultery (1507-1536)^)
   ^  #queen;


#Niels_Henrik_David_Bohr__Bohr__Niels_Bohr (^Danish physicist who studied atomic structure and radiations; the Bohr theory of the atom accounted for the spectrum of hydrogen (1885-1962)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Humphrey_DeForest_Bogart__Bogart__Humphrey_Bogart (^United States film actor (1899-1957)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Anicius_Manlius_Severinus_Boethius__Boethius (^Roman philosopher who was executed for treason (480-524)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Jakob_Boehme__Boehme__Bohme__Jakob_Bohme__Boehm__Jakob_Boehm__Behmen__Jakob_Behmen (^German mystic and theosophist who founded modern theosophy; influenced George Fox (1575-1624)^)
   ^  #religious_mystic;


#Gianbattista_Bodoni__Bodoni (^Italian printer who designed the Bodoni font (1740-1813)^)
   ^  #pressman;


#Giovanni_Boccaccio__Boccaccio (^Italian poet (born in France) (1313-1375)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Leonard_Bloomfield__Bloomfield (^United States linguist who adopted a behavioristic approach to linguistics (1887-1949)^)
   ^  #linguist;


#Marc_Blitzstein__Blitzstein (^United States composer of operas and musical plays (1905-1964)^)
   ^  #composer;


#William_Bligh__Bligh__Captain_Bligh (^British admiral; was captain of the H.M.S. Bounty when the crew mutinied in 1789 (1754-1817)^)
   ^  #full_admiral;


#Louis_Bleriot__Bleriot (^French aviator who in 1909 made the first flight across the English Channel (1872-1936)^)
   ^  #aviator;


#William_Blake__Blake (^visionary British poet (1757-1827)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Joseph_Black__Black (^British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728-1799)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Shirley_Temple_Black__Black__Shirley_Temple (^popular child actress of the 1930's (born 1927)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Prince_Otto_Eduard_Leopold_von_Bismarck__Bismarck__von_Bismarck__Otto_von_Bismarck__Prince_Otto_von_Bismarck__Iron_Chancellor (^German statesman under whose leadership Germany was united (1815-1898)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Alfred_Binet__Binet (^French psychologist remembered for his studies of the intellectual development of children (1857-1911)^)
   ^  #psychologist;


#Ambrose_Gwinett_Bierce__Bierce__Ambrose_Bierce (^United States writer of caustic wit (1842-1914)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Ernest_Bevin__Bevin (^British labor leader and statesman who played an important role in diplomacy after World War II (1884-1951)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#William_Henry_Beveridge__Beveridge__First_Baron_Beveridge (^British economist (born in India) whose report on social insurance provided the basis for most of the social legislation on which the welfare state in the United Kingdom is based (1879-1963)^)
   ^  #economist;


#Mary_McLeod_Bethune__Bethune (^United States educator who worked to improve race relations and educational opportunities for Black Americans (1875-1955)^)
   ^  #educator;


#Hans_Albrecht_Bethe__Bethe__Hans_Bethe (^United States physicist (born in Germany) noted for research in astrophysics and nuclear physics (born 1906)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Charles_Herbert_Best__Best__C._H._Best (^Canadian physiologist (born in the United States) who assisted F. G. Banting in research leading to the discovery of insulin (1899-1978)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#Sir_Henry_Bessemer__Bessemer (^British inventor and metallurgist who developed the Bessemer process (1813-1898)^)
   ^  #metallurgist  #inventor;


#Friedrich_Wilhelm_Bessel__Bessel (^German mathematician and astronomer who made accurate measurements of stellar distances and who predicted the existence on an 8th planet (1784-1846)^)
   ^  #mathematician  #astronomer;


#Jons_Jakob_Berzelius__Berzelius (^Swedish chemist who discovered three new elements and determined the atomic weights of many others (1779-1848)^)
   ^  #chemist;


#Bernardo_Bertolucci__Bertolucci (^Italian filmmaker (born in 1940)^)
   ^  #film_maker;


#Alphonse_Bertillon__Bertillon (^French criminologist (1853-1914)^)
   ^  #criminologist;


#Charles_Edward_Berry__Berry__Chuck_Berry (^United States rock singer (born in 1931)^)
   ^  #rock_star;


#Lawrence_Peter_Berra__Berra__Yogi__Yogi_Berra (^United States baseball player (born 1925)^)
   ^  #ballplayer;


#Leonard_Bernstein__Bernstein (^United States conductor and composer (1918-1990)^)
   ^  #music_director  #composer;


#Daniel_Bernoulli__Bernoulli (^Swiss physicist who contributed to hydrodynamics and mathematical physics (1700-1782)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Johann_Bernoulli__Bernoulli__Jean_Bernoulli__John_Bernoulli (^Swiss mathematician (1667-1748)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Jacques_Bernoulli__Bernoulli__Jakob_Bernoulli__James_Bernoulli (^Swiss mathematician (1654-1705)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Sarah_Bernhardt__Bernhardt__Henriette_Rosine_Bernard (^French actress (1844-1923)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Claude_Bernard__Bernard (^French physiologist noted for research on secretions of the alimentary canal and the glycogenic function of the liver (1813-1878)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#Louis-Hector_Berlioz__Berlioz__Hector_Berlioz (^French composer (1803-1869)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Irving_Berlin__Berlin__Israel_Baline (^United States songwriter (born in Russia) who wrote more than 1500 songs and several musical comedies (1888-1989)^)
   ^  #songwriter;


#Bishop_Berkeley__Berkeley__George_Berkeley (^Irish philosopher and Anglican bishop who opposed the materialism of Thomas Hobbes (1685-1753)^)
   ^  #philosopher  #bishop;


#Vitus_Bering__Bering__Behring__Vitus_Behring (^Danish explorer who explored the North Pacific Ocean for the Russians and discovered the Bering Strait (1681-1741)^)
   ^  #navigator;


#Lavrenti_Pavlovich_Beria__Beria (^Soviet chief of secret police under Joseph Stalin; was executed by his associates in the power struggle following Stalin's death (1899-1953)^)
   ^  #police_captain;


#Henri_Louis_Bergson__Bergson__Henri_Bergson (^French philosopher who proposed elan vital as the cause of evolution and development (1859-1941)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Ingrid_Bergman__Bergman (^Swedish film actress (1915-1982)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Ingmar_Bergman__Bergman (^Swedish film director who used heavy symbolism and explored the psychology of the characters (born 1918)^)
   ^  #film_director;


#Thomas_Hart_Benton__Benton (^United States artist whose paintings portrayed life in the Midwest and South (1889-1975)^)
   ^  #painter;


#Old_Bullion__Benton__Thomas_Hart_Benton (^United States legislator who opposed the use of paper currency (1782-1858)^)
   ^  #legislator;


#Jeremy_Bentham__Bentham (^English philosopher and jurist; founder of utilitarianism (1748-1831)^)
   ^  #philosopher  #jurist;


#Floyd_Bennett__Bennett (^United States aviator who (with Richard E. Byrd) piloted the first flight over the North Pole (1890-1928)^)
   ^  #aviator;


#Benjamin (^(Old Testament) the youngest and best-loved son of Jacob and Rachel and one of the twelve forebears of the tribes of Israel^)
   ^  #patriarch;


#David_Ben_Gurion__Ben_Gurion__David_Grun (^Israeli statesman (born in Poland) and active Zionist who organized resistance against the British after World War II; prime minister of Israel (1886-1973)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Ruth_Benedict__Benedict__Ruth_Fulton (^American anthropologist (1887-1948)^)
   ^  #anthropologist;


#Saint_Benedict__Benedict__St_Benedict (^Italian monk who founded the Benedictine order about 540 (480-547)^)
   ^  #monk;


#Robert_Charles_Benchley__Benchley__Robert_Benchley (^United States humorist (1889-1945)^)
   ^  #humorist;


#Belshazzar (^(Old Testament) Babylonian general and son of Nebuchadnezzar II; according to the Old Testament he was warned of his doom by divine handwriting on the wall that was interpreted by Daniel (6th century BC)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Roberto_Francesco_Romolo_Bellarmine__Bellarmine__Bellarmino__Cardinal_Bellarmine (^Italian cardinal and theologian (1542-1621)^)
   ^  #cardinal  #theologian;


#Alexander_Graham_Bell__Bell__Alexander_Bell (^American inventor of the telephone (1847-1922)^)
   ^  #inventor;


#Belisarius (^Byzantine general under Justinian I; he recovered former Roman territories in northern Africa and fought against the Persians^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Menachem_Begin__Begin (^Israeli statesman (born in Russia) who (as Prime Minister of Israel) negotiated a peace treaty with Anwar el-Sadat of Egypt (1913-1992)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Ludwig_van_Beethoven__Beethoven__van_Beethoven (^German composer of symphonic and chamber music (1770-1827)^)
   ^  #composer;


#Sir_Henry_Maxmilian_Beerbohm__Beerbohm__Max_Beerbohm (^English writer and caricaturist (1872-1956)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #caricaturist;


#Henry_Ward_Beecher__Beecher (^United States clergyman who was a leader for the abolition of slavery (1813-1887)^)
   ^  #clergyman  #abolitionist;


#the_Venerable_Bede__Bede__Saint_Bede__St_Bede__Baeda__Saint_Baeda__St_Baeda__Beda__Saint_Beda__St_Beda (^English monk and scholar (672-735)^)
   ^  #theologian  #historian;


#Antoine_Henri_Becquerel__Becquerel__Henri_Becquerel (^French physicist who discovered that rays emitted by uranium salts affect photographic plates (1852-1908)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Samuel_Beckett__Beckett (^an author born in Ireland who lived in France; wrote plays for the Theater of the Absurd (1906-1989)^)
   ^  #professional_writer  #dramatist;


#Saint_Thomas_a_Becket__Becket__Thomas_a_Becket__St_Thomas_a_Becket (^archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 to 1170; murdered following his opposition to Henry II concerning Henry's attempts to control the clergy (1118-1170)^)
   ^  #archbishop  #martyr;


#1st_Baron_Beaverbrook__Beaverbrook__William_Maxwell_Aitken (^British newspaper publisher and politician (born in Canada); confidant of Winston Churchill (1879-1964)^)
   ^  #newspaper_publisher  #politico;


#Simone_de_Beauvoir__Beauvoir (^French feminist and existentialist and novelist (1908-1986)^)
   ^  #feminist  #existentialist;


#George_Wells_Beadle__Beadle__George_Beadle (^United States biologist who discovered how hereditary characteristics are transmitted by genes (1903-1989)^)
   ^  #biologist;


#Chevalier_de_Bayard__Bayard__Seigneur_de_Bayard__Pierre_Terrail__Pierre_de_Terrail (^French soldier said to be fearless and chivalrous (1473-1524)^)
   ^  #soldier;


#Charles_Pierre_Baudelaire__Baudelaire__Charles_Baudelaire (^a French poet noted for macabre imagery and evocative language (1821-1867)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Mikhail_Baryshnikov__Baryshnikov (^Russian dancer and choreographer who migrated to the United States (born in 1948)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer  #choreographer;


#John_Barrymore__Barrymore (^United States actor; son of Maurice Barrymore and Georgiana Barrymore (1882-1942)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Ethel_Barrymore__Barrymore (^United States actress; daughter of Maurice Barrymore and Georgiana Barrymore (1879-1959)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Lionel_Barrymore__Barrymore (^United States actor; son of Maurice Barrymore and Georgiana Barrymore (1878-1954)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Georgiana_Emma_Barrymore__Barrymore__Georgiana_Barrymore (^United States actress; daughter of John Drew and wife of Maurice Barrymore; mother of Ethel Barrymore and John Barrymore and Lionel Barrymore (1854-1893)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Maurice_Barrymore__Barrymore__Herbert_Blythe (^United States actor; husband of Georgiana Emma Barrymore and father of Ethel Barrymore and John Barrymore and Lionel Barrymore (1847-1905)^)
   ^  #histrion;


#Sir_James_Matthew_Barrie__Barrie__James_Barrie__J._M._Barrie__James_Matthew_Barrie (^Scottish dramatist and novelist; created Peter Pan (1860-1937)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Phineas_Taylor_Barnum__Barnum__P._T._Barnum (^United States showman who popularized the circus (1810-1891)^)
   ^  #showman;


#Alben_William_Barkley__Barkley__Alben_Barkley (^American politician and lawyer; vice president of the United States (1877-1956)^)
   ^  #politico;


#John_Bardeen__Bardeen (^American physicist who won the Nobel Prize for physics twice (1908-1991)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Khayr_ad-Din__Barbarossa (^Barbary pirate (died in 1546)^)
   ^  #Barbary_pirate;


#Robert_Barany__Barany (^Austrian physician who developed a rotational method for testing the middle ear (1876-1936)^)
   ^  #doc;


#Imamu_Amiri_Baraka__Baraka__LeRoi_Jones (^United States writer of poems and plays about racial conflict (born in 1934)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Sir_Frederick_Grant_Banting__Banting__F._G._Banting (^Canadian physiologist who discovered insulin with C. H. Best and who used it to treat diabetes(1891-1941)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#Sir_Roger_Gilbert_Bannister__Bannister__Roger_Bannister (^English runner who in 1954 became the first person to run a mile in less than four minutes (born in 1929)^)
   ^  #four-minute_man;


#Sir_Joseph_Banks__Banks (^English botanist who accompanied Captain Cook on his first voyage to the Pacific Ocean (1743-1820)^)
   ^  #botanist;


#Tallulah_Bankhead__Bankhead (^uninhibited United States actress (1903-1968)^)
   ^  #actress;


#Honore_de_Balzac__Balzac__Honore_Balzac (^French novelist; he portrays the complexity of 19th century French society (1799-1850)^)
   ^  #novelist;


#Arthur_James_Balfour__Balfour__1st_Earl_of_Balfour (^English statesman; member of the Conservative Party (1848-1930)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#1st_Earl_Baldwin_of_Bewdley__Baldwin__Stanley_Baldwin (^English statesman; member of the Conservative Party (1867-1947)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Vasco_Nunez_de_Balboa__Balboa (^Spanish explorer who discovered the Pacific Ocean (1475-1519)^)
   ^  #navigator;


#George_Balanchine__Balanchine (^United States dancer and choreographer (born in Russia) noted for his abstract and formal works (1904-1983)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer  #choreographer;


#Mikhail_Aleksandrovich_Bakunin__Bakunin__Mikhail_Bakunin (^Russian anarchist; ally and later opponent of Karl Marx (1814-1876)^)
   ^  #anarchist;


#Pearl_Mae_Bailey__Bailey__Pearl_Bailey (^American singer (1918-1990)^)
   ^  #singer;


#Nathaniel_Bailey__Bailey__Nathan_Bailey (^English lexicographer who was the first to treat etymology consistently; his work was used as a reference by Samuel Johnson (died in 1742)^)
   ^  #lexicographer;


#Karl_Baedeker__Baedeker (^German publisher of a series of travel guidebooks (1801-1859)^)
   ^  #publisher;


#Roger_Bacon__Bacon (^English Franciscan monk and scientist who stressed the importance of experimentation; first showed that air is required for combustion and first used lenses to correct vision (1220-1292)^)
   ^  #monk  #scientist;


#Francis_Bacon__Bacon__Baron_Verulam__1st_Baron_Verulam__Viscount_St._Albans (^English statesman and philosopher; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626)^)
   ^  #statesman  #philosopher;


#Johann_Sebastian_Bach__Bach (^German organist and contrapuntist (1685-1750)^)
   ^  #organist  #composer;


#Amedeo_Avogadro__Avogadro (^Italian physicist noted for his work on gases; proposed what has come to be called Avogadro's law (1776-1856)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Jane_Austen__Austen (^English novelist noted for her insightful portrayals of middle-class families (1775-1817)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Augustus__Gaius_Octavianus__Gaius_Julius_Caesar_Octavianus__Octavian (^Roman statesman who became emperor of Rome after defeating Mark Antony at Actium (63 BC - AD 14)^)
   ^  #statesman  #Roman_Emperor;


#St_Augustine__Augustine__Saint_Augustine (^one of the Fathers of the Roman Catholic Church; after a dramatic conversion to Christianity he became Bishop of Hippo in North Africa (354-430)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#John_James_Audubon__Audubon (^American ornithologist and artist (born in Haiti) noted for his paintings of birds of America (1785-1851)^)
   ^  #ornithologist  #artist;


#Wystan_Hugh_Auden__Auden__W._H._Auden (^American poet (born in England) (1907-1973)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Clement_Richard_Attlee__Attlee__Clement_Attlee__1st_Earl_Attlee (^British statesman and leader of the Labour party who instituted the welfare state in England (1883-1967)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Attila__Scourge_of_God__Scourge_of_the_Gods (^king of the Huns; the most successful barbarian invader of the Roman Empire (406-453)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Athelstan (^the first Saxon ruler who extended his kingdom to include nearly all of England (895-939)^)
   ^  #male_monarch  #Saxon;


#Athanasius_the_Great__Athanasius__Saint_Athanasius__St_Athanasius (^Greek patriarch of Alexandria who championed Christian orthodoxy against Arianism (293-373)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Nancy_Witcher_Astor__Astor__Viscountess_Astor (^British politician (born in the United States) who was the first woman to sit in the British House of Commons (1879-1964)^)
   ^  #viscountess  #politico;


#John_Jacob_Astor__Astor (^American capitalist (born in Germany) who made a fortune in fur trading (1763-1848)^)
   ^  #capitalist;


#Fred_Astaire__Astaire (^United States dancer and cinema actor noted for his original and graceful tap dancing (1899-1987)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer  #histrion;


#Ashurbanipal__Assurbanipal__Asurbanipal (^king of Assyria who built a magnificent palace and library at Nineveh (668-627 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Sir_Frederick_Ashton__Ashton (^British choreographer (1906-1988)^)
   ^  #choreographer;


#Arthur_Robert_Ashe__Ashe__Arthur_Ashe (^United States tennis player who was the first Black to win United States and English singles championships (1943-1993)^)
   ^  #tennis_player;


#Sholem_Asch__Asch__Shalom_Asch__Sholom_Asch (^United States writer (born in Poland) who wrote in Yiddish (1880-1957)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Chester_Alan_Arthur__Arthur__Chester_A._Arthur__President_Arthur (^elected Vice President and became 21st President of the United States when Garfield was assassinated (1830-1886)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#King_Arthur__Arthur (^a legendary king of the Britons (possibly based on a historical figure in the 6th century but the story has been retold too many times to be sure); said to have led the Knights of the Round Table at Camelot^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Artaxerxes_II (^king of Persia who subdued numerous revolutions and made peace with Sparta (?-359 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch  #Irani;


#Artaxerxes_I (^king of Persia who sanctioned the practice of Judaism in Jerusalem (?-424 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch  #Irani;


#Svante_August_Arrhenius__Arrhenius (^Swedish chemist and chemist noted for his theory of chemical dissociation (1859-1927)^)
   ^  #chemist  #physicist;


#Jean_Arp__Arp__Hans_Arp (^Alsatian artist and poet who was cofounder of Dadaism in Zurich; noted for abstract organic sculptures (1887-1966)^)
   ^  #artist  #poet;


#Matthew_Arnold__Arnold (^English poet and literary critic (1822-1888)^)
   ^  #poet  #literary_critic;


#Benedict_Arnold__Arnold (^American general and traitor in the American Revolution; in 1780 his plan to surrender West Point to the British was foiled (1741-1801)^)
   ^  #full_general  #traitor;


#Neil_Armstrong__Armstrong (^United States astronaut; the first man to set foot on the moon (July 20, 1969) (1930- )^)
   ^  #astronaut;


#Louis_Armstrong__Armstrong__Satchmo (^United States jazz trumpeter and bandleader (1900-1971)^)
   ^  #jazz_musician  #cornetist;


#Jacobus_Arminius__Arminius__Jacob_Harmensen (^Dutch Protestant theologian who founded Arminianism (1560-1609)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Arminius__Armin__Hermann (^German hero; leader at the battle of Teutoburger Wald in AD 9 (circa 18 BC - AD 19)^)
   ^  #hero.leader  #German_person;


#Aristotle (^one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers; pupil of Plato; teacher of Alexander the Great (384-322 BC)^)
   ^  #philosopher;


#Aristophanes (^an ancient Greek dramatist remembered for his comedies (448-380 BC)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Aristarchus_of_Samos (^an ancient Greek astronomer who was one of the first to propose a heliocentric theory of the universe (circa 270 BC)^)
   ^  #astronomer;


#Aristarchus.grammarian (^an ancient Greek grammarian remembered for his commentary on the Iliad and Odyssey (circa 217-145 BC)^)
   ^  #grammarian;


#Archimedes (^Greek mathematician and physicist noted for his work in hydrostatics and mechanics and geometry (287-212 BC)^)
   ^  #mathematician  #physicist;


#Louis_Aragon__Aragon (^French writer who generalized surrealism to literature (1897-1982)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Saint_Thomas_Aquinas__Aquinas__Thomas_Aquinas__Saint_Thomas__St_Thomas__St_Thomas_Aquinas (^Italian (Roman Catholic) theologian remembered for his attempt to reconcile faith and reason in a comprehensive theology (1225-1274)^)
   ^  #theologian;


#Sir_Edward_Victor_Appleton__Appleton__Edward_Appleton (^English physicist remembered for his studies of the ionosphere (1892-1966)^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Guillaume_Apollinaire__Apollinaire__Wilhelm_Apollinaris_de_Kostrowitzki (^French poet; precursor of surrealism (1880-1918)^)
   ^  #poet;


#Mark_Antony__Antony__Anthony__Mark_Anthony__Antonius__Marcus_Antonius (^Roman general under Julius Caesar in the Gallic wars; repudiated his wife for the Egyptian queen Cleopatra; they were defeated by Octavian at Actium (83-30 BC)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#Antonius_Pius (^Emperor of Rome; adoptive son of Hadrian (86-161)^)
   ^  #Roman_Emperor;


#Marcus_Aurelius_Antoninus__Antoninus__Aurelius__Marcus_Aurelius__Marcus_Annius_Verus (^Emperor of Rome; nephew and son-in-law and adoptive son of Antonius Pius; Stoic philosopher; the decline of the Roman Empire began under Marcus Aurelius (121-180)^)
   ^  #Roman_Emperor;


#Antigonus_Cyclops__Antigonus__Monophthalmos (^a general of Alexander the Great and king of Macedonia; lost one eye; killed in a battle at Ipsus (382-301 BC)^)
   ^  #full_general  #Macedonian;


#Antichrist (^the adversary of Christ (or Christianity) mentioned in the New Testament; the Antichrist will rule the world until overthrown by the Second Coming of Christ^)
   ^  #adversary;


#Susan_Brownell_Anthony__Anthony__Susan_Anthony__Susan_B._Anthony (^American suffragist (1820-1906)^)
   ^  #suffragist;


#Saint_Anselm__Anselm__St_Anselm (^Italian Benedictine monk who was archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109; one of the founders of scholasticism^)
   ^  #archbishop;


#Jean_Anouilh__Anouilh (^French dramatist noted for his reinterpretations of Greek myths (1910-1987)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Roy_Chapman_Andrews__Andrews (^American naturalist who contributed to paleontology and geology (1884-1960)^)
   ^  #naturalist;


#Saint_Andrew_the_Apostle__Andrew__Saint_Andrew__St_Andrew (^(New Testament) disciple of Jesus; brother of Peter; patron saint of Scotland^)
   ^  #Apostle;


#Sherwood_Anderson__Anderson (^American author whose works were frequently autobiographical (1876-1941)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Philip_Warren_Anderson__Anderson__Philip_Anderson__Phil_Anderson (^American physicist who studied the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems (1923- )^)
   ^  #physicist;


#Maxwell_Anderson__Anderson (^American dramatist (1888-1959)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Marian_Anderson__Anderson (^American contralto noted for her performance of spirituals (1902-1993)^)
   ^  #contralto;


#Carl_David_Anderson__Anderson__Carl_Anderson (^American physicist who discovered antimatter: an antielectron called the positron (1905-1991)^)
   ^  #nuclear_physicist;


#Hans_Christian_Andersen__Andersen (^a Danish author remembered for his fairy stories (1805-1875)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Roald_Amundsen__Amundsen (^Norwegian explorer who was the first to traverse the Northwest Passage and in 1911 the first to reach the South Pole (1872-1928)^)
   ^  #explorer;


#Nicolo_Amati__Amati__Nicola_Amati (^Italian violin maker in Cremona; taught the craft to Guarneri and Stradivari (1596-1684)^)
   ^  #violin_maker;


#Alicia_Alonso__Alonso (^Cuban dancer and choreographer (born in 1921)^)
   ^  #professional_dancer  #choreographer;


#Allen_Stewart_Konigsberg__Allen__Woody_Allen (^American filmmaker and comic actor (1935- )^)
   ^  #film_maker  #histrion;


#Ethan_Allen__Allen (^American Revolutionary soldier whose troops helped capture Fort Ticonderoga from the British (1738-1789)^)
   ^  #soldier;


#Ali__Muhammad_Ali__Cassius_Clay__Cassius_Marcellus_Clay (^American prizefighter who won the world heavyweight championship three times (born in 1942)^)
   ^  #prizefighter;


#Horatio_Alger__Alger (^American author of inspirational adventure stories for boys; virtue and hard work overcome poverty (1832-1899)^)
   ^  #professional_writer;


#Alfred_the_Great__Alfred__AElfred (^king of Wessex; defeated the Danes and encouraged writing in English (849-899)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Pope_Alexander_VI__Alexander_VI__Borgia__Rodrigo_Borgia (^Italian Pope and father of Cesare Borgia and Lucrezia Borgia (1431-1503)^)
   ^  #pope;


#Alexander_the_Great__Alexander (^king of Macedon; conqueror of Greece and Egypt and Persia; founder of Alexandria (356-323 BC)^)
   ^  #conqueror;


#Louisa_May_Alcott__Alcott (^American novelist noted for children's books (1832-1888)^)
   ^  #novelist;


#Alcibiades (^ancient Athenian statesman and general in the Peloponnesian War (circa 450-404 BC)^)
   ^  #full_general  #statesman  #Athenian;


#Alcaeus (^Greek lyric poet of Lesbos; reputed inventor of Alcaic verse (611-580 BC)^)
   ^  #poet  #Lesbian;


#Albert_Francis_Charles_Augustus_Emmanuel__Albert__Prince_Albert (^Prince Consort of Queen Victoria of England (1819-1861)^)
   ^  #prince_consort;


#Josef_Albers__Albers (^United States painter born in Germany; works characterized by simple geometrical patterns in various colors (1888-1976)^)
   ^  #abstractionist;


#Edward_Albee__Albee__Edward_Franklin_Albeen (^American dramatist (1928- )^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Alaric (^king of the Visigoths who captured Rome in 410 (370-410)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Akhenaton__Akhenaten__Ikhanaton__Amenhotep_IV (^King of Egypt who rejected the old gods and replaced them with sun worship (died in 1358 BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Thomas_a_Kempis__a_Kempis (^German ecclesiastic (1380-1471)^)
   ^  #cleric;


#Alvin_Ailey__Ailey (^United States choreographer noted for his use of African elements (born in 1931)^)
   ^  #choreographer;


#Ahab (^according to the Old Testament he was a pagan king of Israel and husband of Jezebel (9th century BC)^)
   ^  #male_monarch;


#Agrippina_the_Younger__Agrippina (^wife who poisoned Claudius after her son Nero was declared heir and who was then put to death by Nero^)
   ^  #Roman.European;


#Agrippina_the_Elder__Agrippina (^granddaughter of Augustus and mother of Caligula and Agrippina the Younger (14 BC - AD 33)^)
   ^  #Roman.European;


#Marcus_Vipsanius_Agrippa__Agrippa (^Roman general who commanded the fleet that defeated the forces of Antony and Cleopatra at Actium (63-12 BC)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Gnaeus_Julius_Agricola__Agricola (^Roman general who was governor of Britain and extended Roman rule north to the Firth of Forth (37-93)^)
   ^  #full_general;


#James_Agee__Agee (^American novelist (1909-1955)^)
   ^  #novelist;


#Jean_Louis_Rodolphe_Agassiz__Agassiz__Louis_Agassiz (^United States naturalist (born in Switzerland) who studied fossil fish; recognized geological evidence that ice ages had occurred in North America (1807-1873)^)
   ^  #naturalist;


#Aesop (^Greek author of fables (circa 620-560 BC)^)
   ^  #fabulist;


#Aeschylus (^Greek dramatist; the father of Greek tragedy (525-456 BC)^)
   ^  #dramatist;


#Edgar_Douglas_Adrian__Adrian__Baron_Adrian (^English physiologist who conducted research into the function of neurons; 1st Baron of Cambridge (1889-1997)^)
   ^  #physiologist;


#Konrad_Adenauer__Adenauer (^German statesman; chancellor of West Germany (1876-1967)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Samuel_Adams__Adams__Sam_Adams (^American Revolutionary patriot; an organizer of the Boston Tea Party and signer of the Declaration of Independence (1722-1803)^)
   ^  #American_Revolutionary_leader;


#President_John_Quincy_Adams__Adams__John_Quincy_Adams__President_Adams (^6th President of the United States and son of the 2nd President (1767-1848)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#President_John_Adams__Adams__John_Adams__President_Adams (^2nd President of the United States (1735-1826)^)
   ^  #President_of_the_United_States;


#Dean_Gooderham_Acheson__Acheson__Dean_Acheson (^American statesman who promoted the Marshall Plan and helped establish NATO (1893-1971)^)
   ^  #statesman;


#Abraham (^the first of the Old Testament patriarchs and the father of Isaac; according to Genesis God promised to give Abraham's family (the Hebrews) the land of Canaan (the Promised Land); God tested Abraham by asking him to sacrifice his son^)
   ^  #patriarch;


#Pierre_Abelard__Abelard__Peter_Abelard (^French philosopher and theologian; lover of Heloise (1079-1142)^)
   ^  #philosopher  #theologian;


#Niels_Henrik_Abel__Abel__Niels_Abel (^Norwegian mathematician (1802-1829)^)
   ^  #mathematician;


#Henry_Louis_Aaron__Aaron__Hank_Aaron (^American professional baseball player who hit more home runs than Babe Ruth (born in 1934)^)
   ^  #ballplayer;


#Aaron (^(Old Testament) elder brother of Moses and first high priest of the Israelites; created the Golden Calf^)
   ^  #priest;


#William_Tell__Tell (^a Swiss patriot who lived in the early 14th century and who was renowned for his skill as an archer; according to legend an Austrian governor compelled him to shoot an apple from his son's head with his crossbow (which he did successfully without mishap)^)
   ^  #archer;


#Jacobite (^a supporter of James II after he was overthrown or a supporter of the Stuarts^)
   ^  #supporter;


#Jacobin (^a member of the radical movement that instituted the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution^)
   ^  #terrorist;


#Ali_Baba (^the fictional woodcutter who discovered that "open sesame" opens the cave of the Forty Thieves (Arabian Nights' Entertainments)^)
   ^  #fictional_character  #woodcutter;


#Ananias (^a habitual liar (after a New Testament character who was struck dead for lying)^)
   ^  #liar;


#Snoopy (^a fictional beagle in a comic strip drawn by Charles Schulz^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Sinbad_the_Sailor__Sinbad (^in the Arabian Nights a hero who tells of the fantastic adventures he had in his voyages^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Simon_Legree (^the cruel slave dealer in an anti-slavery novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Sherlock_Holmes__Holmes (^a fictitious detective in stories by A. Conan Doyle^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Uncle_Sam (^a personification of the United States government^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Uncle_Tom (^a servile black character in a novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Tom_Sawyer (^the boy hero of a novel by Mark Twain^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Tarzan_of_the_Apes__Tarzan (^a man raised by apes who was the hero of a series of novels by Edgar Rice Burroughs^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Huckleberry_Finn__Huck_Finn (^a mischievous boy in a novel by Mark Twain^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Pluto.fictional_character (^a cartoon character created by Walt Disney^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Pierrot (^a male character in French pantomime; usually dressed in white with a whitened face^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Peter_Pan (^the main character in a play by J. M. Barrie; a boy who won't grow up^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Perry_Mason (^fictional detective in novels by Erle Stanley Gardner^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Pantaloon (^a character in the commedia dell'arte; portrayed as a foolish old man^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Pangloss (^an incurable optimist in "Candide" (a satire by Voltaire)^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Othello (^the hero of William Shakespeare's tragedy who would not trust his wife^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Mr._Moto (^Japanese sleuth created by John Marquand^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Mother_Goose (^the imaginary author of a collection of nursery rhymes^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Wilkins_Micawber__Micawber (^fictional character created by Charles Dickens; an eternal optimist^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Mephistopheles (^evil spirit to whom Faust sold his soul^)
   ^  #evil_spirit;


#Philip_Marlowe__Marlowe (^tough cynical detective (one of the early detective heroes in American fiction) created by Raymond Chandler^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Lilliputian (^a 6-inch tall inhabitant of Lilliput in Swift's Gulliver's Travels^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Leda (^(Greek mythology) a queen of Sparta who was raped by Zeus who had taken the form of a swan; Helen of Troy was conceived in the rape of Leda^)
   ^  #mythical_being;


#King_Lear__Lear (^the hero of William Shakespeare's tragedy who was betrayed and mistreated by two of his scheming daughters^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Kilroy (^a nonexistent person popularized by American servicemen during World War II; "Kilroy was here"^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Inspector_Maigret__Commissaire_Maigret (^a fictional detective in novels by Georges Simenon^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Iago (^the villain in William Shakespeare's tragedy who tricked Othello into murdering his wife^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Captain_Horatio_Hornblower__Horatio_Hornblower (^a fictional English admiral during the Napoleonic Wars in novels written by C. S. Forester^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Helen_of_Troy__Helen (^(Greek mythology) the beautiful daughter of Zeus and Leda who was abducted by Paris; the Greek army sailed to Troy to get her back which resulted in the Trojan War^)
   ^  #mythical_being;


#Hector (^(Greek mythology) a mythical Trojan who was killed by Achilles during the Trojan War^)
   ^  #mythical_being;


#Hamlet (^the hero of William Shakespeare's tragedy who hoped to avenge the murder of his father^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Gulliver (^a fictional Englishman who travels to the imaginary land of Lilliput (in Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels)^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Goofy (^a cartoon character created by Walt Disney^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Frankenstein's_monster__Frankenstein (^the monster created by Frankenstein in a gothic novel by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (the creator's name is commonly used to refer to his creation)^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Frankenstein (^the fictional Swiss scientist who was the protagonist in a gothic novel by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley; he created a monster from parts of corpses^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Faust__Faustus (^an alchemist of German legend who sold his soul to Mephistopheles in exchange for knowledge^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Father_Brown (^a Catholic priest who was the hero of detective stories by G. K. Chesterton^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Sir_John_Falstaff__Falstaff (^a dissolute character in Shakespeare's plays^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Fagin (^a villainous Jew in Charles Dickens' novel "Oliver Twist"; Fagin was a fence who trained boys as pickpockets^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#El_Cid (^the hero of a Spanish epic poem from the 12th century^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Don_Quixote (^the hero of a romance by Cervantes; chivalrous but impractical^)
   ^  #fictional_character;


#Peleus (^a king of the Myrmidons and father of Achilles^)
   ^  #mythical_being;


#Tiresias (^(Greek mythology) the blind prophet of Thebes who revealed to Oedipus that Oedipus had murdered his father and married his mother^)
   ^  #mythical_being;


#King_Oedipus__Oedipus__Oedipus_Rex (^(Greek mythology) a tragic king of Thebes who unknowingly killed his father Laius and married his mother Jocasta; the subject of the drama `Oedipus Rex' by Sophocles^)
   ^  #mythical_being;


#Myrmidon (^(Greek mythology) a member of the warriors who followed Achilles on the expedition against Troy^)
   ^  #mythical_being;


#Laius (^(Greek mythology) king of Thebes who was unwittingly killed by his son Oedipus^)
   ^  #mythical_being;


#Laocoon (^(Greek mythology) the priest of Apollo who warned the Trojans to beware of Greeks bearing gifts when they wanted to accept the Trojan Horse; a god who favored the Greeks (Poseidon or Athena) sent snakes who coiled around Laocoon and his two twin sons killing them^)
   ^  #mythical_being;


#Electra (^(Greek mythology) the daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra; persuaded her brother (Orestes) to avenge Agamemnon's death by helping her to kill Clytemnestra and her lover (Aegisthus)^)
   ^  #mythical_being;


#Jocasta (^(Greek mythology) queen of Thebes who unknowingly married her own son Oedipus^)
   ^  #mythical_being;


#Creon (^(Greek mythology) the brother of Jocasta and uncle of Antigone who became king of Thebes after the fall of Oedipus^)
   ^  #mythical_being;


#Antigone (^(Greek mythology) the daughter of King Oedipus who disobeyed her father and was condemned to death^)
   ^  #mythical_being;


#Cassandra (^(Greek mythology) a prophetess in Troy during the Trojan War whose predictions were true but were never believed^)
   ^  #prophetess;


#Orestes (^(Greek mythology) the son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra; his sister Electra persuaded him to avenge Agamemnon's death by killing Clytemnestra and Aegisthus^)
   ^  #mythical_being;


#Aegisthus (^(Greek mythology) seducer of Clytemnestra and murderer of Agamemnon who usurped the throne of Mycenae until Agamemnon's son Orestes returned home and killed him^)
   ^  #mythical_being;


#Clytemnestra (^(Greek mythology) wife of Agamemnon who had him murdered when he retu